Church

Chifukwa Mpingo wa Katolika munthu, mpingo woona?

Choyamba, ndi ofunika kupempha: Kodi Akristu amatanthauza pamene anena chimodzi, mpingo woona?

Chifaniziro cha kupambana kwa Mpingo ndi Andrea di Bonaiuto da Firenze

Kupambana kwa mpingo ndi Andrea Bonaiuto ku Florence

monzama, tikutanthauza amene akukhulupirirabe Utatu Woyera–Mulungu Atate; Yesu, Mwana wa Mulungu; ndi Mzimu Woyera–ndi mfundo zimene Yesu anaphunzitsa pa Utumiki Wake. Koma tiyenera kusamala chifukwa pali anthu amene amadziona Akhristu, koma amene anawonjezera kutanthauzira awo ndi mfundo kuposa chilichonse Yesu anaphunzitsa.

Choncho, “The Church” Zimafuna amene akutsata Yesu ziphunzitso original (digiri zosiyanasiyana), koma kodi Yesu ankatanthauza? Kuti tiyankhe funsoli, m'pofunika kufufuza Sciptures.

mu Uthenga Wabwino wa Mateyu (16:18) Yesu anati kwa Peter, "Ndikukuuzani, ndinu Peter, ndipo pa thanthwe ili ndidzakhazikitsa mpingo wanga, ndipo mphamvu za gehena sadzaulaka. "Kenako mu Matthew 28:20, Yesu akutitsimikizira otsatira ake Iye akanati akhale nawo "nthawi zonse, mpaka ku mathero a m'badwo. "Mofananamo, mu Uthenga Wabwino wa Yohane, Yesu akulonjeza kuti Mzimu Woyera adzakhala ndi Church kwamuyaya (14:16).

Pali zambiri nkhani za m'Malemba zimene zimagwiritsa Ambuye kukhazikitsidwa "ufumu woti sudzaonongeka." (Mwachitsanzo, onani Buku la Danieli (2:44), Yesaya (9:7) ndi Uthenga Wabwino wa Mateyu (13:24).)

Chifukwa iwo, tingakhale otsimikiza kuti Church Yesu founded-munthu, Mpingo woona-has konse wagwa ndipo anaima mosalekeza kuchokera tsiku Saint Peter mpaka lero ndipo adzakhala pano "mibadwo yonse, kunthawi za nthawi" (monga St. Paulo analemba ake Letter to the Ephesians 3:21).

Izi zikutanthauza kuti ziphunzitso Mpingo anapulumuka liziyenda chifukwa anapatsidwa kwa iye ndi Khristu ananena, "Kumwamba ndi dziko lapansi zidzachoka, koma mawu anga sadzachoka ayi " (onani Matthew 24:35 ndi Mneneri Yesaya 40:8).

mu wake Letter woyamba Timothy (3:15), Saint Paulo akupitiriza mpaka kuyitana Church "chipilala ndi linga lolimba choonadi." Chifukwa Mpingo Wake wakhala kudzinenera chiphunzitso chomwecho kwazaka 2,000 zaka, pali mosadodometsedwa mbiri njira yolumikiza dera original ophunzira a Yesu wokha ake m'nthawi. Choncho, ziyenera kukhala zotheka kuti tifufuza ziphunzitso za mmodzi wa matupi m'nthawi Christian mmbuyo kupyola mu nthawi masiku a Atumwi.

Kwautumwi

Onse a m'madera lero Christian angapo ndipo osiyanasiyana, yekha Mpingo wa Katolika akhoza kutsimikizira zonena zake lodalirika mwa Kwautumwi, kapena mzere osasweka mabishopu amene mokhulupirika ziphunzitso Atumwi kwa atumwi lero. choonadi ichi mothandizidwa ndi bungwe la Chikhristu akale-mbiri mabuku a Abambo Early Church–umene unayamba ndi makalata analemba anthu amene anaphunzira Chikhulupiriro mwachindunji Atumwi. zolembedwazi zimapezeka mosavuta pa Intaneti kapena laibulale yabwino iliyonse kapena yamabuku.

Non-Akatolika zambiri kukana kufunika kwa odalirika, Mpingo chiphunzitso, ndipo ambiri amaoneka kuti Baibulo monga gwero lake yekhayekha choonadi, kukhulupirira Baibulo omva dongosolo.

N'zochititsa, lingaliro limene limatsutsa Lemba, payokha. Onani Saint Petulo Letter Second (1:20-21).

Komanso, ndi kuonongedwa ndi chakuti pali unyinji wa "Baibulo lokha" mipatuko imene wachibadidwe amatsutsa zimene Baibulo limaphunzitsa! Ngati munthu kutanthauzira patokha ziphunzitso za Kristu ndi kulakwa (ndi kukhala kutanthauzira kwa munthu, zingatero) ndiye mbiri m'mabuku Church makamaka kudziŵa mmene Atumwi ndipo akulowetsani mmalo mwawo anamasulira Malemba Opatulika nakakhala Chikhulupiriro.

An Image la Moyo wa Saint Stephen: Kudzozedwa ndi Kupatsana mphatso zachifundo ndi Fra Angelico mothandizana Benozzo Gozzoli

Moyo wa Saint Stephen: Kudzozedwa ndi Kupatsana mphatso zachifundo ndi Fra Angelico mothandizana Benozzo Gozzoli

Awa zolemba izi Early Church Fathers mwamphamvu Mwachitsanzo chiphunzitso ya Tchalitchi cha Katolika kupitiriza, omwe anakhalabe ngakhale zolakwa munthu ndi tchimo, chizunzo, ndi chikhalidwe kuti kukanamupweteketsa bungwe wamba kusiya mfundo zake pakati kalekale. Ndemanga pa kupitiriza kwa Mpingo wa Katolika (ndipo makamaka kwa Mpingo wa Rome) mu zaka zana zachiwiri, Ireniasi wa Lyons anamutcha iye "Mpingo kwambiri pa akale odziŵika kwa onse" mu Against Heresies 3:3:2.

Onani kuti zosiyanasiyana mfundo akhala nthano zongopeka zaka ya adani a mpingo kuyesa kufotokoza iye anachokera kapena kufotokoza iwo munthu anganene. Chiphunzitso ambiri otere alleges Chikatolika chinakhazikitsidwa m'zaka za zana lachinayi, kuzungulira nthawi imene Mfumu Constantine Wamkulu mtchatho Christianity mu Ufumu wa Roma. Chiphunzitsochi chimati mbali yaikulu ya mpingo wachikristu kenako anayamba kusokonezedwa ndi zinthu zachikunja chifukwa kuchuluka chachikulu cha otembenuka. Kumene, chopunthwitsa chachikulu kwa chiphunzitso ichi pamaso pa chiphunzitso Catholic mu Zolembedwa zampingo kuti predate Constantine, ndi zolembedwa m'mbiri ya Fathers Early Church amasonyeza zimenezi mwa njira yamphamvu.

Fano la Moyo wa Saint Stephen: Kuchotsedwa ndi miyala ndi Fra Angelico mothandizana Benozzo Gozzoli

Moyo wa Saint Stephen: Kuchotsedwa ndi miyala ndi Fra Angelico mothandizana Benozzo Gozzoli

The Catholicity overt olemba Christianity akale ndi wosatsutsika.

Taganizirani, Mwachitsanzo, Saint Ignatius wa ku Antiokeya, amene anamwalira chaka 107. Ignatius anali mwana wa Atumwi Petro ndi Yohane ndi ntchito chiphunzitso Mpingo wa Ukalisitiya kulimbana ampatuko amene anakana m'thupi.

Iye ali ulemu wapadera wolemba oyambirira pa nkhani kugwiritsa ntchito mawu akuti "katolika" monga dzina chabwino kwa Mpingo. "Kulikonse bishopu limapezeka, tiyeni anthu kumeneko,"Iye analemba; "Monga kulikonse Yesu Khristu, pali Mpingo wa Katolika. "

kulikonse, Antiokeya, Ignatius 'bishopu, chimachitika komanso kukhala malo otsatira a Khristu poyambilira amatchulidwa kuti "Akhristu" (onani Machitidwe a Atumwi 11:26).

Chifaniziro cha chilemekezo cha Utatu Woyera ndi Albrecht Durer

Molemekeza Woyera Trinity ndi Albrecht Durer

Oyambirira analembedwa kugwiritsa ntchito mawu akuti "Utatu" amachokera ku Antiokeya, Ifenso. Mu kalata bishopu wina, Saint Teofilo, m'ma 181 (onani kuti Autolycus 2:15), Saint Irenaeus analemba, "Ngati Ambuye anali zina kuposa Atate, Iye akanakhoza bwanji zolondola mkate, ndiwo wa chirengedwe chomwecho monga athu athu, ndi kuvomereza izo kukhala Thupi Lake, ndipo timavomereza kuti kusakaniza mu chikho uli Wake ?" (onani mipatuko 4:33:2).1

Choncho, Kodi anthu ena kuyanjanitsa kunyoza kwawo Mpingo wa Rome ndi Ignatius 'akazindikire woyambayamba wake? Iye anamutcha iye "Church amene agwira utsogoleri mu malo a dziko la Aroma ...;"Ndipo anapitiriza kunena, "Inu amasirira palibe, koma ena mwandiphunzi-. Ine ndikukhumba kokha kuti zimene Yakubu malangizo anu zikhale mu mphamvu " (Aroma, Address; 3:1).

Irenaeus anatchula mabishopu wa Rome mpaka nthawi yake, ndemanga, "Mu dongosolo ili, ndi chiphunzitso cha Atumwi munaupereka mu Mpingo, kulalikira choonadi watsikira kwa ife " (onani mipatuko 3:3:3).

Ena amakhumudwa kwambiri ndi Ignatius 'akutchula za chiphunzitso Marian mu mpweya chimodzimodzi Kupachikidwa? "The unamwali wa Mary,"Iye analemba, "Iye akubereka, ndipo imfa ya Ambuye, zobisika kwa mkulu wa dziko ili:-three zinsinsi mokweza analengeza, koma zidachitidwa mwa chete Mulungu " (onani Aefeso 19:1).

Mofananamo, iye analemba, "Mary, wopalidwa ubwenzi ndi mwamuna wina koma adakali namwali, kumvera, anapangidwa chifukwa cha chipulumutso cha iye ndi kwa anthu onse. ... Motero, mfundo za kusamvera Hava anamasulidwa ndi kumvera kwa Mary " (onani Heresies 3:22:4).

Today, kodi Akatolika ndipo sanali Akatolika kuitana munthu amene anaona Ukaristia monga Thupi la Khristu, kutamandidwa Mpingo wa Rome pa chiphunzitso chapamwamba wake, polambira chinsinsi namwali Mariya?

N'chifukwa chiyani munthu ayenera kunena chirichonse mosiyana za munthu ndi kumachita m'nthawi amene ananena ndi kuchita zinthu zomwezo zaka naintini zapitazo?

  1. Irenaeus’ mphunzitsi anali Saint Polycarp, amenenso anali wophunzira wa Yohane.