The Church teaches that relics are instruments of divine grace, and thus sources of healings and conversions. While devotion to relics may seem strange to non-Catholics, it is in fact a thoroughly biblical practice.
The Church reveres the bodies of saints as members of Christ’s Body and temples of the Holy Spirit (ເບິ່ງ Saint Paul ຂອງ ຈົດຫມາຍຄັ້ງທໍາອິດກັບຊາວໂກຣິນໂທ ບົດ 6:15 ແລະ 19), and it views relics as proof that God does not forsake our physical nature, but redeems it “from its bondage to decay” (see his ຈົດຫມາຍເຖິງຊາວໂຣມ, 8:21).
The veneration of relics, ຍິ່ງໄປກວ່ານັ້ນ, points to the bodily resurrection promised to the followers of Christ (ເບິ່ງ, ອີກເທື່ອຫນຶ່ງ, the Letter to the Romans, 8:21).
This is especially true of the Incorruptibles: those rare instances, inexplicable to science, in which the body of a Saint has resisted decay.1
The Church also teaches that God’s grace may be received through the body of a holy man or woman because it has been consecrated to God, and there is a strong biblical precedent for this. ຍົກຕົວຢ່າງ, the Israelites carry the bones of Joseph with them through the wilderness (ເບິ່ງ ການອົບພະຍົບ 13:19), and his bones were later buried in sacred ground at Shechem (ເບິ່ງ ໂຢຊວຍ 24:32). ໃນ Second Book of Kings, a dead man is resurrected when his body comes into contact with the bones of the Prophet Elisha (13:21), and in the New Testament, the followers of Saint John the Baptist come for his body after he is put to death by Herod (ເບິ່ງ ມັດທາຍ 14:12).
People are healed by touching the fringe of Jesus’ garment (ມັດທາຍ 9:20-22, et al.), by Saint Peter’s shadow (ໄດ້ ກິດຈະການຂອງອັກຄະສາວົກໄດ້ 5:15), and cloths that have been pressed to the body of Saint Paul (ກິດຈະການ, ອີກເທື່ອຫນຶ່ງ, 19:11-12).
From the historical record, we learn that around the year 156 the Christians in Smyrna gathered up the charred bones of their martyred Bishop, Polycarp, who had been a disciple of the Apostle John. They wrote that they considered the Saint’s bones to be “more valuable than precious stones and finer than refined gold;” and reserved them in a special place for veneration (The Martyrdom of Saint Polycarp 18:2-3). This practice has been maintained by the faithful of all generations.
Others often have difficulty with the veneration of relics because of their own view of Creation. From their perspective, the thought of God using material things to convey His grace is utterly appalling. Catholicism, ເຖິງແມ່ນວ່າ, in the likeness of the Lord Jesus, its Founder, is an incarnational religion, i.e, God as man: fully-god, fully-human in every way but sin.
Acknowledging man was created with a body as well as a soul, the Church does not denigrate the physical world, but raises it up to God for renewal (ເບິ່ງຂອງໂປໂລ ຈົດຫມາຍຄັ້ງທໍາອິດກັບຊາວໂກຣິນໂທ, 6:19-20).
This is especially true of the Sacraments, which are visible signs that convey grace.
Other instances of material things used in Scripture as channels of grace include:
- water: ເບິ່ງ ການອົບພະຍົບ 30:17, ໄດ້ Book of Numbers 8:6; John 3:5, et al.;
- flesh: ເບິ່ງ ປະຖົມການ 4:4; ການອົບພະຍົບ 12:8; John 6:51-58;
- blood: ເບິ່ງ ການອົບພະຍົບ 12:22 & 24:6; ໄດ້ Book of Leviticus 14:4; ມັດທາຍ 26:28; John 6:53-56, et al.;
- bread and wine: see Genesis 14:18; ການອົບພະຍົບ 12:15 & 20; ມັດທາຍ 26:26, et al.;
- oil: ເບິ່ງ ເຄື່ອງຫມາຍ 6:13;
- ດິນ: ເບິ່ງ John 9:6.
- Jesus taught that God “is not God of the dead, ແຕ່ດໍາລົງຊີວິດໄດ້ " (ລູກາ 23:43). ດັ່ງນັ້ນ, the souls of those who have died in friendship with God are not “asleep” in the grave, but rule with Him in heaven. ການທົ່ວໄປອ້າງອິງໃນພຣະຄໍາພີທີ່ຈະໄດ້ຖືກເສຍຊີວິດ "ນອນຫລັບ" (ເບິ່ງ ມັດທາຍ 9:24) is simply a way of expressing the transience of death and has to do specifically with the body of the deceased, ບໍ່ຈິດວິນຍານຂອງ (ເບິ່ງ ມັດທາຍ 27:52). The body remains on earth for a time while the soul enters into eternity. Catholics believe that at the Last Judgment, the body will be resurrected and reunited with the soul. ↩