100 – Saint John, last of the Apostles, ಡೈಸ್
107 – Saint Ignatius, Bishop of Antioch and disciple of the Apostles Peter and John, writes letters to various Christian communities
He writes of Christ’s divinity, the Real Presence of Christ in the Eucharist, the virginity of Mary, the three-tiered hierarchy of bishops, presbyters, ಮತ್ತು ಧರ್ಮಾಧಿಕಾರಿಗಳು, and the primacy of the Church of Rome. We also find the first recorded use of the title “Catholic Church”:
ಎಫೆಸಿಯನ್ಸ್ ಪತ್ರ (virginity of Mary):
19:1 "ಮೇರಿ ಕನ್ಯತ್ವ, ತನ್ನ ನೀಡುವ ಜನ್ಮ, ಮತ್ತು ಭಗವಾನ್ ಸಾವು, ಈ ವಿಶ್ವದ ರಾಜಕುಮಾರನ ಮರೆಮಾಡಲಾಗಿದೆ:-three ರಹಸ್ಯಗಳು ಜೋರಾಗಿ ಘೋಷಿತ, but wrought in the silence of God.”
Letter to the Smyrnaeans (Real Presence of Christ in the Eucharist; hierarchy; first use of title “Catholic Church”):
7:1 “Take note of those [ಅದೆಂದರೆ, the Docetists/Gnostics] who hold heterodox opinions on the grace of Jesus Christ which has come to us, and see how contrary their opinions are to the mind of God. … They abstain from the Eucharist and from prayer, because they do not confess that the Eucharist is the Flesh of our Savior Jesus Christ, Flesh which suffered for our sins and which the Father, in His goodness, raised up again. They who deny the gift of God are perishing in their disputes. It would be better for them to have love, so that they might rise again. …
8:1-2 “Flee from schism as the source of mischief. You should all follow the bishop as Jesus Christ did the Father. Follow, ತುಂಬಾ, the presbytery as you would the apostles; and respect the deacons as you would God’s law. Nobody must do anything that has to do with the Church without the bishop’s approval. You should regard that Eucharist as valid which is celebrated either by the bishop or by someone he authorizes [ಅದೆಂದರೆ, a presbyter]. Where the bishop is present, there let the congregation gather, just as where Jesus Christ is, ಕ್ಯಾಥೋಲಿಕ್ ಚರ್ಚ್ ಇರುತ್ತದೆ. "
ರೋಮನ್ನರು ಪತ್ರ (divinity of Christ; primacy of Church of Rome):
ವಿಳಾಸ: “Ignatius, ಸಹ Theophorus ಎಂಬ, ಹೆಚ್ಚಿನ ಹೈ ತಂದೆ ಹಿರಿಮೆ ಮತ್ತು ಯೇಸುಕ್ರಿಸ್ತನ ಕರುಣೆ ಪ್ರಕಾರ ಚರ್ಚ್, ಅವರ ಏಕೈಕ ಪುತ್ರ; ಚರ್ಚ್ ಯೇಸು ಕ್ರಿಸ್ತನ ಪ್ರೀತಿ ನಂತರ ಪ್ರೀತಿಯ ಮತ್ತು ಪ್ರಬುದ್ಧ ಗೆ, ನಮ್ಮ ದೇವರ, ಅವನನ್ನು ಇಚ್ಛೆಯನ್ನು ಇದು ಎಲ್ಲವನ್ನೂ ಇರಾದೆ 'ಎಂದು; to the Church also which holds the presidency, ರೋಮನ್ನರು ದೇಶದ ಸ್ಥಳದಲ್ಲಿ, ದೇವರ ಯೋಗ್ಯ, ಗೌರವ ಯೋಗ್ಯ, ಅನುಗ್ರಹದ ಯೋಗ್ಯ, ಹೊಗಳಿಕೆಗೆ ಅರ್ಹರು, ಯಶಸ್ಸಿನ ಯೋಗ್ಯ, ಪವಿತ್ರೀಕರಣದ ಯೋಗ್ಯವಾದ, ಮತ್ತು, ನೀವು ಪ್ರೀತಿಯಲ್ಲಿ ಅಧ್ಯಕ್ಷ ಹಿಡಿಯಲು ಕಾರಣ, named after Christ and named after the Father. ...
3:1 "ನೀವು ಯಾರೂ envied ಎಂದು, ಆದರೆ ನೀವು ಹೇಳಿಕೊಟ್ಟ ಇತರರು. I desire only that what you have enjoined in your instructions may remain in force.”
144 – Pope Saint Pius I condemns the teachings of Marcion
150 – Fresco in the Catacomb of Saint Priscilla in Rome depicts the Virgin Mary and the Christ Child with a figure believed to be the prophet Isaiah
150 – Hermas, brother of Pope Pius, writes of baptismal rebirth, ಮದುವೆ, and Penance (The Shepherd)
150 – Saint Justin the Martyr writes of the Holy Trinity, baptismal rebirth, ಯುಕರಿಸ್ಟಿಕ್ ತ್ಯಾಗ, and Mary as the New Eve.
ಮೊದಲ ಅಪಾಲಜಿ (Holy Trinity; baptismal rebirth):
13 “We will prove that we worship Him reasonably; for we have learned that He is the Son of the true God Himself, that He holds a second place, and the Spirit of prophecy a third. For this they accuse us of madness, saying that we attribute to a crucified man a place second to the unchangeable and eternal God, the Creator of all things: but they are ignorant of the mystery which lies therein. …
61 “As many as are persuaded and believe that what we teach and say is true, and undertake to be able to live accordingly, are instructed to pray and to entreat God with fasting, for the remission of their sins that are past, we praying and fasting with them. Then they are brought by us where there is water, and are regenerated in the same manner in which we were ourselves regenerated. ಫಾರ್, in the name of God, the Father and Lord of the universe, and of our Savior Jesus Christ, ಮತ್ತು ಪವಿತ್ರ ಆತ್ಮದ (CF. ಮ್ಯಾಟ್. 28:19), they then receive the washing with water. For Christ also said, ‘Unless you are born again, you cannot enter into the kingdom of heaven’ (ಜಾನ್ 3:3)."
Dialogue with Trypho the Jew (Eucharistic Sacrifice; ಹೊಸ ಈವ್ ಮೇರಿ):
41 [Justin:] “‘Also, sirs,’ I said, ‘the offering of fine wheat flour which was prescribed to be offered on behalf of those cleansed of leprosy was a type of the Bread of the Eucharist, the celebration of which our Lord Jesus Christ prescribed in memory of the passion He suffered on behalf of those men who are cleansed in their souls of every evil. … Moreover, as I said before, concerning the sacrifices which you at that time offered, God speaks through Malachias, ಒಂದು ಹನ್ನೆರಡು [lesser prophets], ಕೆಳಗಿನಂತೆ: “I have no pleasure in you, ಕರ್ತನು ಹೇಳುತ್ತಾನೆ; and I will not accept your sacrifices from your hands; for from the rising of the sun until its setting, my name has been glorified among the gentiles; and in every place incense is offered in my name, and a clean offering: for great is my name among the gentiles, ಕರ್ತನು ಹೇಳುತ್ತಾನೆ; but you profane it” (ಸಮಯ. 1:10-12). It is of the sacrifices offered to Him in every place by us, the gentiles, ಎಂದು, of the Bread of the Eucharist and likewise of the cup of the Eucharist, that He speaks at that time; and He says that we glorify His name, while you profane it. …
100 [Justin:] “‘[ಯೇಸು] became Man by the Virgin so that the course which was taken by disobedience in the beginning through the agency of the serpent, might be also the very course by which it would be put down. For Eve, a virgin and undefiled, conceived the word of the serpent, and bore disobedience and death. But the Virgin Mary received faith and joy when the angel Gabriel announced to her the glad tidings that the Spirit of the Lord would come upon her and the power of the Most High would overshadow her, for which reason the Holy One being born of her is the Son of God. And she replied: “Be it done unto me according to thy word” (ಲ್ಯೂಕ್ 1:38).’”