As the name implies, the Sacraments are sacred rites instituted in the Church by Jesus. Properly speaking, there are seven Sacraments in the Catholic faith: battèsimu, cunfirma, l ' stella, cunfissioni, matrimoniu, Orders, and the Unse di u Sick.
Through the Sacraments believers receive God’s grace through material things like water, bread, wine and oil.
The Sacraments may be understood as outward signs that convey the grace they signify. Water, per esempiu, signifies cleanliness and life. By the grace of God, the waters of Baptism actually cleanse the soul of sin and fill it with divine life (vede Vancelu di Giuvanni, 3:5, and the Atti di l'Apòstuli, 2:38). The Sacraments are patterned after the Incarnation, in which God, a spiritual being, took on human flesh–and the invisible one became visible.
The idea of grace being transferred through material things is a Biblical concept.
In the New Testament alone, we see water used in this way (dinò, vede Ghjuvanni 3:5; 9:7; Atti di l'Apòstuli, 8:37; Paul’s Letter to Titus 3:5; or Peter’s First Letter 3:20 – 21); as well as oil (vede u Vancelu di Marcu 6:13, or the Lettera di James 5:14); clay (vede Ghjuvanni 9:6); garments (Mark 5:25 o Luke 8:43); and even handkerchiefs (vede u Atti di l'Apòstuli 19:11-12).
God’s grace is transmitted through other sensible things, troppu, such as Mary’s voice and Peter’s shadow (vede u Vancelu di Luca 1:41, 44, and the Atti di l'Apòstuli 5:15, respectively).