Jesus says in मॅथ्यू 23:9, “Call no man your father on earth, for you have one Father, who is in heaven.”
Some have misused this verse to denounce the Catholic practice of calling priests “Father.” Jesus’ words here are not meant to be taken literally, तरी. They are an hyperbole designed to emphasize our heavenly Father’s sovereignty: that He is the true source of life and wisdom (पॉल पाहू इफिस पत्र 3:14-15).
We know the Apostles did not take Jesus’ words in मॅथ्यू 23:9 literally, साठी they called themselves Father!
Saint Paul, उदाहरणार्थ, wrote in his करिंथकर प्रथम पत्र, “For though you have countless guides in Christ, आपण पुष्कळ वडील नाहीत. For I became your father in Christ Jesus through the gospel” (4:15).
Paul considered himself the “father” of the Corinthians because he had spiritually begotten them through the Gospel. This is the same sense in which the title is used by Catholic priests today. We call priests “पिता,” not because they somehow take the place of God the Father, but because they are meant to serve as witnesses, living reminders, of His love, guidance and authority in our lives.
The fact is, the interpretation of मॅथ्यू 23:9 goes against the overwhelming evidence of Scripture.
न्यायाधीश 18:19, उदाहरणार्थ, म्हणतो, “Come with us, and be to us a father and a priest.” In First Thessalonians 2:11, Paul writes, “You know how, like a father with his children, we exhorted each one of you.” (See also Matt. 1:2 ff.; 15:4-5; लूक 14:26; कायदे 7:2; 21:40-22:1; रॉम. 4:11 ff.; 1 करिंथ. 4:14-16; Eph. 6:2; फिल. 2:22; 1 टीम. 1:2; तीत 1:4; Philem. 1:10; आहे. 12:9; Jas. 2:21; 1 पाळीव प्राणी. 5:13; 1 जॉन 2:1, आणि अल.).
The practice of calling priests Father continued in the early centuries of the Church. सुमारे 107 A.D., उदाहरणार्थ, सेंट Ignatius, the Bishop of Antioch implored the faithful to “respect the bishop as a type of the Father” (Letter to the Trallians 3:1).
मध्ये 177, the leaders of the Church of Lyons wrote to Pope Saint Eleutherus, तो म्हणाला, “We pray, Father Eleutherus, that you may rejoice in God in all things and always” (Letter of the Holy Martyrs of Lyons; Eusebius Pamphilus, चर्च इतिहास 5:4:2).
योगायोगाने, the title “Pope” (ग्रीक, Papa), which means Father, was for a time commonly used for all bishops, but eventually came to refer exclusively to the Bishop of Rome.
Given the biblical and historical evidence, Catholics might rightly ask why others do not call their spiritual leaders “Father.”