Kutheni amaKatolika Sithandaze Kwiingcwele?

Saint Jerome in Prayer by Hieronymus Bosch by Stefano di Sant`AgneseAbanye agxeke amaKatolika ukuba sithandaze ukuze Saints, kunokuba ngqo kuThixo.

eneneni, AmaKatolika kuthandaze ngqo kuThixo, kodwa angacela abangcwele–ubani Ezulwini–ukuba sithandaze kuThixo egameni labo.

ke, xa uthandaza a Saint ngokusisiseko ukubuza Saint ukuba adlulisele imithandazo yakhe–ukuba amthandazele kunye naye uThixo. Onke amaKristu ncakasana into efanayo xa bebuza amanye amakholwa emhlabeni ukuba abathandazele, nangona umntu angalindela ukuba imithandazo yabangcwele ukuba namandla ngakumbi kuba nimi abangcwalisiweyo ngokupheleleyo phambi koThixo (ukubona Le Incwadi Saint James, 5:16).1

uJesu, emveni kwakho konke, wafundisa ukuba uThixo "UThixo akaThixo wabafileyo, kodwa ngowabaphilayo " (Luke 20:38). Xa uguquka, Wayencokola UEliya elide-uswelekile kwaye uMoses phambi Apostles (uphawu 9:3). Wathembisa Kwakhona isela Good (lowo isithethe ubiza Saint Dismas) ukuba uza kuya naye eParadesi ngaloo mini kanye (Luke 23:43).

KwiTestamente Entsha, UYesu linikezela umzekeliso apho umntu kwelabafileyo ecela kuMoses umntu esifubeni Abraham kubazalwana bakhe emhlabeni (Luke 16:19).

UYesu uthetha kuMoses, lo zezulu, bathi, "Lumkani, ningadeli namnye waba bancinane; kuba ndithi kuni, Izithunywa zabo emazulwini zihlala zibubona ubuso bukaBawo osemazulwini " (ukubona Matthew 18:10; i Encwadini yeeNdumiso 91:11-12; kwaye i Incwadi yeSityhilelo 8:3-4).

yakhe Ileta eya kwabaseKolose, UPawulos ubhala ukuba amakholwa emhlabeni aye amiselwa nguThixo 'ukuba nenxaxheba kwilifa labantu bakhe ebuqaqawulini " (1:12).

the Ileta eya kumaHebhere libhekisela abantu abangcwele namabhinqa i-Old yomnqophiso njenge 'ilifu lamangqina' nathi eyingqongileyo ku 12:1 kwaye uyaqhubeka ivesi 12:22 – 23 nge, "Nisuke nina nafika eZiyon, entabeni nasemzini woThixo ophilileyo, i Jerusalemand zasezulwini iingelosi nakumawakawaka kubuthwa zemikhosi, kunye nakwibandla amazibulo abhaliweyo emazulwini, kwaye kumgwebi nguThixo zonke, nakoomoya nje amadoda asulungekileyo. "

Kwi Incwadi yeSityhilelo, ukholo ezingcwele bemi phambi koThixo, embongoza ubulungisa egameni batshutshiswa emhlabeni (6:9-11), nabathunywa kunye nabaprofeti siguqe phambi kwetrone kaThixo ezulwini usondeze imithandazo abathembekileyo emhlabeni kuYe: "Nengqayi yegolide izele ziziqhumiso, eziyiyo imithandazo yabangcwele " (5:8, 4:4 yaye 20:4). (Qaphela ukuba abathembekileyo emhlabeni kudla ngokubhekiswa kuzo kwiTestamente eNtsha "iingcwele." Oku akuthethi ukuba bacebise ukuba sele ungcwalisiwe ngokupheleleyo, kodwa ukuba kwi inkqubo bangcwaliswayo. Umzekelo, UPawulos kululeka Efese, lowo iidilesi ngaphambili njengoko "abangcwele Uthembekile kuKristu Yesu,'Ukuba kude ukuziphatha yesono (ukubona Ileta yakhe eya kwabase-Efese, 1:1 yaye 4:22-23).)

In yokuqala Iincwadi zembali ubuKristu siya kwamkela ubungqina efanayo. Pope Saint Clement (d. njengoko. 97), umzekelo, eluleka amaKristu ukuba, "Landela abangcwele, abo landela kubo uya kungcwaliswa " (Ileta eya kwabaseKorinte 46:2; cf. Yiba. 13:7).

Malunga nonyaka 156, abathembekileyo laseSmirna wachaza ukuba babenqula uYesu Kristu, kodwa wayemthanda bafel 'njengabafundi kunye ngabaxelisa beNkosi, njengoko sifanelwe, ngenxa yokuzinikela kwawo nanto kuKumkani wabo noMfundisi. Ngamana nathi babe ngabalingane babo abafundi!" (Ukholo of Saint Polcycarp 17:3; ).

Ekuqaleni kwenkulungwane lesithathu, Saint uClement waseAlexandria wathi indlela amaKristu okwenyaniso "uthandaza eluntwini iingelosi, njengokuba sele bezikhundla yeengelosi, kwaye yena akazange aphume yokugcina zabo ezingcwele; nokuba ethandaza eyedwa, yena ikwayara abangcwele umi kunye naye " (Stromateis 7:12).

Ngaphambi kokufa kwakhe kwibala, Saint Perpetua (d. 203) wabalisa umbono wezulu apho wadibana imiphefumlo ukholo kanye wabona iingelosi kunye nabadala enqula phambi kwetrone kaThixo (ukubona Le baza kubulawelwa of Saints Perpetua and Felicitas 4:1-2). Origen wabhala ngo 233, "Akubalulekanga nje uMbingeleli oMkhulu, ethandaza, nabo bethandaza, kodwa iingelosi ..., kananjalo imiphefumlo abo bangcwele zigqithile " (on Umthandazo 11:1). in 250, Saint uCyprian of Carthage wachaza indlela uMthendeleko wanikelwa imbeko lamangqina kwi kwezikhumbuzo ukufa kwabo (ukubona Ileta eya Abefundisi Yakhe kwaye Bonke Abantu Bakhe 39:3).

abadla

kunjalo, umkhuba ethandaza Saints kubonakala amaProtestanti ukujongela phantsi ntirho wo hlawuleka wa Yesu tanihi "mnye nomlamli phakathi koThixo nabantu ' (ukubona uPawulos Ileta yokuqala eya kuTimoti 2:5).

kunjalo, ekubizeni UYesu nguMlamli lwethu noThixo, Saint Paul asibhekiseli ukuba umthandazo intercessory, kodwa Ukuhlawulelwa. Ngenxa yokuba uYesu unguThixo kunye nomntu, kuphela ukufa kwakhe wayenamandla ukubalelana thina kunye noYise (ukubona vesi olulandela kule ncwadi efanayo: 2:6). KuMoses, lo Saints, okanye bambongozayo amaKristu emhlabeni loo nto, akuyiphazamisi ngolamlo kaKristu kwisinye phambi uYise, kodwa isekelwe phezu kwawo. Ngenxa yoko, uPawulos, kule migca ivesi elandulelayo 2:5, ikhuthaza amaKristu ukuba bazibandakanye ngomthandazo intercessory, apho "okuhle, kwaye ... kuhle, kwamkelekile emehlweni kaThixo wethu uMsindisi " (2:1 – 3).

ke Abangcwele na imiqobo ukuba yokukhonza uYesu, kodwa imizekelo * uNdikhoyo ubabonelele abahlala ukufundisa indlela nimkhonze ngokugqibeleleyo. Njengoko uMama Angelica, foundress ye onguNaphakade Word Television Network (EWTN), ngokucacile wasibeka, "Mna Franciscan, leyo ethetha Mna uYesu njengoko kumzekelo uFrancis enkulu waseAssisi " (ne uChristine Allison, iimpendulo, hayi Izithembiso, Ignatius Press, 1996, p. 15).

Ngoko ke zibuze: uyise akukho gqitha ukubona abantwana bakhe udunyiswa? Ungambekiyo umntwana akuguquki indlela enzulu ngakumbi nokuhlonipha uyise (ukubona Book of Swivuriso 17:6)? IBandla ayiphakamisi Saints ngenxa yabo, kodwa ngenxa kaThixo Ngubani owadala, wawangcwalisa, yaye wamvusa phambi kwethu.

Yinto Umthandazo, hayi Unqulo!

Ngokufanayo, AmaProtestanti senza iphutha umthandazo yamaKatolika ukuba Saints nonqulo. Oku kuvela i ingcamango engachanekanga ukuba umthandazo kunye nonqulo kuyahambisana.

Nangona xikhongelo i xiphemu xa vugandzeri, eneneni unqulo ibandakanya umnikelo ungumbingelelo (ukubona uphumo 20:24, uMalaki 1:11; yaye uPawulos Ileta eya kumaHebhere 10:10).

ngokukodwa, iBandla usondeza umbingelelo uMthendeleko kuThixo-nguYehova yedwa-e-Mass Holy. Ngokuphikisana, AmaKatolika musa kubingelela Saints. Inyaniso, oko Basenokothuka bagxeki ukwazi ukuba iCawa walahla iqela lonqulo ngenkulungwane yesine olahlwa malunga Virgin Mary. Saint Epiphanius, Priste eSalami, wawukhalimela ihlelo eyaziwa ngokuba Kollyridians zokufundiswa isonka umbingelelo kuye (Panárion 79). ukufunda le, abanye baphethe ukuba Epiphanius umele ukuba ngokubanzi nokubonwa Marian nokuzinikela. Ngokwahlukileyo koko, kunjalo, Epiphanius ikhuthaza iimfundiso yeCawa kwi uMariya kumsebenzi efanayo apho Ukhalimela Kollyridians.

Ukwahlula phakathi ukukhonza uThixo kunye ukuhlonelwa Saints, Augustine loans kwisiGrike amagama latria yaye yesmen, yangaphambili ukuchaza unqulo kaThixo kunye yokugqibela ukuchaza ukuhlonelwa Saints (ukubona The City of kaThixo 10:1).

Sidumise Saints ngenxa yokuba siye sangcwaliswa nguThixo.

  1. Iqhelekile olulandelwa ngabo bonke amaKristu ukuba zihlangene olunye nolunye ngomthandazo (ukubona Saint Paul xa Ileta eya KwabaseRoma 12:5 kunye incwadi yakhe yokuqala eya kwabaseKorinte. 12:12).

    Kanye umphefumlo womntu ngokwayo, lo mthandazo-link uyasinda ekufeni, ngokuba ukufa ayinamandla "ukusahlula nothando lukaThixo olukuye uKrestu Yesu, iNkosi yethu" (kwakhona, ukubona uPawulos Ileta eya KwabaseRoma 8:38-39). Abo baye bafa ubuhlobo lukaThixo 'balele' emangcwabeni, kodwa balawule kunye naye ezulwini.[1. I-reference eziqhelekileyo yebhayibhile ukuya nabafileyo "belele" (ukubona Matthew, 9:24, okqhubekayo.) nje indlela yokuveza indalo zezomzuzwana lokufa kwaye ukwenza ngqo umzimba womfi, Umphefumlo (Matthew 27:52). Iqumrhu ilala engcwabeni ekufeni ngelixa umphefumlo ungena ngunaphakade. Ngelo uMgwebo Last, umzimba ovusiweyo kwakhona nomphefumlo. Ngenxa-non yamaKatolika AmaKristu bakholisa ukubona abafileyo ukulala, umthandazo ukuba Saints kubonakala kubo ukuba uhlobo umkhwa (ukubona Book of IDuteronomi 18:10-11 kunye First Book of kaSamuweli, 28:6). Kodwa umkhwa ziqondwa kakuhle lilinge wabhikica ulwazi kwabafileyo leyo ngenye ngakaThixo yedwa, ezifana nolwazi elizayo. Ukuthandaza Saints, kwelinye icala, lifuna ephilela ezulwini nje.