Lopitirira namwali Mariya

N'chifukwa chiyani Akatolika amakhulupirira Maria anakhalabe mdzakazi atabadwa, Baibulo limati Yesu anali ndi abale ndi alongo?

Ndipo, chifukwa ndi Mary unamwali n'kofunika Akatolika?

Image of the Coronation of the Virgin by Fra AngelicoYankho lachidule: Akatolika amakhulupirira Mariya anakhala namwali kwa moyo wake chifukwa choona. Ndi chiphunzitso mwakachetechete kulengeza Mpingo wa Khristu, “maziko a choonadi” (onani Paulo Letter woyamba Timothy 3:15); kudzera mwa Mwambo Opatulika; ndi agreeance ndi Malemba Opatulika (onani Paulo Letter wachiwiri kwa Atesalonika 2:15).

Choncho, Akatolika amakhulupirira kuti “abale ndi alongo a Ambuye” otchulidwa m'Baibulo anali pafupi-kugona wa Yesu, koma abale (monga ife mwatsatanetsatane m'munsimu).

Pomaliza, ndipo kwambiri kwambiri, Mariya lopitirira unamwali n'kofunika kuti Chikhristu chifukwa cha zimene latsimikiza za Yesu. pamapeto, chikhulupiriro zikuloza kwa chiyero cha Khristu ndi wapadera m'thupi: mchitidwe wa Mulungu munthu kukhala.

Mneneri Ezekieli analengeza kalonga “azituluka, Atakhala chatuluka chipata adzakhala kutsekeredwa” (onani Ezekieli 46:12), ndi Mpingo akumvetsa izi kuti mawu onena za kubadwa kwa Kristu ndi Mariya moyo wonse unamwali (onani Saint Ambrose, Kudzipereka kwa Virgin 8:52). Choncho, kunali koyenera kuti Mary kusunga unamwali wake pambuyo pa kubadwa kwa Yesu chifukwa cha Iye ndi ndani: Mulungu mu maonekedwe!

mwamalemba, wina akhoza kuonetsa pa nkhani ya Mose ndi chitsamba choyaka. Pamene Mose anayandikira chitsamba, Ambuye adati, “Usayandikire; vula nsapato zanu pa mapazi anu, pakuti malo amene waimawo ndi malo oyera” (Eksodo 3:5).

Nkhani umenewu umatithandiza kumvetsa Mariya lopitirira unamwali m'njira ziwiri.

Image of Moses and the Burning Bush by Dirk BoutsChoyamba, tikuona kuti nthaka anayeretsedwa chifukwa kukhalapo kwa Ambuye anatsikira kumeneko. Tisaiwale kuti Mulungu yemweyo, amene anaonekera kwa Mose mu chitsamba choyaka, pathupi m'mimba mwa Mariya.

Choncho, izo basi koyenera kuti mlongoyo, ngati kuti malo oyera mu Eksodo, linafunika kuyeretsedwa, mwapadera anakonza, ndiko, kulandira Mfumu ya mafumu ndi Mbuye wa ambuye.

Chachiwiri, Abambo Church anaona chifaniziro cha chitsamba chonyeka palokha–chitsamba lawilawi, koma simudzathedwa–pofotokoza Mariya kuti mwana abadwe popanda anataya namwali. Mwachitsanzo, m'zaka za zana lachinayi, Gregory wa Nyssa analemba, “Kodi zimafanana pa nthawi m'lawi la moto wa chitsamba poyera anawonetseredwa mu chinsinsi cha Virgin. … Monga pa phiri chitsamba anatentha koma sichikupsa, kotero Virgin anabereka kuwala ndipo sanali angaipsidwe” (Pa Kubadwa kwa Khristu).

Image of The Burning Bush by Nicholas Fromentkwenikweni, Mariya lopitirira unamwali akulengeza kwa dziko kuti chifukwa Khristu anali woyera–Mulungu Mwiniwake–Zikadakhala zosayenera Iye apangidwa m'mimba ya mkazi wamba; ndi, nawonso, kwa ochimwa kuti anachokera ku mimba yomweyo Iye–m'mimba mwapadera anakonza kunyamula Messiah. Again, tione Ezekiel, “[kalonga] azituluka, Atakhala chatuluka chipata adzakhala kutseka.”

namwali Mariya pa nthawi ya kubadwa kwa Ambuye akusonyeza mwa mneneri Yesaya, amene limati, “Taonani, namwali adzaima, nadzabala mwana wamwamuna, ndipo udzamutcha dzina lake Imanueli” (7:14; onani Matthew 1:23 ndi Luka 1:27). Yesaya, izi zili choncho, pakuonetsa unamwali wake mu pathupi ndi tira. Komanso. Poyankha Mariya, kulengeza wamkulu adzakhala ndi pakati ndipo adzabala mwana wamwamuna–“Kodi zimenezi chifukwa ine sindikudziwa munthu?” (Luka 1:34)–zikusonyeza momveka bwino kuti anali namwali. anachita nkomwe n'zomveka mwinamwake.

boma lake masiku virginal zimatanthauza mu Nyimbo ya Solomo, pamati, “munda A zokhoma ndi mlongo wanga, mkwatibwi wanga, kasupe losindikizidwa” (4:12).

Kodi tingamvetse izi anapatsidwa chakuti iye ndi Joseph anali wopalidwa ubwenzi ndipo kenako anakwatiwa? Pali miyambo yakale chimene chikutsimikizira kuti Mariya anali odzipereka kwa Yehova ngati namwali opatulika kuyambira ukhanda; ndipo pamene iye anabwera kwa zaka anapatsidwa Joseph, wosiyidwa wamkulu kuposa iye (cf. Protoevangelium a James).

Lingaliro la kudzisunga m'banja m'mikhalidwe ena, poyeneradi, mfundo m'Baibulo. Mwachitsanzo, mu Bukhu Choyamba Kings 1:4, Mfumu Davide amatenga namwali, Abisagi, kukhala mkazi wake kusamalira iye atakalamba, koma akasala ku Sua.

Komanso, M'kalata yake yoyamba kwa Akorinto, Paulo analimbikitsa mkhalidwe wodzipereka kusakwatira kapena chitomero lopitirira amene akhoza kuvomereza izo (onani 7:37-38).

Image of The Annunciation by The Master of PanzanoN'zoonekeratu, mu kuwala kwa iye adzaitana kubala Mwana wa Mulungu, ukwati Mariya ndi Yosefe anali kutali wamba. Chidakonzeka ndi Mulungu amasamalidwa ndi chitetezo cha Virigo ndi Mwana wake–kusunga thupi chobisika kwa dziko kwa kanthawi. “Namwali wa Mary, akubereka wake, ndipo imfa ya Ambuye, zobisika kwa mkulu wa dziko ili,” analemba Ignatius wa ku Antiokeya, wophunzira wa Mtumwi Yohane, pafupifupi chaka 107: “–zinsinsi zitatu mokweza analengeza, koma zidachitidwa mwa chete Mulungu” (Letter to the Ephesians 19:1).

mu Matthew 1:19, Malemba Opatulika amatiuza Jospeh anali “munthu wolungama.” Motero, namva Mary anali ndi pakati pa mwana ndi china, watsimikizira kumchotsa mwakachetechete kumupulumutsa ku kuphedwa Nkosatheka Chilamulo cha Mose (monga pa Deuteronomo 22:23-24).

Ambuye linalowererapo, Komabe, kumuuza kudzera mwa mngelo m'maloto, “Usaope kudzitengera wekha Mariya mkazi wako, pakuti icho cholandiridwa mwa iye chiri cha Mzimu Woyera; iye adzabala mwana wamwamuna, ndipo udzamutcha dzina lake Yesu, chifukwa adzapulumutsa anthu ake ku machimo awo” (Matthew 1:20).

Joseph Sakadawachita mawu amenewa akutanthauza, Komabe, kuti Mary anali kukhala mkazi wake m'njira wamba mawu. Monga Saint Ambrose wa Milan analemba,

“Suyenera kusiyana kulikonse kuti Lemba limati: 'Yosefe anatenga mkazi wake ndi ku Iguputo’ (Matt. 1:24; 2:14); kuti mkazi aliyense anapalidwa ubwenzi ndi munthu anapatsidwa dzina la mkazi. Ndi kuyambira pa nthawi imene banja limayamba kuti terminology banja ntchito. Si deflowering namwali zimene zimapangitsa banja, koma mgwirizano m'banja. Ndi pamene mtsikana uja avomera goli kuti ukwatiwo umayambira, osati pamene iye amadziwa mwamuna wake mwathupi” (The kudzipereka kwa Virgin ndi lopitirira unamwali wa Mary 6:41).

Anaberekera Mwana wa Mulungu anapanga wake woyamba mkazi wa Mzimu Woyera (pa Luka 1:35); ndi Joseph analetsedwa m'Chilamulo kuti ukwati ndi mkazi wa mnzake.

Nanga bwanji “abale ndi alongo a Ambuye?”

Choyamba, tiyenera ananena kuti pali ngozi kubwereza mavesi Lemba mu nkhani ya Malemba onse. chakuti Yesu amalemekezanso Mary kuti Mtumwi Yohane, Mwachitsanzo, ndi umboni wamphamvu Iye analibe abale enieni (onani John 19:27). Pakuti ngati Maria adalinso ndi ana ena, Yesu sakanati munafunsirapo kunja kwa banja kumusamalira. (Akangane ndi izi kupeza ena samatha mabwalo Evangelical ndi mfundo yoti Yesu anapereka Mariya John chifukwa James ndi Ambuye zina “abale” sanali Akhristu. Koma mfundo imeneyi ndi tenuous. Ngati izi zinali choncho, munthu angayembekezere Mauthenga kupereka kuwafotokozera amenewa. chakuti Yesu amapereka Mariya John popanda kufotokoza limasonyeza Mariya analibe ana ena.)

Image of Presentation at the Temple by Stefan LochnerBwanji, Ndiyeno, tili kutanthauzira malemba monga Matthew 13:55, zimene anthu khamu ndemanga, “Kodi mwana uyu si mmisiri wamatabwa? Si Mary amadziwika kuti mayi ake ndi James, Joseph, Simon ndi Yudasi abale ake? Alongo ake Sali anzathu?”

Malo Catholic kuti izi “abale” ndi “alongo” anali achibale, monga asuweni, koma abale, zikugwirizana ndi mwambo wa Ayuda kuitana wachibale wina wakale “m'bale” (pa Genesis 13:8; 14:14; 29:15, neri Al.). Monga Papa Yohane Paulo Wamkulu analemba, “Tiyenera kukumbukira kuti palibe mawu enieni alipo Chiheberi ndi Chiaramu kufotokoza mawu, msuwani ', ndipo m'bale mawu akuti '’ ndi mchemwali’ Choncho m'gulu madigiri angapo ubwenzi.”1

Komanso, ndi kwina chaululidwa Matthew kuti “James ndi Joseph” anali ana a Mary osiyana, amene anaima ndi akazi ena pa phazi la Cross ndi limodzi Mariya wa Magadala pamandapo mmawa (27:55-56; 28:1).

Izi Mary ena ambiri amakhulupirira kuti mkazi wa Kulopa, amene ayenera kuti anali ndi amalume a Yesu (onani John 19:25; wonaninso Eusebius, History of Mpingo 3:11).2 Iwo akuuza, Komanso, kuti Ambuye “abale” ali paliponse mu Lemba amatchedwa ana a Mary, Yesu nthawi zambiri amatchedwa (onani Matthew 13:55; Mark 6:3, neri Al.).

Pali awiri Gospel mavesi ena kuti otsutsa Mariya lopitirira unamwali zambiri tchulani: Matthew 1:25 ndi Luka 2:7.

Matthew 1:25 ananena kuti Joseph “analibe anagona naye pa nthawi iliyonse pamaso anabala mwana wamwamuna.” Monga Ludwig Ott tanena Chikhazikitso cha Catholic Dogma, Komabe, vesili “amati(m) kuti kuti akwere yotsimikizika mu nthawi ukwati sanali consummated, koma osati mwa njira iliyonse kuti consummated zitatha izi” (Tan Books, 1960, tsa. 207). Cholinga Matthew 1:25 anali kutsimikiza kuti Yesu analibe bambo padziko lapansi, ndipo analidi Mwana wa Mulungu. Iwo sikunali kuti afotokoze chilichonse za ubwenzi Yosefe ndi Mariya Yesu’ kubadwa. Taganizirani Book yachiwiri Samuel 6:23, pamati Mary “analibe mwana ndi tsiku la imfa yake.” Mwachionekere, izi sizitanthauza kuti anali mwana pambuyo anamwalira. mu Matthew 28:20, Yesu akulonjeza kuti adzakhala ndi otsatira ake “mpaka kumapeto a m'badwo.” Again, izi sizikutanthauza Iye sadzakhalanso ndi iwo yoposa imeneyo.

mu Luka 2:7, Yesu wotchedwa Mariya “woyamba.” Komabe, monga Papa Yohane Paulo anafotokoza:

“Mawu 'woyamba,’ amatanthauza 'anawo yoyamba wina’ ndi, payokha, sakutchula chilichonse kuli ana ena. Komanso, ndi Mlaliki akunenetsa khalidwe ili la Child, chifukwa ena maudindo oyenera chilamulo cha Ayuda anali zogwirizana ndi kubadwa kwa mwana woyamba, payekhapayekha ngati mayi mwina atabereka ana ena. Choncho mwana aliyense chinali phunziro kwa mankhwala amenewa chifukwa iye anali 'wobadwa woyamba’ (cf. Luka 2:23)” (“Mpingo Apereka Mary monga 'Yense Virgin'”)

Jesus, Mary and Joseph and angelsMichael O'Carroll, Komanso, inanena, “The Jewish manda lolembedwa mu Egypt, chibwenzi kuyambira nthawi ya atumwi, … kumathandiza kuyankha chokana motsutsana Mary unamwali lopitirira zochokera St. Luka analemba mawu a liwu loti woyamba’ (prototokos) (2:7). Mawu sanali kutanthauza ana ena kukuonetsedwa ntchito mu nkhani iyi pofotokoza mkazi amene anamwalira pambuyo pa kubadwa kwa mwana wake woyamba, amene sanathe N'zodziwikiratu kuti anali anthu” (Theotokos: A Theological Encyclopedia wa Wodalitsika Virgin Mary, Michael Glazier, 1982, tsa. 49).

Kodi Abambo Church Nena?

Popeza mbali zonse mu mkangano wa Mariya lopitirira unamwali, ovomereza ndi, kupanga mfundo Mwamalemba kuthandiza malo awo, bwanji ife kudziwa amene ali kumanja? Amene akumasulira Lemba molondola, m'njira authentically utumwi?

Njira imodzi amathandiza ndi kufunsa Christianity akale mabuku a mbiri yakale, imadziwika ndi mabuku a Abambo Early Church.

Clement wa Alexandria, Mwachitsanzo, kumayambiriro kwa zaka za m'ma lachitatu analemba, “Mayi uyu yekha wopanda mkaka, chifukwa iye yekha sanakhale mkazi. Iye nthawi yomweyo onse Virgin ndi amayi” (Mlangizi wa Ana 1:6:42:1).

mwana Clement wa, gwero, ndipo m'zaka zoyambirira za m'ma kuti, anatsimikizira kuti Mary “analibe mwana wina koma Yesu” (Ndemanga pa John 1:6). kwina, iye analemba, “Ndipo ine ndikuganiza izo mogwirizana ndi chifukwa kuti Yesu anali woyamba zipatso mwa anthu a chiyero chomwe kudzisunga, ndi Mary anali akazi; chifukwa sanali anthu opembedza kuti kunenera china chilichonse kuposa iye loyamba zipatso namwali” (Ndemanga pa Mateyu 2:17).

Pamodzi ndi ulemerero wake opyola malire chifukwa iye, Athanasius (D. 373) anafotokoza Mary monga “Yomwe Virgin” (Nkhani Against a Arian 2:70).

m'ma 375, Epiphanius kukangana, “Kodi unayamba aliyense wa kuswana aliyense amene analimba mtima kulankhula m'dzina la Woyera Mary, ndi kufunsidwa, sizinayende kuwonjezera, 'Namwali?'” (Panarion 78:6).

“Ndithudi,” analemba Papa Siricius mu 392, “sitingathe kukana kuti mumalemekeza anu anali mwangwiro wolungamitsidwa mu kumudzudzula iye pa zigoli ana Mariya, ndi kuti anali ndi zifukwa zomveka mantha pa mfundo yakuti kubadwa wina akhoza kukhazikitsa kwa chomwecho virginal m'mimba limene Khristu anabadwa monga mwa thupi” (Kalata Anysius, Bishop wa Tesalonika).

Ambrose anati mu 396, “bwanji, amayi woyera, amene mwa iye yekha Mwana wokondedwa wakhazikitsidwa chachikulu chotere chitsanzo cha mphamvu zakuthupi; Pakuti muli ana mokomera, kapena ndi Virgin kufunafuna chitonthozo cha kutha kubala mwana wina” (Letters 63:111).

Augustine wa Hippo (D. 430) ananenapo, “A kuganizira Virgin, zimakhudza Virgin, ndi Virgin pakati, ndi Virgin ukubweretsa, ndi Virgin lopitirira. N'chifukwa chiyani mukudabwa nazo zimenezi, O munthu? Kunali koyenera kwa Mulungu kuti abadwe Motero, pamene Iye deigned kukhala munthu” (Sermons 186:1).

Papa Leo Wamkulu analengeza mu 449, “Iye anakhala ndi pakati mwa Mzimu Woyera mkati mwa chiberekero cha Virgin ake Mother. Anamutengera Iye kunja imfa namwali, monga iye anaima Iye popanda imfa yake” (Tome 28). Kwina pontifi analemba, “Kwa Virgin anaima, ndi Virgin inabala, ndi Virgin anakhalabe” (Chiphunzitso pa Phwando la Kubadwa kwa Yesu 22:2).

Motero, Kodi tikupeza kupitiriza mbiri ya chiphunzitso kwa zaka zoyambirira za chikhulupiriro kufikira lero.


  1. Mwaona “Mpingo Apereka Mariya 'Yense Virgin;'” L'Osservatore Romano, Mlungu uliwonse Edition mu English, September 4, 1996.
  2. “Akangane ndi izi, Komabe,” ananena Karl Keating, “ndi Yakobo ndi kwina (Mt 10:3) akufotokozedwa monga mwana wa Alifeyo, zomwe zikutanthauza kuti Mary, amene anali, anali mkazi wa onse Cleophas ndi Alifeyo. yankho limodzi ndi iye anamwalira kamodzi, ndiye kukwatiwanso. More mwina Alifeyo ndi Cleophas (Kulopa mu Greek) ndi munthu yemweyo, kuyambira dzina Chiaramu kwa Alifeyo akhoza kumasuliridwa mu Greek m'njira zosiyanasiyana, kaya Alifeyo kapena Kulopa. N'kuthekanso kuti Alifeyo anatenga dzina Greek ofanana dzina lake Ayuda, njira kuti Sauli anatenga dzina Paulo” (Chikatolika ndi pankhani, Ignatius Press, 1988, tsa. 288).