ke keiki a ka bapetizo ana

No ke aha la e Kakolika bapetizo keiki, ka wā keiki hiki ole i olelo mai ai no lakou iho? Ka Hui Church aʻo, "Our hoaponoia mai, mai ka lokomaikai mai o ke Akua,. Grace mea i ka lokomaikaiia,, ka noa a me ka undeserved kōkua i ke Akua e hāʻawi mai iā mākou e pane i kona kāhea, e lilo i poe keiki a ke Akua, adoptive keiki, poe hoaloaa o ka Akua ano, a no ke ola mau loa " (Catechism 1996). O ka bapetizo ana o ke keiki, i mea incapable a hiki no noi ana e e hoolaia, nolaila, e hōʻike mai kēlā wahi aku me ka uhane i ka huina kaukaʻi ma luna o ke Akua o ka lokomaikai.

ʻOiai ua loaʻa hōʻike keiki i bapetizoia ma ka kakahiaka kenekulia o Kristiano, mākou e i loaʻa i ka hana mokomoko a ka Anabaptists i hana ai i loko o ka umikumamaono kenekulia.1 pinepine poe Kristiano i hoomalau mai la lakou e bapetizo ana na kamalii uuku koi aku ka mea, aole maopopo Scriptural ai no ka mea,. Akā,, ma ka mea hookahi hoailona, aole meaʻaʻole he pelapela pāpā e ku e ia ia kekahi. I ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ka Baibala i hōʻike Saint Ioane Bapetite loaa ana ka Uhane Hemolele, oiai nō i loko o ka opu o kona makuwahine i hana i ka hoolaaia'na o na kamalii uuku ka Mea Paipala manaʻo (Luke 1:15, 41; CF. hookolokoloiaʻi e au,. 16:17; PS. 22:10; no ka mea,. 1:5). Aia mea hou aʻee i loko o ka Baibala i pono i na keiki pono ke bapetizoia e. I ka Gospels, ʻo kahi laʻana, ke ike makuwahine e lawe ana i ka lakou poe keiki uuku, a "i na kamalii uuku,"Me Sana Luke hoʻomōakaaka, i ka Haku no ia i kau mai i kona mau lima maluna iho o lakou. I ka wā o nā haumana intervene, Mai la o Iesu aku ia, i ka i ana, "E na keiki e hele mai i oʻu nei, a me ka pāpāʻole iā ia; no ka i me neia, no ke aupuni o ke Akua. oiaio, he oiaio, Aʻu e olelo aku nei ia oe, ka mea aole e launa i ke aupuni o ke Akua, e likeʻaʻole loa e komo i kekahi keiki ia " (Luke 18:15-17, ¶ AL.). Aʻo i ka lehulehu ma Penetekota e e bapetizoia, Peter wahi, "No ka mea olelo hoolana mea ia oe a me kāu mau keiki ... a pau a ka Haku, ke kahea aku nei ia ia, " (Acts 2:39; kākauʻana i hoʻohuiʻia). Paul e hōʻike ana bapetizo ana i ka hoʻokōʻia o ke okipoepoe ana, ka oihana hana ma luna o na kamalii uuku (Col. 2:11-12). Eia hoi, loaʻa nā manawa ma ka Palapala Hemolele i loko o i holoʻokoʻa lakou ohua, paha me na keiki uuku, a me na kamalii uuku, i bapetizoia (ike Acts 16:15, 32-33, ¶ AL.).

I na kamalii uuku e hikiʻole ke noi bapetizo ana no ka lakou mea i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa aku i ko lakou bapetizo ole iaʻi. Ma hope o nā mea āpau, ole i kekahi ke hele mai i ke Akua ma luna o kona iho Initiative, akā, wale ma ka ke Akua, o ka lokomaikai. Na kamalii uuku, ua kokuaia oia ma ka bapetizo ana, ole ma ko lakou mau manaoio, akā, ma ka vicarious manaoio o ka Ekalesia, like ia Iaero 'kaikamahine ka mea i lawe hou ia mai ka make mai ma ka manaoio ana o kona mau makua (Matt. 9:25; CF. John 11:44; Acts 9:40). Inā ka haawina o ka maoli ola i e hoihoi hou ia ia ma keia aoao, ke kumu ole o ka haawina o ke hoʻokalakupua ola? Ke keiki, e lawe i ka baptismal Font kohu i ka lolo o Matthew 9:2, laweia aku la oia e'ē aʻe i loko o ke alo o ka Haku. I ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, mea e like ai wahi aku me ka wehewehe i ke kumu paha o ka huina kaukaʻi ma luna o ka lokomaikai o ke Akua, i loaa ke ola me ke keiki a ka bapetizo ana, i ke keiki i loa incapable o ka noi 'ana i ke Kakelema ma kona iho Kawaipunahele (CF. Catechism 1250). E like me ka bapetizoia iho la lakou e hele mai i ka waiwai nui, a me kona hiki, e malama aku i ke Akua, piʻi pū, ka mea, ua koi 'ia ka leka aku au i kona manaoio i loko o Kristo, ma ka ahaaina o ka hooiaio ai.

E olelo aku i na kamalii uuku, a me na keiki opiopio i ole e pono no ka bapetizo ana i ka hookoia, e olelo ka mea, Aole e pono no e hoolaia-i e pono, o ia, o ka mea e ola ai! Oiai na keiki ma lalo o ka makahiki o ke kumu i incapable o ka hana maoli hewa, i hanau i ka hala ana o Original Sina lakou i hele ma kā lākou mauʻuhane ka mea, (CF. PS. 51:7; ROM. 5:18-19), a pono e holoi aku i loko o ka bapetizo ana. The Church ka ao ana ma Original Sina lakou i hele i alakaʻi i kona mau manaʻo kiʻiʻoniʻoni e kuhi & acircna e aʻo na kamalii uuku i make me ka bapetizo ole ia e hoohewaia i Hell. He oiaio e kekahi o na Man me ka makemake ole mālama i kēia nānaina, akā, māmala'ōlelo e hōʻike ana ma kekahi a oi o ka Man mai i pono hoolilo kūhelu Church ao. wale i ka lōkahi hoike o na Man ma luna o kekahi mea o ka manaoio a me ka noho pono ua paa ia e doctrinally infallible. Ka mea i, ka Ekalesia i ole dogmatically hoakaka i ka hopena o na keiki i make me ka bapetizo ole ia. ka Catechism Hawaii, "He oiaio no, ka lokomaikai nui o ke Akua, ka poe i makemake i na kanaka a pau e ke hoolaia, a me Iesu, 'no ka palupalu i na keiki ... ae mai i ka manaolana i ka mea, he ala o ke ola no ka poʻe mamo, ka poe i make me ka bapetizo ole " (1261). 2

Ka mōʻaukala hoike no ke keiki a ka bapetizo ole universally mai kekahi kakahiaka nui lā. i ka Didache, i ka Ekalesia e manual ka launa pū i ke kenekulia mua, apono 'no ka bapetizo ana kekahi ma ka kaiapuni paha ma ka ninini ana, ke kaumaha ma luna o ka noho ana, Hōʻike ka primitive Kristiano bapetizo kā lākou mau keiki.3 I e pili ana i ka makahiki 156, Saint Polycarp o Semurena, he haumana no ka lunaolelo John, kukala koke ma mua o kona luku ana i hookauwa aku ia i ka Mesia no kanawalukumamāono nā makahiki, o ia, mai ka wā kamaliʻi (ike Ka luku ana o Saint Polycarp 9:3). Around 185, Polycarp ka haumāna, Saint Irenaeus o Lyons, hai aku, "[mai la o Iesu] hele mai e hoola i nā mea a pau ma ona iho,-all, I aku nei au, ka mea ma ona la i reborn i loko o ke Akua-na kamalii uuku, a me na keiki, a me nā keiki, a ua elemakule. No ia mea, He kaahele ma kela makahiki, lilo i keiki no na kamalii uuku, sanctifying na kamalii uuku; i kekahi keiki no ka keiki, sanctifying ka poe o ia makahiki " (ku e ku e 2:22:4). "Hoi bapetizo kou mau keiki ...,"Kakau iho Sana Clement o Alexandria a puni ka makahiki 200. "No ka mea, wahi a He: 'E ae aku oukou i kamalii ke hele mai ioʻu nei, a me ka papa ole ia lakou i ' (Matt. 19:14)" (Ka Apostolical kumukānāwai 6:15). I ka manawa like, Saint Hippolytus haawi aku i ka keia mau kuhikuhi a hiki i ka malama pono, "Bapetizo mua na keiki; a ina e hiki ke olelo ia lakou iho, e ia hana no laila,. i ole ia, e ko lakou mau makua, a me na hoahanau e olelo aku no ia " (Ka ÿApokolika Tradition 21).

  1. ʻOiai Tertullian, puni A.D. 200, paipaiʻia ma luna o ke keiki a ka bapetizo ana, oia i niele ia kona hopenaʻoi loa, akā, wale kona akahele (ike ka bapetizo ana 18:4-6). like me, pono i ka manaʻo i ka bapetizo no ka e hoopanee a hiki i na la ewalu paha mahope iho o ka hanau ana o ka hoopaapaa a a laila, ua pale ma ka Aha o Carthage ma 252. Ke ho'ōia o keiki bapetizo ana i ole he mea hilo i loko o keia hihia kekahi.
  2. E pili ana i ka Ekalesia i ka nānaina ma ka hoola ana o unbaptized na kamalii uuku, aia no kekahi huikau ma luna o ka manaʻo o Limbo, i kaʻimi naʻauao ho'āʻo ai e hoʻopau i ka nele o ka bapetizo ana no ke ola a me ka ike maopopo i make na keiki kekahi me ka mea. Kue i ka mahaloia misconception, ke kumumanaʻo pono hoomaopopo paa ia Limbo mea,ʻaʻole he wahi o ka eha akā, no ka maluhia. O ka poe i komo i loko o Limbo noho i loko o ka aupuni o ka hemolele, maoli nani a me ka maluhia. Aka hoi,, no ka mea, i ole e hoalaia i ke kiʻekiʻe o ka dogma Limbo, Kakolika, ua noa ka manao, e hoole aku; a me keia i mau i ka hihia.

    Ua i kekahi, ua manaoia ua unbaptized na keiki i make i hoolaia ma ka bapetizo ana o ka Lumia, o ia, ma ka Church ka vicarious makemake mea a pau i bapetizoia. "Ka Ekalesia, aole ia i ike i kekahi o ia hoʻi, 'ē aʻe ma mua o ka bapetizo i assures komo i loko o mau loa beatitude,"Heluhelu i ka Catechism; "Keia mea ke kumu o kona lawe malama ole i ka malama ole i ka misionari ia i loaa mai ai ka Haku, i ka ike ana a pau i hiki e bapetizoia i 'reborn o ka wai a me ka Uhane' (John 3:5). Ke Akua, i paa aku nei ola ana i ka ahaaina o ka bapetizo, akā,ʻo ia iā ia iho, 'aʻole e paa ana ma kona mau Kakalema " (1257).

    Unuhi aku la ia maluna o ka Ekalesia i ka ikaika upu ia na keiki i make me ka bapetizo ole ia e io hoolaia, Pope John Paul hoomauia na wahine, ka poe i mihi ma hope me ka abortion, "Oe e kekahi e hiki ke ninau kala mai kāu keiki, ka mea e noho ana i loko o ka Haku " (Evangelium Vitae 99; Makua William P. Saunders, "Hike pane: Mai'ō'ū Children hele i ka lani?", Kihei Hui KA LAHUI, Okakopa 8, 1998).

  3. Like Bertrand L. Conway kuhikuhi mai, he mea nui archeological hoike ka hooiaio ana i ka hana o ka bapetizo ana ma ka effusion i loko o ka Ekalesia kakahiaka. Makamua Christian nō, e like me ia ma ka Catacombs a me i kakahiaka nui bapistries, olelo hōʻike i ka bapetizoia ku i loko o ka lepo wai me ka wai, ua nininiʻia ma luna o kona poʻo. Conway i ua kūkākūkāʻia i ka ekolu tausani pio ma ka Penetekota (Acts 2:41) hiki ole i ua bapetizo ma kaiapuni ma muli o kā lākou i ka helu a me ka nele ana o ke kino nui o ka wai i loko o Ierusalema,. kaiapuni, ma kona hoʻomaopopo aku, ina ua impractical likeʻana i loko o ka hale o Korenelio (Acts 10:47-48) a i loko o ka halepaahao ma Pilipi (Acts 16:33). Eia hoi, , hoopaapaa aku la ia i ka pono o ka bapetizo ana no ke ola 'o ia hoʻi' ano apau loa 'ē aʻe ma mua o kaiapuni pono e ana, ai ole pehea hiki i ka hoopaa, i ka nawaliwali, uuku keiki, a me ka poe e noho ana i loko loa wahi e like me ka Arctic Circle ai i ka wao nahele loaa ka bapetizo ana? (ka ninau Box, Nuioka , 1929, pp. 240-241).