Jesus says in Матай 23:9, “Call no man your father on earth, for you have one Father, who is in heaven.”
Some have misused this verse to denounce the Catholic practice of calling priests “Father.” Jesus’ words here are not meant to be taken literally, дегенмен. They are an hyperbole designed to emphasize our heavenly Father’s sovereignty: that He is the true source of life and wisdom (Пауылдың қараңыз Ефестіктерге хат 3:14-15).
We know the Apostles did not take Jesus’ words in Матай 23:9 literally, үшін they called themselves Father!
Saint Paul, мысалы, wrote in his Қорынттықтарға арналған бірінші хатында, «Дегенмен, сіз үшін Мәсіхке сансыз бағыттауыштарын бар, Сіз көптеген әкелердің қажеті жоқ. For I became your father in Christ Jesus through the gospel” (4:15).
Paul considered himself the “father” of the Corinthians because he had spiritually begotten them through the Gospel. This is the same sense in which the title is used by Catholic priests today. We call priests “Әке,” not because they somehow take the place of God the Father, but because they are meant to serve as witnesses, living reminders, of His love, guidance and authority in our lives.
факт болып табылады, the interpretation of Матай 23:9 goes against the overwhelming evidence of Scripture.
Судьялар 18:19, мысалы, дейді, “Come with us, and be to us a father and a priest.” In First Thessalonians 2:11, Paul writes, “You know how, like a father with his children, we exhorted each one of you.” (See also Matt. 1:2 FF.; 15:4-5; Лұқа 14:26; актілер 7:2; 21:40-22:1; Тұрақты Жадтау Құрылғысы. 4:11 FF.; 1 Cor. 4:14-16; Eph. 6:2; Phil. 2:22; 1 Tim. 1:2; Тит 1:4; Philem. 1:10; бар. 12:9; Jas. 2:21; 1 үй жануары. 5:13; 1 Джон 2:1, т.б.).
The practice of calling priests Father continued in the early centuries of the Church. туралы жылы 107 A.D., мысалы, Санкт Игнатий, the Bishop of Antioch implored the faithful to “respect the bishop as a type of the Father” (Letter to the Trallians 3:1).
Жылы 177, the leaders of the Church of Lyons wrote to Pope Saint Eleutherus, былай, “We pray, Father Eleutherus, that you may rejoice in God in all things and always” (Letter of the Holy Martyrs of Lyons; Eusebius Pamphilus, Шіркеуінің тарихы 5:4:2).
тұспа, the title “Pope” (Грек, Papa), which means Father, was for a time commonly used for all bishops, but eventually came to refer exclusively to the Bishop of Rome.
Given the biblical and historical evidence, Catholics might rightly ask why others do not call their spiritual leaders “Father.”