Vim li cas ho ua Catholics thov kom cov neeg ntseeg?

Saint Jerome in Prayer by Hieronymus Bosch by Stefano di Sant`AgneseIb txhia criticize Catholics rau thov Vaj tswv rau Ntseeg, hloov kom muaj vaj tswv.

Ua tau, Catholics mas thov kom vaj tswv, tab sis yuav tau nug cov neeg ntseeg ntuj–txhua tus nyob saum ntuj ceeb tsheej–thov Vaj tswv rau Vajtswv rau lawv.

Li ntawd, Thaum ib tus daws thov ntuj rau ib tug neeg dawb huv nws yeej nqai tus neeg dawb huv rau intercede rau nws–mus thov rau nws thiab nrog nws mus rau vaj tswv. Tag nrho cov Christians ua yeej tseem zoo tib qhov thaum nws nug koj txog haujlwm neeg ntseeg nyob ntiaj teb thov Vaj tswv rau lawv, tab sis yog ib tug yuav txais tau tias tus tej lus thov uas ntseeg tau haib dua vim tias lawv mas sawv sanctified hauv vaj tswv tus muaj (saib Tsab ntawv ntawm James neeg dawb huv, 5:16).1

Yexus, thaum kawg no, qhia peb tias Vajtswv "no tsis yog Vajtswv cov neeg tuag, Tabsi cov nyob" (Luvkas 20:38). Thaum lub Transfiguration, Nws tham ntev-tuag lawm ncuab and Mauxes txoj leeg thwj tim nyob ib puag ncig (Kos 9:3). Nws kuj tau cog lus rau tus zoo tub sab. (uas yog kev lig kev cai hu Dismas neeg dawb huv) nws yuav nrog nws nyob hauv Paradise tsw hnub ntawd (Luvkas 23:43).

Nyob hauv Phau Testament tshiab, Yexus muab ib cov lus piv txwv uas ib tug txiv neej nyob rau Hades begs tus intercession ntawm ib tug txiv neej nyob rau hauv lub xubntiag Aplaham rau nws cov kwv tij nyob rau lub ntiaj teb (Luvkas 16:19).

Yexus tau hais lus ntawm tus intercession ntawm tus tub txib saum ntuj, hais, "Pom hais tias koj tsis xyeej no sawv daws yuav tsawg ib tug; rau qhov kuv qhia rau koj tias yav ntuj cov tub txib saum ntuj ib txwm behold lub ntsej muag rau kuv txiv uas nyob saum ntuj ceeb tsheej" (saib Matthew 18:10; tus Phau ntawv nkauj 91:11-12; thiab cov Phau Revelation 8:3-4).

Nws nyob hauv Tsab ntawv rau lub Colossians, Paul sau tias cov neeg ntseeg nyob ntiaj teb muaj lawm twb yog Vaj tswv "nyob rau hauv qhov ncaus ntawm cov neeg ntseeg nyob sib sib" (1:12).

Tus Tsab ntawv rau lub Hebrews hais txog cov txiv neej dawb huv thiab cov poj niam uas tus qub Covenant li ib great "huab khawv" lwm tus nyob rau hauv peb 12:1 thiab tseem nyob hauv verses 12:22 – 23 nrog, "Tab sis koj muaj tuaj rau Mount Xi-oos thiab lub nroog ntawm lub nyob Vaj tswv, cov Jerusalemand los innumerable tub txib saum ntuj hauv festal heavenly sib sau ua ke, thiab rau qhov sib dhos ntawm cov first-born uas nkag mus rau saum ntuj ceeb tsheej, thiab kom tus kws txiav txim uas yog Vaj tswv rau txhua yam, ua dab uas yog tus txiv neej zoo meej."

Nyob rau lub Phau Revelation, tus dawb huv martyrs sawv ua ntej Vaj tswv, beseeching nws rau kev ncaj ncees rau persecuted rau ntiaj teb (6:9-11), thiab cov leeg thwj tim thiab Prophets txhos caug ua ntej lub throne Vaj tswv nyob saum ntuj ceeb tsheej thiab muaj tej cov lus thov ntawm tus earthly ncaj ncees rau nws: "golden tais uas muaj xyab, uas yog tus tej lus thov ntawm cov neeg ntseeg" (5:8, 4:4 thiab 20:4). (Nco ntsoov tias qhov ncaj ncees earthly yog feem ntau hu ua nyob rau hauv Phau Testament tshiab "ntseeg." Qhov no yog tsis mus hais lawv tau twb tau siab sanctified, tab sis hais tias lawv cov in the process of nyob sanctified. Piv txwv, Paul admonishes lub Ephesians, uas nws dhau chaw nyob raws li "cov neeg ntseeg uas tseem muaj tug nyob hauv cov Christ Yexus,"mus dhau deb ntawm lawv tus cwj sinful (pom nws tsab ntawv rau lub Ephesians, 1:1 thiab 4:22-23).)

Nyob rau hauv lub Christianity ntxov tshaj plaws keeb kwm writings peb tau txais los hais lus zoo. Pope neeg dawb huv Clement (d. ca. 97), Piv txwv, ntuas tsoom Christians rau, "Raws li cov ntseeg, rau cov neeg uas ua raws li lawv yuav raug sanctified" (Tsab ntawv rau lub Corinthians 46:2; mob CF lub cev. Heb. 13:7).

Thaum txog lub xyoo 156, qhov ncaj ncees hauv Smyrna piav tias lawv worshipped Yexus Khetos, hlub tus martyrs "raws li cov thwj tim thiab imitators ntawm tus tswv, tab sis, thaum lawv tsim nyog, on account of lawv matchless devotion nkawd huab tais thiab xib fwb. Tej zaum peb kuj yuav lawv koom tes thiab cov thwj tim koj txog haujlwm!” (Cov neeg dawb huv Polcycarp martyrdom 17:3; ).

Pib ntawm lub xyoo pua thoj, Neeg dawb huv Clement ntawm Alexandria remarked li cas tus tseeb Ministries "daws thov ntuj nyob hauv lub zej zog cov tub txib saum ntuj, twb yog ntawm angelic plaws, thiab nws yeej tsis tawm ntawm lawv ua dawb huv; thiab ho nws thov Vaj tswv nyob ib leeg, nws muaj cov nkauj uas sawv nrog nws cov neeg ntseeg" (Stromateis 7:12).

Ua ntej nws tuag rau hauv lub arena, Perpetua neeg dawb huv (d. 203) recounted ua zeem muag ntawm lub ceeb tsheej uas nws tau ntsib tus souls ntawm martyrs thiab pom cov tub txib saum ntuj thiab cov txwj laus cog lus worshiping ua ntej cov throne Vaj tswv (saib Lub Martyrdom ntawm cov neeg ntseeg ntuj Perpetua thiab Felicitas 4:1-2). Origen sau tau rau hauv 233, "Yog tsis tsuas muaj txiv neeb uas daws thov ntuj rau cov neeg uas hais tiag thov, tab sis tseem cov tub txib saum ntuj..., thiab cov souls los ntawm cov neeg ntseeg uas tau tso tseg" (Rau cov lus thov piv yeem 11:1). Nyob rau hauv 250, Neeg dawb huv Cyprian ntawm Carthage nyob li cas rau Eucharist thaum lawv muaj haujlwm rau yawm ntawm lub martyrs rau lub anniversaries ntawm lawv cov neeg tuag (saib Tsab ntawv nws Zwj thiab nws haiv neeg tag nrho 39:3).

Hom Misconceptions

Tseem, pab txog qhov thov Vaj tswv rau cov ntseeg pom Protestants tau undermine lub luag hauj lwm cim uas Yes Xus ua tus "ib mloog Vaj tswv thiab txiv neej" (saib kev pov ntawv Thawj tsab ntawv rau Timothy 2:5).

Txawm li cas los, nyob rau Yexus peb mloog tib tug uas Vaj tswv, Neeg dawb huv Paul yog tsis referring mus thov intercessory, tab sis rau cov Atonement. Vim hais tias Yexus yog Vaj tswv thiab txiv neej, Nws tuag tsuas muaj zog kom peb nrog leej txiv reconcile (saib nqe vaj lug kub succeeding nyob rau hauv tsab ntawv tib: 2:6). Tus intercession ntawm cov neeg ntseeg ntuj, los yog cov intercession cov Christians yajceeb nrog rau qhov teeb meem ntawd, tsis cuam tshuam nrog cov Christ lus sib hais ua ntej tus txiv, tiam sis draws raws li qhov nws. Yog li pov, nyob rau hauv cov kab leg dej num nqe vaj lug kub 2:5, txhawb cov Christians ke thov intercessory, nws "yog ib qho zoo, thiab... yog xam pom lub vaj peb tus cawm seej tswv " (2:1 – 3).

Cov ntseeg tsis muaj obstacles pab xws li Yexus, tab sis piv txwv nyob Yawmsaub muab daim ntawv qhia peb yuav ua li cas pab nws txawm. Ua niam Angelica, foundress ntawm cov ib txhis lo lus TV Network (EWTN), plainly tso nws, "Kuv yog ib tug Franciscan, uas txhais tau tias kuv ua raws li Yexus mus raws li tus piv txwv ntawm cov yawm liv xwm ntawm Francis of Assisi" (nrog Christine Allison, Teb, Cog tsis, Ignatius Press, 1996, p. 15).

Yog li peb hais: leej txiv li cas yuav tsis saib nws cov me nyuam honored hlub? Yog tsis honoring tus me nyuam yeej tseem zoo muaj li no: txoj kev honoring leej txiv (xyuas hauv phau cov paj lug 17:6)? Lub tsev teev ntuj tsis exalt cov ntseeg rau lawv tus kheej sakes, tiam sis for the sake of tus Vajtswv uas tsim lawv, sanctified lawv, thiab tsa ceg lawv tuaj ua ntej peb.

Nws yog cov lus thov piv yeem, tsis teev!

Piv, Feem ntau Protestants Herpes Catholic thov kom cov neeg ntseeg li teev. Qhov no los ntawm ib qho tseeb notion tias nws thiab teev yog synonymous.

Txawm nws yog qhov chaw hawm, qog teev muaj cov txheem txheej ntawm tus chij (saib Khiav dim 20:24, Zag lus rau Malakhis 1:11; thiab lub pov Tsab ntawv rau lub Hebrews 10:10).

Yeej, lub koom txoos muaj fij ntawm lub Eucharist rau Vajtswv — thiab rau nws tib leeg kheej — nyob dawb huv pawg. Ua zoo ib, Catholics tsis muaj fij rau cov neeg ntseeg ntuj. qhov tseeb, nws yuav surprise critics paub tias lub tsev teev ntuj hierarchy censured ib pawg ntseeg nyob rau hauv lub xyoo pua plaub rau excesses txog ntawm nkauj xwb mab liab. Epiphanius neeg dawb huv, tus Bishop ntawm Salamis, rebuked lub sect hu ua tus Kollyridians rau Self sacrificial mov rau nws (Panárion 79). Nyeem qhov no, tej zaum erroneously xaus kom Epiphanius yuav tsum muaj feem ntau disapproved ntawm Marian devotion. Mus cuag, Txawm li cas los, Epiphanius no enthusiastically yeej txhawb lub tsev teev ntuj tej Ius qhuab qhia rau niam mab liab nyob hauv qhov chaw ua hauj lwm ib yam uas nws rebukes lub Kollyridians.

Kom paub qhov txawv ntawm cov hawm Vaj tswv thiab veneration ntawm cov neeg ntseeg ntuj, Augustine borrowed los ntawm cov lus lus latria thiab dulia, lub qub los piav cov hawm Vaj tswv thiab tus tom tw lauj veneration ntawm cov neeg ntseeg ntuj (saib Lub nroog ntawm Vajtswv 10:1).

Peb venerate cov ntseeg vim lawv tau raug tau sanctified los ntawm vaj tswv.

  1. Nws yog kheev to taub cov Christians uas peb muaj txuas rau ib leeg ntawm nws (saib tus neeg dawb huv Paul Tsab ntawv rau lub loos 12:5 thiab nws thawj tsab ntawv rau lub Corinthians. 12:12).

    Ib yam li cov neeg plig xwb, no thov-txuas tau cawm tuag, rau tus tuag yog powerless "cais peb los ntawm tus hlub Vaj tswv nyob Christ peb Tswv Yexus" (dua, saib kev pov ntawv Tsab ntawv rau lub loos 8:38-39). Cov neeg tuag nyob hauv friendship nrog Vaj tswv yeej tsis "tsaug zog" hauv lub qhov ntxa, tiam sis txoj cai tswj nrog nws nyob saum ntuj ceeb tsheej.[1. Tus uas biblical siv rau cov neeg tuag yog "tsaug zog" (saib Matthew, 9:24, al li.) yog ib tug hais cias uas koj hnov txog tus tuag nraum xwm thiab puas muaj lub cev rau tus tuag lawm no, tus plig tsis (Matthew 27:52). Lub cev rests nyob rau hauv lub qhov ntxa thaum nkawv tuag thaum tus plig nkag rau qhov eternity. Ntawm cov lus txiav txim kawg, lub cev yog resurrected thiab reunited nrog tus ntsuj. Vim hais tias cov - Kas Thaus Liv Christians saib cov neeg tuag ua tsaug zog, thov kom cov neeg ntseeg ntuj zoo nkaus li lawv yuav muab ib daim ntawv ntawm necromancy (xyuas hauv phau ntawv teev txog kev cai 18:10-11 thiab hauv phau Xa-muyees thawj, 28:6). Tab sis, necromancy kom to taub yog tus siab pab glean cov lus qhia los ntawm cov neeg tuag uas otherwise belongs rau vaj tswv ib leeg, xws li paub txog lub neej yav tom ntej. Thov kom cov neeg ntseeg ntuj, rau lwm cov tes, yog pawg nrhiav heavenly intercession.