Baftisma

The Baptism of Christ by Fra AngelicoMenene baftisma?

Yana ne na ruhaniya tsarkakewa tare da ruwa.

Don a yi musu baftisma ne da daya da aka haife sake, to sami tsar alherin, wanda Allah ya kyauta na rai na ruhaniya. Yesu ya saukar da connection tsakanin addini da kuma Baftisma, a lokacin da ya sanar da, "Wanda ya gaskata da aka yi musu baftisma za su sami ceto; amma wanda bai yi imani za a hukunta " (ganin Bisharar Markus, 16:16). "Lalle, gaske, Ina gaya maka,"Ya furta, "Sai dai in ba an haifi mutum na ruwa da kuma Ruhu, ba zai iya shiga Mulkin Allah " (Dubi John 3:5; girmamawa kara da cewa).

Yesu da kansa, ko marar zunubi, aka yi masa baftisma da Saint Yahaya a fara daga jama'a ma'aikata; ganin Bisharar Matiyu, 3:13. Note: Yesu ya zama marar zunubi saboda yana dukansa-Allah da kuma dukansa-mutumin. Yana da tsohon, ba da karshen cewa yana da muhimmanci. Saboda ya kasance dukansa-Allah ya tunani da kuma ayyuka da ya zama–by definition daya zai ce–wannan kamar yadda Allah. (Shi Allah, bayan duk.)

Don haka, me ya sa za ya bukatar da za a yi masa baftisma? Ya yi ba, amma kamar yadda Saint Ambrose na Milan ya bayyana a cikin karni na hudu, "Ubangiji ya yi masa baftisma, ba za a tsarkake, da kansa amma ya tsarkake ruwayen, don waɗanda ruwa, tsarkake ta cikin jiki na Almasihu wanda bai san zunubi ba, iya samun ikon Baftisma " (Sharhin a cikin Bisharar Luka 2:83).

The Baptism of Saint Augustine by Nicolo di PietroKafin hawa zuwa sama, Yesu ya nanata sako zuwa Manzanni, "Ku tafi, sabõda haka ku almajirtar da dukkan al'ummai, kuna yi musu baftisma da sunan Uba, da Ɗa da kuma Ruhu Mai Tsarki, koya musu su kiyaye duk abin da na umarce ku " (ga Matiyu 28:19-20).

A 'yan kwanaki bayan, a Fentikos, Saint Peter, yana magana da wani taro. A karshen hadisin, ya aka tambaye ta, "Me za mu yi?

Peter amsawa, "Ku tuba, da za a yi wa kowannenku baftisma, kan kun yarda da sunan Yesu Almasihu, domin a gafarta zunubanku; kuma za ku kuwa sami baiwar Ruhu Mai Tsarki. Domin wa'adin ne a gare ka da kuma zuwa ga yara da kuma dukan abin da suke da nĩsa, kowane daya wanda Ubangiji Allahnmu ya kira su da shi " (Ayyukan Manzanni, 2:38-39).

Domin da Apostolic Church, Baftisma da ƙofa ga rayuwar Kirista (ga Ayyukan Manzanni 8:12, 38; 9:18; 10:48). Bugu da kari, a Ayyukan Manzanni 8:37, da Habasha bābā, ya samu da Bishara daga Saint Philip, nuna sha'awar Baftisma. Haka, a cikin Ayyukan Manzanni 16:33, Bulus da Sila baftisma da Filibi tsaron kurkuku da dukan iyalin gidan "ba tare da bata lokaci ba." AL'AJABI nasa hira, Paul ya ambaci cewa, Hananiya, ya ce, ga shi, "Kuma yanzu me ya sa kuke jira? Tashi, a yi musu baftisma, kuma wanke zunubanka, kira ga sunansa " (Ayyukan Manzanni 22:16). Bulus ya gaya wa Afisawa cewa "Almasihu ya ƙaunaci coci da kuma ya ba da kansa ga ta, Dõmin Ya tsarkake ta, ya tsarkake ta daga wanka da ruwa tare da kalmar " (Bulus Wasika ga Afisawa, 5:25-26; girmamawa kara da cewa). A cikin Wasika zuwa ga Titus, da Paul wrotes mu sami ceto "da wanka na abu akan sake haihuwa."

Image of the Baptism of Christ by Gerard DavidA farkon Kirista tarihi rubuce-rubucen tabbata abu akan sake haihuwa ta hanyar ruwa Baftisma. A game da shekara 150, Alal misali, Saint Justin ce waɗanda suka kasance a yi masa baftisma "an kawo by mana inda akwai ruwa, kuma a sake haihuwarsu a wannan hanya a cikin abin da muka kasance munã kanmu haifi. ... Domin Almasihu ma ya ce, 'In ba an haifi sake, ya bã zã ta shiga cikin mulkin sama " (John 3:3)" (Na farko uzuri 61).

Kusa da shekara 200, Saint Clement na Alexandria rubuta, "A lokacin da muke yi masa baftisma, mu haskaka. Da yake haskaka, muna soma kamar 'ya'yan. Soma 'ya'ya, muna yi cikakken. sanya cikakken, muna zama m. ... Shi ne mai wanka da abin da muka yi tsarki zunubai ... " (The malami na Children 1:6:26:1, 2). A game da 217, Saint Hippolytus na Roma ya yi magana da zuwan Almasihu zuwa cikin duniya "da alama ta baftisma, da kuma sabon haihuwa da cewa ya zama wa dukan mutane, da farfadowa daga daro " (Lãbãri a kan Qarshen Duniya 1). A game da 250, Saint Cyprian na Carthage saukar, "Lokacin da tabo ta da rai aka wanke tafi da wajen da ruwa daga abu akan sake haihuwa, wani haske daga sama ya zuba kanta a kan ta hori kuma yanzu tsarkakakkiyar zuciya; bayan haka ta wurin Ruhu wanda aka hũra daga sama, a karo na biyu haihuwa sanya ni sabon mutum " (Wasika zuwa Donatus 4).

Image of Ark of Noah on Mount Ararat attributed to Hieronymus BoschLura cewa sacrament na Baftisma da aka prefigured cikin Tsohon Alkawali. a cikin Farawa 1:2, an rubuta cewa a Creation, "Ruhun Allah ... motsi a kan fuskar ruwaye,"Da kuma zamanin da ruwan tsufanan da ya tsarkake duniya ne duka baftisma, metaphors. Kamar yadda Saint Peter rubuta, "A zamanin Nuhu, a lokacin da ginin da akwatin alkawari ... 'yan, da ke, takwas, suka sami ceto ta hanyar ruwa. Baftisma, wanda yayi dace da wannan, cece ku a yanzu, ba a matsayin fitar da dauɗa daga jiki amma kamar yadda ta wurin roƙon Allah da lamiri mai kyau ga, ta wurin tashin Yesu Almasihu " (ganin Bitrus harafin farko, 3:20-21; girmamawa kara da cewa).

Annabi Elisha ya umurci zuwa Syria janar Na'aman, wanda ya zo da shi kunã nẽman wata warkewa ga kuturtarsa, maki wa baftisma, abu akan sake haihuwa. "Ku tafi, ya yi wanka a Kogin Urdun har sau bakwai,,"Annabi ya gaya masa, "Naman jikinsa zai warke, kuma ku zama masu tsabta " (ganin na biyu Littafi na Sarakuna 5:10 kuma Leviticus, 14:7). Kamar yadda ya rubuta a cikin Farko Letter zuwa ga Korantiyawa (10:2), Saint Paul gani Figures na Baftisma a cikin girgije wuta da hayaki da cewa tare da Isra'ilawa ta hanyar jeji, kuma a cikin ruwan Bahar Maliya, ta hanyar abin da suka wuce. (Ya kuma yayi magana akan Tsohon-Wa'adi yanka da kaciya a matsayin precursor na Baftisma a cikin wasika zuwa ga Kolossiyawa (2:11-12).