N'chifukwa chiyani mabaibulo Osiyana?

Image of a painting of the Transfiguration of Christ by Paolo Veronese

Mwachionekere, Mabaibulo amasiyana chifukwa Mabaibulo, koma pali kusiyana kwambiri lofunika, Ifenso, ndi yokhudza zikuchokera Baibulo, makamaka mabuku analandira mu Old Testament.

zambiri, Akatolika ndi Akhristu ena amati pa mabukuwo monga mu Chipangano Chatsopano, koma iwo mtsutso lolondola ndi mabuku asanu mu Old Testament kuti Akatolika monga.

mabuku awa, akutchedwa deuterocanonical (kapena "chachiwiri ovomerezeka") Mabuku chifukwa mthupi mwawo anali sanatsutse kwa nthawi. Komabe, kuyambira ndi Council wa Roma 382 A.D., amene msonkhano pansi pa ulamuliro wa Papa Saint Damasus I, Mpingo wa Katolika wavomereza n'loonadi ndi kuyenera mabuku awa, pamene magulu ena achikhristu ndi kusachita.

mabuku ndi:

Mabuku deuterocanonical aphatikizidwa wotchuka Alesandriya Canon, Baibulo Greek wa Old Testament opangidwa pakati 250 ndi 100 B.C. ovomerezeka ichi chinapangidwa ndi alembi makumi Chiyuda pa pempho la Farao Ptolemy II Philadelphus, amene ankafuna kukhala ndi chopereka yovomerezeka ya Chiyuda Opatulika Books anawamasulira kuti mupezeke mu Library of Alexandria. Ovomerezedwa opangidwa ndi alembi izi makumi asanu ndi awiri ali mu ulemu wawo podziwika Septuagint pambuyo makumi asanu, ndi Latin mawu akuti "makumi asanu ndi awiri."

The Septuagint anamugwiritsa ntchito Palestine wakale ndipo ngakhale ankakonda mwa Ambuye wathu ndi omutsatira ake. Pamenepo, namtindi mawu Old Testament amene amapezeka New Testament ali ku Septuagint.

Otsutsa ndafotokozera, Komabe, kuti mabuku deuterocanonical si ogwidwa New Testament, koma ndiye kachiwiri ngakhale angapo mabuku omwe sanali Akatolika kuvomereza, monga Oweruza, Choyamba Buku la Mbiri, Nehemiya, Mlaliki, Nyimbo ya Solomo, Maliro, Obadiya, ndi ena. Komanso, ngakhale Chipangano Chatsopano siliyankha zobwereza mabuku deuterocanonical, izo nzimene zikutitsimikizira kuti iwo ndime zosiyanasiyana (yerekezerani makamaka Paulo Letter Aheberi 11:35 ndi The Buku lachiwiri la Maccabees 7:29; komanso Matthew 27:43 ndi Nzeru 2:17-18; Matthew 6:14-15 ndi Sirach 28:2; Matthew 7:12 ndi Tobit 4:15; ndi Machitidwe a Atumwi 10:26 ndi Nzeru 7:1).

Image of a painting of the Apotheosis of Christ by Gerald DavidOyambirira atsogoleri Protestant anakana Septuagint, Akatolika Old Testament, mokomera ndi ovomerezeka opangidwa ku Palestine, amene sanena mabuku deuterocanonical. ovomerezeka chinakhazikitsidwa ndi gulu la Arabi m'mudzi wa Jamnia kutha kwa A.D. atumwi, zaka ziwiri mazana atatu kuposa Septuagint.

Zikuoneka kuti amene anayambitsa Chiprotestanti anapeza kuti amapindula kukana Septuagint chifukwa cha ndime deuterocanonicals amene amathandiza chiphunzitso cha Katolika. mwachindunji, iwo anatenga chokana kwa Buku lachiwiri la Maccabees 12:45-46, amene amasonyeza kuti Ayuda akale anapemphera kwa akufa.

modziwika, Martin Luther anatenga patsogolo mowatsutsa ochepa mabuku New-Testament pa malo ziphunzitso komanso. Iye ananyoza Kalata ya Yakobe, Mwachitsanzo, pa chiphunzitso ake "kuti munthu adzayesedwa wolungama ndi ntchito osati ndi chikhulupiriro chokha" (2:24). Kuphatikiza pa James, amene adayitana "kalata udzu,"Luther anakana Chachiwiri Letter a Peter, ndi Chachiwiri ndi Letters wachitatu wa Yohane, Paulo Woyera Letter Aheberi, ndi Bukhu la Chivumbulutso.

Mpingo wa Katolika amadziwa ulamuliro Baibulo Woyera, Komabe iye si nkhani imeneyi ngati chidendene ulamuliro, monga Lutera anachita.

kulemekeza a mpingo chifukwa Baibulo mbiri palibe angatsutse.

Zotsatirazi kukhazikitsidwa kwa Canon, Papa Damasus analamula Saint Jerome (D. 420), wamkulu m'Baibulo katswiri wa tsiku lake, ndipo mwina nthawi zonse, kumasulira Baibulo mu Latin kotero kuti akhoza kuwerenga konsekonse.1

Baibulo tidzapulumutsidwe pa Ages Middle ndi agulupa Catholic, amene chinaonekeranso pamanja kalata imodzi pa nthawi. Ndime a Baibulo loyamba m'Chingelezi ndi Saint Bede wolemekezeka, wansembe wa Katolika, m'nthawi ya chitatu.

The mabuku a m'Baibulo machaputala mu 1207 ndi Stephen Langton, Akatolika Bishopu wamkulu wa Canterbury. Baibulo loyamba kusindikizidwa anapangidwa mozungulira 1452 ndi Johann Gutenberg, anayambitsa Chikatolika wa mtundu makina. Gutenberg Baibulo m'gulu la mabuku deuterocanonical monga anachitira pachiyambi Authorized kapena King James Version mu 1611.

Baibulo linamasuliridwa ndi tchalitchi cha Katolika ku German ndipo ambiri m'zinenero zina asanabadwe nthawi Lutera. Pamenepo, Kevin Orlin Johnson taonera buku lake, N'chifukwa Chiyani Akatolika zimenezo?

"The wamkulu German chikalata cha mtundu uliwonse ndi kumasulira Baibulo kuchitidwe 381 ndi Chimonko, dzina lache Ulfilas; anamasulira mu Gothic, amene zimene German kalelo. Inu zambiri kumva kuti Martin Luther anali woyamba kumasula Baibulo ku msinga Mpingo ndi kuupereka kwa anthu Lemba njala, koma ndizo zamkhutu mwachionekere. Popeza Ulfilas, panali kuposa zaka chikwi wa pamanja German Mabaibulo a zinenero, ndi osachepera makumi awiri ndi chimodzi kusindikizidwa Mabaibulo German (ndi kuwerengedwa Cardinal Gibbon a) pamaso Luther. " (N'chifukwa Chiyani Akatolika zimenezo?, Ballantine Books, 1995, tsa. 24, N.)

Image of a painting of the Transfiguration of Christ by Paolo VeroneseMonga Akristu ena onse, Akatolika kudalira pa Mzimu Woyera kuti atitsogolere akutanthauzira Lemba; ndi luntha lapadera, Komabe, kuti Mzimu ukugwira ntchito kupyolera galimoto ya Mpingo (onani John 14:26 ndi 16:13). Mzimu amatsogolera Magisterium Mpingo mu osalephera akutanthauzira Lemba, monga Iye motsogozedwa olemba wopatulika mosalephera imene izo.

Anthu ambiri amene si Akatolika amakonda kuona mfundo ya ulamuliro Mpingo kukhala akusemphana ndi ulamuliro wa Mulungu, koma Khristu anatsimikizira Church, "Iye wakumva inu akundimva ine, ndipo iye amene akana inu andikana Ine, ndipo iye amene akaniza Ine akana amene anandituma " (Luka 10:16). Choncho, ulamuliro wa Mulungu sangakhoze anapambulwa pa ulamuliro wa Mpingo Wake. Khristu ndiye gwero la mphamvu mpingo ndipo ulamuliro umenewu amachokera Iye ndi amadziwidwa ndi otsatira ake onse ndipo anamvera.

Ngakhale amanena azinji kutewera ulamuliro wa Baibulo, Choonadi cha nkhaniyi ndi, anthu ambiri zimene Baibulo limanena kumadalira kutanthauzira wapadera wa munthu.

Saint Peter anachenjeza, Komabe, "Kuti palibe chinenero cha lembo ndi nkhani ya kutanthauzira munthu mwiniyo, chifukwa palibe chinenero adadza ndi kugunda kwa munthu, koma amuna adagwidwa ndi Mzimu Oyera analankhula kwa Mulungu " (onani wake Letter yachiwiri 1:20-21; motsindika anawonjezera). Petro anati, mu Buku makalata a Paulo, kuti "Pali zinthu zina mu zovuta kuzimvetsa, amene mbuli ndi wosakhazikika kupindika kudziwononga nawo eni okha, mmene amachitiramu malemba ena. inu tsono, wokondedwa, podziwa ichi, zisadafike, Chenjerani kuti pasakhale inu adatengedwa ndi zolakwa za anthu osayeruzika ndi kutaya kukhazikika anu " (komanso mu Petulo Letter yachiwiri 3:16-17).

Chifukwa chake, Akatolika timayamikira pafupifupi-2,000 chaka, mwambo zogwirizana ya kutanthauzira ndi kumvetsa.

  1. "Pamene Roma subsisted mu Europe, kuwerenga Malemba lilime Latin, chomwe chinali chilankhulidwe chilengedwe ufumuwo, anapambana kulikonse,"Ndi M'busa Charles Buck, sanali Catholic, anavomereza ("Baibulo" mu Theological Dictionary; Patrick F. O'Hare, The Mfundo Zokhudza Luther, Rev. tira., Rockford, Illinois: Tan Books ndi Ofalitsa, Inc., 1987, tsa. 182). Papa Damasus anali Malemba ikumasuliridwa Latin, chilankhulo chilengedwe tsiku lake, Akristu chifukwa chomwecho chi–ngati ife–kuti Malemba kupezeka pa intaneti: kotero kuti anthu ambili mwina mwayi kwa iwo.