Yog vim li cas Ua Catholics Thov Tsoom Haiv Neeg Ntseeg?

Saint Jerome in Prayer by Hieronymus Bosch by Stefano di Sant`AgneseIb txhia thuam Catholics rau thov Tsoom Haiv Neeg Ntseeg, es tsis txhob ntawm ncaj qha mus rau Vajtswv.

Ua tau, Catholics feem ntau thov Vajtswv ncaj nraim rau Vajtswv, tab sis kuj thov tau cov neeg ntseeg–leej twg nyob rau hauv Saum ntuj ceeb tsheej–los thov Vajtswv kom Vajtswv rau lawv lub cev.

Yog li ntawd, thaum twg ib tug thov Vajtswv rau ib tug Saint nws yog yeej nug tus neeg dawb huv los intercede rau nws–thov Vajtswv rau nws thiab nrog nws mus rau Vajtswv. Tag nrho cov ntseeg ua tseem zoo tib yam thaum lawv nug cov kwvtij nkauj muam hauv lub ntiajteb no mus thov Vajtswv rau lawv, tab sis yog ib tug yuav xav tias tej lus thov ntawm Tsoom Haiv Neeg Ntseeg yuav tsum tau ntau haib vim hais tias lawv sawv siab dawb huv nyob rau hauv Vajtswv lub xub ntiag (saib Cov tsab ntawv ntawm Saint James, 5:16).1

Yexus, tom qab tag nrho cov, qhia rau peb tias Vajtswv "tsis yog Vajtswv ntawm cov neeg tuag, tab sis, ntawm cov neeg ciaj " (Lukas 20:38). Thaum lub cev Hloov Hlo, Nws tham nrog qhov ntev-tuag Eliyas thiab Mauxes nyob rau hauv lub xub ntiag ntawm cov Thwj Tim (Mark 9:3). Nws kuj cog lus tias cov zoo tubnyiag (uas kev lig kev cai hu Saint Dismas) hais tias nws yuav tuaj koom nrog Nws nyob rau hauv lub Vaj Kaj Siab hais tias heev hnub (Lukas 23:43).

Nyob hauv Phau Tshiab, Yexus muab ib zaj lus piv txwv nyob rau hauv uas ib tug txiv neej nyob rau hauv Hades begs lub intercession ntawm ib tug txiv neej nyob rau hauv lub xubntiag ntawm Abraham rau nws cov kwv tij nyob rau hauv lub ntiaj teb (Lukas 16:19).

Yexus kuj hais txog kev thov pab ntawm cov tubtxib saum ntuj, hais tias, "Saib tias koj tsis ntxub ib tug ntawm cov me ntsis sawv daws yuav; rau kuv qhia rau koj tias nyob rau hauv saum ntuj ceeb tsheej lawv cov tubtxib saum ntuj yeej ib txwm saib seb lub ntsej muag ntawm kuv Leej Txiv uas yog nyob rau hauv saum ntuj ceeb tsheej " (saib Mathais 18:10; lub Phau Ntawv Nkauj 91:11-12; thiab cov Phau Ntawv Qhia Tshwm 8:3-4).

Nyob rau hauv nws Tsab ntawv rau cov neeg Khaulauxais yuav, Paul sau hais tias cov ntseeg nyob rau hauv ntiaj teb tau tsim nyog los ntawm Vajtswv "qhia nyob rau hauv lub qub txeeg qub teg ntawm tsoom haiv neeg ntseeg nyob rau hauv lub teeb" (1:12).

Lub Tsab ntawv mus rau cov neeg Henplais hais txog cov txiv neej dawb huv thiab cov poj niam ntawm lub qub Covenant raws li ib tug kuj zoo kawg "huab tim khawv" lwm tus peb nyob rau hauv 12:1 thiab tseem nyob rau hauv verses 12:22 – 23 nrog, "Tab sis koj tau tuaj mus rau Mount Xi-oos thiab rau lub nroog uas muaj sia nyob Vajtswv, saum ntuj ceeb tsheej Jerusalemand rau suav tsis tau cov tubtxib saum ntuj nyob rau hauv festal sib sau ua ke, thiab lub rooj sib txoos ntawm cov thawj-yug uas muaj npe nyob rau saum ntuj ceeb tsheej, thiab mus rau ib tug kws txiav txim uas yog Vajtswv ntawm tag nrho cov, thiab tus dab cia li txiv neej zoo tag nrho. "

Nyob rau hauv lub Phau Ntawv Qhia Tshwm, tus dawb huv martyrs sawv ua ntej Vajtswv, beseeching Nws rau kev ncaj ncees rau sawv cev ntawm lub tsim txom nyob hauv ntiaj teb (6:9-11), thiab cov Thwj Tim thiab cov Yaj Saub txhos caug ua ntej lub zwm txwv ntawm Vajtswv nyob rau hauv Saum ntuj ceeb tsheej thiab muaj kev thov Vajtswv ntawm cov hauv ntiajteb no siab ncaj ncees rau nws: "Golden bowls tag nrho cov xyab, uas yog cov lus thov ntawm cov neeg ntseeg " (5:8, 4:4 thiab 20:4). (Nco ntsoov tias lub ntiajteb no muaj kev ntseeg yog feem ntau xa mus rau nyob rau hauv lub New Testament raws li "ntseeg." Qhov no yog tsis hais lawv twb tau tag nrho dawb huv, tab sis hais tias lawv muaj nyob rau hauv tus txheej txheem ntawm raug neeg dawb huv. Piv txwv li, Povlauj ntuas cov Khixatia hauv Efexau, uas nws ua ntej lawm chaw nyob raws li "cov neeg ntseeg uas yog tseem ncaj ncees nyob rau hauv Yexus Khetos,"Tig deb ntawm lawv cov cwj pwm phem (pom nws tsab ntawv rau cov neeg Efexaus, 1:1 thiab 4:22-23).)

Nyob rau hauv Christianity txoj kev earliest keeb kwm sau peb tau txais zoo xws li cov zaj lus tim khawv. Pope Saint Clement (d. raws li. 97), piv txwv li, ntuas cov Khixatia, "Ua raws li cov ntseeg, rau cov neeg uas ua raws li lawv yuav tsum ua neeg dawb huv " (Tsab ntawv rau cov neeg Kaulinthaus 46:2; mob CF lub cev. muaj. 13:7).

Nyob rau hauv hais txog lub xyoo 156, cov neeg ncaj ncees nyob rau hauv Smyrna piav qhia hais tias lawv pe hawm Yexus Khetos, tab sis hlub lub martyrs "raws li cov thwj tim thiab xyaum nquag li tus Tswv, raws li lawv yuav tsum tau txais, on account ntawm lawv matchless siab rau lawv tus kheej King thiab cov xib fwb. Tej zaum peb kuj ua lawv cov neeg koom tes thiab cov kwv tij!" (Raug luag muab tua ntawm Saint Polcycarp 17:3; ).

Thaum pib ntawm lub thib peb xyoo pua, Saint Clement ntawm Alexandria hais yuav ua li cas ib tug yeej muaj tseeb Christian "thov Vajtswv nyob rau hauv cov haiv neeg ntawm cov tubtxib saum ntuj, raws li ua twb cov tubtxib saum ntuj nyob qib, thiab nws yog yeej tsis tawm ntawm lawv dawb huv cia; thiab tab sis yog nws thov Vajtswv ib leeg, nws muaj lub hu nkauj ua ke ntawm cov neeg ntseeg sawv nrog nws " (Stromateis 7:12).

Ua ntej mus rau nws txoj kev tuag nyob rau hauv lub arena, Saint Perpetua (d. 203) hais ib lub zeem muag ntawm Saum Ntuj Ceeb Tsheej nyob rau hauv uas nws tau ntsib tus ntsuj plig ntawm martyrs thiab pom cov tubtxib saum ntuj thiab cov txwj laug pe hawm ua ntej lub zwm txwv ntawm Vajtswv (saib Raug luag muab tua ntawm Tsoom Haiv Neeg Ntseeg Perpetua thiab Felicitas 4:1-2). Origen wrote nyob rau hauv 233, "Nws tsis yog tsuas yog lub High Pov Thawj uas thov Vajtswv nrog cov neeg uas tiag tiag thov Vajtswv, tab sis kuj cov tubtxib saum ntuj ..., thiab kuj yog tus ntsuj plig ntawm cov neeg ntseeg uas tau dhau mus lawm " (Nyob rau thov Vajtswv 11:1). Nyob rau hauv 250, Saint Cyprian ntawm Carthage piav li cas lub Eucharist twb muaj nyob rau hauv Honor ntawm tus martyrs ntawm hnub ntawm lawv cov neeg tuag (saib Tsab ntawv rau nws txiv plig thiab Tag nrho Nws Tib neeg 39:3).

Common misconceptions

tseem, txoj kev xyaum ntawm thov Vajtswv rau cov Ntseeg tshwm rau Protestants mus rau undermine lub cim luag hauj lwm ntawm Yexus ua tus "ib tug Neeg Nruab Nrab ntawm Vajtswv thiab cov txiv neej" (saib Paul lub Thawj tsab ntawv mus rau Timaute 2:5).

Txawm li cas los, nyob rau hauv kev hu mus rau Tswv Yexus peb ib tus Neeg Nruab Nrab uas Vajtswv, Saint Paul yog tsis xa mus rau zaj thov Vajtswv, tab sis txoj Kev Theej Txhoj. Vim hais tias Tswv Yexus yog Vajtswv thiab tus txiv neej, xwb nws tuag muaj lub hwj chim rau reconcile rau peb nrog Leej Txiv (saib cov zoo nqe nyob rau tib tsab ntawv: 2:6). Lub intercession ntawm cov neeg ntseeg, los yog lub intercession ntawm cov ntseeg nyob rau hauv lub ntiaj teb rau qhov teeb meem, tsis cuam tshuam nrog Khetos txoj kev zoo tshaj kev sib kho rau Leej Txiv, tab sis raws li qhov nws draws. Yog li Paul, nyob rau hauv cov kab ua ntej nqe 2:5, txhawb kom cov Khixatia koom nyob rau hauv zaj kev thov Vajtswv, uas "yog zoo, thiab ... yog tau nyob rau hauv lub xub ntiag ntawm Vajtswv uas yog peb tus Cawm Seej " (2:1 – 3).

Tsoom Haiv Neeg Ntseeg yog tsis obstacles yuav tau pab Yexus, tab sis nyob piv txwv tus Tswv tau muab los qhia peb yuav ua li cas mus ua hauj lwm rau Nws txig. Raws li niam Angelica, foundress ntawm lub Eternal lo lus TV Network (EWTN), meej meej rau nws, "Kuv yog ib tug Franciscan, uas txhais tau tias kuv ua raws li Yexus raws li cov piv txwv ntawm cov poj Francis of Assisi " (nrog Christine Allison, Cov lus teb, tsis lus cog tseg, Ignatius Xovxwm, 1996, p. 15).

Yog li ntawd peb thov: dab tsi txiv yog tsis xyiv fab heev tau pom nws tus me nyuam zoo siab uas? Yog tsis hwm tus me nyuam yeej tseem zoo ib tug ntau no: txoj kev hwm tus txiv (saib Phau Ntawv Paj Lug 17:6)? Lub Koom Txoos tsis tau exalt lub Tsoom Haiv Neeg Ntseeg rau lawv tus kheej vim, tab sis rau lub hom phiaj ntawm Vajtswv Leej twg tsim lawv, dawb huv rau lawv, thiab tsa lawv ua ntej peb.

Nws yog Thov Vajtswv, tsis pe hawm Vajtswv!

Ib yam li ntawd, Protestants feem ntau yuam kev Catholic thov Vajtswv rau tus Tsoom Haiv Neeg Ntseeg raws li kev pe hawm. Qhov no los ntawm ib qho tsis yog notion tias kev thov Vajtswv thiab pe hawm Vajtswv yog synonymous.

Thaum thov Vajtswv yog ib feem ntawm kev pe hawm, nyob rau hauv essence pe hawm muaj lub offering ntawm ib tug muab txi (saib Khiav Dim 20:24, Malakhi 1:11; thiab Povlauj Tsab ntawv mus rau cov neeg Henplais 10:10).

Tshwj xeeb, lub Koom Txoos muaj cov txi ntawm lub Eucharist rau Vajtswv thiab rau nws nyob ib leeg-at Vaj Ntsuj Mass. los ntawm contrast, Catholics tsis muaj kev txi rau tus Tsoom Haiv Neeg Ntseeg. Nyob rau hauv qhov tseeb, tej zaum nws yuav xav tsis thoob critics kom paub hais tias lub Koom Txoos hierarchy censured ib tug kev cai dab qhuas pab pawg neeg nyob rau hauv lub plaub xyoo pua rau excesses txog cov ntxhais nkauj xwb Mary. Saint Epiphanius, lub Npis Sov ntawm Salamis, tau cem cov sect hu ua tus Kollyridians rau muab sacrificial mov rau nws (Panárion 79). nyeem qhov no, ib co yuav erroneously xaus uas Epiphanius yuav tsum tau feem ntau disapproved ntawm Marian siab. Yuav kom qhov tsis tooj, Txawm li cas los, Epiphanius enthusiastically txhawb lub Koom Txoos tej lus qhia rau Mary nyob rau hauv tib lub chaw ua hauj lwm nyob rau hauv uas nws cem cov Kollyridians.

Yuav kom paub qhov txawv ntawm cov teev uas Vajtswv thiab veneration ntawm cov neeg ntseeg, Augustine borrowed los ntawm cov Greek cov nqe lus latria thiab yesmen, lub qub los piav cov kev pe hawm Vajtswv thiab rau tom kawg yuav piav qhia txog veneration ntawm cov neeg ntseeg (saib Lub nroog ntawm Vajtswv 10:1).

Peb venerate lub Tsoom Haiv Neeg Ntseeg vim hais tias lawv tau raug neeg dawb huv los ntawm Vajtswv.

  1. Nws yog feem ntau to taub los ntawm tag nrho cov ntseeg hais tias peb yog koom rau ib leeg los ntawm kev thov Vajtswv (saib Saint Paul lub Tsab ntawv mus rau cov neeg Loos 12:5 thiab nws Thawj Tsab Ntawv rau cov neeg Kaulinthaus. 12:12).

    Ib yam li cov tib neeg ntsuj plig nws tus kheej, no thov Vajtswv-txuas cawm tuag, rau txoj kev tuag yog powerless "cais peb ntawm txoj kev hlub ntawm Vajtswv nyob rau hauv Yexus Khetos peb tus Tswv" (dua, saib Paul lub Tsab ntawv mus rau cov neeg Loos 8:38-39). Cov neeg uas tau tuag nyob rau hauv kev phooj ywg nrog Vajtswv tsis yog "pw tsaug zog" nyob rau hauv lub qhov ntxa, tab sis kav nrog Nws nyob rau hauv Saum ntuj ceeb tsheej.[1. Cov hom biblical siv rau cov neeg tuag qab "pw tsaug zog" (saib Mathais, 9:24, et al.) yog tsuas yog ib tug txhais tau tias kev uas tau hnov ​​txoj kev tuag tus nraum xwm thiab muaj ua yeej nrog rau lub cev ntawm tus tuag, tus ntsuj plig (Mathais 27:52). Lub cev rests nyob rau hauv lub qhov ntxa ntawm txoj kev tuag thaum tus ntsuj plig nkag mus rau hauv mus ib txhis. Thaum lub Xeem txiav txim, lub cev yog sawv rov qab los thiab rov qab sib koom nrog tus ntsuj plig. Vim hais tias tsis yog-Catholic ntseeg yuav saib cov neeg tuag raws li tsaug zog, kev thov Vajtswv rau cov Neeg Ntseeg zoo nkaus li rau lawv yuav tsum tau ib daim ntawv ntawm necromancy (saib Phau Ntawv Kevcai 18:10-11 thiab tus thawj Phau Ntawv Samuel, 28:6). Tab sis necromancy kom to taub yog cov los mus glean ntaub ntawv los ntawm cov neeg tuag uas tsis muaj chaw mus rau Vajtswv ib leeg xwb, xws li kev txawj ntse ntawm lub neej yav tom ntej. Thov Vajtswv rau cov Ntseeg, nyob rau lwm yam tes, yog pawg saum ntuj ceeb tsheej intercession.