Ceto

Ta yaya Muna Tsira?

A takaice amsar da alherin Allah, amma akwai more da shi, i mana, ciki har da Yesu’ hadaya, bangaskiyarmu, kuma mu ayyuka.

Image of the Tryptych with The Last Judgment by Hans Memling

Akwai wani mai gudana muhawara game da ko wanda zai iya zama ajiye ta wurin bangaskiya kaɗai, ko kuma idan addini dole ne a tare da ayyukan. A wasu ji, tattaunawa revolves a kusa ko yana yiwuwa a yi imani ba tare da nuna shi (da ayyukan da suke yin tunãni a ƙaunar Allah da kuma wasu).

The Church koyar:

“Our gaskata zo daga alherin Allah. Grace ne ni'imar, da free kuma cancanci taimako da Allah ya bamu don amsa wa kiran zama 'ya'yan Allah, adoptive da 'ya'ya maza, tarayya na allahntaka yanayi da rai na har abada”

–Daga Catechism na cocin Katolika 1996; tare da nassoshi John 1:12-18; 17:3; Bulus Wasika zuwa ga Romawa 8:14-17; da Bitrus Na biyu Letter, 1:3-4.

Kiristoci sun bada gaskiya a cikin larura alherin Allah domin ceto, amma akwai daban-daban ra'ayi game da abin da wannan wajen.

Katolika yi imani da cewa alherin Allah ne efficacious. Ba kawai rufe kan mu zunubansu, amma da gaske canza mu kuma ya sa mu m.

Bugu da kari, Katolika yi imani da cewa da yarda da kyautar alherin Allah, muna kira ga hadin kai da shi. Don haka, za mu iya taka muhimmiyar rawa a cikin ceton mu-fãce rawa kaucewa dogara a kan alherin Allah; ba za mu iya ajiye kanmu.

Katolika kuma yi imani da cewa ceto ba wani daya lokacin taron, amma wani tsari wanda yawanci wãtsa a kan hanya daya ta rayuwa.

asalin Zunubi

Don gane dalilin da ya sa muke bukatar mu sami ceto, muna bukatar mu fahimci tushen mu auku sũnãyensu, Ina nufin, asali zunubi.

Original zunubi yana nufin zunubin Adamu da Hauwa'u da cin haramta 'ya'yan itace. Daya iya duba shi a matsayin zunubi da girman kai–marmarin ba su bauta Mahaliccin amma ya zama kamar Shi, ya zama daidai (ga littafin Farawa, 3:5).

Image of Adam and Eve in Worthy Paradise by Rubens and Jan Brueghel the Elder

The laifi kuma sakamakon zunubin Adamu da Hauwa'u sun shige saukar ga dukan 'yan adam (gani Farawa 3:16-19). Kamar yadda Saint Bulus ya rubuta, “Zunubi ya shigo duniya ta dalilin mutum ɗaya, kuma mutuwa ta zunubi da mutuwa don haka baza su duk mutane, domin dukan mutane zunubi.” (Dubi ya Wasika zuwa ga Romawa 5:12, da Na farko Wasika ga Korantiyawa, 15:21-23).

Man wanda yake a lokaci daya da madaukakan halitta Allah, iske kansa wanzuwa ga wahala a kunya, sarai m of tanadi da abota da Mahaliccinsa da aka warware by fitina. (A, Allah yana da dogon tunani.)

Kubuta (via Crucifixion kuma iyãma)

Duk da haka, cikin mayalwaciyar rahamarSa Allah ya alkawarta aiko Ɗansa a cikin wani nau'i na mutum ya fanshe da batattu yara–ya mutu domin zunubansu (duba Farawa 3:15). Kamar yadda Saint John rubuta, “Gama Allah ya yi ƙaunar duniya har ya ba da makaɗaicin Ɗansa domin duk wanda ya gaskata da shi kada ya lalace, amma ya sami rai na har abada. Gama Allah bai aiko Ɗansa cikin duniya, ba ya hukunta duniya, amma domin duniya ta sami ceto ta wurinsa.” (Ga Bisharar Yahaya 3:16-17, da Yahaya ta Na farko Letter 4:9-10.)

Bi da bi, Dan Allah, wanda ya biyu cikakken-Allah da cikakken-mutum, zai yardar kaina bayar da kansa a matsayin hadaya ga Allah, ne gyara mutum bã da wanĩ da wani aiki na cikakkiyar biyayya kamar yadda Bulus ya ambaci a cikin Haruffa zuwa ga Romawa 5:15, Kolosiyawa (1:19-20), da kuma Ibraniyawa 2:9.

To zama mai tasiri cikin jiki ya zama ake bukata ya zama real; haka, Ɗan da ake bukata a gaske yi a kan yanayin dan Adam, ya zama Emmanuel, "Allah tare da mu" (gani Matiyu 1:23, John 1:14, da Yahaya ta Na farko Letter, 4:2-3). Dã ya kawai ya zama semblance wani mutum, kamar yadda wasu suka kiyaye, Da hadaya a madadinmu dã ya kasance real, Ina nufin, sai ya ba zai an rasa wani abu, amma a matsayin wani mutum, ya rasa ransa.

Crucifixion

Don haka, Yesu’ giciyen da mutuwa samar da paradox dukan paradoxes. Mutuwar sa ta mutuwar Mahaliccin Life, mutuwar Allah.1 (Don ƙarin a kan gicciye, ziyarci wannan page.)

Saboda gicciye aka tanada mafi girma laifi, ne zaton bauta wanda ya mutu a cikin wannan hanya za ze ludicrous ga mutane da yawa daga cikin Sahaban. “Mun wa'azin Almasihu gicciyeyye,” ayyana Saint Paul a cikin ta farko da wasika zuwa ga Korantiyawa (1:23), “a tuntu e block ga Yahudawa da wauta ga Al'ummai.”

Image of Crucifixion Tryptych by Duccio di Buoninsegna

Duk da haka, Kiristoci da Cross ne wata ãyã daga victory- nasarar adalci a kan zunubi da rayuwa a kan mutuwa (gani Bisharar Luka, 9:23; Saint Bulus Na farko Wasika ga Korantiyawa, 1:18; da Haruffa da Galatiyawa, 6:14; Kolosiyawa, 1:24; da kuma Ibraniyawa, 13:13).2

Note, ma, cewa Crucifixion aka yi annabci da kuma jadada a shafukan na Tsohon Alkawali, inda annabi Ishaya ya rubuta, "Lalle, haƙiƙa ya haifa mu griefs kuma dauki mu sorrows; yet mu karbabbun shi stricken, wandayake da Allah, ya wahalshe. Amma aka yi masa rauni saboda zunubanmu, ya bruised ga muguntar da muka aikata; a kansa shi ne azãba cewa ya yi mana dukan, kuma tare da ratsi muna warkar " (gani Ishaya, 53:4-5 da kuma 52:14 da kuma Zabura, 22:14-18). A gaskiya, Yesu ya kwaso da 22nd Zabura daga Cross, karanta bude line, "Ya Allah, Allahna, don me ka yashe ni?"a cikin Matiyu 27:46. The Zabura ta 18th aya, "Suka rarraba tufafina a tsakaninsu,, kuma ta tufar da suka jefa kuri'a,"Yayi dace kai tsaye zuwa events na Crucifixion da aka kawo sunayensu a cikin Bisharar Yahaya 19:23-24. Fitowa 12:46 da kuma Zakariya 12:10 suna kira da (gani John 19:36-37).]

Mun ga hadayar Kristi prefigured cikin siffar Ishaku trudging tare dutifully da itace daga cikin hadaya a kan mayar da (gani Farawa 22:6; ga kuma Saint Clement na Alexandria, The malami na Children 1:5:23:1). Almasihu ƙwazon mutuwa yake alamtawa, kazalika a macijin tagulla saka a kan wani iyakacin duniya, wanda Ubangiji ya umarci Musa ya fashion don waɗanda cije ni da macizai zai dubi kan shi da kuma zama (ga Littafin Ƙidaya, 21:8-9, da kuma John 3:14-15).

¡iyãma

Yana nuna total mulkin mutuwa, Almasihu Yesu ya komo daga kabari a rana ta uku. Kamar yadda mutuwarsa ne hujja daga bil'adama, Tashinsa ne hujja daga Allahntakar (gani Matiyu, 12:38 da kuma 27:62 da kuma John 2:19, da sauransu.).

Da mutuwa ne fansarmu; da tashin, mu tabbacin mu ma za tashi (ganin Bulus Wasika zuwa ga Romawa 8:11; ya Na biyu Wasika ga Korantiyawa, 5:15; da kuma Bitrus First Letter, 1:3-4). Kamar yadda Saint Paul ya rubuta a cikin Na farko Wasika ga Korantiyawa 15:14, "Idan har Kristi bai an tashe to mu wa'azi ne a banza da bangaskiya a banza."

mashaidi Shaida

Kiristanci na farko shaidun gani da ido zuwa Tashi Almasihu kasance mata, galibi Saint Maryamu Magadaliya (ga Matiyu 28:1, misali). Wannan na farko shaida wa ¡iyãma, Bangaskiya ta foundational gaskiya, aka danƙa ga mata ne sosai gagarumin. A lokacin, shaidar mata dauki kadan nauyi (Luka 24:10-11), tsaye zuwa dalilin cewa yana da ¡iyãma kasance qarya, to dã an gina domin Yesu ya bayyana da farko zuwa ga wani namiji, watakila Saint Peter ko daya daga cikin Manzanni-to wani, da ke, wanda shaida dauki mafi nauyi a maimakon na kalla.

The falalar Allah

Image of The Last Judgment by Fra AngelicoAmfanin Almasihu saving mutuwa ana amfani ga mutum kawai da alherin Allah (ga Bulus wasika zuwa ga Romawa, 3:24), amma ta yaya ne cewa ceto samu?

Shi ya sa hankali da cewa auku maza–mu–su iya su kusanci gare Shi, a cikin wancan yanayin. , Ya farko dole ne karfafawa da mu tare da kyauta ta bangaskiya, wanda sai ya yarda mana mu ga bauta Masa (ga John ta farko da wasika, 4:19).

A wannan gabar, ceto, Allah ne kyauta ga mutum kamar yadda ba zai yiwu ba ga abin yabo ko aikatãwa shi a kan namu; ga Bishara daga hannun Yahaya 6:44, ko Paul na farko da wasika zuwa ga Korantiyawa,12:3, ko da wasika zuwa Philemon, 2:13.

Bayan an kira da Shi, da kuma sanin cewa ba mu cikakken ko da yaushe aiki daidai a gare Shi, dole ne mu amsa tare da tuba, ko ganin mu kuskure, da tsarkakewa yi na Baftisma. Kamar yadda Saint Peter rubuta ce, "Ku tuba, kuma a yi wa kowannenku baftisma, kan kun yarda da sunan Yesu Almasihu, domin a gafarta zunubanku, kuma za ku kuwa sami baiwar Ruhu Mai Tsarki. " (Dubi Ayyukan Manzanni, 2:38, da Markus 16:16).

Don haka, Baftisma shi ne ba kawai wata alama yi, amma a sacrament cewa ake bayyana tsarkake alheri, yin mana da gaske m (da Bitrus harafin farko, 3:21). Littafi Mai Tsarki ya koyar a fili dole ne mu “haife kuma” saboda ruwa Baftisma shiga sama; ga Bishara daga hannun Yahaya 3:5, Bulus wasika zuwa Titus, 3:5; da Ayyukan Manzanni, 8:37.

Bayan an tsarkake a Baftisma, shi wajibi ne ga wanda ya yi haƙuri a Jihar tsarki, for "wanda ya jure har ƙarshe, zai sami ceto" (ga Matiyu, 10:22). Don haka, Dole ne bangaskiyar zama cikakken rai, kuma za a bayyana ta wurin ayyuka na soyayya, for "bangaskiya ta kanta, idan ba ta da ayyukansu, ya mutu. " (Dubi wasiƙa Saint James, 2:17, kuma Bulus wasika zuwa ga Galatiyawa, 5:6.) Ubangiji ya bayyana cewa, a Lãhira iyãma ceto za a ba ko ƙaryata bisa daya ta lura da matalauta, da kõme daga 'yan'uwa (ga Matiyu, 25:34 da kuma 7:21-24 da kuma 19:16-21; John 14:15; da Yahaya ta farko da wasika, 3:21 da kuma 5:1-3). Saint James ya rubuta, “Za ka ga cewa wani mutum da ake barata ta wurin ayyuka da ba ta wurin bangaskiya kaɗai,” (James, 2:24; girmamawa kara da mu).

Actions magana da karfi fiye Words, amma ...

Littafi kara koyar da cewa mai kyau da muke yi a duniya za a sãka a sama. Don wadanda tsananta ga sake Yesu ya furta "Ka yi murna da farin ciki ya tabbata a, ku sakamako ne mai girma a sama "a cikin Matta 5:12, da kuma "Ku yi hankali da aikatawa your taƙawa a gaban mutane, domin za a gani daga gare su sa'an nan ba ku da wani sakamako daga Ubanku wanda ke cikin sama" a cikin Matta 6:1; ga Matiyu, 5:46 da kuma 6:19-20; Saint Bulus ya haruffa zuwa ga Korantiyawa (5:10) kuma Ibraniyawa (6:10); Bitrus harafin farko (4:8) kuma littafin Ru'ya ta Yohanna, 14:13.

Kuma, yana da muhimmanci a tuna cewa abin yabo da muka samu ya zo ba daga ayyukan a kuma daga kansu, amma daga yi na Almasihu saving mutuwa a kan akan. Kamar yadda Yesu ya ce, "Ni ne itacen inabi, kai ne rassan. Wanda ya zaune a cikinsa, ni, kuma ina da shi, ya aka yi shaida, cewa da yawa 'ya'yan itace da, domin baya daga gare ni za ka iya yi ba. "Dubi John Bishara ta, 15:5, kuma Bulus wasika zuwa ga Phillipians, 4:13.

wannan (sosai) Katolika fassarar Littafi da overall fahimtar ceto tabbatar da farkon Kirista tarihi rubuce-rubucen. Misali, Saint Justin shahidi bayyana a game da 150 A.D., Alal misali, "Kowane mutum zai sami azaba ko sakamako wanda ayyukansa isa" (Na farko uzuri 12). Origen ya rubuta a game da 230, "Duk wanda ya mutu a zunubansa, har idan ya da'awar ya yi ĩmãni a cikin Almasihu, ba da gaske ĩmãni da Shi; har ma idan abin da ta wanzu ba tare da ayyuka a kira bangaskiya, wannan bangaskiyar mutu a kanta, kamar yadda muka karanta a cikin wasiƙa qazanta da sunan James (2:17)" (Sharhin a kan John 19:6).

By bangaskiya kadai? ba quite.

Image of Saint Paul by a Venetian PainterWasu kokarin nuna cewa bangaskiya kadai ya ishe ceto ta ambatawa Saint Bulus wasika zuwa ga Afisawa, 2:8-9: "Domin ta wurin alheri ne aka cece ku ta wurin bangaskiya; kuma wannan ba your own Yin, shi ne baiwar Allah-ba saboda ayyukan, kada wani ya yi fariya. "Duk da haka, wanda hukunci ya kamata a karanta a cikin mahallin.

Bulus Allah wadai da ruhu baya ga ayyukan more fiye da ayyukansu da kansu, reprimanding Yahudawa da Kiristoci domin idan ma za su sami ceto kawai ta nagarta da kiyaye doka. Wannan irin legalistic tunani buga wani m bawa-master dangantaka da Allah, kamar wanda zai iya kusanci gare Shi Ranar Hukunci da kuma bukatar biyan bashin ayyuka fassara, rage ceto ga wani irin m business ma'amala! Don magance irin wannan tunanin Bulus ya rubuta, "Gama ba kaciya kirga ga wani abu, kuma bã marasa kaciya, amma kiyayye dokokin Allah,"Wanda a fili tana nuna ayyuka. Dubi Paul na farko da wasika zuwa ga Korantiyawa, 7:19, da haruffa zuwa ga Romawa, 13:8-10, kuma Galatiyawa, 5:6 da kuma 6:15.

A cewar Paul, daya ta addini ne da za a rayu daga ta wurin ayyuka na sadaka, "Bangaskiya aiki ta hanyar soyayya" (da Galatiyawa, 5:6). Wannan Paul ĩmãni ayyukan ƙwarai da muhimmanci domin ceto ne bayyanannu a cikin ayar nan da nan wadannan Afisawa 2:9, wanda ya furta, "Mu ne ya sana'a, halitta a cikin Kristi Yesu domin ayyukan ƙwarai, wanda Allah ya shirya a gabãnin, cewa ya kamata mu yi tafiya a cikinsu. "

Bugu da ƙari, a cikin wasika zuwa ga Romawa, da ya rubuta, "Domin zai sa kowane mutum bisa ga ayyukansa: ga waɗanda suka yi da haƙuri a cikin rijiya-yin nẽma daukaka da daraja da kuma dauwama, zai ba da rai madawwami; amma ga waɗanda suke factious kuma kada ka yi ɗã'ã ga gaskiya, amma ku yi ɗã'a ga mugunta, za a yi fushi da fushi. … Da ba shi da sauraronsa dokokin da suke da taqawa a gaban Allah, amma mãsu doka wanda za a barata " (ga ayoyin 2:6-9, 13).

Bulus ya kira masu bin Almasihu ya tashi sama da matsayi na mere bãyinSa, kuma sama adoptive 'ya'yan Allah (ga Romawa, 8:14); ya zama addini a gare shi ba daga wajibi ko tsõro, amma daga soyayya.3 The ayyukan Kiristoci gudanar da, to,, ba su ne na ma'aikata suna fama wata la'ada, amma na yara lovingly jinyar zuwa ga ubansu ta kasuwanci. Don yi jinkirin aikata mai kyau, Saboda haka, An ga kasa su kaunaci Allah.

Tunanin da shi ta wannan hanya: Allah shi ne sadaka, don haka su kaunaci Allah, kuma ya yi kamar yadda ya yi ya shafi kasancewa sadaka ga wasu. Don haka, biyu “mafi girma” dokokinsa–ƙaunar Allah da kuma son maƙwabcinka–yardatayya goyi bayan juna.

'Bangaskiya kadai’ cikin Littafi Mai Tsarki?

Abin mamaki, ko da yake, kamar yadda muka nakalto a sama, da wuri guda inda magana “bangaskiya kadai” ya bayyana a Littafi da yake a cikin Letter Yakubu, wanda ya furta, "Za ka ga abin da mutum yake barata ta ayyuka da ba ta wurin bangaskiya kaɗai, " (2:24, girmamawa kara da cewa), wanda, i mana, shi ne ainihin m cewa wasu za su yi, kun yi ĩmãni.

Ba abin mamaki wasu sun yi kokarin cire Saint James’ Wasiƙa daga Littafi Mai Tsarki don su tallafawa presumptions game da ceto.

Bangaskiya da Works

Sa'ad da Bulus ya ambata cewa addini yana da muhimmanci, ya yi haka to jaddada cewa aiki daidai bai isa ba. Ya za a yi da hakkin dalilai. James jaddada bukatar dauriya da sadaka. Koyarwarsu ba iri dabam dabam; suna karin.

Yana da ba zai yiwu ka raba addini daga ayyukansa kamar yadda ayyukansu sun kammala addini (ga James, 2:22). A gaskiya, St. James, (2:17), bangaskiya ba tare da ayyuka mara amfani. Zã Mu yi jayayya, m da wõfintattu.

a Naira Miliyan Xari, ta wurin mutuwa, Yesu ya gamsuwa tare da Allah; Ya biya cikakken farashin mutum fansa. Ubangiji sanã'anta izuwa mafi yabo fiye da za a bukata domin ceton kowane mutum wanda ya taɓa zama a ko taba zai rayu; kuma bãbu abin da ake bukata more. Kuma duk da haka a lokaci guda Allah kiran mutum zuwa shiga cikin aikin fansa (ga Bulus wasika zuwa ga Kolossiyawa, 1:24, da Yahaya ta farko da wasika, 3:16), kamar yadda wani mutum mahaifinsa zai tambaye shi yaro ya taimaka masa a aikinsa, ko da yake zai iya yin aikin alheri kuma mafi nagarta sosai a kan kansa.

Allah yana so mu shiga cikin aikin, ba daga larura, amma daga kauna da marmarin ba da girma a gare mu don mu ne fiye da dabbobi. To ka ce da ayyuka masu kyau da ake bukata domin ceto ba ƙasƙanta Almasihu hadaya, amma a yi amfani da shi. A wannan hanya, shi ne, ba da namu isa yabo cewa muna kira zuwa, sayi-nan-ci-gida, da kuma kammala ayyukan ƙwarai, amma shi ne, ta hanyar amincewa da cewa shi ne, ta hanyar wadanda kokarin da kuma abin da Almasihu ya lashe a gare mu a kan Cross.

  1. "Duk wanda ya dakatar da ƙasã aka dakatar,"Ya rubuta Saint Melito na Sardisu a game da 170 A.D.; "Wanda ya gyarawa sammai ne mai ƙayyadadden ajali; wanda ya lazimta dukan kõme ne lazimta itacen; Jagora shi ne outraged; Allah yana kashe " (Paschal homily).
  2. Saint Justin shahidi (d. ca. 165) lura da yadda tsari na Cross, "Mafi girma alama ce (Almasihu) iko,"An nuna duniya a ko'ina cikin duniya mutum, a cikin masts jiragen ruwa, a plows da kuma kayayyakin aiki, kuma ko da a cikin mutum adadi kanta (Na farko uzuri 55). Kiristoci na farko a kai a kai ya yi taƙawa karimcin da aka sani da ãyã daga cikin Cross, wanda ya jure yau a matsayin daya daga cikin mafi bayãnin hukuncin alamomi da bangaskiyar Kirista. The Littafi Mai Tsarki m ga ãyã daga cikin Cross da aka samu a wurare da da ya yi tare da aminci karbar wani m mark a kan goshi, kamar Ezekiel (9:4) a cikin Tsohon Alkawali da kuma Littafin Ru'ya ta Yohanna (7:3 da kuma 9:4) a Sabon Alkawali. The goyon baya ga ãyã daga cikin Cross ya da karfi da kuma duniya daga wani wuri rana (ganin Tertullian The Crown 3:4; To My Wife 5:8; Saint Cyprian na Carthage, shaida 2:22; Lactantius, The Divine Confucius 4:26; Saint Athanasius, Rubutun a kan jiki ya zama maganar 47:2; Jerome, Wasika 130:9, et al.).
  3. Paparoma Clement XI (1713) ya rubuta, “Allah Ya saka ba fãce sadaka; domin sadaka kadai girmama Allah.”