세례

The Baptism of Christ by Fra AngelicoWhat is baptism?

It is spiritual cleansing with water.

To be baptized is to one is born again, to receive sanctifying grace, which God’s gift of spiritual life. Jesus revealed the connection between faith and Baptism, when he taught, “He who believes and is baptized will be saved; but he who does not believe will be condemned” (see the Gospel of Mark, 16:16). "진실로, 진실로, 나는 너희에게 이르 노니,” He declares, “unless one is born water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God” (See John 3:5; 강조는 추가).

Jesus Himself, though sinless, was baptized by Saint John at the start of His public ministry; see the Gospel of Matthew, 3:13. 노트: Jesus was sinless because he was wholly-God and wholly-man. It’s the former, not the latter that is important. Because he was wholly-God his thoughts and actions had to beby definition one could saythe same as God’s. (He was God, after all.)

그래서, why would he need to be baptized? He didn’t, but as Saint Ambrose of Milan explained in the fourth century, “The Lord was baptized, not to be cleansed Himself but to cleanse the waters, so that those waters, cleansed by the flesh of Christ which knew no sin, might have the power of Baptism” (누가 복음에 대한 해설 2:83).

The Baptism of Saint Augustine by Nicolo di PietroBefore ascending to heaven, Jesus reiterated his message to the Apostles, "그러므로 너희는 가서 모든 족속으로 제자를 삼아, 아버지의 이름으로와 아들과 성령의 세례, teaching them to observe all that I have commanded you” (마태 복음 참조 28:19-20).

A few days later, at Pentecost, Saint Peter is speaking to a crowd. At the end of his sermon, he is asked, “What shall we do?

Peter replies, "회개, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins; and you shall receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. For the promise is to you and to your children and to all that are far off, every one whom the Lord our God calls to him” (사도 행전, 2:38-39).

For the Apostolic Church, Baptism was the gateway to Christian life (see Acts 8:12, 38; 9:18; 10:48). 게다가, ...에서 사도 행전 8:37, the Ethiopian eunuch, having received the Gospel from Saint Philip, expresses the desire for Baptism. 마찬가지로, in Acts 16:33, Paul and Silas baptize the Philippian jailer and his entire household “without delay.” Recounting his own conversion, Paul remembers that Ananias had said to him, “And now why do you wait? Rise and be baptized, 당신의 죄를 씻어, calling on his name” (사도 행전 22:16). Paul tells the Ephesians that “Christ loved the church and gave himself up for her, that he might sanctify her, having cleansed her by the washing of water with the word” (에베소에 바울의 편지, 5:25-26; 강조는 추가). 자신의 디도에게 보내는 편지, the Paul wrotes we are saved “by the bath of rebirth.”

Image of the Baptism of Christ by Gerard DavidThe early Christian historical writings affirm rebirth through water Baptism. 대한 해에 150, 예를 들어, Saint Justin said those who were to be baptized “ are brought by us where there is water, and are reborn in the same manner in which we were ourselves reborn. … For Christ also said, ‘Unless one is born again, he shall not enter into the kingdom of heaven’ (요한 복음 3:3)" (먼저 사과 61).

올해 약 200, Saint Clement of Alexandria wrote, “When we are baptized, we are enlightened. Being enlightened, we are adopted as sons. Adopted as sons, we are made perfect. Made perfect, we are become immortal. … It is a washing by which we are cleansed of sins …” (어린이의 강사 1:6:26:1, 2). 에 대한 217, Saint Hippolytus of Rome spoke of the advent of Christ to the world “and His manifestation by baptism, and the new birth that was to be to all men, and the regeneration of the laver” (세상의 종말에 대한 담론 1). 에 대한 250, Saint Cyprian of Carthage revealed, “When the stain of my past life had been washed away by means of the water of rebirth, a light from above poured itself upon my chastened and now pure heart; afterwards through the Spirit which is breathed from heaven, a second birth made of me a new man” (Letter to Donatus 4).

Image of Ark of Noah on Mount Ararat attributed to Hieronymus BoschNote that the Sacrament of Baptism is prefigured throughout the Old Testament. In Genesis 1:2, it is written that at Creation, “The Spirit of God … moving over the face of the waters,” and the ancient flood that purified the earth are both baptismal metaphors. As Saint Peter wrote, “In the days of Noah, during the building of the ark … a few, 그건, eight persons, were saved through water. 세례, which corresponds to this, now saves you, not as a removal of dirt from the body but as an appeal to God for a clear conscience, through the resurrection of Jesus Christ” (see Peter’s first letter, 3:20-21; 강조는 추가).

The Prophet Elisha’s instruction to the Syrian general Naaman, who had come to him seeking a cure for his leprosy, points to baptismal rebirth. “Go and wash in the Jordan seven times,” the prophet tells him, “and your flesh shall be restored, and you shall be clean” (see the Second Book of Kings 5:10 그리고 레위기, 14:7). As he writes in his First Letter to the Corinthians (10:2), Saint Paul sees figures of Baptism in the cloud of fire and smoke that accompanied the Israelites through the wilderness and in the waters of the Red Sea through which they passed. (He also speaks of the Old-Covenant rite of circumcision as the precursor of Baptism in his Letter to the Colossians (2:11-12).