Perpetual virginity ntawm Mary

Vim li cas Catholics ntseeg tias Mary tseem ib tug nkauj xwb, thaum phau Vajlugkub hais tias Yexus muaj kwv tij thiab cov muam?

Thiab, yog vim li cas yog Mary tus virginity thiaj li tseem ceeb rau Catholics?

Image of the Coronation of the Virgin by Fra AngelicoCov lus teb yooj yim yog: Catholics ntseeg tias Mary tseem ib tug nkauj xwb thoob plaws hauv nws lub neej vim hais tias nws yog muaj tseeb. It is a teaching solemnly proclaimed by Christ’s Church, “the pillar and foundation of truth” (saib Paul lub Thawj tsab ntawv mus rau Timaute 3:15); tshwm sim los ntawm dawb huv Kev lig kev cai; thiab nyob rau hauv agreeance nrog dawb huv Vajluskub (saib Paul lub Second Letter to the Thessalonians 2:15).

Yog li ntawd, Catholics ntseeg tau hais tias lub “cov kwv tij thiab cov muam ntawm tus Tswv” hais nyob rau hauv phau Vajlugkub twb nyob ze-kev sib raug zoo ntawm Yexus, tab sis tsis kwvtij (raws li peb mam li piav qhia txog nyob rau hauv kom meej hauv qab no).

Ntsig, thiab feem ntau ho, Mary’s Perpetual Virginity is essential to Christianity because of what it affirms about Jesus. Thaum kawg, txoj kev ntseeg no cov ntsiab lus rau lub kev dawb huv ntawm Yexus Khetos thiab lub uniqueness ntawm lub incarnation: ua los ntawm Vajtswv ua tug txiv neej.

Tus yaj saub Exekees tshaj tawm hais tias tus tub huabtais “yuav tawm mus, thiab tom qab nws tau ploj mus tawm lub rooj vag yuav tsum raug kaw” (saib Exekhee 46:12), and the Church understands this to be a reference to Christ’s birth and Mary’s lifelong virginity (saib Saint Ambrose, Fij tseg rau Vajtswv ntawm ib tug nkauj xwb 8:52). Yog li ntawd, it was fitting that Mary would retain her virginity after the birth of Jesus because of who He is: Vajtswv nyob rau hauv tib neeg daim ntawv!

Scripturally, ib tug tej zaum xav txog tej kev dab neeg txog Mauxes thiab cov hlawv hav txwv yeem. Raws li Mauxes mus kev rau lub hav txwv yeem, tus Tswv hais tias, “Tsis txhob tuaj nyob ze; muab tso tawm koj nkawm khau ntawm koj ko taw, rau qhov chaw nyob uas koj sawv yog dawb huv av” (Khiav Dim 3:5).

Zaj dab neeg no yuav pab kom peb to taub Mary lub Perpetual virginity nyob rau hauv ob txoj kev.

Image of Moses and the Burning Bush by Dirk BoutsThawj, we see that the ground was sanctified because the presence of the Lord had descended there. Peb yuav tsum tsis txhob hnov ​​qab tias qhov no tib tug Vajtswv, uas nyob rau Mauxes nyob rau hauv lub kub hav txwv yeem, xeeb nyob rau hauv lub plab ntawm Mary.

Yog li ntawd, nws yuav tsuas yuav haum los hais tias nws, zoo li hais tias dawb huv av nyob rau hauv Khiav Dim, yuav tsum tau mus dawb huv, tshwj xeeb npaj, uas yog, to receive the King of kings and Lord of lords.

Ob txhais, lub Koom Txoos txiv pom cov duab ntawm tsob ntoo nws tus kheej–ib tug hav txwv yeem aflame, tsis tau tsis noj–raws li ib tug ua piv txwv qhia ntawm Mary lub Muab yug tsis muaj forfeiting nws virginity. Piv txwv li, nyob rau hauv lub plaub xyoo pua, Gregory ntawm Nyssa sau, “Yuav ua li cas tau prefigured thaum lub sij hawm nyob rau hauv cov nplaim taws ntawm lub hav txwv yeem tau tab manifested nyob rau hauv lub paub tsis meej ntawm tus ntxhais nkauj xwb. … Raws li nyob rau lub roob lub hav txwv yeem hlawv tab sis twb tsis noj, li ntawd, tus ntxhais nkauj xwb yug mus rau lub teeb thiab tsis corrupted” (Nyob rau hauv Yug Tswv Yexus).

Image of The Burning Bush by Nicholas FromentYeej tseem zoo, Mary lub Perpetual virginity tshaj tawm mus rau lub ntiaj teb no tias vim Tswv Yexus yog li ntawd dawb huv–Vajtswv nws tus kheej–it would have been inappropriate for Him to have been formed in the womb of an ordinary woman; thiab, zoo li no, rau cov neeg txhaum kom muaj los ntawm tib plab tom qab nws–lub plab qhia tshwj xeeb uas npaj los ua tim tus Mexiyas. Dua, xav txog Exekhee, “[tus tub huabtais] yuav tawm mus, thiab tom qab nws tau ploj mus tawm lub rooj vag yuav tsum raug kaw.”

Mary’s virginity at the time of the Lord’s birth is indicated by the prophet Isaiah, uas hais, “Saib seb, ib tug nkauj xwb yuav xeeb tub thiab ua tim ib tug tub, thiab yuav hu nws lub npe Emanu-es” (7:14; saib Mathais 1:23 thiab Lukas 1:27). Yaxayas, tom qab tag nrho cov, tshoov nws virginity nyob rau hauv conceiving thiab nyob rau hauv cov kabmob. Ntxiv mus. Mary’s response, mus rau lub thawj tubtxib saum ntuj lub tshaj tawm nws yuav xeeb tub thiab ua tim ib Tub–“Yuav ua li cas yuav no yuav vim kuv tsis paub txiv neej?” (Lukas 1:34)–kom meej meej qhia tias nws yog ib tug nkauj xwb. Nws cov tshuaj tiv thaiv tsis yog ua rau kev txiav txim zoo tsis.

Nws perpetually virginal lub xeev yog hais nyob rau hauv lub Xalaumoo Zaj Nkauj, uas hais tias, “Ib tug vaj xauv yog kuv tus muam, kuv tus nkauj nyab, ib tug ciav kaw” (4:12).

Yuav ua li cas yog peb to taub qhov no muab qhov tseeb hais tias nws thiab Yauxej tau betrothed thiab tom qab sib yuav? Muaj yog ib qho ancient kev lig kev cai uas tuas tias Mary twb nplooj siab mus rau tus Tswv raws li ib tug tsa nkauj xwb txij thaum yug kiag; thiab hais tias thaum nws tuaj ntawm lub hnub nyoog twb entrusted rau Yauxej, ib tug txiv ntsuam ntau laus dua nws (mob CF lub cev. Protoevangelium ntawm James).

Lub tswvyim ntawm kev coj dawb huv tsis pub dhau sib yuav nyob rau hauv tej yam tej yam kev mob yog, tseeb, ib tug biblical tswvyim. Piv txwv li, nyob rau hauv lub Thawj zaug hauv phau ntawm Vaj 1:4, King David yuav siv sij hawm ib tug hluas nkauj, Abishag, yuav nws tus poj niam tu nws nyob rau hauv nws laus nws, tab sis abstains los ntawm kev sib raug zoo nrog nws.

Ntxiv mus, nyob rau hauv nws Thawj Tsab Ntawv rau cov neeg Kaulinthaus, Paul pom zoo ib lub xeev uas muab fij tseg tsis pw ua ke los yog perpetual betrothal rau cov neeg uas yuav txais nws (saib 7:37-38).

Image of The Annunciation by The Master of PanzanoKom meej meej, nyob rau hauv lub teeb ntawm nws hu mus rau tim Vajtswv Leej Tub, Mary lub sib yuav rau Yauxej yog deb ntawm zoo tib yam. Nws tau raug tsa ua los ntawm Vajtswv rau qhov kev kho mob thiab kev tiv thaiv ntawm tus ntxhais nkauj xwb thiab Nws Leej Tub–kom lub incarnation zais los ntawm lub ntiaj teb no rau ib lub sij hawm. “Lub virginity ntawm Mary, nws muab yug, thiab kuj yog tus tuag ntawm tus Tswv, tau muab zais los ntawm tus tub huabtais ntawm lub ntiaj teb no,” sau Ignatius ntawm Antioch, ib tug thwj tim ntawm tus Thwj Tim Yauhas, nyob rau hauv hais txog lub xyoo 107: “–peb mysteries nrov nrov hais tias, tab sis wrought nyob rau hauv lub silence ntawm Vajtswv” (Tsab ntawv rau cov neeg Efexaus 19:1).

Nyob rau hauv Mathais 1:19, Dawb huv Vajluskub qhia rau peb Jospeh yog “ib tug cia li txiv neej.” Yog li, tau hnov ​​Mary tau xeeb ib tug me nyuam los ntawm lwm, nws daws kom muab tso rau nws tam sim ntawd ntsiag to rau cawm nws ntawm tam tiav nyob rau hauv lub Mauxe Txoj Kevcai (as per Kevcai 22:23-24).

Tus Tswv intervened, tab sis yog, qhia rau nws los ntawm ib tug tim tswv nyob rau hauv ib tug npau suav, “Tsis txhob ntshai mus coj Mab Liab koj tus poj niam, rau cov uas uas yog xeeb nyob rau hauv nws yog ntawm tus Vaj Ntsuj Plig; nws yuav ua tim ib tug tub, thiab koj yuav tsum hu nws lub npe Yexus, rau nws yuav cawm nws cov neeg los ntawm lawv tej kev txhaum” (Mathais 1:20).

Yauxej yuav tsis muaj npaum li cas cov lus no los txhais, tab sis yog, uas Mary yog yuav nws tus poj niam nyob rau hauv lub zoo tib yam kev txiav txim zoo ntawm cov lo lus. Raws li Saint Ambrose ntawm Milan sau,

“Tsis yog tus twg nws ua tej yam txawv uas cov vaj hais tias: ‘Joseph took his wife and went into Egypt’ (Matt. 1:24; 2:14); rau cov poj niam espoused mus rau ib tug txiv neej yog muab lub npe ntawm tus poj niam. Nws yog los ntawm lub sij hawm uas ib tug sib yuav pib hais tias cov muaj txij nkawm terminology yog ua hauj lwm. Nws tsis yog cov deflowering ntawm virginity uas ua rau ib tug sib yuav, tab sis lub muaj txij nkawm daim ntawv cog lus. Nws yog thaum tus hluas nkauj lees txais cov quab uas sib yuav pib, tsis yog thaum nws los txog rau paub nws tus txiv lub cev” (Lub fij tseg rau Vajtswv ntawm ib tug ntxhais nkauj xwb thiab lub Perpetual virginity ntawm Mary 6:41).

Hais tias nws ris Vajtswv Leej Tub ua nws thawj tus txij nkawm ntawm tus Vaj Ntsuj Plig (per Lukas 1:35); thiab Yauxej tau txwv tsis pub nyob rau hauv kev cai lij choj kom muaj kev txij nkawm kev sib raug zoo nrog tus txij nkawm ntawm lwm.

Yuav ua li cas txog cov “cov kwv tij thiab cov muam ntawm tus Tswv?”

Thawj, nws yuav tsum tau taw tes qhia tawm hais tias muaj yog ib tug txaus ntshai nyob rau hauv los ntawm verses los ntawm cov vaj tawm ntawm lub ntsiab lus teb ntawm tag nrho cov ntawm cov vaj. Lub fact tias Yexus cia Mary rau tus Thwj Tim Yauhas, piv txwv li, yog ib tug muaj zog hais txog Nws tsis muaj tiag tiag cov nus muag (saib John 19:27). Yog hais tias Mary muaj lwm yam cov me nyuam, Tswv Yexus yuav tsis tau yuav tsum tau nug ib tug neeg nyob sab nraud ntawm lub tsev neeg yuav tu nws. (An argument against this gaining some traction in Evangelical circles is the notion that Jesus entrusted Mary to John because James and the Lord’s other “cov kwv tij” tseem tsis tau ntseeg. Tab sis qhov no sib cav yog tenuous. Yog hais tias qhov no yog rooj plaub, ib tug yuav cia siab tias cov phau Vajluskub muab ib co piav rau no cov nyhuv. The fact that Jesus gives Mary to John without explanation indicates Mary had no other children.)

Image of Presentation at the Temple by Stefan LochnerYuav ua li cas, ces, are we to interpret verses such as Mathais 13:55, nyob rau hauv cov neeg uas nyob rau hauv cov neeg coob coob hais, “Yog qhov no tsis yog tus kws ntoo tus tub? Yog tsis Mary lub npe hu ua nws cov niam thiab James, Yauxej, Ximoos thiab Yudas nws cov kwv tij? Yog tsis tau nws cov muam peb cov neeg nyob ze?”

Cov Catholic txoj hauj lwm uas cov “cov kwv tij” thiab “cov muam” nyob ze cov txheeb ze, xws li kwv tij txheeb ze, tab sis tsis kwvtij, agrees with the ancient Jewish custom of calling one’s kinsman “tij laug” (per Chiv Keeb 13:8; 14:14; 29:15, et al.). Raws li Pope John Paul lub Great sau, “Nws yuav tsum tau recalled hais tias tsis muaj ib yam sij hawm tshwm sim nyob rau hauv Hebrew thiab Aramaic qhia lo lus 'nkauj muam nraug nus', thiab hais tias lub sij hawm 'tus tij laug’ thiab 'tus muam’ yog li ntawd muaj ob peb degrees ntawm kev sib raug zoo.”1

Ntxiv mus, nws yog lwm qhov qhia nyob rau hauv Mathais uas “James thiab Yauxej” twb yeej tub ntawm ib tug txawv Mary, uas sawv nrog tus so ntawm cov poj niam ntawm tus taw ntawm tus ntoo khaub lig thiab nrog Mary Magdalene rau lub qhov ntxa rau Easter sawv ntxov (27:55-56; 28:1).

Qhov no lwm Mary yog feem ntau ntseeg mus yuav tus poj niam ntawm Clopas, uas tej zaum yuav tau ib tug txiv ntxawm ntawm Yexus (saib John 19:25; kuj saib Eusebius, Keeb kwm ntawm lub Koom Txoos 3:11).2 Nws yog qhia, tas, hais tias tus Tswv txoj kev “cov kwv tij” yog tsis pom qhov twg nyob rau hauv vaj xa mus rau raws li cov tub mab liab, raws li feem ntau Yexus yeej yog hu ua (saib Mathais 13:55; Mark 6:3, et al.).

Muaj ob tug lwm txoj Moo Zoo verses uas tw ntawm Mary lub Perpetual virginity feem ntau pabneeg: Mathais 1:25 thiab Lukas 2:7.

Mathais 1:25 hais tias Yauxej “twb tsis muaj kev sib raug zoo nrog nws nyob rau hauv txhua lub sij hawm ua ntej nws yug ib tug tub.” Raws li Ludwig Ott piav nyob rau hauv Fundamentals ntawm Catholic dogma, tab sis yog, nqe no “vajhuam(s) tias mus txog rau ib tug meej taw tes nyob rau hauv lub sij hawm lub kev sib yuav tau tsis consummated, tab sis tsis los ntawm kev txhais tau tias hais tias nws twb consummated tom qab no” (Tan Phau ntawv, 1960, p. 207). Lub hom phiaj ntawm Mathais 1:25 yog mus lees hais tias Yexus twb tsis muaj hauv ntiajteb no txiv, thiab yog tiag tiag Leej Tub ntawm Vajtswv. Nws twb tsis meant hais dab tsi txog Maivliag thiab Yauxej txoj kev sib raug tom qab Yexus’ yug. Consider the Ob txhais Phau Ntawv Samuel 6:23, uas hais tias Mary “twb tsis muaj tus me nyuam mus rau lub hnub ntawm nws txoj kev tuag.” obviously, qhov no tsis tau txhais hais tias nws muaj ib tug me nyuam tom qab nws txoj kev tuag. Nyob rau hauv Mathais 28:20, Yexus cog lus tias yuav nrog nws cov thwjtim “mus rau lub nyob ze ntawm tus muaj hnub nyoog.” Dua, qhov no tsis tau txhais hais tias Nws yuav tsum mus nrog lawv dhau ntawd taw tes.

Nyob rau hauv Lukas 2:7, Yexus yog hu ua Mary lub “thawj-yug los.” Txawm li cas los, raws li Pope John Paul piav:

“Lo lus 'hlob,’ lus txhais tau tias 'ib tug me nyuam tsis preceded los ntawm lwm’ thiab, nyob rau hauv nws tus kheej, ua rau tsis muaj reference rau lub hav zoov ntawm lwm cov me nyuam. Ntxiv mus, qhia Txoj Moo Zoo stresses no cov yam ntxwv ntawm tus me nyuam, txij li thaum tej yam luag num kom mus Jewish txoj cai tau txuas mus rau lub me nyuam yug ntawm tus tub hlob, ntawm nws tus kheej seb leej niam tej zaum yuav tau muab yug mus rau lwm cov me nyuam. Yog li txhua txhua tsuas tus tub yog kev kawm rau cov tshuaj vim hais tias nws yog 'yug cov thawj’ (mob CF lub cev. Lukas 2:23)” (“Lub Koom Txoos pib Mary raws li 'Puas nkauj xwb'”)

Jesus, Mary and Joseph and angelsMichael O'Carroll, tas, qhia, “Cov neeg Yudais cov burial inscription nyob rau hauv Egypt, yos los ntawm lub thawj ib puas xyoo, … pab teb cov lus pom zoo tiv thaiv Mary lub perpetual virginity raws li St. Lukas siv lo lus 'thawj-yug’ (prototokos) (2:7). Hais tias lo lus tsis hais lwm yam cov me nyuam yog qhia los ntawm nws cov kev siv nyob rau hauv cov ntaub ntawv no piav qhia txog ib tug poj niam uas tuag tom qab yug tus me nyuam ntawm nws thawj tus me nyuam, uas yuav tsis obviously tau muaj lwm tus” (Theotokos: Ib tug Theological Encyclopedia ntawm lub Blessed nkauj xwb mab liab, Michael Glazier, 1982, p. 49).

Yuav ua li cas puas tau lub Koom Txoos txiv Hais?

Txij li thaum ob tog nyob rau hauv lub hais tsis sib haum Mary lub Perpetual virginity, pro thiab nrog, make scriptural arguments to support their position, how are we to determine who is right? Leej twg yog txhais Vajluskub raug, nyob rau hauv lub authentically thwj tim txoj kev?

Ib txoj kev uas yuav muab kev pab txhawb nqa yog mus tham cov ntseeg Vajtswv lub ancient keeb kwm sau, feem ntau hu ua lub ntawmv ntawm lub Early Koom Txoos txiv.

Clement ntawm Alexandria, Piv txwv, thaum pib ntawm lub thib peb xyoo pua sau, “Qhov no niam ib leeg yog tsis muaj mis nyuj, vim hais tias nws nyob ib leeg tsis ua ib tug tus poj niam. Nws yog nyob rau ib zaug ob leeg ntxhais nkauj xwb thiab leej niam” (Cov qhia cov me nyuam yaus 1:6:42:1).

Clement tus me nyuam kawm ntawv, qhov chaw, nyob rau hauv thawj xyoo ntawm uas xyoo pua, paub tseeb tias Mary “muaj tsis muaj lwm yam tus tub tab sis Yexus” (Commentaries nyob rau hauv John 1:6). Sim lwm qhov, nws sau, “Thiab kuv xav hais tias nws nyob rau hauv kev sib raug zoo nrog vim li cas tias Yexus yog tus thawj-txiv hmab txiv ntoo ntawm cov txiv neej ntawm lub purity uas muaj nyob rau hauv kev coj dawb huv, thiab Mary yog cov poj niam; rau nws twb tsis yog pious rau ascribe mus rau lwm yam tshaj li nws tus thawj-txiv hmab txiv ntoo ntawm virginity” (Commentaries nyob rau hauv Mathai 2:17).

Nrog rau nws extravagant qhuas rau nws, Athanasius (d. 373) piav Mary raws li “Ever-ntxhais nkauj xwb” (Discourses Tawm tsam Arians 2:70).

Nyob rau hauv hais txog 375, Epiphanius sib cav, “Puas tau muaj leej twg ntawm tej chaw ua taus zes uas dared mus hais lus rau lub npe dawb huv Mary, thiab ua teb, tsis sai li sai ntxiv, 'Tus ntxhais nkauj xwb?'” (Panarion 78:6).

“Muaj tseeb,” sau Pope Siricius nyob rau hauv 392, “peb yuav tsis kam hais tias koj Tswm Seeb yog txig txhaum nyob rau hauv rebuking nws nyob rau hauv qhab nia ntawm Mary cov me nyuam, thiab hais tias koj muaj zoo yog vim li cas yuav tsum tau ntshai ntawm qhov xav tias lwm yug yuav muab los ntawm tib lub virginal plab los ntawm uas Yexus tau yug los raws li cov cev nqaij daim tawv” (Tsab ntawv mus rau Anysius, Npis Sov ntawm lub moos Thexalaunika).

Ambrose commented nyob rau hauv 396, “qog nws, dawb huv niam, uas nyob rau hauv nws tsuas yog dearly hlub Leej Tub teem tawm thiaj li zoo ib qho piv txwv ntawm cov ntaub ntawv uas virtue; rau tej nuj nqis muaj koj sweeter cov me nyuam, los yog puas tus ntxhais nkauj xwb nrhiav tus nplij ua tau dais lwm tus tub” (cov tsiaj ntawv 63:111).

Augustine of Hippo (d. 430) remarked, “Ib tug nkauj xwb conceiving, ib tug ntxhais nkauj xwb cov kabmob, ib tug ntxhais nkauj xwb cev xeeb tub, ib tug ntxhais nkauj xwb nqa tawm, ib tug ntxhais nkauj xwb perpetual. Vim li cas koj xav nyob rau ntawm no, O txiv neej? Nws twb haum rau Vajtswv yuav tsum tau yug los li no, thaum Nws deigned los ua ib tug txiv neej” (cov lus qhuab qhia 186:1).

Pope Leo lub Great tshaj tawm hais tias nyob rau hauv 449, “Nws twb xeeb ntawm tus Vaj Ntsuj Plig nyob rau hauv lub plab ntawm Nws nkauj xwb leej niam. Nws coj Nws tawm tsis muaj tus tsis virginity, txawm li nws xeeb Nws tsis muaj nws tsis” (Tome 28). Sim lwm qhov lub Pontiff sau, “Rau ib tug nkauj xwb xeeb, ib tug ntxhais nkauj xwb bore, thiab ib tug ntxhais nkauj xwb nws tseem” (Cov lus qhuab qhia rau lub tsiab peb caug ntawm cov Nativity 22:2).

Yog li, cas peb nrhiav tau ib qho keeb kwm laaj ntawm cov lus qhia no los ntawm thaum ntxov xyoo ntawm txoj kev ntseeg cia rau niaj hnub no.


  1. Saib “The Church Presents Mary as ‘Ever Virgin;'” L’Osservatore Romano, Weekly Edition in English, Cuaj hlis 4, 1996.
  2. An argument against this, tab sis yog,” observed Karl Keating, “is that James is elsewhere (Mt 10:3) described as the son of Alphaeus, which would mean that Mary, whoever she was, was the wife of both Cleophas and Alphaeus. One solution is that she was widowed once, then remarried. More probably Alphaeus and Cleophas (Clopas in Greek) are the same person, since the Aramaic name for Alphaeus could be rendered in Greek in different ways, either as Alphaeus or Clopas. Another possibility is that Alphaeus took a Greek name similar to his Jewish name, the way that Saul took the name Paul” (Catholicism and Fundamentalism, Ignatius Xovxwm, 1988, p. 288).