Me ya sa za a iya Mata Ka kasance firistoci?

The Church ta hana a kan mata keɓewa, shi ne ba wani hali na nuna bambanci, amma ƙarfafa cewa firistoci sadaukarwa ne tushen uba. "Ko da yake kana da m, Yanã shiryar da a cikin Almasihu, ba ka da yawa ubanninsu,"Rubuta Manzo Bulus. "Domin na zama ubanku a cikin Almasihu Yesu ta wurin bishara" (ganin Bulus Na farko Wasika ga Korantiyawa 4:15 da kuma Littafin Alƙalawa 18:19). Mata cika yawa jagoranci ayyuka a cikin Church, kamar da shugabannin addini umarni da apostolates, makaranta sune, da kuma gudanarwa na addini da ilimi. A firist, duk da haka, An ba da ake kira ya zama kawai a ruhaniya shugaban, amma wani ruhaniya uba; da kuma yayin da wata mace ne free zama kusan duk abin da ta ga dama ya zama, da abu daya ta ba zai iya zama shi ne mahaifin.

The Church kula da cewa maza da mata ne daidai a cikin mutuncinsa, tun da duka biyu da aka sanya a cikin kamanni da kuma surar Allah (ga Littafin Farawa 1:27). Duk da yake su ne daidai, duk da haka, maza da kuma mata ne ba m amma daban-daban; kuma aka kira su zuwa cika ta sha bamban munanan halaye: Ubanci da mata, bi da bi. Babu sadaukarwa shi ne mafifici a cikin sauran, amma, kuma, daidai a cikin mutuncinsa. Paparoma Paul XI rubuta, "Domin idan mutum ne shugaban [na iyali], da mace ne zuciya, kuma kamar yadda ya bautar da manyan wuri a cikin mulki, Sabõda haka sai ta yiwu kuma kamata ya yi da'awar wa kanta manyan wuri a cikin soyayya " (cocin Katolika 27). Don ci gaba da misalin, ba da kai ba cikin zuciya ne mafi muhimmanci ga jikin; jiki yana bukatar duka biyu zuwa rayuwa. The Church ta model, to,, ne daya daga jituwa, da complementarity mata da maza,. Da bambanci, wadanda mutane duniya, mistaking zaman daidai da nufin interchangeability, ya kafa wani yaƙi na mata da maza,, a wadda maza da mata an rage wa matakin hammayarsu.

A cikin tambaya na girma, ba ma'aikata a cikin tarihi na duniya ya daukaka mata zuwa wani daidai ko mafi girma mataki fiye da Ikklesiyar Katolika. Namiji marubuta daga cikin Bisharu, Alal misali, bai ƙoƙari ya canza, ko kuka ɓõye gaskiya cewa shaidun farko da ¡iyãma, da foundational gaskiya da amana, sun mata. Wannan ya yi yaƙi da zamantakewa norms na rana, kamar yadda Kodayake wata mace ta kalmar da aka bai kadan daraja a zamanin d Palestine (gani Luka 24:11). A litany na mai tsarki mata a cikin Church ta al'ada ne tsawo da kuma m, haƙĩƙa,, ciki har da uku wanda aka ayyana Doctors na Church, musamman malaman addini: Saints Catherine Siena (d. 1380), Teresa na Avila (d. 1582), da kuma Karin na Lisieux (d. 1897).

Na dukan manyan Saints Church karrama, da Albarka ta tabbata ga Virgin Mary An girmama nisa kuma sama da sauran. A gaskiya, kamar yadda Paparoma John Paul na Great muhawwara, Church ta irinta ibada a Maryamu wanda "samu ba da manufa ta dace da Manzanni kuma ministoci na firist a fili ya nuna cewa ba m da mata to firistoci keɓewa, ba zai iya nufin mata ne na karami girma, kuma za a iya tawili azaman nuna bambanci game dasu " (firist keɓewa, 3).

Tun da kusa da na biyu Vatican Council a 1965, Church da ya jimre m da kuma kara matsa lamba daga kasashen yamma al'umma to baya ta ra'ayi a kan mata keɓewa,. Amma duk da haka wannan shi ne mai tsare koyarwa na Church ta talakawa magisterium, ma'ana shi an yi ĩmãni hada baki da aminci daga farkon. Church, Saboda haka, ne m canza shi. Jadaddawa wannan batu, John Paul ayyana, "Domin cewa duk shakka za a iya cire game da wani al'amari na da muhimmanci, wani al'amari wanda wahayin ya shafi Church ta allahntaka kundin tsarin mulkin kanta, a darajojin da aikina na gaskatãwa ga 'yan'uwa (cf. Luka 22:32), Na bayyana cewa Church yana da wani dalĩli game da abin da ya ba da firistoci keɓewa, a kan mata da cewa wannan hukunci ne da za a definitively gudanar da duk Church ta aminci " (firist keɓewa, 4).

Wasu sun bayar da hujjar cewa a zabar maza su zama na farko firistoci daga Church Yesu da aka kawai conforming to al'adu nagartacce. Da Linjila, sun nuna a fili, duk da haka, Yesu a kai a kai saka manta da zamantakewa norms saboda Mulkin Allah (gani Matiyu 9:11 da kuma John 8:3). Bugu da ƙari, priestesses, zama na kowa da arna addinai na kasar Girka da Roma, kasance a karɓa facet na zamanin d jama'a.

A ajiyar na aikin firist su maza kai tsaye haka Ubangiji misali da koyarwar alfarma Littafi; shi "an kiyaye ta da akai da kuma duniya Hadishi na Church kuma da tabbaci sanar da Magisterium a cikin mafi kwanan nan takardun " (firist keɓewa, 4). "Kamar yadda a duk ikilisyoyin tsarkaka,"Rubuta Saint Paul, "Mata ya kamata kiyaye shiru a cikin majami'u. Domin ba su da izinin yin magana, amma ya zama ƙarƙashin, kamar yadda har ma da shari'a ta ce. ... Domin shi ne m ga mace ta yi magana a cikin coci " (Na farko Wasika ga Korantiyawa 14:33-34, 35; ga kuma Na farko Letter to Timoti 2:12). Manzo, i mana, bai nufin su hana mata daga "magana a cikin coci" a cikin talakawa ma'ana, amma a ji na wa'azi ko majalissar kan taron. Lalle ne waɗanda suka fassara Littafi Mai Tsarki ta fuskar m Feminism nace Bulus kalmomi kawai ke yin tunãni namiji-mamaye al'ada a cikin abin da ya rayu, kuma ta haka ne da ba munasaba ga masu karatu a yau. Wannan ra'ayi, ko da yake, wanda ya fara kira a cikin tambaya da Rũhi daga alfarma Littafi, ya buɗe ƙofa domin mutane su tsayar da yadda m kusan wata aya ta Littafi Mai Tsarki da suka sami kaina ƙyãmã. Wannan shi ne dalilin da ya sa shi ne ko da yaushe mafi kyau a cikin wadannan lokuta domin fada da baya a kan m shiriya da koyarwa na Church.

A farkon Kirista tarihi da rubuce-rubucen nuna cewa mata halarci tsattsarka addini rayuwa ta cikin Order of aya cikin (gaske na farko nuns). Saint Hippolytus na Roma, rubutu a game da A.D. 215, lura da cewa, mata sa suna a cikin wannan domin sun "ba za a wajabta ... . Keɓewa, shi ne domin limaman saboda ibadar da; amma bazawara ne nada domin addu'a, da salla ne wajibi na duka " (A Apostolic Hadishi 11).

Domin wani lokaci a farkon Church akwai kuma wani Order of Deaconesses. A deaconesses, duk da haka, bai sami keɓewa, ko dai, amma da aka dauke su mambobi ne na Laity. ambata deaconesses, Alal misali, da majalisar Nicaea a 325 tãtacce, "Mun nufi da deaconesses kamar sun zaci al'ada, amma wanda ya, tun da ba su Kaddamar da hannayensu [kamar yadda a keɓewa,], suna da za a lasafta kawai daga cikin Laity " (Canon 19). Haka, Saint Epiphanius bayyana a kusa da 375 cewa manufar ga Order of Deaconesses shi ne "ba domin kasancewa a priestess, kuma ga kowane irin aiki na gwamnati, amma saboda da mutunci da mace, ko dai a lokacin Baftisma, ko na nazarin rashin lafiya, ko wahala, saboda haka cewa [mace] jiki na iya ba za a gani da maza gudanarwa ta wurin yanka, amma da deaconess " (Panarion 79:3).