Ukalistia

N'chifukwa Chiyani Akatolika amakhulupirira Ukaristia ndi Thupi ndi Magazi a Yesu?

Image of The Last Supper by Albrecht BoutsThe yochepa yankho ndi Akatolika amakhulupirira Ukaristia ndi Thupi ndi Magazi a Yesu chifukwa Yesu anaphunzitsa, yekha, ndipo zinalembedwa mu Baibulo.

Pa usiku uja anaperekedwa, Iye anasonkhanitsa atumwi ake kuti Pasika, chakudya mwambo kudyedwa ndi Aisiraeli (madzulo a Mulungu anawapulumutsira mu ukapolo ku Igupto).

Paska m'gulu thupi la nkhosa nsembe (onani Eksodo, 12:8). The MGONERO, kumene kunachitika madzulo yomenyera munthu ku uchimo, ndicho chikwaniritso cha Pasika.

Pa usiku umenewo, panopa limatchedwa Woyera Thursday, Yesu, Mwanawankhosa wa Mulungu, chinapangitsa Thupi lake lomwe ndi mwazi kudyedwa ndi wokhulupirika–sacramentally, mu mawonekedwe a mkate ndi vinyo.1

Mboni za Yehova ndi magulu ena ambiri amakana chiphunzitso pa ukalisitiya pa malo akuphwanya lamulo Old Testament ndi kudya magazi. M'buku la Maliko 7:18-19, Komabe, Yesu anachotsa katundu wa Mose zakudya zoletsa kuphatikizapo kudya magazi-otsatira ake. Pa msonkhano wa Yerusalemu Atumwi kodi kuletsa kudya magazi, ngakhale okha zinthu makamaka kupewa poponya kukhumudwitsa Ayuda (onani Machitidwe a Atumwi 15:29 ndi 21:25).

kutenga mkate, Dalitso, kuswa izo, ndi kutumiza mwa atumwi, Yesu anati, "Tengani, kudya; ili ndi thupi langa " (Matthew 26:26). Ndiye Iye anatenga kapu, zomwe Iye anadalitsa, napereka kwa iwo, kuti, "Kumwa za izo, nonse inu; popeza ndicho mwazi wanga wa pangano, wothiridwa chifukwa cha anthu ambiri ku chikhululukiro cha machimo " (Matthew 26:27-28). Ngakhale kuti Yesu nthawi zonse anali kulankhula mophiphiritsa pa utumiki wake, panthawi yovuta imeneyi Iye analankhula momveka. "Ichi ndi thupi langa,"Iye anati, popanda kufotokoza. "Uwu ndi mwazi wanga." N'zovuta kulingalira momwe Ambuye n'kutheka mwachindunji.

Image of Communion of the Apostles by Justus Ghentbungwe Yesu la Ukalistia pa Mgonero Womaliza amakwaniritsa wotchuka Mkate pa Moyo Wake ulaliki, amene analembedwa m'chaputala chimodzi cha Uthenga Wabwino wa Yohane. ulaliki Izi anawayamba ndi chulutsa mikate ndi nsomba, imene ambirimbiri anadyetsedwa mozizwitsa kuchokera kuchuluka ting'onoting'ono chakudya (onani John 6:4 ngakhale kuti chozizwitsa limapezeka Mauthenga Abwino onse anayi). Chochitika ichi ndi Ukalisitiya fanizo, kunachitika monga amachita pa Pasika ndipo popeza anachita ndi chilinganizo Yesu yemweyo kenako ntchito pa Mgonero wotsiriza kutenga mikate, kuyamika, ndi kugawira iwo (John 6:11). Pamene anthu kubwerera tsiku lotsatira kukakamiza chizindikiro kwa Iye, kukumbukira mmene makolo awo anapatsidwa mana mu chipululu (monga analembera pa Ekisodo 16:14), Yesu akuyankha, "Ndithu, moona, Ndikukuuzani, Mose amene adakupatsani inu mkate kwa kumwamba; Atate wanga anakupatsani inu mkate wowona wa Kumwamba. Pakuti mkate wa Mulungu ndiye chimene wotsika Kumwamba, ndi kupatsa moyo kwa dziko lapansi " (John 6:32-33).

"Ambuye, tipatseni ife mkate umenewu nthawi zonse,"Iwo akufuula (John 6:34).

"Ine ndine mkate wa moyo,"Iye amayankha; "Iye amene adza kwa Ine sadzamva njala, ndi iye amene akhulupilira ine sadzamva ludzu " (6:35). Ngakhale kuti mawu ake akupangitsa Ayuda amakhumudwa, Yesu akupitiriza mosaletseka, Mawu ake kukula likunena zambiri likutipatsa:

47 "Ndithu, moona, Ndikukuuzani, Wokhulupirira ali nawo moyo wosatha.

48 Ine ndine mkate wa moyo.

49 Makolo anu adadya mana m'chipululu, ndipo iwo anafa.

50 Ichi ndi chakudya chochokera kumwamba, kuti munthu akadyeko ndi kusamwalira.

51 Ine ndine mkate wamoyo wotsika kumwamba; ngati wina akadyako mkate, iye adzakhala muyaya; ndi chakudya chimene ndidzapereka, likhale moyo wa dziko ndi thupi langa " (6:47-51; motsindika anawonjezera).

vesi 51 lili angatsutse umboni kuti Yesu si zophiphiritsa, pakuti Iye akudzizindikiritsa Mkate umene ayenera kudya thupi lomwelo limene adzazunzika ndi kufa pa Mtanda. Kunena kuti ponena Mnofu Wake mu ndime iyi Iye mophiphiritsira ndi kunena M'thupi kuti anavutika ndi kufa pa Mtanda linangophiphiritsa, pakuti ali m'modzi ndipo olingana!2

"Akhoza bwanji ameneyu kutipatsa ife kudya thupi lake?"Anthu amuuza (6:52).

Ngakhale lidzadabwitsa awo, Yesu atuluka motsimikiza tiwonjezere:

"Ndithu, moona, Ndikukuuzani, Mukapanda kudya mnofu wa Mwana wa munthu ndi kumwa mwazi wake, mulibe moyo mwa inu; Iye wakudya thupi langa ndi kumwa mwazi wanga ali nawo moyo wosatha, ndipo Ine ndidzamuukitsa iye tsiku lomaliza. Pakuti thupi langa ndi chakudya ndithu, ndi mwazi wanga ndi chakumwa ndithu. Iye wakudya thupi langa ndi kumwa mwazi wanga akhala mwa ine, ndi Ine mwa iye. Monga Atate wamoyo adandituma Ine, ndipo ndili ndi moyo chifukwa cha Atate, kotero iye wakudya ine adzakhala ndi moyo chifukwa cha ine. Izi ndi mkate wotsika kuchokera kumwamba, si monga makolo anadya namwalira; iye wakudya mkate umenewu adzakhala ndi moyo nthawi zonse " (6:53-58; motsindika anawonjezera).

Phwando la Ukalistia inali yaikulu m'miyoyo ya Akristu oyambirira, amene "anali cikhalire mciphunzitso ca atumwi ndi m chiyanjano, kwa m'kunyema mkate ndi mapemphero " (Onani Machitidwe a Atumwi 2:42). Onani kuti "The m'kunyema mkate ndi mapemphero" amatanthauza mapemphero.

Patangopita zaka zochepa pambuyo pa imfa ya mtumwi wotsiriza, Saint Ignatius wa ku Antiokeya (D. monga. 107) anafotokoza mapemphero njira yomweyo, otsutsiratu ampatuko chifukwa chokana "kuchokera Ukaristia pemphero" (Kalata Smyrnaeans 6:2). Kuti Mpingo woyambirira, Komanso, anatenga Sunday, tsiku lachimaliziro ndi, monga Sabata lake amatchulidwa Macitidwe 20:7, pamati, "Pa tsiku loyamba la sabata, ... ife anasonkhana ankakumana kudya mgonera ... " (cf. Didache 14; Justin ndi Martyr, choyamba Apology 67).

Saint Paulo anatchula onse mana ndi thanthwe spew zotero madzi Aisrayeli monga mafanizo Ukalisitiya. "Onse anadya yemweyo chakudya chauzimu ndipo onse anamwa chimodzimodzi chauzimu chakumwa,"Akulemba. "Pakuti anamwa kuchokera Rock zauzimu omwe adawatsata, ndi Rock anali Khristu " (Onani kalata yake yoyamba kwa Corinthians10:3-4 komanso Bukhu la Chivumbulutso 2:17). Iye amapita analangizanso Akorinto chifukwa cholephera kulemekeza kulandira Ukaristia, kulemba:

11:23 Pakuti ine ndinalandira kwa Ambuye chimene inenso kwa inu, kuti Ambuye Yesu usiku uja anaperekedwa, anatenga mkate

24 ndipo pamene adayamika, anaunyemanyema, nati, Ichi ndi thupi langa la kwa inu. Muzichita zimenezi pondikumbukira.

25 Mu Momwemonso chikho, atatha mgonero, kuti, chikho ichi ndi pangano latsopano m'mwazi wanga. Chitani izi, nthawi zonse mukamwa, pondikumbukira.

26 Pakuti nthawi zonse mukadya mkate uwu ndi kumwera chikho, mulalikira imfa ya Ambuye kufikira akadza.

27 aliyense, Choncho, akadya mkate, kapena akamwera chikho cha Ambuye kosayenera, adzakhala wochimwira kuipitsa thupi ndi mwazi wa Ambuye.

28 Munthu adziyese yekha, ndi kudya mkate ndi kumwa chikho.

29 Pakuti munthu wakudya ndi kumwa popanda osalizindikira thupi akudya ndi kumwa chilango pa iyemwini.

30 Ndichifukwa chake ambiri mwa inu ali ofooka ndi odwala, ndipo ena anamwalira (onani Mateyu 5:23-24, Ifenso).

Per vesi 27, kulandira Ukaristia mosayenera ndi kuchimwira Thupi ndi Mwazi wa Ambuye. Choncho, ndi ofunika kupempha: Kodi osayenera phwando mkate wamba ndi kuchuluka vinyo ndi kuchimwira Thupi ndi Magazi a Yesu? Paulo anati ngakhale kuti phwando woipa la Ukalistia ndi chifukwa chake "chake ambiri mwa inu ali ofooka ndi odwala, ndipo ena anamwalira " (ndime. 30).

M'pake kuti wotchuka oyambirira Patristic (Atate mpingo) mawu pa Kukhalapo Real kubwera ku Saint Ignatius wa ku Antiokeya, amene anaphunzira Chikhulupiriro pansi pa mapazi a Mlaliki John. Pafupifupi chaka A.D. 107, ntchito chiphunzitso Mpingo Ukalisitiya kuteteza thupi motsutsa Docetists, amene anakana Yesu analidi kubwera mu thupi, Ignatius analemba:

Onani mmene anthu amene ali ndi maganizo heterodox pa chisomo cha Yesu Khristu amene chatifika, ndi kuwona momwe mwake maganizo awo ndi malingaliro a Mulungu. ... Iwo asale Ukaristia pemphero, chifukwa iwo osamuuza kuti Ukaristia ndi Thupi la Mpulumutsi wathu Yesu Khristu, Thupi amene anavutika chifukwa cha machimo athu ndi amene Atate, ubwino Wake, anawuka kachiwiri (Kalata Smyrnaeans 6:2; 7:1).

Thupi yemweyo amene anavutika ndipo anafa pa mtanda chifukwa cha machimo athu ndi kubwerera kwa akufa, monga Ignatius anafotokoza, alipo ife mu Ukaristia Woyera (onani John 6:51).

Saint Justin ndi Martyr, kulemba mozungulira 150, anati Mkate Ukalisitiya ndi Wine amalandira "monga wamba chakudya kapena chakumwa wamba,"Pakuti Iwo ndiwo" thupi ndi mwazi anabwelenso Yesu " (choyamba Apology 66).

m'ma 185, Ireniasi wa Lyons, mphunzitsi amene Saint Polycarp wa ku Simuna (D. monga. 156) ankadziwanso John, analankhula la Ukalistia poteteza kuuka kwa thupi ndi mpatuko. "Ngati mtembowo sanapulumutsidwe,"Kukangana kwa Saint, "ndiye, Pamenepo, ngakhalenso Ambuye atiwombole ife ndi Magazi Ake; ndipo ngakhalenso chikho cha Ukalisitiya kudya a Magazi Ake kapena Mkate umene tinyema kudya a Thupi Lake (1 Akor. 10:16)" (Against Heresies 5:2:2).

Origen ananenapo la Ukalistia padziko pakati pa zaka zana lachitatu, "Kale, m'njira samveka, panali mana chakudya; tsopano, Komabe, powonekera mokwana, pali chakudya chowona, Thupi la Mawu a Mulungu, ngati iye mwini anati: 'Thupi Langa ndi chakudya chenicheni, ndi mwazi wanga ndi chakumwa chenicheni ' (John 6:56)" (Homilies pa Numeri 7:2).

Mofananamo, Saint Cyprian wa Carthage (D. 258) analemba:

Ife tikupempha kuti mkate uwu kuperekedwa tsiku lililonse (cf. Matt. 6:11), kotero kuti ife amene tiri mwa Khristu ndipo tsiku mulandira ukalisitiya ngati chakudya cha chipulumutso, musachite, ndi kugwera ena uchimo chowawa kenako kupewa kulankhulana, sudzaperekedwa kwa mkate, ndi kulekanitsidwa Thupi la Khristu. ... Iye amatichenjeza, kuti, "Mukapanda kudya mnofu wa Mwana wa munthu ndi kumwa mwazi wake, mudzakhala mulibe moyo mwa inu " (John 6:54) (Pemphero la Ambuye 18).

  1. Mwazi wa nkhosa ya Pasika simudzathedwa. Pamenepo, izo zinali zoletsedwa kwa Israel kudya magazi a nyama iliyonse, ngati magazi ankaimira mphamvu ya moyo wa chinyama, amene anali Mulungu yekha (onani Genesis, 9:4, ndi Levitiko, 7:26). Tikawonetsetsa, mu Ukalistia ndi, Mulungu akufuna kugawana Magazi Ake, Moyo wake, nafe kuyamwitsa ife sacramentally. Mu Mphatso imeneyi losatchulika ife kukhala thupi limodzi ndi magazi, mzimu umodzi, ndi Mulungu (kuwona Uthenga Wabwino wa Yohane 6:56-57 ndi Bukhu la Chivumbulutso, 3:20).
  2. Yesu akuchita ntchito mawu ophiphiritsa mu Buku kwa Iyemwini kwina mu Yohane Gospel, adzitcha "khomo" komanso "mpesa," Mwachitsanzo (10:7 ndi 15:5, ankalemekeza). Nthawi zina izi, Komabe, Satsatira pafupifupi kutsimikizira chimodzimodzi kwa mawu Ake kuti Iye azichita John 6, omwe Iye akubwereza Yekha mobwerezabwereza ndi kuwonjezeka momveka. Kapena kodi mawu awa zina zilizonse kusamvetsetsana pakati pa omvera momwe Mawu Ake John 6 kuchita. Komanso, ndi Mlaliki John kwenikweni imatiuza Yesu akunena mophiphiritsira John 10:6, chinachake, iye sachita mu chaputala chachisanu ndi chimodzi.