ukubhaptizwa

The Baptism of Christ by Fra AngelicoYintoni ubhaptizo?

Oku kwaku- ngamanzi.

Ukubhaptizwa ukuba umntu azalwe ngokutsha, ukufumana ukungcwalisa ubabalo, leyo isipho sikaThixo sobomi ngokomoya. UYesu wachaza ukuba uqhagamshelwano phakathi ukholo ubhaptizo, xa efundisa, "Lowo ukholiweyo wabhaptizwa, wosindiswa; kodwa lowo ungakholwayo uya kugwetywa " (ukubona yeVangeli kaMarko, 16:16). "Enyanisweni, ngempela, Ndithi kuwe,"Lowo ngumlomo, "Ukuba akathanga umntu azalwe of ngamanzi nanguMoya, akanakungena ebukumkanini bukaThixo " (bona uYohane 3:5; ugxininiso added).

yena ngokwakhe, kodwa ongenasono, wabhaptizwa nguYohane oNgcwele xa wayeqalisa ubulungiseleli bakhe esidlangalaleni; ukubona yeVangeli kaMateyu, 3:13. Phawula: UYesu wayengenasono ngenxa yokuba kwaphela-nguThixo ngokupheleleyo-man. Yinto yangaphambili, hayi ngabaya kubalulekile. Ngenxa yokuba ngokupheleleyo-UThixo waba iingcamango kunye nezenzo zakhe ukuze ube–silinganisa umntu athi–njengoko uThixo. (Yena wayenguThixo, emveni kwakho konke.)

ke, kutheni kufuneka ke ukuba abhaptizwe? Yena akazange, kodwa njengokuba Saint Ambrose of Milan wachaza ngenkulungwane yesine, "Wabhaptizwa iNkosi, ukuba uzihlambululayo ngokwakhe kodwa yokuhlambulula amanzi, ukuze lawo amanzi, bahlanjululwe inyama kaKristu ungazani nasono, sibe namandla Ukubhaptizwa " (Commentary on the yeVangeli kaLuka 2:83).

The Baptism of Saint Augustine by Nicolo di PietroNgaphambi kokuba anyukele ezulwini, UYesu wawuphinda isigidimi bakhe kubapostile, "Hambani ngoko niye kuzenza abafundi zonke iintlanga, nibabhaptizela egameni loYise, loNyana, loMoya oyiNgcwele, nibafundisa ukuba bazigcine zonke izinto endiniwisele umthetho ngazo " (bona Matewu 28:19-20).

Kwiintsuku ezimbalwa emva koko, ngePentekoste, Saint uPetros wayethetha nesihlwele. Ekupheleni intshumayelo yakhe, yena wabuza, "Siya kwenza ntoni na?

uPetros uphendula, "Phendukani, kwaye nibhaptizwe nonke ngabanye egameni likaYesu Kristu ukuze kuxolelwe izono zenu; kwaye niya kwamkela isipho soMoya oyiNgcwele. Kuba idinga likuni nakubantwana benu nakubo bonke abakude, bonke, esukuba iNkosi uThixo wethu ubiza kuye " (KwiZenzo zabapostile, 2:38-39).

Kuba Apostolic Church, Ubhaptizo yaba wokuya ubomi bobuKristu (bona Izenzo 8:12, 38; 9:18; 10:48). Ukwengeza, ngo izenzo 8:37, ithenwa elingumTiyopiya, akuba ebuyile, ebamkele iVangeli Saint Philip, uvakalisa umnqweno Ukubhaptizwa. Ngokufanayo, kwincwadi yeZenzo 16:33, UPawulos noSilas kubhaptiza mgcini laseFilipi kwaye yonke nendlu yakhe "ngaphandle kokulibazisa." Ku tsundzuka ukuguquka yakhe, UPawulos ukhumbula ukuba uAnaniyas wathi kuye, "Yaye ngoku kutheni na ukuba ulinde? Phakama uze ubhaptizwe, kwaye uhlambe izono zakho, ababiza egameni lakhe " (izenzo 22:16). UPawulos uxelela Efese ukuba "uKristu walithandayo ibandla, wazinikela ngenxa yalo, ukuba kungenzeka ngcwalisani yena, alihlambulule kwayo ngokuhlamba kwamanzi ngelizwi " (Ileta kaPawulos eya kwabase-Efese, 5:25-26; ugxininiso added). yakhe Incwadi uTito, le uPawulos wrotes sosindiswa kwangohlobo ezisindiswa "yi sebhate sokuzalwa ngokutsha."

Image of the Baptism of Christ by Gerard DavidIincwadi zembali lamaKristu okuqala bazingqinayo ngokutsha ngobhaptizo lwamanzi. Malunga nonyaka 150, njengokuba, Saint Justin Wathi abo babeza kubhaptizwa "kwaziswa sithi apho kukho amanzi, kwaye ngokutsha ngendlela efanayo apho siye ngokutsha ngokwethu. ... Kuba uKristu uthe, 'Ngaphandle kokuba umntu azalwe ngokutsha, uya kukha ningene ebukumkanini bamazulu ' (John 3:3)" (First Ukuxolisa 61).

Emhlabeni nyaka 200, Saint uClement waseAlexandria, wabhala, "Xa sibhaptiziwe, thina bakhanyiselwa are. ukuba bakhanyiselwa, thina amkelwa oonyana. Athengwe njengoonyana, esenziwe egqibelele. baphelele, siba ongenakufa. ... Kuyinto ukuhlanjwa ngako bayahlanjululwa izono ... " (Le ofundisayo Abantwana 1:6:26:1, 2). malunga 217, Saint nguHippolytus waseRoma wathetha kokufika kukaKristu, ukuba ihlabathi "nokubonakalaliswa kwakhe ngokubhaptizwa, kwaye ukuzalwa ngokutsha owawuza kuba kubo bonke abantu, kunye nokuhlaziya ngokutsa lwesitya " (Intetho kwi Isiphelo World 1). malunga 250, Saint uCyprian of Carthage kutyhilwa, "Xa ibala yobomi bam ngaphambili ukuba iNkosi yakuhlamba ukungcola kude esebenzisa amanzi sokuzalwa ngokutsha, ukukhanya phezulu wawagalela ngokwawo phezu entliziyweni yam nangezwi ngoku nyulu; emveni koko ngoMoya leyo uphefumlwa evela ezulwini, nizalwe eyenziwe kum indoda omtsha " (Ileta eya Donatus 4).

Image of Ark of Noah on Mount Ararat attributed to Hieronymus BoschQaphela ukuba yomthendeleko Ubhaptizo afanekiselwa kuyo yonke iTestamente eNdala. in Genesis 1:2, kubhaliwe kwathiwa indalo, "UMoya kaThixo ... ihamba phezu kobuso bamanzi,"Kwaye umkhukula yamandulo ukuba zihlanjululwe umhlaba zombini izikweko zokuphehlelelwa. Njengoko Saint uPetros wabhala, "Ngemihla kaNowa, ngexesha ekwakheni umkhombe ... ezimbalwa, yiyo i, abantu abasibhozo, ngamanzi. ukubhaptizwa, okuhambelana kule, ngoku ubhaptizo ngokomfuziselo, hayi nje ukususwa kokungcola emzimbeni kodwa isibheno kuThixo kwesazela ecacileyo, ngokuvuka kukaYesu Kristu " (ukubona ileta yokuqala kaPetros, 3:20-21; ugxininiso added).

umyalelo Umprofeti kaElisha ukuya jikelele waseSiriya uNahaman, owayeze kuye befuna unyango iqhenqa lakhe, amanqaku ku alefwaya, ukuzalwa. "Yiya uhlambe izihlandlo ezisixhenxe eYordan,"Umprofeti uxelela kuye, "Inyama yenu iya kubuyiselwa, kwaye uya kuba uhlambulukile " (bona Incwadi EyesiBini YooKumkani 5:10 no ILevitikus, 14:7). Njengoko ubhala incwadi yakhe yokuqala eya kwabaseKorinte (10:2), Saint Paul ubona engumfuziselo Ukubhaptizwa bubonakala efini lomlilo kunye nomsi ezazihamba amaSirayeli entlango yaye amanzi oLwandle oluBomvu nge abacandayo. (Kwakhona uthetha of the Old-yomnqophiso isiko lolwaluko njengoko siphu- Ukubhaptizwa Kwincwadi yakhe eya kwabaseKolose (2:11-12).