Uwar Allah

Me ya sa Katolika kira Maryamu uwar Allah?

Image of Madonna with Child, Saint Catherine and Saint Nicholas by Gentile da FabrianoSaboda wannan lakabi don Mary takaita mu imani cewa Yesu shi ne Allah na gaskiya kuma cikakken mutum!Da farko shawarwari kan yin amfani da take, a gaskiya, za a mayar da farkon karni na biyar, a tsakiya a kan wani tambaya game da Almasihu Allahntakar: An jaririn da aka haifa Mary gaske Allah, ko kuwa Allah kawai “zauna” a cikin wani jikin mutum? Da shawara aka ignited da Nestorius, da Bishop na Konstantinoful, wanda, ƙi Mary da take Uwar Allah (Girka Theotokos), fĩfĩta kiran ta maimakon kawai ga Uwar Almasihu (Christotokos), saboda ya nace da baby haife shi a Baitalami ba zai iya gaskiya a kira Allah.

Da Bishops a majalisar Afisa, ya kira shirya wannan shawarwari a 431, Nestorians sunyi tir’ koyarwa da kuma tabbatacce ayyana, kamar yadda Kiristoci suka yi ĩmãni ko da yaushe, cewa Yesu na da haƙĩƙa biyu gaske allahntaka da kuma gaske adam. Majalisar, haka ma, hukuma sanctioned Maryamu take Uwar Allah, ga wannan lakabi safeguarded abin da Kiristoci ĩmãni game da Yesu. Wannan Yana da uwa tabbatar da Shi gaske adam. Cewa Maryamu yaro nan kuwa Allah ne ya tabbatar da Shi gaske allahntaka. Azancin, wanda zai iya cewa tun da Yesu Allah ne; da Maryamu ne ga Uwar; Mary, Saboda haka, shi ne Uwar Allah.

Wannan shawara aka reignited a lokacin Protestant tawaye a cikin karni goma sha bakwai, da kuma ci gaba a yau. Shi ne matsalolin, ya ce ko kadan, cewa cikakken Millennium-da-rabi tun da shan kashi na Nestorianism da take Uwar Allah ya rage tushen shawara tsakanin Kirista. A lokacin da Furotesta ji Katolika kira Maryamu uwar Allah su zaton muna danganta da ita kuma a gãnuwõyi rawa, gyaran fuskar da ita a zaman ko ta yaya sama zuwa ga Allah. Katolika ba kira Maryamu uwar Allah domin mu yi ĩmãni ta kasance sama Allah, duk da haka, amma, sosai kawai, saboda mun yi imani mutum wanda ta haifa a cikin mahaifarta kuwa Allah ne. By guda alama, Katolika suna perplexed da Furotesta’ ƙi ya kira Maryamu uwar Allah, dukan lokacin da shelar da Allahntakar Her Ɗan.

Don tabbatar da cewa Maryamu ta ne kawai uwar Yesu’ adam yanayi ne karkatacciyar koyarwa. Domin, kamar yadda Katolika uzuri yi da gaskiya da nuna, Maryamu ta haifi mutum, ba wani yanayi (cf. Karl Keating, Katolika da kuma ra'ayi, Ignatius Press, 1988, p. 277). Saboda Allah na haihuwa Maryama, da dukan Church ta hukuma imani game da ita, kyakkyawan koya mana game da Yesu, da musu da wani gaskiya game da ita kokari ne take kaiwa zuwa wasu musu daga gare Shi.

Ainihin hadari a game da Maryamu ta allahntaka na haihuwa shi ne cewa shi fa, tã da yawa ne wani bambanci tsakanin Almasihu dual da yanayi, yadda ya kamata rarraba shi a cikin biyu: allahntaka Yesu da mutum da Yesu. Fiye ko žasa, wannan shi ne abin da Nestorius yi, ya fito fili ya amince a kan wani lokaci zai yi wahala kiran da Jariri Yesu Allah. Kyakkyawan, Nestorianism barazanar imani a cikin Karbi Tuba. Gama idan irin wannan bambanci za a iya kõma tsakanin Almasihu Allahntakar da bil'adama, to, shi za a iya ce–ko da dole ne a ce–cewa Allah bai zahiri mutu domin zunubanmu. Idan mace haifa Mary ba da gaske Allah, to, mutum da yake samu zuwa Cross kuma ya tashi daga matattu ba zai iya kasance ko dai!

Image of The Crucifixion with Saints by Ambrogio LorenzettiMuke da su da take Uwar Allah a cikin Littafi Mai Tsarki? Babu, amma ba muke da su “Trinity” kuma bã “Littafi Mai Tsarki,” sabõda abin da kwayoyin halitta, ko dai. Yayin da takamaiman take da kanta ba ya bayyana a cikin Littafi Mai Tsarki, ko da yake, shi ne Littafi Mai Tsarki, ma'ana shi ya amince da abin da Littafi Mai Tsarki ya koyar da da. Ya ɗauko faɗar Annabi Ishaya, misali, Matiyu ya rubuta cewa, “'Ga shi, budurwa za juna biyu ta kuma haifi ɗa, da kuma sunansa za a kira Emmanuel’ (wanda nufin, Allah tare da mu)” (Matt. 1:23). Za mu ga Maryamu allahntaka na haihuwa, ya cigaba da, nuna a Elizabeth ta gaisuwa ta a cikin Bisharu: “Kuma me ya sa ake wannan bã ni, har da uwar Ubangijina za ta zo gare ni?” (Luka 1:43).

Lalle ne, haƙĩƙa take Uwar Allah yana bayyana, a tarihi Church takardun kwanan rana da kafin zamanin da majalisar Afisa da, kayatarwa isa, a cikin rubuce-rubucen na Krista malamai na saukowa daga Manzo Yahaya, wanda wanda Yesu ya danƙa Mary a lokacin mutuwarsa (cf. John 19:27). Ignatius na Antakiya, wanda koya kai tsaye daga John, ya rubuta a game da shekara 107, “Ga Allahnmu, Yesu Kristi, aka ɗauki cikinsa ta Mary” (Wasika zuwa ga Afisawa 18:2). Irenaeus, wanda malamin Polycarp na Smyrna shi ma almajiri daga cikin Bishara, ya rubuta a cikin na ƙarshen rabin karni na biyu, “Da Virgin Mary, ... Yin xa'a ga kalma, samu daga wani mala'ika da bushãra da ta kai Allah” (Da Heresies 5:19:1). Irenaeus 'dalibi, Hippolytus (d. 235), ake magana a kai Our Lady kamar yadda “da m da Allah-hali Mary” (Lãbãri a kan Qarshen Duniya).

Daga ko'ina 250, muna da salla Sub Tuum Praesidium, wanda ɗaga murya, “A karkashin m rahama mun yi tsari, Ya Uwar Allah.” Alexander, da Bishop na Alexandria, ya ce a 324 cewa jikin Yã Ubangijinmu ya kasance “samu daga Mary ga Uwar Allah” (Encyclical Letter to Wani Bishop Alexander kuma zuwa All Non-Bishops Masar 12). Kusa da 350, Cyril Urushalima ayyana, “Da Virgin Uwar Allah Yanã shaida [zuwa ga Kristi]” (Catechetical Makalar 10:19). Roman Sarkin sarakuna Julian da ridda (sarauta. 361-363) koka cewa Kirista “ba a daina kiran Mary 'Theotokos' [ko Allah mai ɗaukar]” (nakalto daga Cyril na Alexandria, Tsaro na Kiristanci A kan Books na fãsiƙai Sarkin sarakuna Julian). Kusa da 365, Athanasius kira Mary “ga Uwar Allah” (Jiki na Maganar Allah 8). Ifraimu Syria (d. 373) yi haka da (cf, Songs of Gõdiya 1:20). A 382, Gregory na Nazianzus ce quite al'amari-na-factly, “Duk wanda bai yarda cewa Ruhu Mai Mary ne ga Uwar Allah, shi a rashin daidaito da Allah Ɗaya” (Wasika zuwa Cledonius, firist, Da Apollinaris 101).

A karshe kuma Abin mamaki, ko da Martin Luther (d. 1546), haifi Protestantism, kare Maria allahntaka na haihuwa. A cikin Sharhin a kan Magnificat, misali, da ya rubuta, “Maza sun lashe dukkan ta daukaka a cikin rai guda magana: ga Uwar Allah. Babu wanda zai iya ce wani abu mafi girma da ta, ko da yake yana da, yawa harsunansu kamar yadda akwai ganye a kan itatuwa.”