Lub tsev teev ntuj

Yog vim li cas yog lub Koom Txoos Catholic ib tug, muaj tseeb lub tsev teev ntuj?

Thawj, nws yog tsim nyog nug: dab tsi li cas cov Khixatia txhais li cas thaum lawv hais tias cov ib tug, muaj tseeb lub tsev teev ntuj?

Tus duab ntawm lub Triumph ntawm lub Koom Txoos los ntawm Andrea di Bonaiuto da Firenze

Lub Triumph ntawm lub Koom Txoos los ntawm Andrea Bonaiuto los ntawm Florence

Benefit, peb txhais li cas cov neeg uas ntseeg hais tias nyob rau hauv tus dawb huv Trinity–Vajtswv Leej Txiv; Yexus, Leej Tub ntawm Vajtswv; thiab tus Vaj Ntsuj Plig–thiab lub tenets hais tias Yexus qhia thaum lub sij hawm nws Ministry. Txawm li cas los peb yuav tsum tau ceev faj vim hais tias muaj ntau pawg ntawm cov neeg uas xav txog lawv tus kheej ntseeg, tab sis leej twg muaj ntxiv lawv tus kheej txhais thiab cov tswv yim uas mus deb tshaj txhua yam Tswv Yexus qhia.

Yog li ntawd, “Lub Koom Txoos” encompasses cov neeg uas ua raws li Yexus Ius qhuab qhia thawj (mus rau ntau yam degrees), tab sis yog tias yog dab tsi Tswv Yexus hais? Yuav kom teb tau qhov lus nug no, nws yog tsim nyog los xyuas cov Sciptures.

Nyob rau hauv Mathais lub Moo Zoo (16:18) Tswv Yexus hais rau Peter, "Kuv qhia rau koj, koj yog Petus, thiab nyob rau lub pob zeb no kuv yuav tsa kuv lub tsev teev ntuj, thiab cov powers ntawm ntuj raug txim yuav tsis yeej tawm tsam nws. "Tom qab ntawd nyob rau hauv Mathais 28:20, Jesus assures His followers He would remain with them “always, mus rau thaum xaus ntawm lub hnub nyoog. "Ib yam li ntawd, in John’s Gospel, Yexus cog lus tias cov Ntsuj Plig Dawb Huv yuav nrog lub Koom Txoos mus ib txhis (14:16).

Muaj ntau nqe vaj lug kub uas muaj tus Tswv Tsim "ib lub nceeg vaj uas yuav tsis raug rhuav tshem." (Piv txwv li, saib cov Phau Ntawv Daniel (2:44), Yaxayas (9:7) thiab cov Txoj Moo Zoo ntawm Mathais (13:24).)

Rau cov neeg yog vim li cas, peb yuav tau nco ntsoov tias lub Koom Txoos Yexus founded-ib tug, lub Koom Txoos tseeb-has yeej tsis poob thiab tau sawv tsis tu ncua los ntawm Saint Peter lub hnub kom txog rau thaum hnub no thiab yuav nyob twj ywm tam sim no "rau tag nrho cov tiam, rau puas tau thiab puas tau " (raws li St. Paul wrote nyob rau hauv nws Tsab ntawv rau cov neeg Efexaus 3:21).

Qhov no txhais tau tias lub Koom Txoos tej lus qhia tau dim lawm vim hais tias lawv tau muab rau nws los ntawm Tswv Yexus tus kheej Leej twg hais tias, "Saum ntuj ceeb tsheej thiab lub ntiaj teb yuav ploj mus, tab sis kuv cov lus yuav tsis ploj mus " (saib Mathais 24:35 thiab tus Yaj Saub Yaxayas 40:8).

Nyob rau hauv nws Thawj tsab ntawv mus rau Timaute (3:15), Saint Paul goes so far as to call the Church “the pillar and bulwark of truth.” Because His Church has been professing the same doctrine for nearly 2,000 xyoo, muaj ib tug uninterrupted keeb kwm txoj kev txuas lub thawj lub zej lub zos ntawm Yexus cov thwjtim rau nws kawm nws tus kheej. Yog li ntawd, nws yuav tsum tau mus taug tej kev qhia ntawm ib qho ntawm cov kawm Christian lub cev rov qab los ntawm lub sij hawm mus rau lub hnub ntawm cov Thwj Tim.

Apostolic Succession

Ntawm tag nrho cov niaj hnub no ntau yam thiab ntau haiv neeg Christian zej zog, tsuas lub Koom Txoos Catholic yog tau substantiate nws neeg pab leg ntaubntawv ntawm authenticity ntawm Apostolic Succession, los yog lub unbroken kab ntawm tus npis sov uas muaj siab nqa cov Thwj Tim tej kev qhia los ntawm cov thawj ib puas xyoo rau hnub no. Qhov tseeb yog txaus siab los ntawm lub cev ntawm cov ntseeg Vajtswv lub ancient keeb kwm sau-lub ntawmv ntawm lub Early Koom Txoos txiv–uas pib nrog cov tsiaj ntawv muaj li ntawm cov txiv neej uas kawm txoj kev ntseeg ncaj qha los ntawm cov Thwj Tim. Cov sau yog npaj meej muaj nyob online los yog nyob rau tej yam zoo tsev qiv ntawv los yog tsev muag ntawv nyeem.

Uas tsis yog-Catholics feem ntau tsis kam yuav tsum tau rau ib tug authoritative, qhia lub tsev teev ntuj, thiab feem ntau zoo li phau Vajlugkub raws li nws cov keev xeeb qhov chaw ntawm qhov tseeb, ntseeg hauv phau Vajlugkub rau lawv tus kheej txhais.

Ironically, tias lub tswv yim yog refuted los ntawm vaj, nws tus kheej. saib Saint Peter Ob Tsab ntawv (1:20-21).

Ntxiv mus, nws yog undermined los ntawm lub fact tias muaj tibneeg ntau ntau cov "phau Vajlugkub nkaus xwb" sects uas fundamentally tsis pom zoo txog dab tsi hauv phau Vajlugkub qhia! Yog hais tias ib tus neeg txhais tau li ntawm Khetos tej lus qhia yog fallible (thiab ua tus txhais lus los ntawm ib tug tib neeg, nws yuav) ces keeb kwm Lub tsev teev ntuj sau yog invaluable mus nce kev pom mus rau hauv txoj kev uas cov Thwj Tim thiab lawv successors txhais dawb huv Vajluskub thiab nyob tawm rau txoj kev ntseeg.

Ib tug duab ntawm lub neej ntawm Saint Stephen: Tsa thiab muab ntawm dawb los ntawm Ntawm Angelico pab los ntawm Benozzo Gozzoli

Lub neej ntawm Saint Stephen: Tsa thiab muab ntawm dawb los ntawm Ntawm Angelico pab los ntawm Benozzo Gozzoli

Cov writings ntawm cov Early Koom Txoos txiv nrees piv txwv li lub Koom Txoos Catholic txoj kev qhia ntxiv, uas tau raug khaws cia txawm tib neeg kev ua yuam kev thiab txhaum, kev tsim txom, thiab kev cai pressures uas yuav tau tshwm sim los ib tug dog dig lub tsev mus tso tseg rau nws cov tub ntxhais hauv paus ntsiab lus ntev dhau los. Remarking raws li qhov lub laaj ntawm lub Koom Txoos Catholic (thiab hais ntawm lub Koom Txoos ntawm Rome) nyob rau hauv lub thib ob xyoo pua, Saint Irenaeus of Lyons called her “the greatest and most ancient Church known to all” in tiv thaiv Heresies 3:3:2.

Nco ntsoov tias ib tug ntau yam ntawm theories tau concocted ntau lub xyoo nyob rau ib feem ntawm lub Koom Txoos tus tw mus sim los piav nws keeb kwm-los yog piav qhia txog tam sim ntawd ib tug tej zaum yuav hais. Feem ntau xws ziag alleges Catholicism tuaj mus nyob rau hauv cov plaub xyoo pua, nyob ib ncig ntawm lub sij hawm lub Emperor Constantine lub Great legalized Christianity thoob plaws hauv lub Roman faj tim teb chaws. Qhov no txoj kev xav mas hais tias ib tug loj feem ntawm cov ntseeg nws thiaj li los ua corrupted los ntawm pagan influences vim muaj ib tug loj loj influx ntawm hloov siab los ntseeg. ntawm cov hoob kawm, lub insurmountable chaw khuam siab rau no ziag no yog lub xub ntiag ntawm Catholic lus qhuab qhia nyob rau hauv lub tej writings uas predate Constantine, thiab cov keeb kwm sau lub Early Koom Txoos txiv qhia no nyob rau hauv ib tug haib txoj kev.

Tus duab ntawm lub neej ntawm Saint Stephen: Rho Tawm thiab Stoning los ntawm Ntawm Angelico pab los ntawm Benozzo Gozzoli

Lub neej ntawm Saint Stephen: Rho Tawm thiab Stoning los ntawm Ntawm Angelico pab los ntawm Benozzo Gozzoli

Lub overt Catholicity ntawm Vajtswv lub ancient sau ntawv yog irrefutable.

xav txog, piv txwv li, Saint Ignatius ntawm Antioch, uas tuag nyob ib ncig ntawm lub xyoo 107. Ignatius yog ib tug me nyuam kawm ntawv ntawm cov Thwj Tim Petus thiab Yauhas thiab siv lub Koom Txoos cov Eucharistic qhia rau tshwj kom txhob heretics uas tsis kam lees lub incarnation.

Nws muaj lub txim hluav taws xob ua qhov ntxov tshaj plaws txawj sau ntawv rau cov ntaub ntawv siv lub sij hawm "catholic" raws li ib tug zoo lub npe rau lub Koom Txoos. "Txhua qhov chaw tus npis sov zoo nkaus li, cia cov neeg yuav muaj,"Nws sau; "Cia li raws li peb txog qhov twg Yexus Khetos yog, muaj yog lub Koom Txoos Catholic. "

coincidentally, Antioch, Ignatius 'pawg npis sov, tshwm sim kuj yuav tsum tau qhov chaw nyob qhov twg cov followers ntawm Khetos twb thawj hu ua "cov ntseeg" (saib lub Tubtxib Tes Haujlwm ntawm cov Thwj Tim 11:26).

Tus duab ntawm tus adoration ntawm tus Vaj Ntsuj Trinity los ntawm Albrecht Durer

Adoration ntawm tus Vaj Ntsuj Trinity los ntawm Albrecht Durer

Lub earliest sau pab ntawm lo lus "Trinity" los ntawm Antioch, heev. Tshwm nyob rau hauv ib tsab ntawv ntawm lwm tus npis sov, Saint ua The-aufiluas, nyob rau hauv hais txog 181 (saib Yuav kom Autolycus 2:15), Saint Irenaeus sau, "Yog hais tias tus Tswv twb los ntawm lwm yam tshaj li Leej Txiv, yuav ua li cas yuav Nws rightly coj mov, uas yog ntawm lub tib lub creation raws li peb tus kheej, thiab lees txim rau nws los ua Nws lub cev, thiab pom zoo tias lub sib tov rau hauv lub khob yog nws ?" (saib Heresies 4:33:2).1

Yog li ntawd, yuav ua li cas yuav lwm leej lwm tus reconcile lawv disdain rau lub Koom Txoos ntawm Rome nrog Ignatius 'lees paub ntawm nws preeminence? Nws hu ua nws "lub Koom Txoos uas tuav pawg thawj tswj hwm nyob rau hauv lub qhov chaw ntawm lub teb chaws ntawm cov neeg Loos ...;"Thiab mus rau hais tias, "Koj muaj khib tsis muaj ib tug, tab sis lwm tus neeg koj tau qhia. Kuv xav tsuas yog hais tias yog dab tsi koj tau enjoined nyob rau hauv koj cov lus qhia tej zaum yuav nyob twj ywm nyob rau hauv hlab " (Loos, chaw nyob; 3:1).

Irenaeus teev cov npis sov ntawm Rome cia rau nws lub sij hawm, commenting, "Nyob rau hauv kev txiav txim no, thiab los ntawm cov kev qhia ntawm cov Thwj Tim tso cia nyob rau hauv lub Koom Txoos, tshaj tawm txoj xov ntawm qhov tseeb lawm tuaj rau peb " (saib Heresies 3:3:3).

Ib txhia tej zaum yuav poob los ntawm Ignatius 'mention ntawm Marian lus qhuab qhia nyob rau hauv tib lub ua tsis taus pa li cov raug ntsia saum ntoo? "Lub virginity ntawm Mary,"Nws sau, "Nws muab yug, thiab kuj yog tus tuag ntawm tus Tswv, tau muab zais los ntawm tus tub huabtais ntawm lub ntiaj teb no:-three mysteries nrov nrov hais tias, tab sis wrought nyob rau hauv lub silence ntawm Vajtswv " (saib Efexau 19:1).

Ib yam li ntawd, nws sau, "Mary, betrothed rau ib tug txiv neej tab sis cuaj kaum tseem muaj ib tug nkauj xwb, thaum peb mloog lus, tau ua qhov ua rau ntawm txoj kev cawm seej rau nws tus kheej thiab rau tag nrho cov haiv neeg. ... Yog li ntawd, lub pob cyuam ntawm Eva cov tsis mloog lus twb tawm los ntawm cov kev mloog lus ntawm Mary " (see Heresies 3:22:4).

Niaj hnub no, dab tsi yuav Catholics thiab uas tsis yog-Catholics hu ib tug neeg uas ntshai lub Eucharist raws li cov nqaij ntawm Khetos, qhuas lub Koom Txoos ntawm Rome rau nws qhia superiority, thiab venerated lub paub tsis meej ntawm Mary lub virginity?

Yog vim li cas yuav tsum yog ib tug xaus dab tsi txawv hais txog ib tug txiv neej thiab nws zoo li-minded contemporaries uas tau hais thiab ua tib yam kaum cuaj centuries dhau los?

  1. Irenaeusteacher was Saint Polycarp, who was also a disciple of John’s.