Tu'uma'ú wahinetanga o Meri

He aha e whakapono Katorika noho a Meri te wahine, ka ta te Bibilia i mau taeae e tuahine Ihu?

A, aha e mea faufaa ki Katorika wahinetanga o Meri?

Image of the Coronation of the Virgin by Fra AngelicoKo e tali faingofua ko: Whakapono Katorika noho a Meri te wahine puta noa i tona oranga no te mea e parau mau. Ko te whakaako tino karangatia e te Ekalesia a te Mesia, “te pou, ko te turanga o te pono” (kite a Paora o He reta Tuatahi ki Timoteo 3:15); heheuhia mai na roto talatukufakaholó Toputapu; a i roto i te agreeance ki mo'a karaipiture (kite a Paora o He reta Tuarua ki te Thessalonians 2:15).

Na, Whakapono Katorika e te “taea'ee te mau tuahine o te Ariki” faahitihia i roto i te Bibilia i tata-whanaunga o Ihu, engari e kore e tuākana (rite ka whakamārama tatou i roto i te taipitopito i raro).

Heoi, me tino tino, Mea faufaa o Meri Tu'uma'ú wahinetanga ki Karaitiana no te mea o te mea whakaū te reira e pā ana ki a Ihu. Te mutunga iho, tohu tenei whakapono ki te tapu o te Karaiti, a ki te ahurei o te ao Keresitiano: te mahi a te Atua hoko tangata.

Korerotia te peropheta Ezekiela te rangatira “ka haere i roto i, a i muri i ia riro i roto i ka tutakina te kuwaha” (kite Ezekiel 46:12), a ka matau te Ekalesia tenei ki te waiho i te tohutoro ki te fanauraa o te Mesia, me te oraraa taatoa wahinetanga o Meri (kite Saint Ambrose, Haamo'araa o te wahine 8:52). Na, Ko tana tikanga tika e pupuri a Meri tona wahinetanga i muri i te whanautanga o Ihu no te o nei ko ia: Te Atua i roto i te ahua tangata!

Fakatohitapú, ai whakaata tetahi i runga i te aamu o Mohi, me te rakau te pau. Pera me ta Mohi whakatata te ngahere, ka mea te Ariki, “Kaua e whakatata mai; wetekina ou hu i ou waewae, mo te wahi i runga i nei e tu na koe he oneone tapu” (Exodus 3:5).

E āwhina ana tēnei pūrākau tatou ki mahino a Meri Tamau wahinetanga i rua ara.

Image of Moses and the Burning Bush by Dirk BoutsTuatahi, kite tatou e whakatapu te oneone i te mea heke iho i te aroaro o te Ariki i reira. Kia kore tatou e wareware e tenei Atua taua, i puta mai ki a Mohi i roto i te rakau te pau, I hapu i roto i te kopu o Meri.

Na, e anake e tikanga te reira ki te mea e ia, rite taua whenua tapu i roto i Exodus, e hiahiatia ana kia whakatapu, i āta whakaritea, e ko, ki te farii i te Kingi o nga kingi, te Ariki o nga ariki.

Tuarua, te kitenga o nga matua Ekalesia te whakapakoko o te rakau tahunga ano–tahu te ngahere, otiia e kore e pau–rite ki te kupu whakarite o te o Meri foaki whanau, kahore hara tona wahinetanga. No te tauira, i roto i te rau tau wha, Gregory o Nysse i tuhituhi, “I nuitia aha Ua ravehia i taua wa i roto i te mura o te rakau whakakitea i roto i te mea ngaro o te wahine. … Ka rite ki runga i te maunga ki te rakau tahuna engari a kihai i pau, na hoatu ana e te wahine i whanau ki te marama, a kahore a ngaro” (I runga i te Birth o te Karaiti).

Image of The Burning Bush by Nicholas FromentKo hono mo'oní, E karanga nui a Meri Tu'uma'ú wahinetanga ki te ao e no te mea ko te Karaiti kia tapu–Te Atua iho–e kua tano te reira i hoki a ia ki te kua i hanga i roto i te kopu o te wahine noa; a, ano, hoki ki te i haere mai nga tangata hara i taua kopu ano i muri ia ia–i āta whakaritea te kopu ki te amo i te Karaiti. Ano, whakaaro Ezekiel, “[Ko te rangatira] ka haere i roto i, a i muri i ia kua puta te kuwaha e tutakina.”

Tohua te wahinetanga o Meri i te wa o te whanau o te Ariki e te poropiti a Ihaia, nei kī, “Nana, ka hapu te wahine, ka whanau he tama, a ka karanga tona ingoa ko Emanuera” (7:14; kite Matthew 1:23 a Luke 1:27). Isaiah, muri katoa, whakaū tona wahinetanga i roto i hapu a i roto i te whanau. Ano. Te pahonoraa a Meri, ki te faaararaa o te Anahera e hapu ia, ka whanau hoki he tama–“Me pehea e taea tenei e mai kahore ahau e mohio te tangata?” (Luke 1:34)–mārama fokotuu mai e ia i te wahine. Tana tauhohe whakauaua hanga tikanga te kore.

Fakahu'unga ona kāwanatanga tonu virginal te i roto i te Song o Horomona, e ta, “He kari kua oti te tutaki toku tuahine, toku wahine marena hou, he puna hiri” (4:12).

Nahea tatou ia maramarama ki tenei homai te meka i taumautia ia ko Hohepa, a muri marenatia? He he iho tahito e mau i whakatapua Meri ki te Ariki, ano he wahine tapu i aruaruraa; a e ka haere mai ia i te ao i tukua ki a Hohepa, ivi pakeke nui rawa ia ia ia (CF. Protoevangelium o Hemi).

Ko te ariā o te viivii i roto i te faaipoiporaa i raro i etahi tikanga ko, pono, he ariā te Bibilia. No te tauira, i roto i te Buka Tuatahi o Kings 1:4, E Kingi Rawiri he kotiro, Kawau, ki te hei ki tana wahine ki te tiaki hoki ia i roto i tona koroheketanga, engari kai i whanaunga ki a ia.

Ano, i roto i tona reta Tuatahi ki te Korinetia, Te āhua o te noho takakau whakatapua ranei marenatanga mau tonu Paora tūtohu ki te hunga e taea farii i te reira (kite 7:37-38).

Image of The Annunciation by The Master of PanzanoMahino, i roto i te marama o ia karanga ki mau i te Tama a te Atua, Te faaipoiporaa o Meri ki a Hohepa, ko tawhiti atu i noa. I whakarite te reira e te Atua mo te tiaki me te tiaki o te wahine me ona Tama–ki te pupuri i te ao Keresitiano huna i te ao mo te wa. “Ko te wahinetanga o Meri, e whanau ai, a hoki te mate o te Ariki, i huna i te rangatira o tenei ao,” i tuhituhi Ignatius o Anatioka, he akonga o te Aposetolo John, i roto i pā ana ki te tau 107: “–e toru mea ngaro nui atu te karanga, engari mahi i roto i te puku o te Atua” (Letter ki te Ephesia 19:1).

I roto i te Matthew 1:19, Parau mo'a karaipiture tatou ko Jospeh “he tangata tika.” Ko te kupu, ka rongo hapu a Meri i te tamaiti i tetahi atu, faaoti ia ki te hoatu ia atu ata ki te whakaora ia ia i te mahia pea raro i te ture a Mose (rite ia Deuteronomy 22:23-24).

Ka whakaurua te Ariki, ahakoa, korero ia i roto i tetahi anahera, he mea moemoea i roto i, “Kaua e wehi ki te tango ia Meri, i tau wahine, Ko o te Wairua Tapu mo e hapu nei i roto i a ia; e whanau ia he tama, a ka huaina e koe tona ingoa ko Ihu, no te mea ka whakaora tona iwi io ​​ratou hara” (Matthew 1:20).

Kihai i pai ki a Hohepa i tango i enei kupu ki te tikanga o, ahakoa, e ko Meri ki te hei tana wahine i roto i te tikanga noa o te kupu. Ka rite ki i tuhituhi Saint Ambrose o Milan,

“E kore e hanga i taua tetahi rerekētanga e ai ta te karaipiture: 'Ka tango a Hohepa i tana wahine, a haere ana ki Ihipa’ (Matt. 1:24; 2:14); hoatu hoki tetahi wahine taumau ki te tangata te te ingoa o te wahine. Ko te reira i te wa e haamata te faaipoiporaa e mahi i te kupu faaipoiporaa te. Ehara i te mea i te Rina o te wahinetanga e hanga he faaipoiporaa, engari te kirimana faaipoiporaa. Ko reira, ina tango ana te kotiro ki te ioka e haamata te faaipoiporaa, e kore, ka tae mai ia ki te mohio ki tana tane i te pae tino” (Ko te Haamo'araa o te wahine me te Tamau wahinetanga o Meri 6:41).

Ko whanau ia i te Tama a te Atua i hanga ia te tuatahi o nga hoa o te Wairua Tapu (ia Luke 1:35); a Hohepa riria i raro i te Ture ki te whai faaipoiporaa whanaunga ki te hoa faaipoipo o tetahi.

He aha e pā ana ki te “taea'ee te mau tuahine o te Ariki?”

Tuatahi, kia tohu te reira i roto i taua i reira te mea he tata i roto i faahiti i te mau irava i karaipiture i roto i te horopaki o te katoa o te karaipiture. Ko te take i tuku a Meri Ihu ki te Aposetolo Ioane, hei tauira, Kei te kore i te tohu kaha to ia tuākana tūturu (kite John 19:27). Hoki ki te mea i a Meri te tahi atu mau tamarii, Kihai ano i a Ihu ki te ui ki te tangata i waho o te utuafare ki te tiaki hoki ia. (He tautohe ki tenei whiwhi etahi umeraa i roto i te porowhita mihingare ko te ariā i tukua a Meri Ihu ki a Hoani, no te mea o Hemi, ko te Ariki ētahi atu “teina” e kore ano i mau Kerisetiano. Ko tenei tautohe, ko te ngoikore. Ki te i te take tenei, e titau tetahi nga Kōsipelí ki te hoatu te tahi mau tatararaa ki tenei pānga. Ko te take i homai a Ihu Meri ki a Hoani kahore whakamārama tohu kahore atu tamariki i Meri.)

Image of Presentation at the Temple by Stefan LochnerKia pehea te, ka, Ko ki te tikanga e matou irava pērā i Matthew 13:55, i roto i nei te iwi i roto i te parau mano, “Ehara tama e kore tenei i te o te kamura? Kahore koia i mohiotia Meri ki te hei tona whaea ko Hemi, Hohepa, Haimona ko Hura, ona teina? Kahore ianei ona tuahine i to tatou hoa?”

Ko te tūranga Katorika e enei “teina” a “tuahine” i whanaunga tata, pērā i whanaunga, engari e kore e tuākana, whakaae ki te ritenga tawhito Hurai o karanga tetahi o whanaunga “teina” (ia Genesis 13:8; 14:14; 29:15, et al.). Ka rite ki Pope John Paora i tuhituhi te nui, “Kia haamana'o te reira e te vai kahore wā motuhake i roto i te reo Hiperu ko Hiriani ki te whakapuaki i te kupu 'whanaunga', me e te teina ki te wā '’ me 'tuahine’ Na whakaurua e rave rahi nekehanga o te hononga.”1

Ano, te reira te wāhi kē whakakitea i roto i Matthew e “Hemi raua ko Hohepa” i mau tama a te rerekē Meri, e tu ki te toenga o nga wahine i te waewae o te Cross, a haere tahi Meri Makarini ki te urupa i runga i te ata Aranga (27:55-56; 28:1).

Kei te whakapono tenei tera Meri ki te wahine o Kereopa, ko wai e kua te matua keke o Ihu (kite John 19:25; hi'o atoa Iusepiasi, History o te Ekalesia 3:11).2 Kei te korero te reira, ano, e a te Ariki “teina” Kei te wahi i roto i te karaipiture ki rite tama a Meri, rite Ihu huaina maha te (kite Matthew 13:55; Mark 6:3, et al.).

He irava Evanelia atu e rua e faahiti pinepine hoariri o te Meri Tu'uma'ú wahinetanga: Matthew 1:25 a Luke 2:7.

Matthew 1:25 ta e Hohepa “i kahore whanaunga ki a ia i tetahi wa i mua i whanau ia he tama.” Ka rite ki faataa Ludwig OTT i roto i Tumu o Katorika Dogma, ahakoa, teie irava “whakapuaki(s) e ki runga ki te wāhi tino i roto i te wa e kore i ka oti te faaipoiporaa, otiia e kore e tetahi rawa i ka oti te reira i muri i tenei” (Tan Pukapuka, 1960, p. 207). Ko te whāinga o Matthew 1:25 ko ki te whakaū i a Ihu kahore papa te fenua nei, a ko pono te Tama a te Atua. Te reira e kore te auraa ki fokotu'u tetahi mea e pā ana ki a Hohepa, a Meri te hononga i muri i a Ihu’ whanau. Fakakaukau te Tuarua Buka a Hamuera 6:23, e ta e Meri “kahore he tamariki ki te ra i mate ai ia.” Oia mau, e kore tenei te tikanga o i ia he tamaiti i muri i mate ia. I roto i te Matthew 28:20, Fafau a Ihu ki hei ki Hono kau muimuí “ki te tata o te ao.” Ano, e kore tenei te tikanga e mutu ia ki te hei ki a ratou i tawahi taua wāhi.

I roto i te Luke 2:7, Karangatia e Ihu te Meri o “matamua.” Heoi, rite Pope John Paora faataa:

“Ko te kupu 'matamua,’ auraa 'te tamaiti e kore mua i tetahi atu’ a, i roto ano, hanga kahore tohutoro ki te oraraa o te tahi atu mau tamarii. Ano, te Kaikauwhau whakanuitia tēnei āhuatanga o te Tamaiti, mai i hono etahi herenga tika ki te ture a nga Hurai ki te whanau o te tama matamua, takitahi o ahakoa ai te whaea i hoatu whanau ki ētahi atu tamariki. Ko te kupu i ngohengohe ki enei prescriptions nga tama anake no te mea ko ia 'tuatahi nonaianei’ (CF. Luke 2:23)” (“Foaki e te Ekalesia a Meri rite 'Ever wahine'”)

Jesus, Mary and Joseph and angelsMichael O'Carroll, ano, korerotia, “Ko te tuhituhinga tanumanga Hurai i roto i Ihipa, teiti i te senekele matamua, … tauturu whakahoki te whakahē ki te wahinetanga mau tonu a Meri i runga i St. Te whakamahi o te kupu Luke o 'matamua’ (prototokos) (2:7). Ko whakaaturia te kupu kihai i whakapae ētahi atu tamariki e tona whakamahi i roto i tenei take ki te whakaahua i te wahine i mate i muri i te whanautanga o tana tamaiti tuatahi, nei kihai i taea e mārama i ētahi atu” (Theotokos: He Theological Encyclopedia o te hari wahine a Mary, Michael Glazier, 1982, p. 49).

He aha ianei te matua Ekalesia Mea atu?

Mai i ngā taha e rua i roto i te tautohe mo te Meri Tu'uma'ú wahinetanga, pro me te con, hanga tohenga te papa'iraa mo'a ia tautoko i to ratou ti'araa, me pehea e ki te whakatau ia tatou nei te mea tika? Ko wai kei te whakamārama i tika te karaipiture, i roto i te ara authentically aposetolo?

Ko e founga ki te whakarato i te tautoko, ko te ki te kōrero tohi hītori tahito o Karaitiana, e mōhiotia ana te tohi o te matua Early Ekalesia.

Clement o Arehanaria, hei tauira, i te tīmatanga o te rau tau tuatoru i tuhituhi, “Mama tenei anake ko kahore he waiu, no te mea ia anake e kore i riro i te wahine. Ko ia i kotahi e rua wahine a Mother” (Ko te Instructor o te tamariki 1:6:42:1).

Whatupango o Clement, Pūtake, i roto i te tekau tau tuatahi o taua rautau, whakapumautia e Meri “kahore tama atu ko Ihu” (Fakamatala i runga i a Hoani 1:6). Atu vahi, tuhituhia ana e ia, “A e ahau whakaaro te reira i roto i te au i te take i ko te matamua-hua a Ihu i roto i nga tangata o te viivii i ngā i roto te viivii, a ko Meri i roto i nga wahine; e kore hoki i reira karakia ki te waiho ki tetahi atu atu i a ia te matamua-hua o te wahinetanga” (Fakamatala i runga i te Mataio 2:17).

Āpiti atu ki te whakamoemiti ki tōtōā mo ia, Athanasius (d. 373) fakamatala'i Meri rite “Ever-Virgin” (A'oraa ki te Arians 2:70).

I roto i te e pā ana ki 375, Tohe Epiphanius, “I reira tonu ki te tangata o tetahi tupuranga nei i maia te korero ki te ingoa o Meri Tapu, me i ui, kihai i tāpiri tonu, 'Te wahine?'” (Panarion 78:6).

“He pono,” i tuhituhi Pope Siricius i roto i 392, “e kore e taea e tatou e whakakahore e ko tino tika tou tura i roto i te riri ki a ia i runga i te kaute o ngā tamariki a Meri, a i koe take pai ki te miharo i te whakaaro kia puta tetahi whanau i te kopu virginal taua i nei whanau te Karaiti i rite ki te kikokiko” (He reta ki te Anysius, Pihopa o Teharonika).

Ambrose kōrero i roto i 396, “Pee ia, metua vahine tapu, nei i roto i a ia whakaturia mai he tauira na nui o rauemi angama'á anake Tama aroha; kihai hoki ngā tamariki reka koe, e kore ano i te wahine rapu i te whakamarie o te taea ki te mau tetahi atu tama” (Letters 63:111).

Augustine o Hippo (d. 430) parau, “He whanau Virgin, he whanau Wahine, he wahine hapu, he wahine, e puta, he mau tonu wahine. He aha ta koutou e miharo i tenei, E te tangata? Ko tana tikanga tika hoki ki te e whanau i te Atua te kupu, ka ai ia, ki te riro i te tangata” (A'oraa 186:1).

Korerotia Pope Leo te nui i roto i 449, “I hapu ia o te Wairua Tapu i roto i te kopu o tona Mother Virgin. Kawea ia ia ki waho o te mate o te wahinetanga, pera ano me ka hapu ia ia ia, kahore ona mate” (Tome 28). Te tahi atu vahi i tuhituhi te Pontiff, “Hoki te hapu Virgin, he whanau Virgin, a ka noho ia i te wahine” (Malanga i runga i te hakari o te'Alo'í 22:2).

Ko te kupu, e kitea e tatou he tonu hītori o tenei ako i te tau wawe o te whakapono ki raro, ki tenei ra.


  1. Kite “Foaki e te Ekalesia a Meri rite 'Ever Virgin;'” L'Osservatore Romano, Edition wiki i roto i te reo Ingarihi, Mahuru 4, 1996.
  2. “He tautohe ki tenei, ahakoa,” ā-Karl Keating, “Ko e ko kē James (Mt 10:3) fakamatala'i rite te tama a Arapiu, e 'e' uhinga e Meri, te tangata ko ia, ko te wahine o raua Kereopa me Arapiu. Ko tētahi otinga ko i kotahi uitou ia, ka toe mali. Arapiu atu pea ko Kereopa (Kereopa i roto i te Kariki) Ko te tangata ano, mai taea te whakautu a te te ingoa Hiperu mo Arapiu i Kariki i roto i te huarahi rerekē, rānei rite Arapiu Kereopa rānei. Ko tētahi atu pea ko e tangohia e Arapiu he ingoa Kariki rite ki tona ingoa Hurai, te ara i mau a Haora ki te ingoa Paora” (Katorika me fundamentalism, Ignatius Press, 1988, p. 288).