Tutur Budurci Maryama

Me ya sa Katolika yi imani Mary zauna budurwa, lokacin da Littafi Mai Tsarki ya ce Yesu yana da 'yan'uwa?

Kuma, me ya sa Maryamu ta budurci da muhimmanci ga Katolika?

Image of the Coronation of the Virgin by Fra AngelicoDa sauki amsar ne: Katolika yi imani Mary zauna budurwa cikin ta rayuwa domin shi ne gaskiya. Shi ne mai koyarwa rantsuwarsu sanar da Almasihu Church, “al'amudin da kafuwar gaskiya” (ganin Bulus Na farko Letter to Timoti 3:15); saukar ta hanyar alfarma Hadishi; da kuma a agreeance da alfarma Littafi (ganin Bulus Na biyu Wasika ga Tassalunikawa 2:15).

Don haka, Katolika yi imani da cewa “'yan'uwa na Ubangiji” da aka ambata cikin Littafi Mai Tsarki suke kusa-dangantakar Yesu, amma ba 'yan'uwanku (kamar yadda za mu bayyana daki-daki a kasa).

A ƙarshe, kuma mafi muhimmanci, Maria Perpetual Budurci yana da muhimmanci ga addinin Krista saboda abin da ya tabbatar game da Yesu. Kyakkyawan, wannan imani nuna tsarkin Almasihu, kuma zuwa ga musamman da suka bambanta daga cikin jiki ya zama: da aikin Allah ya zama mutum.

Da annabi Ezekiel ayyana sarkin “za su fita, kuma bayan da ya fita ƙofar za a rufe” (gani Ezekiel 46:12), da kuma Church fahimci wannan ya zama babban tunani zuwa ga Kristi ta haihuwa da Maryamu ta lifelong budurci (ga Saint Ambrose, Consecration wani Virgin 8:52). Don haka, aka kasancẽwa cewa Mary zai riƙe ta budurci bayan haihuwar Yesu saboda wanda Shi ne: Allah cikin surar mutum!

Scripturally, daya zai tunãni a kan labarin Musa da kona daji. Kamar yadda Musa ya matso kusa da daji, Ubangiji ya ce, “Kada ka zo kusa da; sa a kashe ka takalma daga ƙafãfunku, gama wurin da kake tsaye, tsattsarka” (Fitowa 3:5).

Wannan labarin taimake mu mu fahimci Maria Perpetual Budurci a cikin hanyoyi biyu.

Image of Moses and the Burning Bush by Dirk BoutsDa farko, mun ga cewa a kasa da aka tsarkake, saboda gaban Ubangiji ya sauko a can. Ya kamata mu ka manta cewa wannan Allah, wanda ya bayyana wa Musa a kona daji, aka ɗauki cikinsa a cikin mahaifa Maryama.

Don haka, zai iya kasancẽwa a ce da ta, kamar cewa tsattsarka a Fitowa, da ake bukata da za a tsarkake, musamman tattalin, da ke, a yi maka Sarkin sarakuna da Ubangijin iyayengiji.

Na biyu, Church Ubanni suka ga siffar da kona daji kanta–wani daji aflame, duk da haka ba cinye–a matsayin misãli Maria bãyar haihuwa ba tare da yafe mata budurci. Misali, a karo na hudu karni, Gregory Nyssa na rubuta, “Abin da aka prefigured a wancan lokaci a cikin harshen wuta daga cikin daji aka fito fili ya bayyana a cikin asiri na Virgin. … Kamar yadda a kan dutse daji ƙone amma ba cinye, don haka da Virgin haife hasken da aka ba gurbace” (A Haihuwar Almasihu).

Image of The Burning Bush by Nicholas FromentGaske, Maria Perpetual Budurci shelar ga duniya cewa Almasihu saboda kuwa ya faru mai tsarki–Allah da kansa–dã ya kasance bai dace gare shi to an kafa a cikin mahaifar mace talakawa; da kuma, kamar yadda, ga mãsu laifi sun zo daga wannan mahaifa bayan shi–mahaifa musamman tattalin to kai ne Almasihu. Kuma, la'akari da Ezekiel, “[Sarkin] za su fita, kuma bayan da ya fita ƙofar za a rufe.”

Maria budurci a lokacin da ya ke haihuwar da aka nuna da annabi Ishaya, wanda ya furta, “Sai ga, budurwa za juna biyu ta kuma haifi ɗa, kuma za su kira sunansa Immanuel” (7:14; gani Matiyu 1:23 da kuma Luka 1:27). Ishaya, bayan duk, tabbatar da ita budurci a conceiving da kuma a hali. Haka ma. Mary ta mayar da martani, to Shugaban Mala'iku ta sanarwa ta juna biyu ta kuma haifi Ɗa–“Ta yaya wannan ya tabbata a tun lokacin da na ba su sani ba mutum?” (Luka 1:34)–a fili ya nuna cewa ta kasance budurwa. Ta dauki wuya sa hankali in ba haka ba.

Ta abada virginal jihar da aka nuna a cikin Song of Sulemanu, wadda ta ce, “A lambu kulle shi ne 'yar'uwata, ta amarya, Wani marmaro ne shãfe haske” (4:12).

Ta yaya za mu fahimci wannan ba gaskiya cewa ta kuma Joseph aka tashinta da baya aure? Akwai ne daɗaɗɗe hadisin wanda yake riƙe da Mary aka sadaukar domin Ubangiji kamar yadda tsattsarka budurwa daga reno ina qarami; da cewa a lokacin da ta zo na shekaru da aka danƙa wa Yusufu, wani mutum mai takaba da yawa girmi ta (cf. Protoevangelium Yakubu).

Manufar farjinsu cikin aure a karkashin wani yanayi ne, Lalle ne, a Littafi Mai Tsarki ra'ayi. Misali, a cikin First littãfin Sarakuna 1:4, Sarki Dawuda ya riƙi wani ɗan na farko, Shag, ya zama matarsa ​​don kula da shi a cikin tsufa, amma nisantan dangantakar da ita.

Haka ma, a farko Wasika ga Korantiyawa, Bulus ya bada shawarar a Jihar tsarkake ƙin ɗaure aure ko tutur betrothal wa waɗanda suka iya yarda da shi (gani 7:37-38).

Image of The Annunciation by The Master of PanzanoA bayyane yake, a hasken ta yi kira zuwa ga kai Ɗan Allah ne, Maria aure wa Yusufu ya zuwa yanzu daga talakawa. An wajabta da Allah ga kulawa da kariya na Virgin da Her Ɗan–don kiyaye jiki ya zama boye daga duniya har wani lõkaci. “Da budurci Maryama, ta bada haihuwa, da kuma mutuwar Ubangiji, aka boye daga sarkin wannan duniya,” ya rubuta Ignatius na Antakiya, almajiri na Manzo Yahaya, a game da shekara 107: “–uku asirai ƙarfi yi kira a, amma aikata a cikin shiru Allah” (Wasika zuwa ga Afisawa 19:1).

A Matiyu 1:19, Alfarma Littafi gaya mana Jospeh ya “wani mutum kawai.” Ta haka ne, ya ji Mary ya yi cikinsa yaro da wata, ya yi nufin sa ta tafi da zare jiki ya cece ta daga m kisa a karkashin Dokar Musa (kamar yadda ta Maimaitawar Shari'a 22:23-24).

Ubangiji ya intervened, ko da yake, gaya masa ta hanyar da malã'ika a mafarki, “Kada ka ji tsoro, ka dauki Maryamu matarka, ga abin da aka cikin nan nata daga Ruhu Mai Tsarki; za ta haifi ɗa, za ka kuma sa masa suna Yesu, domin shi ne zai ceci mutanensa daga zunubansu” (Matiyu 1:20).

Joseph dã ba su riƙi wannan magana don ya nufin, ko da yake, cewa Mary ya zama matarsa ​​a cikin talakawa nufi da kalmar. Kamar yadda Saint Ambrose ya rubuta na Milan,

“Ba ya aikata shi yin wani bambanci cewa Littafi ce: 'Yusufu ya ɗauki matarsa ​​da ya shiga Misira’ (Matt. 1:24; 2:14); ga wani mace espoused zuwa ga wani namiji ne da aka ba sunan matarsa. To, daga lokacin da aure fara da cewa aure terminology ne aiki. Kuma shi ba deflowering na budurci da ta sa a auren, amma aure kwangila. Shi ne a lokacin da yarinyar ya yarda da karkiya cewa aure fara, ba a lõkacin da ta je san mijinta jiki” (A consecration wani Virgin da Perpetual Budurci Maryama 6:41).

Cewa ta haifa Ɗan Allah Ya sanya ta farko da mata da Ruhu Mai Tsarki (da Luka 1:35); da Joseph aka haramta a karkashin dokar a yi aure dangantakar da mata wani.

Abin da game da “'yan'uwa na Ubangiji?”

Da farko, ya kamata a nuna cewa, babu wani hadari a ya ɗauko faɗar ayoyi daga Littãfi daga cikin mahallin da dukan Littafi na. Gaskiyar cewa Yesu amince Mary zuwa ga Manzo Yahaya, misali, An karfi nuni Ya ba su da ainihin 'yan'uwanku (gani John 19:27). Domin idan Mary da sauran yara, Yesu dã ba su yi tambayar da wani ya waje da iyali don kula da ta. (An hujja da wannan samun wasu gogayya a Ikklesiyoyin bishara da'ira ne ra'ayi cewa Yesu wakkala Mary to John saboda James da kuma da ya ke wasu “'yan'uwa” sun kasance ba tukuna Kiristoci. Amma wannan hujjarsu tenuous. Idan wannan kasance haka al'amarin, wanda zai sa ran Linjila ya ba wasu bayani ga wannan sakamako. Da cewa Yesu ya bada Mary to John ba tare da bayani nuna Mary da wani sauran yara.)

Image of Presentation at the Temple by Stefan LochnerYaya, to,, ne mu fassara ayoyi kamar su Matiyu 13:55, a cikin abin da mutãne, a cikin taron nuna ra'ayi, “Ashe wannan bai zama kafinta, ɗan? Ba Mary sani ya zama uwarsa da James, Joseph, Simon da kuma Yahuza da 'yan'uwansa? Ba ya 'yan'uwa mãtã mu da makwabta?”

Katolika matsayi da cewa wadannan “'yan'uwa” da kuma “'yan'uwa mãtã” su kusantar dangi, irin su uwan, amma ba 'yan'uwanku, ya amince da zamanin d Yahudawa al'adar kiran mutum ma'abũcin zumunta “wa” (da Farawa 13:8; 14:14; 29:15, et al.). Kamar yadda Paparoma John Paul Mai girma ya rubuta, “Ya kamata a tuna cewa babu takamaiman lokaci wanzu a Ibrananci da kuma Aramaic don bayyana kalmar 'dan uwan', da kuma cewa kalmar 'wa’ da kuma 'yar'uwarsa’ Saboda haka kunshe da dama digiri na dangantaka.”1

Haka ma, aka saukar a sauran wurare Matiyu cewa “James da kuma Joseph” su ne 'ya'ya maza na zahiri daban-daban Mary, wanda ya tsaya tare da sauran mata a gindin da Cross da kuma tare Maryamu Magadaliya kabarin on Easter safe (27:55-56; 28:1).

Wannan wasu Mary ne fiye yi ĩmãni ya zama matar Clopas, wanda na iya kasance wani kawuna Yesu (gani John 19:25; ga kuma Eusebius, Tarihin Ikilisiyar 3:11).2 An gaya, ya cigaba da, cewa Ubangiji ta “'yan'uwa” ana babu inda cikin Littafi gaba ka koma ga 'ya'yan Mary, kamar yadda Yesu sau da yawa ake kira (gani Matiyu 13:55; Mark 6:3, et al.).

Akwai biyu sauran Linjila ayoyi da abokan adawar Maryama ta Perpetual Budurci sau da yawa buga: Matiyu 1:25 da kuma Luka 2:7.

Matiyu 1:25 ya ce Joseph “ba dangantakar da ita a kowane lokaci kafin ta haifi ɗa.” Kamar yadda Ludwig Ott bayyana a Muhimmai na Katolika akidarsu, ko da yake, wannan aya “tabbatar da(s) cewa har zuwa wani tabbataccen batu a lokacin da aure ba consummated, amma ba ta kowane hanya an consummated bayan wannan” (Tan Books, 1960, p. 207). Manufar Matiyu 1:25 ya tabbata cewa Yesu ba duniya mahaifinsa, kuma ya yi da gaske Ɗan Allah. An ba nufi wai ina wani abu game da Yusufu da Maryamu ta dangantaka bayan Yesu’ haihuwa. La'akari da Na biyu Littafi mai Samuel 6:23, wanda ya ce Mary “da bãbu wani yaro da rana ta mutuwa.” Babu shakka, wannan ba ya nufin ta na da wani yaro bayan mutuwarta. A Matiyu 28:20, Yesu ya yi alkawarin ya kasance tare da mabiyansa “zuwa kusa da shekaru.” Kuma, wannan ba ya nufin zai gushe kasance tare da su a hayin cewa batu.

A Luka 2:7, Yesu ne ake kira Maryamu “farinsa.” Duk da haka, kamar yadda Paparoma John Paul ya bayyana:

“Kalmar 'ya'yan fari,’ a zahiri yana nufin 'yaro ba wadda ta gabãta daga wani’ da kuma, a kanta, sa tunani da wanzuwar sauran yara. Haka ma, da Bishara ya karfafa wannan halayyar da Child, tun da wasu wajibai dace ga Yahudawa doka aka nasaba da haihuwar ɗan fari dan, da kansa da kuwa ko uwar iya haifi sauran yara. Ta haka ne kowace kawai dan ya batun da wadannan prescriptions saboda yana 'haifi farko’ (cf. Luka 2:23)” (“Church Gabatar da Mary kamar yadda 'Yã kasance Virgin'”)

Jesus, Mary and Joseph and angelsMichael O'Carroll, ya cigaba da, ruwaito, “Yahudawa binne rubutu a Misira, dating daga ƙarni na farko, … taimaka amsa ƙin yarda da Maryamu tutur budurci bisa St. Luka ta yin amfani da kalmar 'fari’ (prototokos) (2:7). Cewa kalmar bai nufa sauran yara aka nuna ta wurin yin amfani da wannan yanayin na bayyana wata mace wanda ya mutu bayan haihuwar ta farko da yaro, wanda ba zai iya fili sun sauransu” (Theotokos: A tauhidin Encyclopedia na Albarka ta tabbata Virgin Mary, Michael Glazier, 1982, p. 49).

Abin Shin Church Ubanni Ka ce?

Tun bangarorin biyu a cikin muhawara a kan Maria Perpetual Budurci, pro da con, sa Littafi Mai Tsarki muhawara don taimaka wa m matsayi, yadda za mu domin sanin wanda ya ke daidai? Wanda aka fassara Littafi daidai, a cikin authentically apostolic hanya?

Wata hanya ta samar da goyon baya ne tuntubar Kiristanci ta zamanin d tarihi rubuce-rubucen, fiye da aka sani da rubuce-rubucen da Early Church Ubanni.

Clement na Alexandria, Alal misali, a farkon karni na uku ya rubuta, “Wannan Uwar shi kadai ya ba tare da madara, domin ta kadai ba ta zama matarsa. Ita gã biyu Virgin da Uwar” (Da malami daga Bani 1:6:42:1).

Clement ta almajiri, Source, a farkon shekarun da suka gabata na cewa karni, tabbatar da cewa Mary “ba sauran dan amma Yesu” (Sharhin a kan John 1:6). Sauran wurare, da ya rubuta, “Kuma ina ganin yana cikin jituwa da dalilin cewa Yesu shi ne na farko-ya'yan itãcen marmari daga mutãne na tsarki da ta ƙunshi a farjinsu, da Maryamu kasance daga mata; domin ita ba taƙawa zuwa siffantãwa wa kõwa ba daga gare ta farko-ya'yan itãcen marmari na budurci” (Sharhin a kan Matiyu 2:17).

Tare da ɓarna, gõde mata, Athanasius (d. 373) Mary kamar yadda aka bayyana a “Mai Virgin” (Ƙawãtaccen zance ta haramta da Arians 2:70).

A game da 375, Epiphanius jãyayya, “Yana wurin abada kowa na kowane kiwo suka shiga magana da sunan Mai Tsarki Mary, da ake tambayar, ba su nan da nan ƙara, 'Da Virgin?'” (Panarion 78:6).

“Lalle ne,,” ya rubuta Paparoma Siricius a 392, “za mu iya yi musu ba cewa Your Kuma ku ji tsoron ya wajaba a kansa daidai a rebuking shi a kan kashi biyu da Maryamu yara, kuma da ku yi kyawawan dalilai da za a razana a tunani cewa wani haihuwa iya fitowa daga wannan virginal mahaifa daga abin da Almasihu da aka haife bisa ga nama” (Wasika zuwa Anysius, Bishop na Tasalonika).

Ambrose sharhi a 396, “Yi koyi da ita, tsarki uwãyensu, wanda a cikin ta ne kawai dearly ƙaunataccen Ɗansa buga haka mai girma da wani misali da kayan nagarta; domin ba su da ku sweeter yara, kuma ba da Virgin nemi consolation na kasancewa iya kai wani dan” (Haruffa 63:111).

Augustine na Hippo (d. 430) jawabin, “A Virgin conceiving, a Virgin hali, a Virgin ciki, a Virgin kawo fita, a Virgin tutur. Don me kuke mãmãki a wannan, Ya mutum? An kasancẽwa ga Allah da za a haifa haka, a lõkacin da Ya deigned ya zama wani mutum” (Wa'azin 186:1).

Paparoma Leo Mai girma ayyana a 449, “An yi cikinsa na da Ruhu Mai Tsarki a cikin mahaifa daga Virgin Uwar. Ta kawo masa fita ba tare da asarar budurci, kamar yadda ta yi cikinsa gare Shi ba tare da asarar” (Tome 28). Sauran wurare da Pontiff ya rubuta, “Ga wani Virgin yi ciki, a Virgin huda, da Virgin ta zauna” (Hadisin a kan idin da Nativity 22:2).

Ta haka ne, muke da su wani tarihi cin gaba da wannan koyarwa daga farkon shekaru na addini saukar zuwa yau.


  1. Ga “Church Gabatar da Mary kamar yadda 'Yã kasance Virgin;'” L'Osservatore Romano, Mako-mako Edition a Turanci, Satumba 4, 1996.
  2. “An hujja da wannan, ko da yake,” ya lura Karl Keating, “shi ne, James ne sauran wurare (Mat 10:3) bayyana a matsayin na Halfa, wanda zai nufin cewa Mary, wanda ta kasance, shi ne matar biyu Cleophas da Halfa. Daya bayani shi ne, ta widowed da zarar, to remarried. More yiwuwa Halfa, da Cleophas (Clopas a Girka) iri daya ne mutum, tun lokacin da Aramaic suna ga Halfa za a iya fassara a Girkanci a hanyoyi daban-daban, ko dai a matsayin Halfa ko Clopas. Wani yiwuwar shi ne, Halfa ya ɗauki Girkanci sunan kama da ya Yahudawa suna, hanyar da Saul ya ɗauki sunan Bulus” (Katolika da kuma ra'ayi, Ignatius Press, 1988, p. 288).