Don me Do Katolika Yi addu'a ga Saints?

Saint Jerome in Prayer by Hieronymus Bosch by Stefano di Sant`AgneseWasu zarga Katolika ga yin addu'a ga Tsarkaka, maimakon kai tsaye ga Allah.

A gaskiya, Katolika yawanci addu'a kai tsaye ga Allah, amma kuma za a tambaye tsarkaka–kowa a sama–su yi addu'a ga Allah a kan su madadin.

Don haka, a lokacin da daya addu'a zuwa Saint ya m tambayar da Saint zuwa cẽto gare shi–su yi addu'a a gare shi, kuma da shi zuwa ga Allah. Duk Kiristoci yi da gaske daidai da wancan, idan sun nẽme 'yan'uwa masu bi su yi addu'a a cikin ƙasa a gare su, ko da yake daya zai sa ran cewa addu'o'in Saints ya zama mafi iko domin sun tsaya cikakken tsarkake in Allah gaban (gani The Letter na Saint James, 5:16).1

Yesu, bayan duk, sanar da mu cewa Allah "ba Allah na da matattu, amma mai rai " (Luka 20:38). A Transfiguration, Ya magana da dogon matacce Iliya da Musa a gaban Manzanni (Mark 9:3). Ya kuma yi wa'adi ga Good Ɓarawo (wanda hadisin kira Saint Dismas) cewa zai shiga gare Shi a cikin Aljanna wannan rana (Luka 23:43).

A cikin Sabon Alkawari, Yesu ya kai wani misali da wani mutum a Hades rokeka da cẽto wani mutum a ƙirjin Ibrahim for 'yan'uwansa a duniya (Luka 16:19).

Yesu kuma yayi magana akan cẽto daga malã'iku, yana cewa, "Ka duba abin da ba ka raina ɗaya daga cikin waɗannan 'yan yara; domin ina gaya muku, a cikin sama da mala'iku ko da yaushe sai ga fuskar Ubana wanda ke cikin sama " (gani Matiyu 18:10; da Littafin Zabura 91:11-12; da kuma Littafin Ru'ya ta Yohanna 8:3-4).

A cikin Wasika zuwa ga Kolosiyawa, Bulus ya rubuta cewa mũminai a kan ƙasa da aka samu shiga gasar da Allah "a raba a gadon tsarkaka cikin haske" (1:12).

A Wasika zuwa ga Ibraniyawa yana nufin mai tsarki maza da mata na Tsohon Alkawari kamar yadda mai girma "girgijen shaida" kewaye da mu a 12:1 da kuma ci gaba a ayoyi 12:22 – 23 tare da, "Amma ka zo Dutsen Sihiyona ne, da birnin Allah Rayayye, da na sama Jerusalemand ga m malã'iku a festal taro, kuma zuwa ga taron jama'ar da fari suka sa suna a sama, da kuma zuwa ga hukunci wanda shi ne Allah na dukan, kuma zuwa ga ruhohi da kawai maza sanya cikakke. "

A cikin Littafin Ru'ya ta Yohanna, mai tsarki shahidai tsaya a gaban Allah, beseeching gare Shi ga gaskiya a madadin tsananta a duniya (6:9-11), da Manzanni da Annabawa durƙusa a gaban kursiyin Allah a cikin sama da kuma bayar da addu'o'in da duniya da aminci a gare Shi: "Zinariya cike da turare akussa, waxanda suke da addu'o'in tsarkaka " (5:8, 4:4 da kuma 20:4). (Ka lura cewa duniya aminci sukan ake magana a kai a cikin Sabon Alkawari kamar yadda "tsarkaka." Wannan ba wai ina suka riga an cika tsarkake, amma cewa su kan aiwatar da ake tsarkake. Misali, Paul wa'azi da Afisawa, wanda ya baya adireshin da "tsarkaka suka yi ma masu aminci a cikin Almasihu Yesu,"To ka kau da kai daga zunubi hali (ganin ya Wasika ga Afisawa, 1:1 da kuma 4:22-23).)

A cikin Kristanci ta farko tarihi rubuce-rubucen mun sami irin wannan shaidar. Paparoma Saint Clement (d. ca. 97), misali, shawarce Kiristoci to, "Ku bi tsarkaka, waɗanda suka bi su za a tsarkake " (Wasika zuwa ga Korantiyawa 46:2; cf. Da. 13:7).

A game da shekara 156, da aminci a Smyrna bayyana cewa sun bauta wa Yesu Almasihu, amma ƙaunar da shahidai "kamar yadda almajiransa da kuma koyi da Ubangijin, kamar yadda suka cancanci, sabõda matchless addini a kansu sarki da kuma Malam. Za mu iya kuma zama abũbuwan shirkinsu, kuma 'yan'uwanmu almajiransa!" (Shahadar Saint Polcycarp 17:3; ).

A farkon karni na uku, Saint Clement na Alexandria jawabin yadda wani Kirista na gaskiya "yi addu'a a cikin al'umma mala'iku, a zaman riga na mala'iku daraja, kuma shĩ ne ba daga su mai tsarki kiyaye; kuma ko da yake ya yi addu'a shi kaɗai, ya na da mawaka na tsarkaka tsaye tare da shi " (Stromateis 7:12).

Kafin mutuwarta, a cikin fagen fama, Saint Perpetua (d. 203) bani labarin wahayi na sama, a cikinsa ta gana da rãyuka da shahidai da kuma halarta malã'iku da dattawan bauta gaban kursiyin Allah (gani A Shahadarsa na Saints Perpetua da Felicitas 4:1-2). Origen ya rubuta a 233, "Yana da ba kawai da babban firist suka yi addu'a tare da waɗanda suka gaske addu'a, amma kuma malã'iku ..., da kuma rayukan tsarkaka suka shige daga " (A kan salla 11:1). A 250, Saint Cyprian na Carthage bayyana yadda Eucharist aka miƙa a cikin girmamawa ga shahidai a kan anniversaries da suka mutuwar (gani Wasika zuwa ga limaman Kirista da kuma All da Mutane 39:3).

Common tunani iri iri

Har yanzu, da al'adar yin addu'a ga Saints ya bayyana wa Furotesta domin rushe da musamman rawar da Yesu a matsayin "daya matsakanci tsakanin Allah da mutane" (ganin Bulus Na farko Letter to Timoti 2:5).

Duk da haka, a kira Yesu tafin kafa Sulfu tare da Allah, Saint Paul ba a nufin roko salla, amma ga kafara. Domin Yesu ne duka Allah da mutum, kawai mutuwarsa da ikon ka sulhu da mu tare da Uba (ga samun nasara aya a cikin wannan wasika: 2:6). A cẽto daga cikin Saints, ko da cẽto na Krista a duniya sabõda abin da kwayoyin halitta, ba ya tsoma baki tare da Almasihu mufuradi matsayin mai shiga tsakani a gaban Uban, amma fa, tã gare shi. Ta haka ne Bulus, a cikin aya ta Lines gabanin 2:5, karfafa Kiristoci su tafiyar da roko salla, wanda "shi ne mai kyau, da kuma ... ne m, a wurin Allah Mai Cetonmu " (2:1 – 3).

A Saints ba cikas ga bauta wa Yesu, amma zaune misalai da Ubangiji ya bayar domin ya koyar da mu yadda za a bauta Masa daidai. Kamar yadda Uwar Angelica, foundress na Madawwami Kalmar Television na hanyar sadarwa (EWTN), a fili ya sa shi, "Ni Francis, wanda ke nufin Na bi Yesu bisa ga misali mai girma Francis na Assisi ya taba " (tare da Christine Allison, Amsoshin, Ba Alkawura, Ignatius Press, 1996, p. 15).

Sai muka tambaye: abin da mahaifinsa ba farin ciki da jin ganin 'ya'yansa girmama? Ba a girmama yaron da gaske a mafi babban hanyar girmama uban (ga littafin Misalai 17:6)? Church ba ka yi tasbĩhi da Saints ga nasu sabili, amma saboda Allah wanda Ya halitta su, tsarkake su, da kuma tãyar da su, a gaba gare mu.

Yana da salla, ba Bauta!

Hakazalika, Furotesta sau da yawa kuskuren Katolika salla da Saints kamar yadda bauta. Wannan ya zo daga wani ba daidai ba ra'ayi cewa da salla, kuma bauta ne synonymous.

Duk da yake salla ne na bauta, a ainihi bauta kunshi da hadaya na hadaya (gani Fitowa 20:24, Malachi 1:11; da Bulus Wasika zuwa ga Ibraniyawa 10:10).

Musamman, Church yayi da hadaya na Eucharist ga Allah-kuma zuwa gare Shi kadai-a Tsarki Mass. Da bambanci, Katolika ba bayar hadaya ga Saints. A gaskiya, kuma zai iya mamaki masu sukar su san cewa Ikilisiyar matsayi abin zargi a addini kungiya a karo na hudu karni for ta'addi game da Virgin Mary. St. Epiphanius, da Bishop na Salamis, tsawata wa kungiyar da aka sani da Kollyridians for miƙa hadaya ta abinci (Panarion 79). Karanta wannan, wasu su karyata cewa Epiphanius dole ne kullum basu amince da Marian addini a gare. Don Sabanin, duk da haka, Epiphanius farincikin inganta da Church koyarwar a kan Maryama a cikin wannan aiki da ya tsauta da Kollyridians.

Rarrabe tsakanin bauta wa Allah kuma veneration na Saints, Augustine aro daga Girkanci da sharuddan Bauta da kuma a, tsohon don bayyana bauta wa Allah kuma karshen don bayyana veneration na Saints (gani The City of Allah 10:1).

Mun venerate Saints, saboda da suka kasance sunã tsarkake Allah.

  1. An fiye fahimci da dukan Kiristoci cewa muna koma wa juna ta hanyar addu'a (ga Saint Bulus Wasika zuwa ga Romawa 12:5 da farko Wasika ga Korantiyawa. 12:12).

    Kamar mutum rai kanta, wannan addu'a-mahada tsira mutuwa, mutuwa ne m "raba mu da ƙaunar da Allah a cikin Almasihu Yesu Ubangijinmu" (kuma, ganin Bulus Wasika zuwa ga Romawa 8:38-39). Wa anda suka mutu a da abota da Allah ba "barci" a cikin kabari, amma mulki da Shi a sama.[1. Da na kowa Littafi Mai Tsarki tunani da matattu kasancewarsa "barci" (gani Matiyu, 9:24, et al.) ne kawai wajen bayyana mutuwar ta mai shudewa yanayi da ya yi musamman tare da jikin marigayin, ba da rai (Matiyu 27:52). Jiki yana a cikin kabari a mutuwa yayin da rai shiga cikin abada. A Lãhira iyãma, jiki ne tãyar da kuma sake saduwa da rai. Saboda wadanda ba Katolika Kiristoci ayan ga matattu a matsayin barci, salla da Saints ya bayyana a gare su ya zama wani nau'i na necromancy (ga littafin Kubawar Shari'a 18:10-11 da farko littafin Sama'ila, 28:6). Amma necromancy yadda ya kamata fahimci ne ƙoƙari na glean bayanai daga matattu wanda in ba haka ba nasa ne shi kadai Allah, irin su ilimi na nan gaba. Salla da Saints, a wannan bangaren, An kawai neman samaniya cẽto.