As the name implies, the Sacraments are sacred rites instituted in the Church by Jesus. Properly speaking, there are seven Sacraments in the Catholic faith: ጥምቀት, ማረጋገጫ, የ ቁርባን, አመነ, ጋብቻ, Orders, እና የታመሙ ስለ ቅባት.
Through the Sacraments believers receive God’s grace through material things like water, ዳቦ, wine and oil.
The Sacraments may be understood as outward signs that convey the grace they signify. Water, ለምሳሌ, signifies cleanliness and life. By the grace of God, the waters of Baptism actually cleanse the soul of sin and fill it with divine life (ተመልከት የዮሐንስ ወንጌል, 3:5, እና ሐዋርያት ሥራ, 2:38). The Sacraments are patterned after the Incarnation, in which God, a spiritual being, took on human flesh–and the invisible one became visible.
The idea of grace being transferred through material things is a Biblical concept.
In the New Testament alone, we see water used in this way (እንደገና, ተመልከት ዮሐንስ 3:5; 9:7; ሐዋርያት ሥራ, 8:37; የጳውሎስ ቲቶ ወደ ደብዳቤ 3:5; or Peter’s የመጀመሪያው ደብዳቤ 3:20 – 21); as well as oil (የሚያዩት የማርቆስ ወንጌል 6:13, ወይም ያዕቆብ ደብዳቤ 5:14); ሸክላ (ተመልከት ዮሐንስ 9:6); garments (ምልክት 5:25 ወይም ሉቃስ 8:43); and even handkerchiefs (የሚያዩት ሐዋርያት ሥራ 19:11-12).
God’s grace is transmitted through other sensible things, ደግሞ, such as Mary’s voice and Peter’s shadow (የሚያዩት የሉቃስ ወንጌል 1:41, 44, እና ሐዋርያት ሥራ 5:15, በቅደም).