Ubatizo

The Baptism of Christ by Fra Angelicoubatizo Kodi?

Ndi kuwayeretsa mwauzimu ndi madzi.

Kubatizidwa ndi munthu sabadwa mwatsopano, kulandira kuyeretsa chisomo, zomwe mphatso ya Mulungu ya moyo wauzimu. Yesu anasonyeza kugwirizana pakati pa chikhulupiriro ndi Ubatizo, pamene anaphunzitsa, "Iye amene akhulupirira nabatizidwa adzapulumutsidwa; koma iye amene sakhulupirira adzaweruzidwa " (onani Maliko, 16:16). "Ndithu, moona, Ndikukuuzani,"Iye akuti, "Ngati munthu sabadwa wa madzi ndi Mzimu, sakhoza kulowa Ufumu wa Mulungu " (Onani John 3:5; motsindika anawonjezera).

Yesu Mwiniwake, ngakhale wosachimwa, anabatizidwa ndi Yohane Woyera pa chiyambi cha utumiki wake; kuwona Uthenga Wabwino wa Mateyu, 3:13. Zindikirani: Yesu anali wopanda uchimo chifukwa iye anali thunthu Mulungu woyera ndi munthu. Ndi zakale, osati yotsirizira kuti n'kofunika. Chifukwa iye anali thunthu Mulungu maganizo ndi zochita zake anayenera kukhala–ndi tanthauzo lina akanakhoza kunena–chimodzimodzi monga Mulungu. (Iye anali Mulungu, izi zili choncho.)

Choncho, n'chifukwa chiyani angafunikebe kuti abatizidwe? Iye sanatero, koma monga Saint Ambrose wa Milan anafotokoza m'zaka za zana lachinayi, "Ambuye anabatizidwa, osati ziyeretsedwe yekha koma kuti ayeretse madzi, kotero kuti madzi amenewo, amayeretsedwa ndi thupi la Khristu, limene sadadziwa uchimo, mwina ndi mphamvu ya Ubatizo " (Ndemanga pa Uthenga Wabwino wa Luka 2:83).

The Baptism of Saint Augustine by Nicolo di PietroAsanapite kumwamba, Yesu anafotokozanso uthenga wake kwa Atumwi, "Chifukwa chake mukani, phunzitsani anthu amitundu yonse, ndi kuwabatiza iwo m'dzina la Atate, ndi la Mwana, ndi la Mzimu Woyera, kuwaphunzitsa kusunga zonse zimene ndinakulamulirani inu " (onani Mateyu 28:19-20).

Patapita masiku angapo, pa Pentekoste, Saint Peter akulankhula kwa khamu la anthu. Kumapeto kwa ulaliki wake, watumidwa, "Titani?

Peter ayankha, "Lapani, ndipo batizidwani yense wa inu m'dzina la Yesu Khristu kwa chikhululukiro cha machimo anu; ndipo inu mudzalandira mphatso ya Mzimu Woyera. Pakuti lonjezo liri kwa inu ndi kwa ana anu ndi kwa onse akutali, aliyense amene Ambuye Mulungu wathu adzawaitana iye " (Machitidwe a Atumwi, 2:38-39).

Mpingo Apostolic, Batixmu ikhali Mungapeze moyo wachikhristu (onani Machitidwe 8:12, 38; 9:18; 10:48). Kuphatikiza apo, mu Machitidwe 8:37, mdindo wa ku Aitiopiya, adalandira uthenga kuchokera Saint Philip, akufotokoza chilakolako Ubatizo. Mofananamo, Machitidwe 16:33, Paulo ndi Sila kubatiza woyang'anira ndende ku Filipi ndi banja lake lonse "mosataya nthawi." Kusimba kutembenuka yake, Paulo akukumbukira kuti Hananiya anamuuza, "Ndipo tsopano n'chifukwa chiyani inu dikirani? Dzukani abatizidwe, ndi kusamba kuchotsa machimo ako, nuyitane pa dzina la " (Machitidwe 22:16). Paulo akuuza Aefeso kuti "Khristu anakonda Eklesia, nadzipereka yekha m'malo mwake, kuti Iye akhoze ayeretse ake, popeza anamuyeretsa Iye ndi kumsambitsa madzi ndi mawu akuti " (Letter Paulo ku Aefeso, 5:25-26; motsindika anawonjezera). mu wake Kalata Tito, Paulo wrotes ndife opulumutsidwa "ndi kusamba kwa kubadwanso."

Image of the Baptism of Christ by Gerard DavidChikhristu woyambirira mabuku a mbiri yakale azilimbikirazi kubadwanso mwa ubatizo wa m'madzi. Mu m'chaka cha 150, Mwachitsanzo, Saint Justin adanenanso amene adalipo kubatizidwa "nao ndi ife kumene kuli madzi, ndipo kubadwanso momwemo imene tinali tokha adzabadwanso. ... Pakuti Khristu nayenso anati, 'Ngati munthu sabadwa mwatsopano, sadzalowamo mu ufumu wa kumwamba ' (John 3:3)" (choyamba Apology 61).

Padziko chaka 200, Saint Clement wa ku Alesandriya analemba, "Pamene ife timabatizidwa, ndife ŵakusanga. kukhala ŵakusanga, ife akutengedwa kukhala ana. Kuonedwa ngati ana, ife angwiro. Kukonzedwa, ife osafa. ... Ndi kutsuka umene ife tachiritsidwa machimo ... " (Mlangizi wa Ana 1:6:26:1, 2). m'ma 217, Saint Hippolytus wa Rome analankhula za kubwera kwa Khristu kwa dziko "komanso chiwonetsero mwa ubatizo, ndi kubadwa mwatsopano kuti anali kukhala anthu onse, ndi kusinthika kwa laver ndi " (Nkhani pa kutha kwa dziko 1). m'ma 250, Saint Cyprian wa Carthage anaulula, "Pamene litsiro la moyo wanga m'mbuyomu anali akokoloka mwa madzi kwa kubadwanso, kuwunika kuchokera pamwamba anatsanulira lokha pa mtima wanga kukwapulidwa ndi tsopano koyera; kenako mwa Mzimu amene anapumira kuchokera kumwamba, kubadwanso mwatsopano anapanga ine munthu watsopano " (Kalata Donatus 4).

Image of Ark of Noah on Mount Ararat attributed to Hieronymus BoschOnani kuti Sacramenti ya ubatizo ndi chithunzi m'Chipangano Chakale. mu Genesis 1:2, kwalembedwa kuti pa Creation, "Mzimu wa Mulungu ... ukuyenda pa nkhope ya madzi,"Ndi kusefukira wakale kuti mwayeretsa dziko lapansi ndi mafanizo onse ubatizo. Monga Saint Peter analemba, "Mu masiku a Nowa, pa nyumba pa likasa ... ochepa, ndiko, anthu asanu ndi atatu, anapulumutsidwa mwa madzi. Ubatizo, Chofanana izi, tsopano amapulumutsa inu, osati monga kuchotsa litsiro ku thupi, koma monga pempho kwa Mulungu chikumbumtima choyera, mwa kuuka kwa Yesu Khristu " (onani kalata yoyamba ya Petulo, 3:20-21; motsindika anawonjezera).

malangizo Mneneri Elisa kuti asilikali a Aaramu Namani, amene anabwera kwa iye akufuna kuti achiritsidwe khate lake, mfundo ubatizo kubadwanso. "Pita ukasambe m'Yordano kasanu ndi kawiri,"Mneneri amamuuza, "Ndi mnofu wanu adzakhala kubwezeretsedwa, ndipo mudzakhala oyera " (onani Buku lachiwiri la Mafumu 5:10 ndi Levitiko, 14:7). Pamene analemba kalata yake yoyamba kwa Akorinto (10:2), Saint Paulo anaona kanjedza Ubatizo mu mtambo wa moto ndi utsi kuti anatsagana ndi Aisiraeli m'chipululu ndi madzi a m'Nyanja Yofiira kudzera zomwe iwo anadutsa. (Iye akulankhula za Old-Pangano mwambo wa mdulidwe monga kalambulabwalo wa Ubatizo mu kalata yake yopita kwa Akolose (2:11-12).