100 – Saint John, last of the Apostles, می میرد
107 – Saint Ignatius, Bishop of Antioch and disciple of the Apostles Peter and John, writes letters to various Christian communities
He writes of Christ’s divinity, the Real Presence of Christ in the Eucharist, the virginity of Mary, the three-tiered hierarchy of bishops, presbyters, and deacons, and the primacy of the Church of Rome. We also find the first recorded use of the title “Catholic Church”:
نامه به افسسیان (virginity of Mary):
19:1 "باکره بودن حضرت مریم, زایمان او, و همچنین از مرگ خداوند, از شاهزاده از این جهان پنهان شدند:رمز و راز سه با صدای بلند اعلام, but wrought in the silence of God.”
Letter to the Smyrnaeans (Real Presence of Christ in the Eucharist; hierarchy; first use of title “Catholic Church”):
7:1 “Take note of those [به عنوان مثال, the Docetists/Gnostics] who hold heterodox opinions on the grace of Jesus Christ which has come to us, and see how contrary their opinions are to the mind of God. … They abstain from the Eucharist and from prayer, because they do not confess that the Eucharist is the Flesh of our Savior Jesus Christ, Flesh which suffered for our sins and which the Father, in His goodness, raised up again. They who deny the gift of God are perishing in their disputes. It would be better for them to have love, so that they might rise again. …
8:1-2 “Flee from schism as the source of mischief. You should all follow the bishop as Jesus Christ did the Father. Follow, هم, the presbytery as you would the apostles; and respect the deacons as you would God’s law. Nobody must do anything that has to do with the Church without the bishop’s approval. You should regard that Eucharist as valid which is celebrated either by the bishop or by someone he authorizes [به عنوان مثال, a presbyter]. Where the bishop is present, there let the congregation gather, just as where Jesus Christ is, است که کلیسای کاتولیک وجود دارد. "
رساله به رومیان (divinity of Christ; primacy of Church of Rome):
نشانی: “Ignatius, also called Theophorus, to the Church that has found mercy in the greatness of the Most High Father and in Jesus Christ, His only Son; to the Church beloved and enlightened after the love of Jesus Christ, خدای ما, by the will of Him that has willed everything which is; to the Church also which holds the presidency, in the location of the country of the Romans, worthy of God, worthy of honor, worthy of blessing, worthy of praise, worthy of success, worthy of sanctification, و, because you hold the presidency in love, named after Christ and named after the Father. ...
3:1 "شما هیچ کس غبطه می خوردند اند, اما دیگران شما آموخته اند. I desire only that what you have enjoined in your instructions may remain in force.”
144 – Pope Saint Pius I condemns the teachings of Marcion
150 – Fresco in the Catacomb of Saint Priscilla in Rome depicts the Virgin Mary and the Christ Child with a figure believed to be the prophet Isaiah
150 – Hermas, brother of Pope Pius, writes of baptismal rebirth, زناشویی, and Penance (The Shepherd)
150 – Saint Justin the Martyr writes of the Holy Trinity, baptismal rebirth, the Eucharistic Sacrifice, and Mary as the New Eve.
اول عذرخواهی (Holy Trinity; baptismal rebirth):
13 “We will prove that we worship Him reasonably; for we have learned that He is the Son of the true God Himself, that He holds a second place, and the Spirit of prophecy a third. For this they accuse us of madness, saying that we attribute to a crucified man a place second to the unchangeable and eternal God, the Creator of all things: but they are ignorant of the mystery which lies therein. …
61 “As many as are persuaded and believe that what we teach and say is true, and undertake to be able to live accordingly, are instructed to pray and to entreat God with fasting, for the remission of their sins that are past, we praying and fasting with them. Then they are brought by us where there is water, and are regenerated in the same manner in which we were ourselves regenerated. برای, in the name of God, the Father and Lord of the universe, and of our Savior Jesus Christ, and of the Holy Spirit (CF. مت. 28:19), they then receive the washing with water. برای مسیح نیز گفت, جدای از اینکه شما دوباره متولد, you cannot enter into the kingdom of heaven’ (جان 3:3)."
Dialogue with Trypho the Jew (Eucharistic Sacrifice; مریم به عنوان شب جدید):
41 [Justin:] “‘Also, sirs,’ I said, ‘the offering of fine wheat flour which was prescribed to be offered on behalf of those cleansed of leprosy was a type of the Bread of the Eucharist, the celebration of which our Lord Jesus Christ prescribed in memory of the passion He suffered on behalf of those men who are cleansed in their souls of every evil. … Moreover, as I said before, concerning the sacrifices which you at that time offered, God speaks through Malachias, یکی از دوازده [lesser prophets], به شرح زیر است: “I have no pleasure in you, می گوید: خداوند; and I will not accept your sacrifices from your hands; for from the rising of the sun until its setting, my name has been glorified among the gentiles; and in every place incense is offered in my name, and a clean offering: for great is my name among the gentiles, می گوید: خداوند; but you profane it” (Mal. 1:10-12). It is of the sacrifices offered to Him in every place by us, the gentiles, آن هست, of the Bread of the Eucharist and likewise of the cup of the Eucharist, that He speaks at that time; and He says that we glorify His name, while you profane it. …
100 [Justin:] “‘[عیسی] became Man by the Virgin so that the course which was taken by disobedience in the beginning through the agency of the serpent, might be also the very course by which it would be put down. For Eve, a virgin and undefiled, conceived the word of the serpent, and bore disobedience and death. But the Virgin Mary received faith and joy when the angel Gabriel announced to her the glad tidings that the Spirit of the Lord would come upon her and the power of the Most High would overshadow her, for which reason the Holy One being born of her is the Son of God. And she replied: “Be it done unto me according to thy word” (لوقا 1:38).’”