154 – Saint Polycarp, Bishop of Smyrna and disciple of the Apostle John, meets with Pope Saint Anicetus I in Rome
They discuss the controversy over observance of the feast of Pascha (ಈಸ್ಟರ್). The Eastern Church follows John’s custom of celebrating the feast on the 14th day of the Jewish month of Nisan, regardless of the particular day of the week. The Western Church follows Peter’s custom of celebrating the feast always on a Sunday. Anicetus and Polycarp concelebrate Mass (CF. Irenaeus, ಸಿ. 190 ಎ.ಡಿ., Letter to Victor of Rome; Eusebius, History 5:24:16-17).
156 – Martyrdom of Saint Polycarp
Revealing the early Church’s veneration of relics, the Christians in Smyrna, witnessing their Bishop’s martyrdom, ಬರೆದ, “And so later on we took up his bones, which are more valuable than precious stones and finer than refined gold, and deposited them in a suitable place. There gathering together, as we are able, ಸಂತೋಷ ಮತ್ತು ಹರ್ಷ ಜೊತೆ, the Lord will permit us to celebrate the birthday of his martyrdom in commemoration of those who have already fought in the contest, and for the training and preparation of those who will do so in the future” (ಸೇಂಟ್ Polycarp ಹುತಾತ್ಮರಾದ, ಸಿ. 156 ಎ.ಡಿ., 18:2-3).
170 – Muratorian Fragment, written in Rome, gives information on the New Testament and other early Christian writings
177 – Martyrdom of Saint Blandina and her companions in Lyons
181 – First Recorded Use of the Term “Trinity”: ಸೇಂಟ್ ಥಿಯೋಫಿಲಸ್, Bishop of Antioch
He also speaks of baptismal rebirth and Confirmation (ಆಟೋಲಿಕಸ್ನ ಗೆ).
185 – Saint Irenaeus, Bishop of Lyons and disciple of Polycarp, composes Against Heresies
He writes of the Holy Trinity, Real Presence of Christ in the Eucharist, ಹೊಸ ಈವ್ ಮೇರಿ, and authority of the Church of Rome—listing the Popes from Peter down to his day:
3:3:2 (Authority of the Church of Rome) “Since it would be too long to enumerate in such a volume as this the successions of all the Churches, ನಾವು ಎಲ್ಲಾ ಭಂಗಗೊಳಿಸುತ್ತವೆ ಹಾಗಿಲ್ಲ ಯಾರು, ಯಾವುದೇ ರೀತಿಯಲ್ಲಿ, … assemble other than where it is proper, ಇಲ್ಲಿ ಔಟ್ ಅತ್ಯಂತ ಪ್ರಾಚೀನ ಚರ್ಚ್ ಬಿಷಪ್ ಎಲ್ಲಾ ಕರೆಯಲಾಗುತ್ತದೆ successions ಸೂಚಿಸುವ ಮೂಲಕ, ಸ್ಥಾಪಿಸಿದ ಮತ್ತು ರೋಮ್ನಲ್ಲಿರುವ ನಡೆಸಿದ ಎರಡು ಹೆಚ್ಚು ಮಹತ್ವವುಳ್ಳ ಏಸುದೂತರ ಮೂಲಕ, ಪೀಟರ್ ಮತ್ತು ಪಾಲ್, ಏಸುದೂತರ ಮೂಲಕ ಪುರುಷರಿಗೆ ಘೋಷಿಸಿತು ನಂತರ ನಮಗೆ ಕೆಳಗೆ ಬರುತ್ತದೆ ಇದು ಸಂಪ್ರದಾಯ ಮತ್ತು ನಂಬಿಕೆಯ ಹೊಂದಿರುವ ಚರ್ಚ್. ಈ ಚರ್ಚ್ ಫಾರ್, ಅದರ ಉತ್ತಮ ಮೂಲದ, ಎಲ್ಲಾ ಚರ್ಚ್ಗಳು ಒಪ್ಪಿಕೊಳ್ಳಬೇಕು, ಎಂದು, ಇಡೀ ವಿಶ್ವದ ಎಲ್ಲಾ ನಿಷ್ಠಾವಂತ; ಮತ್ತು ಇದು ತನ್ನ ಆಗಿದೆ ನಿಷ್ಠಾವಂತ ಎಲ್ಲೆಡೆ ಅಪೋಸ್ಟೋಲಿಕ್ ಸಂಪ್ರದಾಯದ ಕಾಯ್ದುಕೊಂಡಿರುವ. …
3:3:3 “The blessed Apostles [ಪೀಟರ್ ಮತ್ತು ಪಾಲ್], ಸ್ಥಾಪಿಸಿದ ಮತ್ತು ಚರ್ಚ್ ನಿರ್ಮಿಸಿ ನಂತರ [of Rome], ಅವರು ಲಿನಸ್ ಗೆ ಧರ್ಮಾಧಿಕಾರದ ಆಡಳಿತ ಕಚೇರಿ ಹಸ್ತಾಂತರಿಸಿದರು. Paul makes mention of this Linus in the [ಎರಡನೇ] Epistle to Timothy (4:21). ಅವನಿಗೆ Anacletus ಯಶಸ್ವಿಯಾದರು; ಮತ್ತು ಅವನ ನಂತರ, ಏಸುದೂತರ ಮೂರನೇ ಸ್ಥಾನದಲ್ಲಿ, ಕ್ಲೆಮೆಂಟ್ ಧರ್ಮಾಧಿಕಾರದ ಆಡಳಿತ ಆಯ್ಕೆ ಮಾಡಲಾಯಿತು. ಅವರು ಆಶೀರ್ವದಿಸಿದರು ಏಸುದೂತರ ಕಂಡ ಮತ್ತು ಅವುಗಳನ್ನು ಪರಿಚಯವಾಯಿತು. ಅವರು ಈಗಲೂ ಏಸುದೂತರ ಉಪದೇಶ ಪ್ರತಿಧ್ವನಿಗಳು ಕೇಳಿದ ಹೇಳಲಾಗುತ್ತಿದೆ, ಮತ್ತು ಅವನ ಕಣ್ಣುಗಳು ಮೊದಲು ತಮ್ಮ ಸಂಪ್ರದಾಯಗಳ ಬಗ್ಗೆ. ಮತ್ತು ಕೇವಲ ಅವರು, ಅನೇಕ ಇನ್ನೂ ಏಸುದೂತರ ಸೂಚನೆ ಪಡೆದಿದ್ದ ಉಳಿದ ಇದ್ದವು.
“In the time of Clement, ಯಾವುದೇ ಸಣ್ಣ ಭಿನ್ನಾಭಿಪ್ರಾಯಗಳು ಕೊರಿಂತ್ ರಲ್ಲಿ ಸಹೋದರರು ಪೈಕಿ ಹುಟ್ಟಿಕೊಂಡಿವೆ ನಂತರ, ರೋಮ್ನಲ್ಲಿ ಚರ್ಚ್ ಕೊರಿಂಥದವರಿಗೆ ಬಲವಾದ ಪತ್ರವನ್ನು ಕಳುಹಿಸಿ, ಶಾಂತಿ ಅವರಿಗೆ ಭೋದಿಸುತ್ತಿದ್ದರು ಮತ್ತು ತಮ್ಮ ನಂಬಿಕೆ ನವೀಕರಿಸುವ. ... ಈ ಕ್ಲೆಮೆಂಟ್ ಮಾಡಲು, Evaristus ಯಶಸ್ವಿಯಾದರು; ಮತ್ತು ಅಲೆಕ್ಸಾಂಡರ್ Evaristus ಯಶಸ್ವಿಯಾದರು. ನಂತರ, ಆರನೇ ಏಸುದೂತರ ನಂತರ, Sixtus ನೇಮಿಸಲಾಯಿತು; ಅವನ ನಂತರ, Telesphorus, ಸಹ ಅದ್ಭುತವಾಗಿ ಹುತಾತ್ಮರಾದರು ಯಾರು. ನಂತರ ಹೈಜಿನಸ್; ಅವನ ನಂತರ, ಪಯಸ್; ಮತ್ತು ಅವನ ನಂತರ, Anicetus. ಸೋಟರ್ Anicetus ಯಶಸ್ವಿಯಾದರು, ಮತ್ತು ಈಗ, ಏಸುದೂತರ ನಂತರ ಹನ್ನೆರಡನೆಯ ಸ್ಥಳದಲ್ಲಿ, ಧರ್ಮಾಧಿಕಾರದ ಆಡಳಿತ ಬಹಳಷ್ಟು Eleutherus ಕುಸಿದಿದ್ದರೂ. ಈ ಕ್ರಮದಲ್ಲಿ, ಮತ್ತು ಸುವಾರ್ತೆಗಳ ಬೋಧನೆ ಚರ್ಚ್ ನೀಡಲ್ಪಟ್ಟ, ಸತ್ಯದ ಉಪದೇಶ ನಮಗೆ ಲಭ್ಯವಾಗಿದೆ. ...
3:22:4 (ಹೊಸ ಈವ್ ಮೇರಿ) “Consequently, ನಂತರ, Mary the Virgin is found to be obedient, ಹೇಳುವ: "ನೋಡು, ಓ ಕರ್ತನೇ, your handmaid; be it done to me according to your word” (Lk. 1:38). Eve, ಆದರೆ, was disobedient; and when yet a virgin, she did not obey. Just as she, who was then still a virgin although she had Adam for a husband,—for in Paradise they were both naked but were not ashamed (ಜನ್. 2:25); ಫಾರ್, having been created only a short time, they had no understanding of the procreation of children and it was necessary that they first come to maturity before beginning to multiply,—having become disobedient, was made the cause of death for herself and for the whole human race; so also Mary, ಒಂದು ಕಚ್ಚಾ ಮನುಷ್ಯ ಮದುವೆಗೆ ನಿಶ್ಚಿತಾರ್ಥವಾದ ಹುಡುಗ ಆದರೂ ಇನ್ನೂ, ಆಜ್ಞಾಧಾರಕ ಎಂದು, ಸ್ವತಃ ಮತ್ತು ಇಡೀ ಮಾನವ ಜನಾಂಗದ ಮೋಕ್ಷ ಕಾರಣ ಮಾಡಲಾಯಿತು. ... ಹೀಗೆ, the knot of Eve’s disobedience was loosed by the obedience of Mary. What the virgin Eve had bound in unbelief, the Virgin Mary loosed through faith. …
4:17:5 (Real Presence of Christ in the Eucharist) “He took from among creation that which is bread, and gave thanks, ಹೇಳುವ, ‘This is My Body’ (ಮ್ಯಾಟ್. 26:26). The cup likewise, which is from among the creation to which we belong, He confessed to be His Blood. …
4:20:1 (Holy Trinity) “It was not angels, ಆದ್ದರಿಂದ, who made us nor who formed us, neither did angels have the power to make an image of God. It was not some power existing far from the Father of the universe, nor was it anyone else, other than the Word of the Lord. God had no need of others to make what He had already determined of Himself to make, as if He had not His own hands. For with Him always are the Word and the Wisdom, the Son and the Spirit, through whom and in whom He made all things freely and spontaneously; and to whom He spoke, ಹೇಳುವ: ‘Let us make man in our image and likeness’ (ಜನ್. 1:26)."
190 – The Quartodeciman Dispute
Pope Saint Victor I declares the universal observance of the feast of Pascha (ಈಸ್ಟರ್) on Sunday. The Bishops of Asia Minor (the Quartodecimans) oppose the ruling and Victor threatens them with excommunication. Irenaeus and others petition the Pope to reconsider, preventing the censure.
200 – Fresco in Catacomb of Saint Callistus in Rome depicts Christ the Good Shepherd
200 – Inscription at site of the Annunciation in Nazareth reads “Hail, Mary”
203 – Martyrdom of Saints Perpetua, Felicitas, and companions
Perpetua, the earliest known female Christian author, records vision of purgatory:
“After a few days, while we were all praying, suddenly in the middle of the prayer I spoke, and uttered the name of Dinocrates; and I was astonished that he had never come into mind till then; and I grieved, thinking of what had befallen him. And I saw at once that I was entitled, and ought, to make request for him. And I began to pray much for him, and make lamentation to the Lord. At once on this very night this was shown to me. I saw Dinocrates coming forth from a dark place, where there were many other dark places, very hot and thirsty, his countenance pale and squalid; and the wound which he had when he died was in his face still. This Dinocrates had been my brother according to the flesh, seven years old, who had died miserably of a gangrene in the face, so that his death moved all to loathing. For him then I had prayed; and there was a great gulf between me and him, so that neither of us could approach the other. There was besides in the very place where Dinocrates was a font full of water, the rim of which was above the head of the child; and Dinocrates stood on tiptoe to drink. I grieved that the font should have water in it and that nevertheless he could not drink because of the height of the rim. And I woke and recognized that my brother was in trouble. But I trusted that I could relieve his trouble, and I prayed for him every day until we were transferred to the garrison prison, for we were to fight with the beasts at the garrison games on the Cæsar Geta’s birthday. And I prayed for him day and night with lamentations and tears that he might be given me.
“During the daytime, while we stayed in the stocks, this was shown to me. I saw that same place which I had seen before, and Dinocrates clean in body, well clothed and refreshed; and where there had been a wound, I saw a scar; and the font which I had seen before had its rim lowered to the child’s waist; and there poured water from it unceasingly; and on the rim a golden bowl full of water. And Dinocrates came forward and began to drink from it, and the bowl failed not. And when he had drunk enough of the water, he came forward, being glad to play as children will. And I awoke. Then I knew that he had been released from punishment” (Martyrdom of Saints Perpetua and Felicitas 2:3-4).
211 – Tertullian becomes a heretic
215 – Saint Hippolytus of Rome describes priestly ordination and Infant Baptism (Apostolic Tradition); calls Mary “spotless God-bearer” (ವಿಶ್ವ ಅಂತ್ಯ ಮೇಲೆ ಡಿಸ್ಕೋರ್ಸ್)
“Baptize first the children; ಮತ್ತು ಅವರು ಇದನ್ನೇ ವೇಳೆ, ಅವರಿಗೆ ಹಾಗೆ ಅವಕಾಶ. ಇಲ್ಲದಿದ್ದರೆ, let their parents or other relatives speak for them” (Apostolic Tradition 21).
243 – Mary appears to Saint Gregory Thaumaturgos
250 – First Recorded Prayer to Mary: ನಿನ್ನ ಅಡಿಯಲ್ಲಿ
254 – Origen dies
258 – Martyrdom of Pope Saint Sixtus II and companions during Mass in the Catacomb of Saint Callistus in Rome
258 – Martyrdom of Saint Lawrence, deacon of Pope Sixtus and treasure of the Church of Rome
258 – Martyrdom of Saint Cyprian, Bishop of Carthage