As the name implies, the Sacraments are sacred rites instituted in the Church by Jesus. Properly speaking, there are seven Sacraments in the Catholic faith: ka bapetizo ana, e hooiaio ai, i ka Eucharist, Confession, Matrimony, Orders, a me ka Poni o ka poe mai.
Through the Sacraments believers receive God’s grace through material things like water, bread, wine and oil.
The Sacraments may be understood as outward signs that convey the grace they signify. Water, ʻo kahi laʻana, signifies cleanliness and life. By the grace of God, the waters of Baptism actually cleanse the soul of sin and fill it with divine life (ike Euanelio o John, 3:5, a me ka Acts o ka poe lunaolelo, 2:38). The Sacraments are patterned after the Incarnation, in which God, a spiritual being, took on human flesh–and the invisible one became visible.
The idea of grace being transferred through material things is a Biblical concept.
In the New Testament alone, we see water used in this way (hou, ike John 3:5; 9:7; Acts o ka poe lunaolelo, 8:37; Paul’s Letter to Titus 3:5; or Peter’s First ka huapalapala mua 3:20 – 21); as well as oil (ike i ka Euanelio o Mark 6:13, or the Ka huapalapala mua o James 5:14); clay (ike John 9:6); garments (Mark 5:25 ole Luke 8:43); and even handkerchiefs (ike i ka Acts o ka poe lunaolelo 19:11-12).
God’s grace is transmitted through other sensible things, oi aku, such as Mary’s voice and Peter’s shadow (ike i ka Euanelio o Luke 1:41, 44, a me ka Acts o ka poe lunaolelo 5:15, niioaaonoaaiii).