Bautismo

The Baptism of Christ by Fra AngelicoQue é o bautismo?

E limpeza espiritual con auga.

Ser bautizado é aquel que non nacer de novo, para recibir a graza santificante, que don da vida espiritual de Deus. Xesús revelou a conexión entre fe e bautismo, cando ensinou, "Quen crer e for bautizado serán gardados; pero quen non crer será condenado " (mira o Evanxeo de Marcos, 16:16). "Truly, verdadeiramente, Eu digo a vostede,"El declara, "Se alguén non nacer de auga e do Espírito, Non pode entrar no Reino de Deus " (vexa John 3:5; énfase engadida).

O propio Xesús, aínda que sen pecado, foi bautizado por Xoán no inicio do seu ministerio público; mira o Evanxeo de Mateo, 3:13. Nota: Xesús non tiña pecado, porque era totalmente Deus e totalmente home. É o antigo, non o último que é importante. Porque era totalmente a Deus os seus pensamentos e accións tiñan que ser–por definición, pódese dicir–a mesma de Deus. (Era Deus, despois de todo.)

Entón,, por que necesita para ser bautizado? Non fixo, pero como Santo Ambrósio de Milán explicou o século IV, "O Señor foi bautizado, non ser limpado pero para limpar as augas, para que estas augas, purificado pola carne de Cristo, que non coñeceu pecado, pode ter o poder de Baptism " (Comentario ao Evanxeo de Lucas 2:83).

The Baptism of Saint Augustine by Nicolo di PietroAntes de subir ao ceo, Xesús reiterou a súa mensaxe aos Apóstolos, "Ide, por tanto, facede discípulos de todas as nacións, bautizando os en nome do Pai e do Fillo e do Espírito Santo, ensinando os a observar todo o que vos teño ordenado " (ver Mateo 28:19-20).

A few days later, at Pentecost, Saint Peter is speaking to a crowd. At the end of his sermon, he is asked, “What shall we do?

Peter replies, “Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins; and you shall receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. For the promise is to you and to your children and to all that are far off, every one whom the Lord our God calls to him” (Actos dos Apóstolos, 2:38-39).

For the Apostolic Church, Baptism was the gateway to Christian life (see Acts 8:12, 38; 9:18; 10:48). In addition, in actos 8:37, the Ethiopian eunuch, having received the Gospel from Saint Philip, expresses the desire for Baptism. Do mesmo xeito, in Acts 16:33, Paul and Silas baptize the Philippian jailer and his entire household “without delay.” Recounting his own conversion, Paul remembers that Ananias had said to him, "E agora, por que espera? Levante-se e ser bautizado, e lavar os seus pecados, invocar o nome " (actos 22:16). Paulo di aos Efesios que "Cristo amou a igrexa ea si mesmo se entregou por ela, que podería santifica-la, téndose a purificado por medio do lavado de auga pola palabra " (Carta de Paulo ós Efesios, 5:25-26; énfase engadida). na súa Carta a Perico, Paul wrotes somos salvos "polo baño de rexeneración."

Image of the Baptism of Christ by Gerard DavidOs primeiros cristiáns escritos históricos afirman renacemento través do bautismo de auga. Ao redor do ano 150, por exemplo, Son Justino dixo que os que eran para ser bautizado "son traídos por nós onde hai auga, e renacen do mesmo xeito en que fomos nós mesmos renacer. ... Porque tamén Cristo dixo, 'Se alguén non nacer de novo, he shall not enter into the kingdom of heaven’ (John 3:3)" (First Apology 61).

Ao redor do ano 200, Saint Clement of Alexandria wrote, “When we are baptized, we are enlightened. Being enlightened, we are adopted as sons. Adopted as sons, we are made perfect. Made perfect, we are become immortal. … It is a washing by which we are cleansed of sins …” (The Instructor of Children 1:6:26:1, 2). nuns 217, Saint Hippolytus of Rome spoke of the advent of Christ to the world “and His manifestation by baptism, and the new birth that was to be to all men, and the regeneration of the laver” (Discourse on the End of the World 1). nuns 250, Saint Cyprian of Carthage revealed, “When the stain of my past life had been washed away by means of the water of rebirth, a light from above poured itself upon my chastened and now pure heart; afterwards through the Spirit which is breathed from heaven, a second birth made of me a new man” (Letter to Donatus 4).

Image of Ark of Noah on Mount Ararat attributed to Hieronymus BoschNote that the Sacrament of Baptism is prefigured throughout the Old Testament. In Genesis 1:2, it is written that at Creation, “The Spirit of God … moving over the face of the waters,” and the ancient flood that purified the earth are both baptismal metaphors. As Saint Peter wrote, “In the days of Noah, during the building of the ark … a few, que é, eight persons, were saved through water. Bautismo, which corresponds to this, now saves you, not as a removal of dirt from the body but as an appeal to God for a clear conscience, through the resurrection of Jesus Christ” (see Peter’s first letter, 3:20-21; énfase engadida).

The Prophet Elisha’s instruction to the Syrian general Naaman, who had come to him seeking a cure for his leprosy, points to baptismal rebirth. “Go and wash in the Jordan seven times,” the prophet tells him, “and your flesh shall be restored, and you shall be clean” (see the Second Book of Kings 5:10 and Leviticus, 14:7). As he writes in his First Letter to the Corinthians (10:2), Saint Paul sees figures of Baptism in the cloud of fire and smoke that accompanied the Israelites through the wilderness and in the waters of the Red Sea through which they passed. (He also speaks of the Old-Covenant rite of circumcision as the precursor of Baptism in his Letter to the Colossians (2:11-12).