Tabbatarwa

Gaskatãwa ne kammala Baftisma. Shi ya shafi cikin shafewa na man fetur a goshin.

Kamar yadda Manzo Bulus ya rubuta wa Saint Titus, "Allah ... tsĩrar da mu, ba saboda ayyukan yi da mu cikin adalci, amma a nagarta na kansa rahama, da da wanka na farfadowa (Baftisma) da kuma sabuntawa da Ruhu Mai Tsarki (Tabbatarwa)" (Titus 3:4-5).

Image of Confirmation by Nicolas Poussin

Haka, ya Wasika zuwa ga Ibraniyawa ya bada jerin sunayen da imposition na hannayensu, nan da nan bayan Baftisma, a matsayin daya daga shida da muhimmanci Kirista koyaswar (6:1-2).

A Baftisma, wanda aka haifi cikin Ruhu, zunubanku an wanke tafi da, da kuma allahntaka kyauta ake ni'imtar da ita, amma da mutum ya rage, ruhaniya m, a "mace a cikin Almasihu" ba tukuna shirye for "m abinci,"Kamar yadda Bulus ya sa shi a cikin First Wasika ga Korantiyawa, 3:1-2.

Da zarar Kirista ta addini ya balaga da, ya na shirye Tabbacin, a cikin abin da ya shãfe haske da kyautai da Ruhu Mai Tsarki. Abin da aka fara a Baftisma da aka kammala, karfafawa da Kirista su je cikin duniya, kuma rayukansu lashe gama Ubangiji.1

Manzanni masu garu mũminai a cikin Ruhu, ta hanyar shafewa da mai da kuma imposition na hannayensu. Saint John, misali, ya rubuta, "Kai, an shafe ta Mai Tsarki, kuma ka san (gaskiyan). ... A shafewa abin da za ka samu daga gare shi zaune a cikinsa, ka, kuma bã ka da bukatar cewa duk wani wanda ya isa ya sanar da kai; kamar yadda ya shafewa yana sanar da ku game da dukan abin da, da kuma gaskiya ne, da wani ƙarya, kamar yadda shi ya sanar da ku, madawwama a gare shi. "Ka duba John na Farko Letter (2:20, 27) Bulus Na biyu Wasika ga Korantiyawa (1:21-22) ko Bulus Wasika ga Afisawa (1:13).

A cikin Ayyukan Manzanni (8:14), Bitrus da Yahaya kama a sabobin tuba a Samariya ya ba da a kansu kyautar Ruhu. Manzanni aka aika zuwa Samariyawa saboda Ruhu Mai Tsarki "ya ba tukuna a kife a kan kõwa daga cikinsu, amma da suka sani kawai, an yi masa baftisma da sunan Ubangiji Yesu " (Ayyukan Manzanni 8:16). Wannan ba ya nufin Samariyawa 'Baftisma ya gurgunta, domin, a cikin harshen Sabon Alkawari, Baftisma "da sunan Ubangiji Yesu" ya kasance kawai a hanyar ake sanya Kirista baftisma daga wasu irin.

Su fito ba cewa suka kasance masa baftisma improperly, amma cewa "suna da kawai aka yi masa baftisma," ko, a takaice, sun ba tukuna aka tabbatar. Don haka, da cewa Ruhu "ya ba tukuna auku a kansu" na nufin su tsaya bukatar mafi outpouring Ruhu cewa ya zo daga apostolic imposition na hannayensu a Confirmation.Saint Philip, kasancewa kawai Irena, yana da ikon in yi baftisma da Samariyawa amma ba don tabbatar da su. Sai kawai Manzanni, wanda Bulus ya kira a farko Wasika ga Korantiyawa (4:1) "Lura da asirai na Allah" yana da wannan dalĩli. A wani episode daga The Ayyukan Manzanni, Bulus ya zo ga almajiran Saint Yahaya Maibaftisma, wanda, a bambanta da Samariyawa, rasa Kirista Baftisma (19:2). A wannan yanayin, Paul farko rebaptizes su, "A cikin sunan Ubangiji Yesu," sa'an nan kuma ya tabbatar da su ta hanyar kwanciya a kan na hannayensu.

A farkon Kirista tarihi rubuce-rubucen, Saint Theophilus na Antakiya, a shekara 181, ambaci wajibcin ga Kiristoci da za a "shafaffe da man fetur na Allah" (Don Autolycus 1:12). A game da lokaci guda, Tertullian ya rubuta, "Bayan ya fito daga wurin wanka (Ina nufin, Baftisma) muna sosai shafa tare da mai albarka unction ... . Bayan wannan, hannun da aka sanya don albarka, kiran da kiran da Ruhu Mai Tsarki " (Baftisma 7:1; 8:1).

A game da 215, Saint Hippolytus na Roma ya ce Tabbacin yanka ta fara da bishop tsawwala hannunsa a kan kan sabuwar yi masa baftisma da cewa, "Ya Ubangiji Allah, wanda sanya su cancanta ga gafarta musu zunubansu saboda Ruhu Mai Tsarki ta wanka zuwa gare abu akan sake haihuwa, aika zuwa gare su da alheri domin su bauta wa da ku bisa ga nufin. "A Saint ci gaba da bayanin yadda bishop sanya hannu da shugaban yi masa baftisma da tsarki man fetur (A Apostolic Hadishi 22). Paparoma Saint Cornelius ya furta a 251 cewa wajibi ne a yi masa baftisma na Kirista domin a yi "shãfe haske daga cikin bishop,"In ba haka ba, "Yaya ya yi da Ruhu Mai Tsarki?" (Wasika zuwa Fabius na Antakiya 6:43:15). Haka, ya zamani, Saint Cyprian na Carthage jihohin, "Wajibi ne a gare shi da aka yi masa baftisma kuma za a shafe, sabõda haka, ta wurin ya karbi chrism, da ke, da shafewa, ya za a iya shafaffu Allah, kuma Ka yi a kansa alherin Almasihu " (Wasika zuwa Januarius da goma sha bakwai Other Bishops na Numidia 70:2).

  1. Wasu Kiristoci, wanda ayan gani ceto a matsayin daya-lokaci taron maimakon wani tsari, na iya samun wahala fahimtar dalilin da ya sa Allah zai bukatar ka cika da kyautar Ruhu bayan da farko liyafar. Kamar yadda Littafi Mai Tsarki ya bayyana cikin, ceto ya shafi kwari ruhaniya girma a kan hanya na rayuwa. Dubi Matiyu (24:13), Bulus Na farko Wasika ga Korantiyawa (3:1-3), ko ya Wasika ga Phillipeans (2:12,). Gaskatãwa musamman kawo dan} on wannan ci gaban tsari.