Jesus presente dago Eukaristia?

Catholics believe that the Holy Eucharist is really the Body, Blood, Soul, and Divinity of Jesus Christ, under the appearances of bread and wine. While this belief can seem strange to non-Catholics, it is backed up by Sacred Scripture, as well as early Christian historical documents.

The Gospels tell us that on the night Jesus was betrayed He shared a Passover meal with the Twelve Apostles, the Last Supper. The Passover is the ritual meal eaten by the ancient Israelites on the eve of their liberation from bondage in Egypt. God instructed them to slaughter a lamb without blemish, put some of its blood upon the doorframe of their houses, and then roast and eat its flesh (Exodus 12:5, 7-8).

Jesus, whom the Bible calls “the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world” (John 1:29), is the fulfillment of the Passover lamb. Just as the Passover lamb was without blemish, so Jesus is without sin. Just as the people put the lamb’s blood upon the wood of their doorframes, His blood was upon the wood of the Cross.

Halaber, the Last Supper is the fulfillment of the Passover meal, eaten as it was on the eve of mankind’s liberation from sin. On this night the Lamb of God gave His own Flesh and Blood to be eaten by the faithful sacramentally under the form of bread and wine.

Taking ogia, bedeinkazioa, hautsi, eta apostoluek artean banatzeko, Esan zuen, "Hartu, jan; hau nire gorputza da " (Mateo 26:26). Gero, kopa hartu zuen, bertan bedeinkatu zuen, halaber,, eta haiei eman, esanez, "Nik Drink, zuek guztiak; hau da nire itun odola da, issurten askoren bekatuak barkatzeko " (Mateo 26:27-28). Jesus mintzatu metaforikoki arren bere ministerio zehar, Une erabakigarria honek argi eta garbi mintzatu zen. "Hau nire gorputza da," Esan zuen, without further explanation. "Hau nire odola da." Zaila da Jaunaren zuzenagoak nola izan zitekeen imajinatzea.

Jesusen Azken Afaria at Eukaristiaren instituzioa Bere Life sermoia ogia famatua betetzen ditu, recorded in the sixth chapter of The Gospel According to Saint John. sermoia Hau da ogi eta arrain ugaltzea hitzaurre, in which thousands are miraculously fed from a tiny amount of food (John 6:4). This event is an Eucharistic metaphor, occurring as it does during Passover and involving the same formula Jesus would later use at the Last Supper—taking the loaves, emanez esker, eta horiek banatzeko (John 6:11). Noiz jendea biharamunean itzultzeko seinale bat eskatzen beregan, nola beren arbasoen izan dira manna eman desertuan gogoratuz (ikusi Ex. 16:14 ff.), the Lord tells them,"Ni naiz vicitzeco oguia; he who comes to me shall not hunger, eta sekula ez zuen niregan sinesten egarrituren " (John 6:35).

Bere hitz egin juduen deseroso arren, Jesus jarraitzen unabated, Bere hitzaldian etengabe hazten gehiago grafikoa, “I am the living bread which came down from heaven; Bat ogi honetatik jaten, inoiz egingo zuen bizi; and the bread which I shall give for the life of the world is my flesh” (6:51). Because He equates the Bread that is to be eaten with His Flesh that is to suffer and die, we know He cannot be speaking symbolically, for this would mean His Flesh that suffered and died was merely a symbol!

To this the people ask, "Nola eman diezaguke honek bere gorputza jaten?" (6:52). beren nahigabetuta gorabehera, Jesus speaks all the more emphatically,

«Egiaz, benetan, Esan nahi dut, Gizonaren Semearen gorputza jaten ezean eta haren odola edaten, zuk ere bizitza ez duzu; Bera izan da nire gorputza jaten eta nire odola edaten duenak betiko bizia du, eta neuk piztuko dut azken egunean. nire gorputza benetako janari da, hain zuzen, eta nire odola edaten da, hain zuzen. Ene haraguia iaten duena, eta ene odola edaten me egoiten, eta ni. Bizi den Aitak bidali nauen bezala, eta baita Aita bizi naiz, beraz, zuen jaten dit egingo delako me bizi. Haur da ogui cerutic iautsi içan ra dago, ez, hala nola, aiten jan eta hil; Bera izan da ogi hau jan betiko bizi " (6:53-58).

Non-Catholic Christians, who interpret John 6 symbolically, often point to the saying of Jesus that follows His Bread of Life Sermon: “It is the spirit that gives life, the flesh is of no avail; the words that I have spoken to you are spirit and life” (6:63).

Jesus cannot mean His own Flesh, arren, when He says, “The flesh is of no avail,” because that would mean His death on the Cross was of no avail!

Jesus uses the word “flesh” differently here than He does in the sermon. Here it refers not to the actual body, but to bodily or worldly thinking, reasoning with the flesh instead of the spirit (ikusi John 3:6, 12; 6:27; Paul Erromatarrek gutuna 8:5-6 eta bere Korintioarrei First Letter 2:14-3:3). Jesus is simply saying that it is impossible to understand His Bread of Life teaching by human reason alone; one needs to think in a spiritual way.

Eukaristia ospakizuna lehen kristauak bizitzak central zen, nor "aritu ziren Apostoluén doctrinán, eta communicationean den, ogia zatitzean eta otoitzak "izateko (Apostoluen eginak 2:42). Paul identifies both the manna and the rock that spewed forth water for the Israelites as Eucharistic metaphors. "All naturaz gaindiko janari berdina jaten eta guztiak naturaz gaindiko edari bera edaten zuten,"Idazten zuen. "For naturaz gaindiko Rock bertan jarraitu zieten edaten dute, eta Harria cen Christ " (Paul Korintioarrei First Letter 10:3-4).

Even more explicitly, he goes on to admonish the Corinthians for their lack of reverence in receiving the Eucharist, idatziz:

“Whoever, beraz,, ogi eta edari Jaunak kopa unworthy modu batean gorputza eta odola Jaunaren hausten errudun izango da. 28 Let batbederac bere buruä, eta beraz, ogia jaten eta kopa edan. 29 nor eta edari jaten gorputza jaten eta edaten du epaia ezagutzarako berak gainean gabe edozein Bat. 30 Hori dela eta, asko ahul eta gaixo daude, eta batzuk hil " (Korintioarrei First Letter 11:27-30).

How could the unworthy reception of ordinary bread and wine amount to a sin against the Body and Blood of Jesus?

Early Church Teachings

We know the Catholic Church’s teaching on the Eucharist is in harmony with how the early Christians understood It. Ancient historical writings from the Apostolic Age forward affirm this. Take the writings of Saint Ignatius of Antioch, adibidez. Not only was Ignatius a Christian Bishop, but he had learned the faith seated at the feet of the Evangelist John, the one who wrote John 6!

In about A.D. 107, Ignatius was arrested and taken to Rome to die a martyr’s death in the Colisseum.

On his way there, he composed seven letters, which have come down to us and which all reputable scholars agree are authentic.

bere Smyrnaeans gutuna, he uses the Church’s Eucharistic teaching to defend the belief that Jesus had a real human body against the Docetists, who denied He had truly come in the flesh:

“Take note of those who hold heterodox opinions on the grace of Jesus Christ which has come to us, eta ikusi nola aurkakoa beren iritziak Jainkoaren adimena behar dira. ... Uko Eukaristia eta otoitz dute, ez dutelako konfesatu Eukaristia Jesus Kristo gure Salbatzailearen aragia da, Haragia eta horrek gure bekatuengatik sufritu eta Aitaren, Bere ontasuna ere, raised up again.” (6:2; 7:1)

Gorputza bera jasan eta gurutzean hil gure bekatuak eta hilen artetik itzuli, Inazio azaldu bezala, neure aurrean Eukaristia Santuaren da (cf. John 6:51).

Saint Justin Martiriaren, writing around the year 150, only about fifty years after John’s death, esan Eukaristia ogia eta ardoa jaso dira "ogia ez ohikoa den bezala, ez edan komunak,"For dira" haragia eta odola incarnated Jesus " (Lehen apologia 66).

Buruz 185, Saint Irenaeus Lyongo, zeinen irakasle Saint Polikarpo Esmirnakoa (d. ca. 156) Bazekien John, Eukaristiaren mintzatu gnostizismo aurka gorputzeko berpizkundea defentsan. "Gorputzaren egon ez bada salbatu,"Argudiatu du Saint, "ondoren, izan ere, ez zuen Jaunak libratu Bere Blood batera; eta ez Eukaristia kopa Bere Blood of partehartzea da ezta Ogia horrek haren gorputzak partehartzea hautsi dugu, (1 Cor. 10:16)" (Heresies Against 5:2:2).

In 217, Irenaeus’ student, Saint Hipolito Erromako, perceived Proverbs 9:2 as “refer[ring] to His honoured and undefiled body and blood, which day by day are administered and offered sacrificially at the spiritual divine table, as a memorial of that first and ever-memorable table of the spiritual divine supper” (Commentary on Proverbs).