The Resurrection of Jesus is the foundational doctrine of our Catholic faith, and it is a belief which distinguishes Christianity from all other religions. वास्तबमा, Jesus is the only person in all of history to claim to have returned from the grave by His own power. (We say “person” because we believe he was wholly-God र wholly-man.)
In rising again, Jesus proved His total dominion over death. बस उहाँको मृत्यु रूपमा उहाँको मानवता को प्रमाण छ, पुनर्जीवित आफ्नो देवत्व को प्रमाण छ. त्यसैले, when the Apostle Thomas saw the Risen Christ he called Him, “My Lord and my God!” in the यूहन्नाको सुसमाचार 20:28.
हामी व्याख्या रूपमा elsewhere, Christ’s death is our redemption; His rising is our assurance that we too shall rise again (see Saint Paul’s letter to the Romans, 8:11). यसबाहेक, as Saint Paul write is his कोरिन्थीहरूलाई पहिलो पत्र 15:14, “If Christ has not been raised then our preaching is in vain, and your faith is in vain.”
बौरिउठ्नुभएको ख्रीष्टलाई ख्रीष्टियन पहिलो eyewitnesses महिला थिए, सबैभन्दा बाहेकलाई सेन्ट मेरी मग्दलिनी. That the initial testimony to the faith’s foundational truth was entrusted to women is highly significant because in ancient Palestine the testimony of women carried little weight. त्यसैले, it stands to reason that had the Resurrection been a fabrication the story would have been concocted so that Jesus appeared first to men, perhaps to Saint Peter or one of the Apostles—to someone whose testimony would have carried the most weight, not the least.
Each of the four Gospels testifies to the Resurrection, and it is mentioned throughout the New Testament letters as well.
Beyond Scripture, we have the witness of the historical documents known as the writings of the Early Church Fathers, who were Christians who had learned from the Apostles directly or from others who had known them.
पोपको सेन्ट Clement, उदाहरणका लागि, who knew both Saints Peter and Paul, wrote from Rome in about 96 A.D., “The Master is continually proving to us that there will be a future resurrection, of which he has made the Lord Jesus Christ the firstling, by raising him from the dead” (देख्ने कोरिन्थीहरूलाई Clement को पत्र 24).
Even outside of the community of Jesus’ followers we find historical testimony to the Resurrection. Writing around 93 A.D., उदाहरण को रुपमा, the Jewish historian Josephus described Jesus as “a doer of wonderful works” and “the Christ” (see Antiquities of the Jews 18:3:3). Going on to document Jesus’ trial and crucifixion under Pontius Pilate, he added, “He appeared to (those that loved him) alive again the third day; as the divine prophets had foretold these and ten thousand other wonderful things concerning him.”