The Resurrection of Jesus is the foundational doctrine of our Catholic faith, and it is a belief which distinguishes Christianity from all other religions. ในความเป็นจริง, Jesus is the only person in all of history to claim to have returned from the grave by His own power. (We say “person” because we believe he was wholly-God และ wholly-man.)
In rising again, Jesus proved His total dominion over death. เช่นเดียวกับการตายของเขาเป็นหลักฐานของความเป็นมนุษย์ของเขา, การฟื้นคืนพระชนม์ของพระองค์เป็นหลักฐานของความเป็นพระเจ้าของพระองค์. ดังนั้น, when the Apostle Thomas saw the Risen Christ he called Him, “My Lord and my God!” in the พระวรสารของจอห์น 20:28.
ในฐานะที่เราอธิบาย elsewhere, Christ’s death is our redemption; His rising is our assurance that we too shall rise again (see Saint Paul’s letter to the Romans, 8:11). ยิ่งไปกว่านั้น, as Saint Paul write is his จดหมายฉบับแรกกับโครินธ์ 15:14, “If Christ has not been raised then our preaching is in vain, and your faith is in vain.”
ศาสนาคริสต์ของพยานคนแรกที่พระคริสต์เพิ่มขึ้นเป็นผู้หญิง, สะดุดตาที่สุดเซนต์แมรีแม็กดาลี. That the initial testimony to the faith’s foundational truth was entrusted to women is highly significant because in ancient Palestine the testimony of women carried little weight. ดังนั้น, it stands to reason that had the Resurrection been a fabrication the story would have been concocted so that Jesus appeared first to men, perhaps to Saint Peter or one of the Apostles—to someone whose testimony would have carried the most weight, not the least.
Each of the four Gospels testifies to the Resurrection, and it is mentioned throughout the New Testament letters as well.
Beyond Scripture, we have the witness of the historical documents known as the writings of the Early Church Fathers, who were Christians who had learned from the Apostles directly or from others who had known them.
สมเด็จพระสันตะปาปานักบุญผ่อนผัน, ตัวอย่างเช่น, who knew both Saints Peter and Paul, wrote from Rome in about 96 ค.ศ., “The Master is continually proving to us that there will be a future resurrection, of which he has made the Lord Jesus Christ the firstling, by raising him from the dead” (ดู Letter of Clement to the Corinthians 24).
Even outside of the community of Jesus’ followers we find historical testimony to the Resurrection. Writing around 93 ค.ศ., เช่น, the Jewish historian Josephus described Jesus as “a doer of wonderful works” and “the Christ” (see Antiquities of the Jews 18:3:3). Going on to document Jesus’ trial and crucifixion under Pontius Pilate, he added, “He appeared to (those that loved him) alive again the third day; as the divine prophets had foretold these and ten thousand other wonderful things concerning him.”