Jesus says in ማቴዎስ 23:9, “Call no man your father on earth, for you have one Father, who is in heaven.”
Some have misused this verse to denounce the Catholic practice of calling priests “Father.” Jesus’ words here are not meant to be taken literally, ቢሆንም. They are an hyperbole designed to emphasize our heavenly Father’s sovereignty: that He is the true source of life and wisdom (ጳውሎስ ተመልከት ለኤፌሶን ደብዳቤ 3:14-15).
We know the Apostles did not take Jesus’ words in ማቴዎስ 23:9 literally, ለ they called themselves Father!
ቅዱስ ጳውሎስ, ለምሳሌ, wrote in his ወደ ቆሮንቶስ ሰዎች በመጀመሪያ ደብዳቤ, “For though you have countless guides in Christ, you do not have many fathers. For I became your father in Christ Jesus through the gospel” (4:15).
Paul considered himself the “father” of the Corinthians because he had spiritually begotten them through the Gospel. This is the same sense in which the title is used by Catholic priests today. We call priests “አባት,” not because they somehow take the place of God the Father, but because they are meant to serve as witnesses, living reminders, of His love, guidance and authority in our lives.
እውነታ ነው, the interpretation of ማቴዎስ 23:9 goes against the overwhelming evidence of Scripture.
ዳኞች 18:19, ለአብነት, ይላል, “Come with us, and be to us a father and a priest.” In First Thessalonians 2:11, ጳውሎስ ጽፏል, “You know how, like a father with his children, we exhorted each one of you.” (See also Matt. 1:2 FF.; 15:4-5; ሉቃስ 14:26; የሐዋርያት ሥራ 7:2; 21:40-22:1; ሮም. 4:11 FF.; 1 ቆሮ. 4:14-16; ኤፌ. 6:2; ፊል. 2:22; 1 ጢሞ. 1:2; ቲቶ 1:4; Philem. 1:10; ይኑራችሁ. 12:9; Jas. 2:21; 1 የቤት እንስሳት. 5:13; 1 ዮሐንስ 2:1, ወ ዘ ተ.).
The practice of calling priests Father continued in the early centuries of the Church. በ ገደማ 107 ዓ.ም, ለምሳሌ, Saint Ignatius, the Bishop of Antioch implored the faithful to “respect the bishop as a type of the Father” (Letter to the Trallians 3:1).
ውስጥ 177, the leaders of the Church of Lyons wrote to Pope Saint Eleutherus, ብሎ, “We pray, Father Eleutherus, that you may rejoice in God in all things and always” (Letter of the Holy Martyrs of Lyons; Eusebius Pamphilus, የቤተክርስቲያን ታሪክ 5:4:2).
እንዳጋጣሚ, the title “Pope” (ግሪክኛ, Papa), which means Father, was for a time commonly used for all bishops, but eventually came to refer exclusively to the Bishop of Rome.
Given the biblical and historical evidence, Catholics might rightly ask why others do not call their spiritual leaders “Father.”