151 – 299 AD

154 – Saint Polycarp, Bishop of Smyrna and disciple of the Apostle John, meets with Pope Saint Anicetus I in Rome

They discuss the controversy over observance of the feast of Pascha (復活節). The Eastern Church follows John’s custom of celebrating the feast on the 14th day of the Jewish month of Nisan, regardless of the particular day of the week. The Western Church follows Peter’s custom of celebrating the feast always on a Sunday. Anicetus and Polycarp concelebrate Mass (CF. 愛任紐, C. 190 公元, Letter to Victor of Rome; Eusebius, History 5:24:16-17).

156 – Martyrdom of Saint Polycarp

Revealing the early Church’s veneration of relics, the Christians in Smyrna, witnessing their Bishop’s martyrdom, 寫, “And so later on we took up his bones, which are more valuable than precious stones and finer than refined gold, and deposited them in a suitable place. There gathering together, as we are able, 喜悅和歡樂, the Lord will permit us to celebrate the birthday of his martyrdom in commemoration of those who have already fought in the contest, and for the training and preparation of those who will do so in the future” (The Martyrdom of Saint Polycarp, C. 156 公元, 18:2-3).

170 – Muratorian Fragment, written in Rome, gives information on the New Testament and other early Christian writings
177 – Martyrdom of Saint Blandina and her companions in Lyons

181 – First Recorded Use of the Term “Trinity”: 聖提阿, Bishop of Antioch

He also speaks of baptismal rebirth and Confirmation (要Autolycus).

185 – Saint Irenaeus, Bishop of Lyons and disciple of Polycarp, composes Against Heresies

He writes of the Holy Trinity, Real Presence of Christ in the Eucharist, 瑪麗的新除夕, and authority of the Church of Rome—listing the Popes from Peter down to his day:

3:3:2 (Authority of the Church of Rome) “Since it would be too long to enumerate in such a volume as this the successions of all the Churches, 我們將挫敗所有這些誰, 以任何方式, … assemble other than where it is proper, 這裡所指出的最大和最古老的教堂已知的所有主教的繼承, 創立並在羅馬舉辦由兩個最光榮的使徒, 彼得和保羅, 該教會有哪些已經宣布男子由使徒後歸結到我們的傳統和信仰. 與此教堂, 由於其優越的起源, 所有的教會必須同意, 亦即, 在全世界所有信徒; 正是在她的忠實處處都保持著使徒傳統. …

3:3:3 “The blessed Apostles [彼得和保羅], 已經成立,並建立了教會 [of Rome], 他們主教的辦公室移交給Linus. Paul makes mention of this Linus in the [秒] Epistle to Timothy (4:21). 對他來說,成功Anacletus; 在他之後, 從使徒第三位, 克萊門特被選為主教. 他看到的祝福使徒和與他們相識了. 有人可能會說,他還是聽到了使徒的宣講的迴聲, 並有自己的傳統,在他眼前. 而且不只是他, 對於有許多尚存誰已經由使徒指示.

“In the time of Clement, 在科林斯的弟兄中已經出現了不小的分歧, 教會在羅馬發出了非常強烈的信給哥林多前書, 他們告誡和平和更新他們的信仰. ......對此克萊門特, Evaristus成功; 和亞歷山大成功Evaristus. 然後,, 第六使徒後, 西斯被任命; 在他之後, Telesphorus, 誰也被光榮殉國. 然後團所屬; 在他之後, 皮烏斯; 在他之後, Anicetus. 索特成功Anicetus, 現在, 在使徒後第十二位, 在很多主教已經下降到Eleutherus. 在這種秩序, 由使徒教學中教會傳世, 真理的說教已經下降到我們. ...

3:22:4 (瑪麗的新除夕) “Consequently, 然後, Mary the Virgin is found to be obedient, 話: “看哪!, 主啊!, 你的婢女; be it done to me according to your word” (Lk. 1:38). Eve, 然而, was disobedient; and when yet a virgin, she did not obey. Just as she, who was then still a virgin although she had Adam for a husband,—for in Paradise they were both naked but were not ashamed (根. 2:25); 為, having been created only a short time, they had no understanding of the procreation of children and it was necessary that they first come to maturity before beginning to multiply,—having become disobedient, was made the cause of death for herself and for the whole human race; so also Mary, 許配給一個人,但儘管如此,還是處女, 順服, 有人得救的事業,為自己和整個人類. ......因此,, the knot of Eve’s disobedience was loosed by the obedience of Mary. What the virgin Eve had bound in unbelief, the Virgin Mary loosed through faith. …

4:17:5 (Real Presence of Christ in the Eucharist) “He took from among creation that which is bread, and gave thanks, 話, ‘This is My Body’ (馬特. 26:26). The cup likewise, which is from among the creation to which we belong, He confessed to be His Blood. …

4:20:1 (Holy Trinity) “It was not angels, 因此, who made us nor who formed us, neither did angels have the power to make an image of God. It was not some power existing far from the Father of the universe, nor was it anyone else, other than the Word of the Lord. God had no need of others to make what He had already determined of Himself to make, as if He had not His own hands. For with Him always are the Word and the Wisdom, the Son and the Spirit, through whom and in whom He made all things freely and spontaneously; and to whom He spoke, 話: ‘Let us make man in our image and likeness’ (根. 1:26).”

190 – The Quartodeciman Dispute

Pope Saint Victor I declares the universal observance of the feast of Pascha (復活節) on Sunday. The Bishops of Asia Minor (the Quartodecimans) oppose the ruling and Victor threatens them with excommunication. Irenaeus and others petition the Pope to reconsider, preventing the censure.

200 – Fresco in Catacomb of Saint Callistus in Rome depicts Christ the Good Shepherd

200 – Inscription at site of the Annunciation in Nazareth reads “Hail, Mary”

203 – Martyrdom of Saints Perpetua, Felicitas, and companions

Perpetua, the earliest known female Christian author, records vision of purgatory:

“After a few days, while we were all praying, suddenly in the middle of the prayer I spoke, and uttered the name of Dinocrates; and I was astonished that he had never come into mind till then; and I grieved, thinking of what had befallen him. And I saw at once that I was entitled, and ought, to make request for him. And I began to pray much for him, and make lamentation to the Lord. At once on this very night this was shown to me. I saw Dinocrates coming forth from a dark place, where there were many other dark places, very hot and thirsty, his countenance pale and squalid; and the wound which he had when he died was in his face still. This Dinocrates had been my brother according to the flesh, seven years old, who had died miserably of a gangrene in the face, so that his death moved all to loathing. For him then I had prayed; and there was a great gulf between me and him, so that neither of us could approach the other. There was besides in the very place where Dinocrates was a font full of water, the rim of which was above the head of the child; and Dinocrates stood on tiptoe to drink. I grieved that the font should have water in it and that nevertheless he could not drink because of the height of the rim. And I woke and recognized that my brother was in trouble. But I trusted that I could relieve his trouble, and I prayed for him every day until we were transferred to the garrison prison, for we were to fight with the beasts at the garrison games on the Cæsar Geta’s birthday. And I prayed for him day and night with lamentations and tears that he might be given me.

“During the daytime, while we stayed in the stocks, this was shown to me. I saw that same place which I had seen before, and Dinocrates clean in body, well clothed and refreshed; and where there had been a wound, I saw a scar; and the font which I had seen before had its rim lowered to the child’s waist; and there poured water from it unceasingly; and on the rim a golden bowl full of water. And Dinocrates came forward and began to drink from it, and the bowl failed not. And when he had drunk enough of the water, he came forward, being glad to play as children will. And I awoke. Then I knew that he had been released from punishment” (Martyrdom of Saints Perpetua and Felicitas 2:3-4).

211 – Tertullian becomes a heretic

215 – Saint Hippolytus of Rome describes priestly ordination and Infant Baptism (Apostolic Tradition); calls Mary “spotless God-bearer” (話語在天涯)

Baptize first the children; and if they can speak for themselves, let them do so. 不然的話, let their parents or other relatives speak for them” (Apostolic Tradition 21).

243 – Mary appears to Saint Gregory Thaumaturgos

250 – First Recorded Prayer to Mary: 根據你的

254 – Origen dies

258 – Martyrdom of Pope Saint Sixtus II and companions during Mass in the Catacomb of Saint Callistus in Rome

258 – Martyrdom of Saint Lawrence, deacon of Pope Sixtus and treasure of the Church of Rome

258 – Martyrdom of Saint Cyprian, Bishop of Carthage