100 – Saint John, last of the Apostles, បានស្លាប់
107 – Saint Ignatius, Bishop of Antioch and disciple of the Apostles Peter and John, writes letters to various Christian communities
He writes of Christ’s divinity, the Real Presence of Christ in the Eucharist, the virginity of Mary, the three-tiered hierarchy of bishops, presbyters, and deacons, and the primacy of the Church of Rome. We also find the first recorded use of the title “Catholic Church”:
លិខិតទៅកាន់អេភេសូរ (virginity of Mary):
19:1 "ព្រហ្មចារីរបស់នាងម៉ារី, ការផ្តល់កំណើតរបស់នាង, ផងដែរនិងការស្លាប់របស់ព្រះអម្ចាស់, ត្រូវបានលាក់ពីចៅហ្វាយរបស់មនុស្សលោកនេះ:អាថិ៍កំបាំង -three បានប្រកាសជាខ្លាំង, but wrought in the silence of God.”
Letter to the Smyrnaeans (Real Presence of Christ in the Eucharist; hierarchy; first use of title “Catholic Church”):
7:1 “Take note of those [ឧ, the Docetists/Gnostics] who hold heterodox opinions on the grace of Jesus Christ which has come to us, and see how contrary their opinions are to the mind of God. … They abstain from the Eucharist and from prayer, because they do not confess that the Eucharist is the Flesh of our Savior Jesus Christ, Flesh which suffered for our sins and which the Father, in His goodness, raised up again. They who deny the gift of God are perishing in their disputes. It would be better for them to have love, so that they might rise again. …
8:1-2 “Flee from schism as the source of mischief. You should all follow the bishop as Jesus Christ did the Father. អនុវត្តតាម, ពេក, ព្រឹទ្ធាចារ្យដូចដែលអ្នកនឹងសាវ័ក; ជំនួយនិងគោរពដូចដែលអ្នកនឹងច្បាប់របស់ព្រះ. គ្មាននរណាម្នាក់ត្រូវតែធ្វើអ្វីទាំងអស់ដែលមានដើម្បីធ្វើជាមួយនឹងសាសនាចក្រដោយគ្មានការយល់ព្រមរបស់ប៊ីស្សព. អ្នកគួរតែចាត់ទុកការអរព្រះគុណថាត្រឹមត្រូវដែលជាដែលត្រូវបានប្រារព្ធដោយប៊ីស្សពឬដោយនរណាម្នាក់ដែលគាត់បានអនុញ្ញាត [ឧ, បព្វជិតមួយ]. ដែលជាកន្លែងដែលប៊ីស្សពមានវត្តមាន, នៅទីនោះអនុញ្ញាតឱ្យក្រុមជំនុំប្រមូលផ្តុំ, គ្រាន់តែជាការដែលជាកន្លែងដែលព្រះយេស៊ូវគ្រីស្ទជា, នៅទីនោះគឺជាព្រះវិហារកាតូលិក "។
លិខិតដើម្បីរ៉ូម (divinity of Christ; primacy of Church of Rome):
អាសយដ្ឋាន: “Ignatius, ហៅផងដែរថា Theophorus, ដល់សាសនាចក្រដែលបានរកឃើញសេចក្ដីមេត្ដាករុណាក្នុងភាពអស្ចារ្យនៃព្រះវរបិតាខ្ពស់បំផុតនិងក្នុងព្រះយេស៊ូវគ្រីស្ទ, ព្រះបុត្រាតែមួយរបស់ព្រះអង្គ; សាសនាចក្រជាទីស្រឡាញ់ដើម្បីការត្រាស់ដឹងបន្ទាប់ពីសេចក្ដីស្រឡាញ់និងការរបស់ព្រះយេស៊ូវគ្រីស្ទ, ព្រះរបស់យើង, ដោយព្រះហឫទ័យរបស់ទ្រង់ដែលបានប្រគល់អ្វីគ្រប់យ៉ាងដែលជា; to the Church also which holds the presidency, នៅក្នុងទីតាំងនៃប្រទេសរ៉ូមនេះ, ភាពសក្ដិសមនៃព្រះ, ភាពសក្ដិសមនៃកិត្តិយស, ភាពសក្ដិសមនៃការពរ, ភាពសក្ដិសមនៃការសរសើរ, ភាពសក្ដិសមនៃការទទួលបានភាពជោគជ័យ, ភាពសក្ដិសមនៃការញែកចេញ, និង, ដោយសារតែអ្នកកាន់ប្រធានាធិបតីក្នុងសេចក្ដីស្រឡាញ់, named after Christ and named after the Father. ...
3:1 "អ្នកបានច្រណែនគ្មាននរណាម្នាក់, ប៉ុន្តែអ្នកផ្សេងទៀតដែលអ្នកបានបង្រៀន. I desire only that what you have enjoined in your instructions may remain in force.”
144 – Pope Saint Pius I condemns the teachings of Marcion
150 – Fresco in the Catacomb of Saint Priscilla in Rome depicts the Virgin Mary and the Christ Child with a figure believed to be the prophet Isaiah
150 – Hermas, brother of Pope Pius, writes of baptismal rebirth, អាពាហ៍ពិពាហ៍, and Penance (The Shepherd)
150 – Saint Justin the Martyr writes of the Holy Trinity, baptismal rebirth, the Eucharistic Sacrifice, and Mary as the New Eve.
សុំទោសជាលើកដំបូង (Holy Trinity; baptismal rebirth):
13 “We will prove that we worship Him reasonably; for we have learned that He is the Son of the true God Himself, that He holds a second place, and the Spirit of prophecy a third. For this they accuse us of madness, saying that we attribute to a crucified man a place second to the unchangeable and eternal God, the Creator of all things: but they are ignorant of the mystery which lies therein. …
61 “As many as are persuaded and believe that what we teach and say is true, and undertake to be able to live accordingly, are instructed to pray and to entreat God with fasting, for the remission of their sins that are past, we praying and fasting with them. Then they are brought by us where there is water, and are regenerated in the same manner in which we were ourselves regenerated. ចំពោះ, in the name of God, the Father and Lord of the universe, and of our Savior Jesus Christ, and of the Holy Spirit (CF. លោក Matt. 28:19), they then receive the washing with water. For Christ also said, ‘Unless you are born again, you cannot enter into the kingdom of heaven’ (លោកយ៉ូហាន 3:3)."
Dialogue with Trypho the Jew (Eucharistic Sacrifice; នាងម៉ារីជាអេវ៉ាថ្មី):
41 [Justin:] “‘Also, sirs,’ I said, ‘the offering of fine wheat flour which was prescribed to be offered on behalf of those cleansed of leprosy was a type of the Bread of the Eucharist, the celebration of which our Lord Jesus Christ prescribed in memory of the passion He suffered on behalf of those men who are cleansed in their souls of every evil. … Moreover, as I said before, concerning the sacrifices which you at that time offered, God speaks through Malachias, មួយក្នុងចំណោមសិស្សទាំងដប់ពីររូប [lesser prophets], ដូចខាងក្រោម: “I have no pleasure in you, ជាព្រះបន្ទូលរបស់ព្រះអម្ចាស់; and I will not accept your sacrifices from your hands; for from the rising of the sun until its setting, my name has been glorified among the gentiles; and in every place incense is offered in my name, and a clean offering: for great is my name among the gentiles, ជាព្រះបន្ទូលរបស់ព្រះអម្ចាស់; but you profane it” (Mal. 1:10-12). It is of the sacrifices offered to Him in every place by us, the gentiles, នោះគឺជាការ, of the Bread of the Eucharist and likewise of the cup of the Eucharist, that He speaks at that time; and He says that we glorify His name, while you profane it. …
100 [Justin:] “‘[ព្រះយេស៊ូវ] became Man by the Virgin so that the course which was taken by disobedience in the beginning through the agency of the serpent, might be also the very course by which it would be put down. For Eve, a virgin and undefiled, conceived the word of the serpent, and bore disobedience and death. But the Virgin Mary received faith and joy when the angel Gabriel announced to her the glad tidings that the Spirit of the Lord would come upon her and the power of the Most High would overshadow her, for which reason the Holy One being born of her is the Son of God. And she replied: “Be it done unto me according to thy word” (លូកា 1:38).’”