The Church teaches that relics are instruments of divine grace, and thus sources of healings and conversions. While devotion to relics may seem strange to non-Catholics, it is in fact a thoroughly biblical practice.
The Church reveres the bodies of saints as members of Christ’s Body and temples of the Holy Spirit (हेर्न सेन्ट पल गरेको कोरिन्थीहरूलाई पहिलो पत्र अध्याय 6:15 र 19), and it views relics as proof that God does not forsake our physical nature, but redeems it “from its bondage to decay” (आफ्नो हेर्न रोमीहरूलाई पत्र, 8:21).
The veneration of relics, यसबाहेक, points to the bodily resurrection promised to the followers of Christ (देख्न, फेरि, the Letter to the Romans, 8:21).
This is especially true of the Incorruptibles: those rare instances, inexplicable to science, in which the body of a Saint has resisted decay.1
The Church also teaches that God’s grace may be received through the body of a holy man or woman because it has been consecrated to God, and there is a strong biblical precedent for this. जस्तै, the Israelites carry the bones of Joseph with them through the wilderness (देख्न प्रस्थान 13:19), and his bones were later buried in sacred ground at Shechem (देख्न यहोशू 24:32). मा राजा को दोस्रो पुस्तक, a dead man is resurrected when his body comes into contact with the bones of the Prophet Elisha (13:21), and in the New Testament, the followers of Saint John the Baptist come for his body after he is put to death by Herod (देख्न मत्ती 14:12).
People are healed by touching the fringe of Jesus’ garment (मत्ती 9:20-22, एट अल।), by Saint Peter’s shadow (यो प्रेषितहरूको प्रेरित 5:15), and cloths that have been pressed to the body of Saint Paul (प्रेरित, फेरि, 19:11-12).
From the historical record, we learn that around the year 156 the Christians in Smyrna gathered up the charred bones of their martyred Bishop, Polycarp, who had been a disciple of the Apostle John. They wrote that they considered the Saint’s bones to be “more valuable than precious stones and finer than refined gold;” and reserved them in a special place for veneration (The Martyrdom of Saint Polycarp 18:2-3). This practice has been maintained by the faithful of all generations.
Others often have difficulty with the veneration of relics because of their own view of Creation. From their perspective, the thought of God using material things to convey His grace is utterly appalling. Catholicism, हुनत, in the likeness of the Lord Jesus, its Founder, is an incarnational religion, i.e, God as man: fully-god, fully-human in every way but sin.
Acknowledging man was created with a body as well as a soul, the Church does not denigrate the physical world, but raises it up to God for renewal (पावलको हेर्न कोरिन्थीहरूलाई पहिलो पत्र, 6:19-20).
This is especially true of the Sacraments, which are visible signs that convey grace.
Other instances of material things used in Scripture as channels of grace include:
- पानी: देख्न प्रस्थान 30:17, यो Book of Numbers 8:6; यूहन्ना 3:5, एट अल।;
- flesh: देख्न उत्पत्ति 4:4; प्रस्थान 12:8; यूहन्ना 6:51-58;
- रगत: देख्न प्रस्थान 12:22 & 24:6; यो Book of Leviticus 14:4; मत्ती 26:28; यूहन्ना 6:53-56, एट अल।;
- bread and wine: उत्पत्ति 14:18; प्रस्थान 12:15 & 20; मत्ती 26:26, एट अल।;
- तेल: देख्न मार्क 6:13;
- माटो: देख्न यूहन्ना 9:6.
- Jesus taught that God “is not God of the dead, तर जीवित को " (लूका 23:43). त्यसैले, the souls of those who have died in friendship with God are not “asleep” in the grave, but rule with Him in heaven. मरेका जा गर्न साधारण बाइबलीय सन्दर्भ "सुतेको" (देख्न मत्ती 9:24) is simply a way of expressing the transience of death and has to do specifically with the body of the deceased, छैन प्राण (देख्न मत्ती 27:52). The body remains on earth for a time while the soul enters into eternity. Catholics believe that at the Last Judgment, the body will be resurrected and reunited with the soul. ↩