آثار چه هستند?

Image of the Legend of the True Cross by Piero della FrancescaA relic is either the bodily remains of a saint, or an object that belonged to a saint or touched (or was touched) by Jesus or a saint.

The Church teaches that relics are instruments of divine grace, and thus sources of healings and conversions. While devotion to relics may seem strange to non-Catholics, it is in fact a thoroughly biblical practice.

The Church reveres the bodies of saints as members of Christ’s Body and temples of the Holy Spirit (دیدن سنت پل نامه اول به قرنتیان فصل 6:15 و 19), and it views relics as proof that God does not forsake our physical nature, but redeems it “from its bondage to decay” (دیدن او رساله به رومیان, 8:21).

The veneration of relics, علاوه بر این, points to the bodily resurrection promised to the followers of Christ (دیدن, دوباره, the Letter to the Romans, 8:21).

This is especially true of the Incorruptibles: those rare instances, inexplicable to science, in which the body of a Saint has resisted decay.1

Image of Miracle of the Relic of the True Cross by Vittore CarpaccioThe Church also teaches that God’s grace may be received through the body of a holy man or woman because it has been consecrated to God, and there is a strong biblical precedent for this. برای مثال, the Israelites carry the bones of Joseph with them through the wilderness (دیدن مهاجرت دسته جمعی 13:19), and his bones were later buried in sacred ground at Shechem (دیدن جاشوا 24:32). در کتاب دوم پادشاهان, a dead man is resurrected when his body comes into contact with the bones of the Prophet Elisha (13:21), and in the New Testament, the followers of Saint John the Baptist come for his body after he is put to death by Herod (دیدن متی 14:12).

People are healed by touching the fringe of Jesus’ garment (متی 9:20-22, همکاران), by Saint Peter’s shadow (the اعمال رسولان 5:15), and cloths that have been pressed to the body of Saint Paul (اعمال, دوباره, 19:11-12).

From the historical record, we learn that around the year 156 the Christians in Smyrna gathered up the charred bones of their martyred Bishop, Polycarp, who had been a disciple of the Apostle John. They wrote that they considered the Saint’s bones to be “more valuable than precious stones and finer than refined gold;” and reserved them in a special place for veneration (شهادت سنت پولیکارپ 18:2-3). This practice has been maintained by the faithful of all generations.

Image of St Veronica with the Sudarium by the Master of Saint Ursula LegendOthers often have difficulty with the veneration of relics because of their own view of Creation. From their perspective, the thought of God using material things to convey His grace is utterly appalling. کاتولیک, گرچه, in the likeness of the Lord Jesus, its Founder, is an incarnational religion, i.e, God as man: fully-god, fully-human in every way but sin.

Acknowledging man was created with a body as well as a soul, the Church does not denigrate the physical world, but raises it up to God for renewal (دیدن پل نامه اول به قرنتیان, 6:19-20).

This is especially true of the Sacraments, which are visible signs that convey grace.

Other instances of material things used in Scripture as channels of grace include:

  • اب: دیدن مهاجرت دسته جمعی 30:17, the Book of Numbers 8:6; جان 3:5, همکاران;
  • flesh: دیدن کتاب پیدایش 4:4; مهاجرت دسته جمعی 12:8; جان 6:51-58;
  • blood: دیدن مهاجرت دسته جمعی 12:22 & 24:6; the Book of Leviticus 14:4; متی 26:28; جان 6:53-56, همکاران;
  • bread and wine: دیدن پیدایش 14:18; مهاجرت دسته جمعی 12:15 & 20; متی 26:26, همکاران;
  • نفت: دیدن علامت گذاری به عنوان 6:13;
  • خاک رس: دیدن جان 9:6.
  1. Jesus taught that God “is not God of the dead, اما از زندگی " (لوقا 23:43). بنابراین, the souls of those who have died in friendship with God are not “asleep” in the grave, but rule with Him in heaven. مرجع کتاب مقدس مشترک به وجود مرده "خواب" (دیدن متی 9:24) is simply a way of expressing the transience of death and has to do specifically with the body of the deceased, نه روح (دیدن متی 27:52). The body remains on earth for a time while the soul enters into eternity. Catholics believe that at the Last Judgment, the body will be resurrected and reunited with the soul.