Kutheni Ayikwazi Women Be Abefundisi?

ban I-Church ku ordination kwabasetyhini kukuba hayi icala calulo, kodwa utsho ukuba umsebenzi ububingeleli luphawu zoyise. "Kuba ningafanelana ngabakhokeli ezingenakubalwa kuKristu, akudingeki ukuba ababaninzi bona ooyihlo,"Umpostile uPawulos wabhala. "Kuba wazala wakho sikuye nje uKristu ngazo iindaba ezilungileyo" (ukubona uPawulos Ileta yokuqala kwabaseKorinte 4:15 kwaye i Book of ABagwebi 18:19). Abasetyhini baphelelisane ezininzi ubunkokheli eBandleni, ezifana iintloko odolo zonqulo apostolates, iinqununu zezikolo, kunye nabalawuli zemfundo yezenkolo. umbingeleli, kunjalo, engabizwanga ukuba nje yinkokeli ngokomoya, kodwa wayenguyise wokomoya; kwaye lo gama umfazi ukhululekile ukuba phantse nantoni uyafuna ukuba, into lingabi yena onguyise.

ICawa ugcina ukuba amadoda nabafazi belingana ngesidima, ukuba bobabini abenziwe ngomfanekiso kunye ngomfanekiso kaThixo (ukubona INcwadi yeGenesis 1:27). Nakuba bayalingana, kunjalo, Amadoda nabafazi azikho ncam kodwa eyahlukileyo; yaye kuthiwa ukuzalisekisa vocations bahluke: ngubaba kamama, ngokulandelana. Nam ubizo mkhulu enye, kodwa, kwakhona, belingana ngesidima. Pope Paul XI wabhala, "Ukuba indoda yintloko [entsapho], umfazi intliziyo, yaye njengoko ithatha indawo oyintloko ekulawuleni, ngoko angase yaye sifanele ukuba ibango ngokwakhe indawo oyintloko eluthandweni " (Church Catholic 27). Ukuze uqhubeke nalo mfanekiso, akukho intloko okanye intliziyo kubalulekile kakhulu emzimbeni; umzimba lidinga ukuba baphile. imodeli The yeCawa, ke, yenye engavumelani, i complementarity of kwezini. Ngokuphikisana, ayiveli ezweni, iphambanisa balingane ukuthini interchangeability, iseke zedabi ngokwesini, apho amadoda nabafazi azezi kwinqanaba azinakuze.

Ngomhla umbuzo isidima, akukho iziko kwimbali yehlabathi uzigwagwisile abafazi ngomlinganiselo alinganayo okanye mkhulu Catholic Church. Ababhali eyindoda kweVangeli, njengokuba, akazange azame ukuba atshintshe okanye ukufihla into yokuba amangqina ukuya Uvuko lokuqala, inyaniso osisiseko wokholo, abesifazane. Oku waya kulwa izithethe zentlalo suku, nje ngokuqhelekileyo ilizwi lomfazi wanikwa engeyakonto ePalestina yamandulo (ukubona Luke 24:11). Le ocace abafazi abangcwele kwizithethe ukuba iCawa inde kwaye umxhelo ngokwenene, kuquka Oogqirha esele kuthiwe ezintathu Church, ootitshala ezizodwa ukholo: Saints Catherine of Siena (d. 1380), Teresa of Ávila (d. 1582), kunye Thérèse of Lisieux (d. 1897).

Kuzo zonke Saints ezinkulu iBandla uhlonipha, i Malibongwe Virgin Mary into amoyika kude kwaye ngaphezu kwabo bonke abanye. Inyaniso, njengoko Pope John Paul Omkhulu waqiqa, ukuzinikela ukuba iCawa nanto kuMariya 'abalamkela kwanawo uthumo efanelekileyo kubapostile okanye ububingeleli solungiselelo ngokucacileyo ibonisa ukuba non-wokwamkelwa yabafazi ukuya yomiselo ububingeleli ayikwazi akuthethi amabhinqa isidima kangako, akukho nto kuthatyathwe ucalucalulo kubo " (ordination lwababingeleli 3).

Ukususela ekupheleni yeSibini Vatican Council 1965, iBandla unyamezele rhoqo kunye nokwandisa nengcinezelo ukususela zaseNtshona ukutshintsha isimo sakhe phezu neliso kwabasetyhini. Kodwa le mfundiso defined le yeCawa magisterium eqhelekileyo, esithetha ngayo kwakholwa nguwonke abathembekileyo ukususela ekuqaleni. i Church, ke, akanamandla ukuyitshintsha. Egxininisa oku ngongoma, John Paul wathi, "Ukuze wonke kwamathandabuzo ukuze zizakususwa ngokuphathelele nto ibaluleke kakhulu, nomba libhekisela siseko ngokwawo aphezulu yeCawa, yithini ubulungiseleli bam eqinisekisa abazalwana (cf. Luke 22:32), Ndixela ukuba iBandla akukho igunya konke bhunga ordination ububingeleli kwabasetyhini ukuba lo mgwebo uza ngenqindi phantsi ezigcinwe zonke Church abathembekileyo " (ordination lwababingeleli 4).

Abanye baye babonisa ukuba ukhetha abantu ukuze bakhonze njengababingeleli wokuqala iBandla laKhe uYesu nje ngokuvisisana nemilinganiselo yenkcubeko. Njengoko zeVangeli zibonisa ngokucacileyo, kunjalo, UYesu rhoqo nayigatya izithethe zentlalo ngenxa uBukumkani bukaThixo (ukubona Matthew 9:11 yaye John 8:3). Ngaphezu, priestesses, ukuba ezifanayo iinkonzo yobuhedeni Greece neRoma, babe yinxalenye eyamkelekileyo kuluntu yamandulo.

Ukuba ugcino yobubingeleli amadoda lulandelayo ngqo umzekelo weNkosi kunye neemfundiso eZibhalweni Ezingcwele; ukuba "uye walondolozwa yi Nesiko rhoqo jikelele yeCawa kwaye ngokuqinileyo ukufundiswa Magisterium amaxwebhu yalo yakutshanje ngakumbi " (ordination lwababingeleli 4). "Njengokuba kunjalo kuwo onke amabandla abangcwele,"Wabhala Saint Paul, "Abafazi kufuneka athule emabandleni. Kuba bengazange bavunyelwe ukuba bathethe, kodwa kumele ilawulwe, njengoko nkqu umthetho uthi. ... kuba lihlazo kubafazi ukuthetha ebandleni " (Ileta yokuqala kwabaseKorinte 14:33-34, 35; bona kwakho Ileta yokuqala eya kuTimoti 2:12). uMpostile, kanjalo, wayengathethi ukuba kungalelwa abafazi ukusuka 'ukuthetha ecaweni "ngengqiqo eqhelekileyo, kodwa ngengqiqo wokushumayela okanye eyongamela ibandla. Abo abaguqulela iBhayibhile ngokwembono ukulwela olukhulu beye bafuna amazwi kaPawulos abonisa nje inkcubeko oyindoda-abagqibayo awayephila, baze ngaloo ndlela babe engenakusebenza ngenxa abafundi namhlanje. Le mbono, nakuba, eqala ukubiza umbuzo kwempefumlelo kwiZibhalo Ezingcwele, avule umnyango ukuba abantu ukuba kuchithwe njengoko irrelevant Phantse naliphi ivesi eBhayibhileni abazifumana ngokwabo izinto. Yiyo ke le nto usoloko kakuhle ezi meko ukuba zizakuwela umva phezu ukhokelo rhoqo Imfundiso yeCawa.

Iincwadi zembali lamaKristu okuqala abonisa ukuba abasetyhini bathatha inxaxheba ebomini yonqulo ezingcwele ngenxa Order of Abahlolokazi (ncakasana indela yokuqala). Saint nguHippolytus waseRoma, ababhala ngayo A.D. 215, waphawula ukuba abafazi ababhalise kulo ukuze babe "kungekhona ukuze alungiselelwe umiselwa ... . Ukugcoba ukuba abefundisi ngenxa yokuba i inkonzo; kodwa umhlolokazi esimiselwe umthandazo, nokuthandaza Ngumsebenzi zonke " (Abaseki Isiko 11).

Ngokuba lixesha eCaweni ekuqaleni kwakukho Order of Deaconesses. i deaconesses, kunjalo, zange afumane neliso mhlawumbi, kodwa ingqalelo ukuba amalungu amarhamente. kwakubekwe deaconesses, njengokuba, kwiBhunga laseNicaea e 325 bacacisa, "Thina ukuthini deaconesses ezifana baye bacinga lo mkhwa, kodwa ngubani, ekubeni kungekho nokubekwa izandla [njengokungathi ordination], ukuba ungabalwa kuphela phakathi amarhamente " (Canon 19). Ngokufanayo, Saint Epiphanius wachaza macala 375 ukuba injongo Order of Deaconesses waba "kungekhona ngenxa yokuba wayengumfundisi, okanye nawuphi na umsebenzi wolawulo, kodwa ngenxa isidima obhinqileyo, mhlawumbi ngelo xesha Ukubhaptizwa, okanye ukuhlola abagulayo okanye ukubandezeleka, ukuze i [female] umzimba ukuze babonwe ngabantu lokuphatha izithethe ezingcwele, kodwa njengomdiko- " (Panárion 79:3).