Jesus says in Matthew 23:9, “Call no man your father on earth, for you have one Father, who is in heaven.”
Some have misused this verse to denounce the Catholic practice of calling priests “Father.” Jesus’ words here are not meant to be taken literally, tuy nhiên. They are an hyperbole designed to emphasize our heavenly Father’s sovereignty: that He is the true source of life and wisdom (xem Paul của Thư gửi tín hữu Êphêsô 3:14-15).
We know the Apostles did not take Jesus’ words in Matthew 23:9 literally, vì they called themselves Father!
Saint Paul, Ví dụ như, wrote in his Thư Thứ Nhất gửi tín hữu Côrinthô, "Vì cho dù bạn có vô số những hướng dẫn trong Chúa Kitô, bạn không có nhiều cha. For I became your father in Christ Jesus through the gospel” (4:15).
Paul considered himself the “father” of the Corinthians because he had spiritually begotten them through the Gospel. This is the same sense in which the title is used by Catholic priests today. We call priests “Cha,” not because they somehow take the place of God the Father, but because they are meant to serve as witnesses, living reminders, of His love, guidance and authority in our lives.
Sự thật là, the interpretation of Matthew 23:9 goes against the overwhelming evidence of Scripture.
Thẩm phán 18:19, Vi dụ như, nói, “Come with us, and be to us a father and a priest.” In First Thessalonians 2:11, Paul writes, “You know how, like a father with his children, we exhorted each one of you.” (See also Matt. 1:2 ff.; 15:4-5; Luke 14:26; Hành vi 7:2; 21:40-22:1; Rom. 4:11 ff.; 1 Cor. 4:14-16; Êphêsô. 6:2; Phil. 2:22; 1 Tim. 1:2; Tít 1:4; Philem. 1:10; Có. 12:9; Jas. 2:21; 1 Vật nuôi. 5:13; 1 Nhà vệ sinh 2:1, et al.).
The practice of calling priests Father continued in the early centuries of the Church. Trong khoảng 107 Sau Công Nguyên, Ví dụ như, Saint Ignatius, the Bishop of Antioch implored the faithful to “respect the bishop as a type of the Father” (Letter to the Trallians 3:1).
Trong 177, the leaders of the Church of Lyons wrote to Pope Saint Eleutherus, nói, “We pray, Father Eleutherus, that you may rejoice in God in all things and always” (Letter of the Holy Martyrs of Lyons; Eusebius Pamphilus, Lịch sử của Giáo Hội 5:4:2).
Thật trùng hợp, the title “Pope” (Hy Lạp, Papa), which means Father, was for a time commonly used for all bishops, but eventually came to refer exclusively to the Bishop of Rome.
Given the biblical and historical evidence, Catholics might rightly ask why others do not call their spiritual leaders “Father.”