N'chifukwa Chiyani Akatolika Kupemphera kwa Oyera Mtima?

Saint Jerome in Prayer by Hieronymus Bosch by Stefano di Sant`AgneseEnanso amatinena Akatolika tizipemphera kwa Oyera, m'malo mwachindunji Mulungu.

kwenikweni, Akatolika zambiri kupemphera kwa Mulungu, koma angathe kufunsa oyera–aliyense Kumwamba–kupemphera kwa Mulungu m'malo awo.

Choncho, pamene munthu akupemphera kwa Saint kwenikweni kuwapempha Saint kuti amuchonderere–kumpempherera ndipo naye Mulungu. Akristu onse amachita kwenikweni chinthu chomwecho akafunsa okhulupirira anzathu padziko lapansi kuti awapempherere, ngakhale munthu angayembekezere kuti mapemphero a oyera kukhala wamphamvu kwambiri chifukwa iwo adzayima kwathunthu oyeretsedwa pamaso pa Mulungu (onani Kalata ya Saint James, 5:16).1

Yesu, izi zili choncho, anatiphunzitsa kuti Mulungu "sali Mulungu wa akufa, koma wa amoyo " (Luka 20:38). Pa kusandulika, Anali kukambirana ndi kuleza wakufayo Eliya ndi Mose pamaso pa Atumwi (Mark 9:3). Iye analonjeza Mbala Good (amene mwambo adzaitana Saint Dismas) kuti angagwirizane Iye m'Paradaiso tsiku lomwero (Luka 23:43).

Mu Chipangano Chatsopano, Yesu akukamba fanizo limene munthu Hade anapempha kupembedzera kwa munthu mu Chifuwa cha Abrahamu abale ake padziko lapansi (Luka 16:19).

Yesu analankhulanso za chitetezero cha angelo, kuti, "Onani kuti musanyoze mmodzi wa ang'ono awa; pakuti ndinena kwa inu kuti angelo awo apenya chipenyere nkhope ya Atate wanga amene ali kumwamba " (onani Matthew 18:10; ndi Buku la Masalmo 91:11-12; ndi Bukhu la Chivumbulutso 8:3-4).

mu wake Letter Akolose, Paulo analemba kuti okhulupirira pa dziko lapansi ayenerezedwa ndi Mulungu "nawo cholowa cha woyera mtima m'kuwunika" (1:12).

The Letter Aheberi akukamba za anthu woyera ndi akazi a chipangano chakale ngati 'mtambo waukulu wa mboni "wotizungulira mu 12:1 ndipo akupitiriza m'mavesi 12:22 – 23 ndi, "Komatu mwayandikira ku phiri la Ziyoni, ndi mzinda wa Mulungu wamoyo, ndi Jerusalemand wakumwamba angelo osawerengeka mu kusonkhana zoikidwa, ndi kwa msonkhano wa wobadwa woyamba amene analembetsa kumwamba, ndi kwa woweruza amene ali Mulungu wa zonse, ndi kwa mizimu ya okha angwiro. "

mu Bukhu la Chivumbulutso, ofera oyera kuima pamaso pa Mulungu, nampempha Iye chilungamo m'malo mwa adazunza padziko lapansi (6:9-11), ndi atumwi ndi aneneri tigwade pamaso pa mpandowachifumu wa Mulungu kuzulu na kupereka mapemphero a okhulupirika padziko lapansi kwa Iye: "Mbale zagolidi chodzaza ndi zofukiza, ndizo mapemphero a oyera " (5:8, 4:4 ndi 20:4). (Onani kuti wokhulupirika lapansi watchulidwa mu Chipangano Chatsopano monga "Oyera mtima." Izi sizikutanthauza kale mwapatulidwa kwathunthu, koma iwo ali mu ndondomeko ya kuyeretsedwa. Mwachitsanzo, Paulo analangiza Aefeso, amene poyamba maadiresi monga "Oyera mtima amene alinso wokhulupirika mwa Khristu Yesu,"Kusiya makhalidwe awo oipa (onani kalata yake kwa Aefeso, 1:1 ndi 4:22-23).)

Mu Chikhristu analemba oyambirira m'mbiri timalandira umboni ofanana. Papa Saint Clement (D. monga. 97), Mwachitsanzo, analangizanso Akhristu kuti, "Tsatirani oyera, kwa awo amene amawatsatira lidzayeretsedwa " (Letter kwa Akorinto 46:2; cf. ndi. 13:7).

Mu m'chaka cha 156, wokhulupirika ku Smurna anafotokoza kuti ankalambira Yesu Khristu, koma anakonda ofera "monga ophunzira ndi akutsanza a Ambuye, monga iwo oyenera, chifukwa cha kudzipereka kwawo wosayerekezeka Mfumu awo ndi Mphunzitsi. Tiyeninso kukhala amuna awo ndi ophunzira anzathu!" (Kuphedwa kwa Saint Polcycarp 17:3; ).

Kumayambiriro kwa zaka za m'ma lachitatu, Saint Clement wa Alexandria ananenapo mmene Mkhristu woona "akupemphera mtundu wa angelo, kukhala kale udindo angelo, ndipo si mwa kusunga kwawo woyera; ndi kuti iye kupemphera payekha, iye ali kwaya ya oyera ataima naye " (Stromateis 7:12).

Asanamwalire ake m'bwalomo, Saint Perpetua (D. 203) ankalosera masomphenya a Kumwamba limene anakumana miyoyo ya ofera ndi umboni angelo ndi akulu apembedza mpando wachifumu wa Mulungu (onani The Martyrdom of Oyera Perpetua ndi Felicitas 4:1-2). Origen analemba 233, "Izo si Wansembe Wamkulu amene amapemphera ndi iwo amene moona mtima, komanso angelo ..., komanso miyoyo ya oyera amene zapita " (pa Pemphero 11:1). mu 250, Saint Cyprian wa Carthage anafotokoza mmene Ukaristia ankapereka ulemu wa ofera pa chidzatha liti za imfa yawo (onani Kalata Abusa ake ndi anthu ake onse 39:3).

Kusokonekeka maganizo Common

Komabe, mchitidwe akupemphera kwa Oyera Zikuoneka kuti Achiprotestanti kupeputsa udindo wapadera wa Yesu ndi "mkhalapakati mmodzi pakati pa Mulungu ndi anthu" (onani Paulo Letter woyamba Timothy 2:5).

Komabe, kunena Yesu wotiimirira yekha ndi Mulungu, Saint Paulo sakunena za pemphero intercessory, koma kwa Chitetezero. Chifukwa Yesu ndi Mulungu komanso munthu, kokha imfa Yake ndi mphamvu kuyanjanitsa ife ndi Atate (onani ndime zikuwayendera bwino m'kalata yomweyi: 2:6). Kupembedzera la Oyera, kapena kupembedzera kwa Akristu padziko lapansi ngakhale, sikusokoneza pokambiranapo mmodzi Khristu pamaso pa Atate, koma atamukoka pa izo. Choncho Paulo, mu mizere yapitayi vesi 2:5, limalimbikitsa Akhristu kuchita pemphero intercessory, ndi "wabwino, ndi ... ndi cholandirika pamaso pa Mulungu Mpulumutsi wathu " (2:1 – 3).

Oyera si mavuto kutumikira Yesu, koma amoyo zitsanzo Ambuye wapereka tiphunzitseni kutumikira Iye mwangwiro. Pamene Mayi Angelica, foundress wa Wamuyaya Mawu TV Network (EWTN), momveka nachiyika, "Ndine Francis, kutanthauza Ine amatsatira Yesu monga chitsanzo cha Francis lalikulu la Assisi " (ndi Christine Allison, mayankho, osati Malonjezo, Ignatius Press, 1996, tsa. 15).

Choncho tipempha: bambo kodi si anasangalala kwambiri kuona ana ake analemekeza? Si kulemekeza mwana lofunikira njira chofunika kwambiri kulemekeza atate (onani M'buku la Miyambo 17:6)? Mpingo silimbikitsa Oyera chifukwa cha zawo, koma chifukwa cha Mulungu Yemwe adalenga iwo, n'kuzipatula, ndipo anakweza iwo pamaso pathu.

Ndi Pemphero, osati Kupembedza!

Mofananamo, Aprotestanti zambiri molakwa pemphero Katolika Oyera monga Kulambira. Izi zimachokera ku lingaliro lolakwika kuti pemphero ndi kulambira n'chimodzimodzi.

Ngakhale pemphero ndi mbali ya kulambira, kwenikweni kulambira imakhala nsembe ya nsembe (onani Eksodo 20:24, Malachi 1:11; ndipo Paulo Letter Aheberi 10:10).

mwachindunji, Mpingo amapereka Nsembe ya Ukaristia kwa Mulungu ndi kwa Iye yekha Woyera Misa. Mosiyana, Akatolika sapereka nsembe kwa Oyeramtima. Pamenepo, zingakudabwitseni otsutsa kudziwa kuti utsogoleri wolowezana Church anadzudzula chipembedzo m'zaka za zana lachinayi kwa zobwera za Virgin Mary. Saint Epiphanius, ndi Bishop wa Salami, nadzudzula mpatuko kudziwika monga Kollyridians zogawira mkate nsembe kwa iye (Panarion 79). kuwerenga, ena angaganize molakwa kunena kuti Epiphanius ayenera ambiri sanasangalale ndi Marian kudzipereka. M'malomwake, Komabe, Epiphanius nsangala amalimbikitsa ziphunzitso Mpingo Mariya ntchito yomweyo imene iye anawakalipira ndi Kollyridians.

Kusiyanitsa pakati pa kulambira Mulungu ndi kulambira Oyera, Augustine anaitenga ku Greek mawu latria ndi yesmen, zakale pofotokoza kulambira Mulungu ndi yamasika kufotokoza kulambira Oyera (onani Mzinda wa Mulungu 10:1).

Tiyenera kulemekeza Oyera chifukwa oyeretsedwa ndi Mulungu.

  1. Ambiri amadziwira Akhristu onse kuti ife likugwirizana wina ndi mnzake kupyolera mu pemphero (onani Paulo Woyera M'kalata Aroma 12:5 ndi kalata yake yoyamba kwa Akorinto. 12:12).

    Monga moyo wa munthu palokha, pemphero-kugwirizana umapulumuka imfa, imfa alibe mphamvu "kutilekanitsa ndi chikondi cha Mulungu mwa Khristu Yesu Ambuye wathu" (kachiwiri, onani Paulo M'kalata Aroma 8:38-39). Anthu amene anamwalira mu ubwenzi ndi Mulungu ndi "mtulo" mmanda, koma adzalamulira naye kuzulu.[1. Wamba Buku m'Baibulo akufa "akugona" (onani Matthew, 9:24, neri Al.) imangokhala njira yosonyezera imfa chosakhalitsa chikhalidwe ndipo ayenera kuchita mwachindunji ndi thupi la womwalirayo, osati solo (Matthew 27:52). thupi ili m'manja m'manda pa imfa pamene Moyo umalowa mu Muyaya. Pa chiweruzo chotsiriza, thupi anaukitsidwa ndi kugwirizananso ndi moyo. Chifukwa sanali Akhristu Achikatolika amakonda kuona akufa monga kugona, Popemphera kwa Oyera aonekela kwa io kukhala mtundu wa necromancy (onani M'buku la Deuteronomo 18:10-11 ndi Bukhu Choyamba Samuel, 28:6). Koma necromancy anamvetsa bwino ndi kuyesa amatulukira mfundo akufa amene mwinamwake wa Mulungu yekha, monga kudziwa zam'tsogolo. Kupemphera kwa Oyera, mbali inayi, akungofuna chitetezero wakumwamba.