Virginity perpetual ntawm niam mab liab

Vim li cas thiaj ua Catholics ntseeg hais tias niam mab liab tseem tshuav nkauj xwb, thaum hais cov ntawv Vajtswv Yexus muaj nus/kwv thiab muam/viv ncaus?

Thiab, yog vim li cas tus niam mab liab virginity thiaj li tseem ceeb ua luaj rau Catholics?

Image of the Coronation of the Virgin by Fra AngelicoCov lus teb uas yooj yim yog: Catholics ntseeg hais tias niam mab liab tseem tshuav nkauj xwb no nws lub neej vim nws yeej muaj tseeb. Nws yog ib tug qhia ntawv solemnly proclaimed ntawm Khe tos tuag nyob lub tsev teev ntuj, “lub pillar thiab kev tseeb foundation” (saib kev pov ntawv Thawj tsab ntawv rau Timothy 3:15); ices mus dawb huv kev lig kev cai; thiab nyob rau hauv agreeance muaj vaj dawb huv (saib kev pov ntawv Tsab ntawv thib ob rau cov Thexataunikas 2:15).

Li ntawd, Catholics ntseeg tias tus “nus/kwv thiab muam/viv ncaus tswv” hais hauv cov ntawv Vajtswv twb nyob ze ze-relations Xus, tab sis cov kwvtij tsis (raws li peb mam li qhia rau hauv qab no qhia).

Ntsig, thiab nws tseem, Mary Perpetual Virginity yog Christianity tseem ceeb heev vim li cas nws affirms txog Yexus. Thaum kawg, kev ntseeg no ntxiv rau lub holiness ntawm Christ thiab tus uniqueness ntawm cov Incarnation: act of Vaj tswv kab txiv neej.

Ezekiel tus tug yawm saub tus me tus tub huabtais “yuav tsum tawm mus, thiab tom qab nws tau ncaim rooj vag yuav tsum raug kaw” (saib Ezekiel 46:12), thiab lub tsev teev ntuj to taub qhov no yog ib tug siv Khetos tus yug me nyuam thiab tus niam mab liab ib virginity (saib cov neeg dawb huv Ambrose, Consecration ntawm nkauj xwb 8:52). Li ntawd, nws sib haum uas niam mab liab yuav khaws nws virginity tom qab Xus vim tsis muaj leej twg lawm.: Vaj tswv nyob rau hauv daim ntawv pej xeem!

Scripturally, ib tug yuav muaj kev cuam tshuam li Mauxes thiab cov hav txwv yeem burning zaj dabneeg. Raws li Mauxes approached lub hav txwv yeem, tus tswv hais tias, “Tsis los nyob ze; muab rho tawm hauj lwm koj nkawm khau ntawm koj ko taw, rau qhov chaw uas koj yuav thoob yog av dawb huv” (Khiav dim 3:5).

Zaj dabneeg no pab kom to taub txog Niam Mab Liab lub Perpetual Virginity ob txoj kev uas peb.

Image of Moses and the Burning Bush by Dirk BoutsUa ntej, peb pom tias qhov av muaj sanctified vim muaj tswv twb ho nqis muaj. Peb yuav tsis hnov qab uas no tib Vaj tswv, leej twg los Mauxes nyob hauv lub hav txwv yeem burning, xeeb nyob hauv niam plab ntawm niam mab liab.

Li ntawd, nws puas yuav haum tsuas tau hais ntawd she, dawb huv li ntawd nyob rau hauv pem teb Khiav dim, yuav tsum tau mus ua sanctified, qhia tshwj xeeb uas npaj, uas yog, tau tus vaj ntxwv uas kav cov vaj ntxwv thiab tus tswv ntawm lords.

Thib ob, lub tsev teev ntuj txiv pom tus duab ntawm cov burning hav txwv yeem nws tus kheej–lub hav txwv yeem aflame, tsis txhob noj–raws li ua ib tug piv txwv qhia ntawm niam mab liab lub muab yug tsis tau forfeiting nws virginity. Piv txwv, nyob rau hauv lub xyoo pua plaub, Gregory of Nyssa sau tau, “Dab tsi yog prefigured tias lub sij hawm hauv cov nplaim taws ntawm lub hav txwv yeem tau tab neeg manifested rau cov tsis muaj tus ntxhais nkauj xwb. … Ua rau lub roob lub hav txwv yeem kub tuag, tiam sis yog tsis noj, li ntawd, tus ntxhais nkauj xwb yug lub teeb thiab twb tsis corrupted” (Rau cov Christ yug).

Image of The Burning Bush by Nicholas FromentYeej tseem zoo, Mary Perpetual Virginity proclaims rau lub ntiaj teb uas vim Christ yog dawb huv li–Vaj tswv nws tus kheej–nws yuav tau them tej rau nws tau tau ua nyob rau hauv lub tsev menyuam los ntawm ib tug poj niam zoo tib yam; thiab, zoo li no, rau cov neeg txhaum kom muaj los ntawm tus niam plab tib tom qab nws–lub tsev menyuam npaj qhia tshwj xeeb uas thev tau leej pleev. Dua, xav txog Ezekiel, “[Tus tub huabtais] yuav tsum tawm mus, thiab tom qab nws tau ncaim rooj vag yuav tsum raug kaw.”

Mary virginity lub sijhawm uas cov tswv yug es yog cov tug yawm saub Yaxayas, leej twg hais tseg, “Behold, nkauj xwb yuav xeeb tub thiab dais muaj tus tub, thiab yuav hu nws lub npe puas” (7:14; saib Matthew 1:23 thiab Luvkas 1:27). Yaxayas, thaum kawg no, affirms tus virginity hauv conceiving thiab nyob rau hauv cov kabmob. Tshaj tej ntawm. Niam Mab Liab lub teb, ntawv tshaj tawm rau lub Archangel nws yuav xeeb tub thiab dais muaj tus tub–“Li cas tau no yog vim kuv tsis paub txiv neej?” (Luvkas 1:34)–yam qhia tias nws yog nkauj xwb. Cov tshuaj tiv thaiv nws tus kog yuav ua rau kev txiav txim zoo tsis.

Nws lub xeev perpetually virginal implied hauv lub Zaj kwv txhiaj rau Xatau-ntoos, uas hais tias, “Ib lub vaj muab tub yog kuv leej muam, Kuv tus nkauj nyab, ib tug ciav ntim” (4:12).

To taub qhov no peb yuav muab cov Disease fact tias nws Yos Xes nyob betrothed thiab tom qab sib yuav li cas? Yog ib tug kab ke ancient uas tuas tias niam mab liab yog nplooj siab rau tus tswv ua nkauj xwb consecrated txij thaum yug kiag; thiab hais tias thaum nws tuaj txog lub hnub nyoog muaj entrusted rau Yos Xes, tus yawg ntsuag hlob npaum li nws (mob CF lub cev. Ntawm James Protoevangelium).

Yog lub tswvyim ntawm chastity nyob rau hauv lub neej nyob tej lub caij, tseeb, lub tswvyim biblical. Piv txwv, nyob rau hauv phau Vaj txwv thawj 1:4, Vaj ntxwv Da-viv yuav siv sij hawm ib leej, Abishag, mus yuav nws tus poj niam tu nws thaum nws muaj hnub nyoog laus, tab sis abstains ntawm relations uas nws.

Tshaj tej ntawm, nyob rau hauv nws tsab ntawv thawj zaug rau lub Corinthians, Paul siv ib lub xeev consecrated celibacy los yog perpetual betrothal rau cov neeg uas tau txais nws (saib 7:37-38).

Image of The Annunciation by The Master of PanzanoHais meej, in Light of hu rau nws thev Vaj tswv tus tub of, Niam Mab Liab lub neej rau Yos Xes yog far from zoo tib yam. Nws yog ordained los ntawm Vajtswv rau cov kev pab thiab kev tiv thaiv tau tus nkauj xwb thiab hawj tub–kom txhob muaj cov Incarnation uas nws nkaum hauv lub ntiaj teb no rau ib lub sij hawm. “Lub virginity ntawm niam mab liab, Nws muab yug, thiab kuj tuag ntawm tswv, yog muab los ntawm cov tub huabtais ntawm lub ntiaj teb,” sau tau Ignatius of Antioch, ib tug thwjtim uas tus tub txib John, thaum txog lub xyoo 107: “–peb nrov proclaimed mysteries, tab sis wrought hauv lub silence Vaj tswv” (Tsab ntawv rau lub Ephesians 19:1).

Nyob rau hauv Matthew 1:19, Vaj dawb huv qhia rau peb yog Jospeh “ib tug txiv neej xwb.” Yog li, coj niam mab liab hnov muaj xeeb tus me nyuam los ntawm ib, nws zoo lawm los tseg nws ntsiag to mus cawm nws ntawm tam tiav raws txoj cai Mosaic (ua ib Kev cai 22:23-24).

Tus tswv intervened, ho, nws paub los ntawm ib tug angel ua npau suav, “Txhob ntshai coj Mab Liab koj tus poj niam, rau cov uas xeeb yog ntawm tus ntuj plig; nws yuav dais tus tub, koj yuav tsum hu tuaj rau nws lub npe Yexus, rau nws yuav cawm nws haiv neeg ntawm lawv cov txhaum” (Matthew 1:20).

Yos Xes yuav tsis tau muab cov ntsiab lus no txhais tau tias, ho, tias niam mab liab yog yuav nws tus poj niam nyob hauv cov hnov lo lus zoo tib yam. Thaum sau tau neeg dawb huv Ambrose ntawm Milan,

“Neither nws xyuas txhua qhov sib txawv uas yog tus vaj hais tias: ' Yos Xes thiaj coj nws poj niam thiab mus rau tim lyiv teb chaws’ (Matt. 1:24; 2:14); rau cov poj niam rau ib man espoused yog muab lub npe ntawm tus poj niam. Nws yog los ntawm cov sij hawm uas lub neej pib kom tus terminology ob leeg ua hauj lwm. Yog tsis cov deflowering uas uas ua rau lub neej virginity, tiam sis daim ntawv cog lus sib. Yog thaum tus hluas nkauj lees txais cov cuab khuam uas pib lub neej, tsis yog thaum nws tuaj cuag koj paub nws tus txiv lub cev” (Lub Consecration ntawm nkauj xwb thiab cov Virginity Perpetual ntawm niam mab liab 6:41).

Tias nws tho qhov vaj tswv tus tub ntawm kom nws xub ke ntawm tus ntuj plig (ib Luvkas 1:35); thiab Yos Xes yog forbidden raws li txoj cai muaj cuab relations uas ke hauv lwm.

Yuav ua li cas txog qhov “nus/kwv thiab muam/viv ncaus tswv?”

Ua ntej, nws yuav tsum raug taw tes qhia tias muaj ib qho xwm txheej rau quoting verses ntawm tus vaj tawm ntawm lub ntsiab lus teb ntawm tus kheej cov vaj. Tus Disease fact tias Yexus entrusts mab liab rau tus tub txib John, Piv txwv, yog ib qho yeej nws tsis muaj kwvtij sij (saib John 19:27). Rau yog hais tias niam mab liab tau lwm tus menyuam, Yexus yuav tsis tau mus nug ib tug neeg saab nrau tsev pab rau nkawv. (Kev sib cav tiv thaiv no nkag mus rau hauv tej traction hauv cov voj Evangelical yog tias Yexus entrusted mab liab rau John vim James thiab tus tswv lub lwm tus notion “brethren” twb tsis tau Christians. Tab sis, yog sib cav no tenuous. Yog tias qhov no ces hais, ib tug yuav cia siab tias tus Gospels muab tej piav los no cov nyhuv. Tus Disease fact Yexus tus uas muab Niam Mab Liab rau John tsis piav ntawd hais niam mab liab tau tsis muaj lwm cov me nyuam.)

Image of Presentation at the Temple by Stefan LochnerUa li cas, ces, peb yuav txhais verses xws li yog Matthew 13:55, nyob rau hauv uas tib neeg nyob rau cov pawg neeg remark, “Tsis yog qhov no rau tus ntoo tub? Tsis yog niam mab liab tau paub tias nws niam thiab James, Yos Xes, Simon thiab Yudas nws tij laug? Nws cov muam/viv ncaus puas tsis peb tej zej zog?”

Tus kav thaus liv position ntawd no “tij laug” thiab “vivncaus” nyob zoo cov kwv tij, xws li loj, tab sis cov kwvtij tsis, Nws pom zoo nrog qhov ancient Yudais nchuav ntawm hu rau ib tus kinsman “tijlaug” (ib Genesis 13:8; 14:14; 29:15, al li.). Thaum sau tau Pope John Paul lub Great, “Nws yuav tsum tau rov uas tsis muaj ib lo lus tshwm sim nyob rau hauv Hebrew thiab Aramaic hais lo lus 'nkauj muam nraug nus', thiab ib lo lus ' nus’ thiab ' tus muam’ vim li no ntau degrees ntawm kev sib raug zoo nrog.”1

Tshaj tej ntawm, Nws yog sim lwm qhov ices hauv Matthew uas “James thiab Yos Xes” twb ua tau tug tub ntawm ib hom niam mab liab, leej twg sawv rau ntawm lawd tus poj niam ntawm tus taw ntawm tus ntoo khaub lig thiab nrog nws cov lus Mary Magdalene rau lub qhov ntxa rau Easter thaum sawv ntxov (27:55-56; 28:1).

No mab liab feem ntau ntseeg tau tias yog tus poj niam Clopas, leej twg yuav tau ib tug txiv ntxawm Xus (saib John 19:25; xyuas ntxiv Eusebius, Keeb kwm ntawm lub tsev teev ntuj 3:11).2 Nws puas paub, tas, uas tus tswv “brethren” yog nowhere hauv vaj hu ua tug tub ntawm niam mab liab, Thaum Yexus feem ntau yog hu ua (saib Matthew 13:55; Kos 6:3, al li.).

Muaj ob tug lwm Khetos txoj ntoo zoo verses tias tw ntawm niam mab liab lub Virginity Perpetual ntau pabneeg: Matthew 1:25 thiab Luvkas 2:7.

Matthew 1:25 hais tias Yos Xes “muaj tsis muaj relations nrog nws txhua lub sij hawm ua ntej nws tho qhov tus tub.” Raws li Ludwig Ott piav nyob rau hauv Cov Catholic Dogma Fundamentals, ho, nqe vaj lug kub no “vajhuam(s) tias muaj tseeb li taw tes rau lub sij hawm lub neej twb tsis consummated, tab sis tsis yog lus hais tias nws yog consummated tom qab no” (Phau ntawv ziab, 1960, p. 207). Lub hom phiaj ntawm Matthew 1:25 yog mus affirm tias Yexus twb tsis muaj txiv earthly, thiab yog hais tiag tus vaj tswv tus tub of. Nws twb tsis meant hais txog Yos Xes thiab mab liab txoj kev sib raug zoo yam tom qab Yexus’ yug. Xav txog qhov Xa-muyees ob phau 6:23, uas hais tias niam mab liab “muaj ib hnub nws tag sim neej tsis muaj me nyuam.” Obviously, qhov no tsis txhais hais tias nws muaj ib tug me nyuam tom qab nws tuag. Nyob rau hauv Matthew 28:20, Yexus nrog nws followers promises “rau cov muaj hnub nyoog kaw.” Dua, qhov no tsis txhais hais tias nws yuav tsum nrog lawv yuav tshaj tias txoj.

Nyob rau hauv Luvkas 2:7, Yexus yog hu ua tus niam mab liab “First-born.” Txawm li cas los, raws li tau piav Pope John Paul:

“Lo lus ' firstborn,’ cia txhais tau hais tias ' tsis preceded los ntawm lwm tus’ thiab, rau nws tus kheej, yuav ua rau tsis muaj siv rau lwm cov me nyuam yaus lub hav zoov. Tshaj tej ntawm, lub Evangelist stresses no cov xeeb ceem ntawm cov me nyuam, txij thaum cov nqi uas txoj cai muab rau Yudais tau txuas rau yug tub firstborn, independently ntawm seb tus niam yuav muaj tau yug rau lwm cov me nyuam. Yog li txhua txhua tus tub uas tsuas yog cov uas yuav muaj kev vim nws ' begotten ua ntej’ (mob CF lub cev. Luvkas 2:23)” (“Lub tsev teev ntuj pib ua niam mab liab li 'Puas tau nkauj xwb'”)

Jesus, Mary and Joseph and angelsMichael O'Carroll, tas, qhia, “Hauv Yudais sam inscription tim lyiv teb chaws, yos los ntawm tus thawj xyoo pua, … pab teb rau kabke rau Mary perpetual virginity raws li me nyuam. Luvkas txoj siv lo lus ' first-born’ (prototokos) (2:7). Tias lo lus twg tsis teev lwm cov me nyuam no yog muaj los ntawm lawv kev siv qhov no los piav ib tug poj niam twg uas tuag tom qab yug tus me nyuam thawj, leej twg yuav tsis obviously puas muaj lwm tus” (Theotokos: Ib Theological Encyclopedia ntawm tus Blessed nkauj xwb mab liab, Michael Glazier, 1982, p. 49).

Qhov twg lub tsev teev ntuj txiv ua hais tias?

Vim hais tias ob tog ntawm cov lus tsis txaus siab tag Mary Perpetual Virginity, pro thiab tej, ua scriptural cov lus txhawb nqa tau lawv txoj hauj lwm, nyob li cas peb yuav txiav txim seb leej twg yog txoj kev? Leej twg yog txhais vaj kom haum, txoj kev authentically apostolic?

Ib txoj kev qhia yog mus tham tus Christianity ancient keeb kwm writings, feem ntau hu ua cov writings txog rau thaum lub tsev teev ntuj txiv.

Clement Alexandria, Piv txwv, lub caij thaum pib ntawm lub xyoo pua peb sau tau, “No niam tib leeg kheej tsis muaj mis nyuj nyob, vim nws tib leeg kheej tsis tau yog ib tus poj niam. Nws yog ib zaug ob leeg nkauj xwb niam” (Cov txij cov me nyuam 1:6:42:1).

Clement lub ntsiab muag, Origen, nyob hauv cov thawj xyoo lawm cov ntawd xyoo pua, qhov yuav paub tseeb tias niam mab liab “muaj tsis muaj lwm tus tub tab sis Yexus” (Commentaries rau John 1:6). Sim lwm qhov, nws sau tau, “Thiab kuv xav hais tias nws nyob rau hauv cov kev sib raug zoo nrog vim hais tias Yexus yog tus xub pib-txiv ntawm cov txiv neej uas lub purity uas muaj nyob rau hauv chastity, thiab niam mab liab yog cov pojniam; nws twb tsis mus ascribe rau tej yam uas tsis yog nws lub npe-txiv hmab txiv ntoo uas virginity pious” (Commentaries rau Matthew 2:17).

Nrog nws extravagant qhuas rau nws, Athanasius (d. 373) Niam Mab Liab muab piav txhij txhua li “Puas-nkauj xwb” (Discourses tiv thaiv cov Arians 2:70).

Nyob txog 375, Epiphanius argued, “Yog muaj puas leej twg muaj qe leej dared rau lub npe ntawm niam mab liab dawb huv, thiab nyob mas, cas tsis tam sim ntawd ntxiv, ' tus ntxhais nkauj xwb?'” (Panarion 78:6).

“Muaj tseeb,” sau tau Pope Siricius 392, “Peb tsis tias koj Reverence tau txig justified nyob rebuking nws rau niam Mab Liab tus me nyuam tau tsis tau, thiab koj hais tias koj muaj qee yam uas yuav tsum horrified rau tus xav tias lwm cov me nyuam yuav them los ntawm tib virginal niam plab los ntawm cov Christ twg yug raws li cov nqaij lawm” (Tsab ntawv tuaj Anysius, Bishop ntawm Thessalonica).

Ambrose commented hauv 396, “Qog nws, leej niam uas dawb huv, uas nyob rau hauv nws tus tub xwb dearly nkawv tau zoo kawg li thiab ib qho piv txwv ntawm cov khoom tawg yooj yim siab zoo tsim; rau tej muaj koj cov me nyuam sweeter, yog tsis pub ua tus ntxhais nkauj xwb mus nrhiav kev pab cov consolation ntawm yuav thev lwm tus tub” (Tsiaj ntawv 63:111).

Cov Hippo Augustine (d. 430) remarked, “Nkauj xwb conceiving, ib cov kabmob nkauj xwb, nkauj xwb cev tsis tab seeb, nkauj xwb tsim nqa, nkauj xwb perpetual. Koj no xav vim li cas, O txiv neej? Nws sib haum rau vaj tswv yug los li no, thaum nws deigned los ua ib tug txiv neej” (Sermons 186:1).

Pope Leo Great tus me nyob rau hauv 449, “Nws yog xeeb ntawm tus ntuj plig nyob rau hauv niam plab ntawm nws nkauj xwb niam. Nws coj nws yees tsis virginity tsi, txawm thaum nws xeeb nws tsis tau nws cov hluav taws” (Tome 28). Sim lwm qhov ntawm Pontiff sau tau, “Rau nkauj xwb xeeb, ib tug nkauj xwb tshau, thiab nkauj xwb nws tseem nyob” (Sermon rau lub tsiab peb caug tus Nativity 22:2).

Yog li, Peb tsis nrhiav ib saab laaj keeb kwm ntawm no qhia ntawv ntawm lub xyoo thaum ntxov hauv txoj kev ntseeg rau niaj hnub no.


  1. Saib “Lub tsev teev ntuj pib ua niam mab liab li ' puas yog nkauj xwb;'” L'Osservatore Romano, Txhua lub limtiam ib tsab English, Cuaj hlis 4, 1996.
  2. “Kev sib cav no tsis txhob, ho,” cai Karl Keating, “Yog tias James tau yeej elsewhere (Mt 10:3) nyob li tus tub ntawm Alphaeus, uas yuav txhais ntawd niam mab liab, Nws yog leej twg, yog tus poj niam ntawm Cleophas thiab Alphaeus. Ib cov tshuaj yog tias nws yog poj ntsuam ib zaug, ces remarried. Ntau zaum Alphaeus thiab Cleophas (Clopas rau cov lus) yog tus tib neeg, vim lub npe Aramaic rau Alphaeus yuav yuav mus nyob hauv cov lus sib xws, tog twg los ua Alphaeus los yog Clopas. Lwm cov tseem yog tias Alphaeus muab ib lub npe Greek zoo ib yam li nws Yudais lub npe, Xaulaus tau muab lub npe pov tias txoj kev” (Catholicism thiab Fundamentalism, Ignatius Press, 1988, p. 288).