Church

Kungani iSonto LamaKatolika lowo, inkolo yeqiniso?

Okokuqala, kuwufanele becela: Yini amaKristu abakushoyo uma bethi le one, inkolo yeqiniso?

An image of The Triumph of the Church by Andrea di Bonaiuto da Firenze

I Triumph of the Church by Andrea Bonaiuto kusukela Florence

Ngokuyisisekelo, sisho labo abakholelwa kuZiqu-zintathu Ongcwele–UNkulunkulu uYise; UJesu, iNdodana kaNkulunkulu; NoMoya Ongcwele–futhi naletintfo ukuthi uJesu wafundisa phakathi nenkonzo yakhe. Nokho kumele uqaphele ngoba kukhona amaqembu abantu abazibheka amaKristu, kodwa abaye wanezela abazichaza yabo siqu kanye nemibono uhambe ngalé yini uJesu wafundisa.

Ngakho, “The Church” encompasses labo abalandela izimfundiso zikaJesu original (ukuze degrees ezehlukene), kodwa ingabe yilokho uJesu ayekuqondile lapho? Ukuze siphendule lowo mbuzo, kubalulekile ukuba sihlole le Sciptures.

In IVangeli likaMathewu (16:18) UJesu uthi kuPetru, "Ngiyakutshela, Wena unguPetru, phezu kwaleli dwala ngiyakulakha ibandla lami, kanye namandla esihogo ngeke bakunqobe. "Kamuva ngo Mathewu 28:20, UJesu wamqinisekisa: Abalandeli bakhe Wayezokwenza sihlale nabo "njalo, kuze kube sekupheleni kwezwe. "Ngokufanayo, eVangelini likaJohane, UJesu uthembisa ukuthi uMoya oNgcwele kuyoba ne iSonto phakade (14:16).

Kukhona izindima eziningi emiBhalweni ezihilela nokusungula iNkosi "umbuso ongasoze wachithwa." (Ngokwesibonelo, ukubona Incwadi kaDaniyeli (2:44), Isaya (9:7) kanye IVangeli likaMathewu (13:24).)

Ngoba lezo zizathu, singaqiniseka ukuthi iSonto uJesu founded-Iyona yodwa, Church weqiniso-inomlando never bawa futhi uye wema ngokuqhubekayo kusukela osukwini Saint Peter kuze kube namuhla futhi izohlala samanje "kuzo zonke izizukulwane, phakade" (njengoba St. Cabanga ngalokho uPawulu akuloba yakhe Incwadi eya kwabase-Efesu 3:21).

Lokhu kusho ukuthi izimfundiso zeSonto ziye yasinda ngoba banikwa kuye Kristu uqobo Owathi, "Kuyakudlula izulu nomhlaba kuyodlula, kodwa amazwi ami awasoze adlula " (bheka Mathewu 24:35 futhi uMprofethi Isaya 40:8).

In yakhe Incwadi yokuqala ayibhalela uThimothewu (3:15), Paul Saint uya kude ukuze ngokuthi iSonto "insika eqinile eqinisweni." Ngenxa yokuthi iSonto lakhe liye ababethi imfundiso efanayo ukuze cishe 2,000 iminyaka, kukhona i indlela zomlando ungaphazanyiswa oxhumanisa umphakathi original babafundi bakaJesu ukuba self owayephila ngesikhathi salo. Ngakho, kufanele kukghonakale ukulandelela izimfundiso lwalezo izidumbu lobuKristu owayephila ngesikhathi okwenzeka esikhathini esidlule kuze kube ngezinsuku zabaPhostoli.

Apostolic Succession

Kuzo zonke imiphakathi yanamuhla eziningi futhi ezihlukahlukene yobuKristu, iSonto LamaKatolika kuphela uyakwazi ukuze ngisekele izimangalo wakhe sobufakazi bobuqiniso ngokusebenzisa Apostolic Succession, noma umugqa ziqotho ababhishobhi esiye wawufeza ngokwethembeka izimfundiso zabaphostoli kusukela ekhulwini lokuqala kuze kube namuhla. Leli qiniso osekelwa isidumbu imibhalo-ubuKristu lasendulo zomlando yoFata beSonto Early–lacala izincwadi elabhalwa amadoda owafunda Ukholo ngqo kusuka babaPostoli. Lezi imibhalo etholakala kalula inthanethi noma ngasiphi umtapo okuhle noma esitolo sezincwadi.

Non-amaKatolika avame ukuphika isidingo onegunya, Church imfundiso, futhi ngokuvamile ubheka eBhayibhelini njengendinganiso lwaluvelaphi ngasodwa weqiniso, nokukholelwa eBhayibhelini sokuzibona Interpretive.

Okuxakayo, Lowomqondo ukulahlwa umBhalo, uqobo. Bona Saint KaPetru Second Incwadi (1:20-21).

Ngaphezu kwalokho, it is basibukela phansi iqiniso lokuthi kukhona isixuku sakwa-"IBhayibheli-kuphela" amahlelo ukuthi ngokuyisisekelo abavumelani nalokho iBhayibheli elikufundisayo! Uma komuntu incazelo yomuntu ngokwakhe of izimfundiso zikaKristu abanamaphutha (nokuba nencazelo komuntu, kungase kube) ke zomlando imibhalo Church zibalulekile ukuba uqonde indlela nabaPhostoli nabalandeli babo uhunyushwe imiBhalo Engcwele waphila out the Faith.

An Image of the Life of Saint Stephen: Nowomhlatshelo Ukuphana izipho by Fra Angelico esizwa Benozzo Gozzoli

Life of Saint Stephen: Nowomhlatshelo Ukuphana izipho by Fra Angelico esizwa Benozzo Gozzoli

Lezi emibhalweni okuqondene naye lab 'oFata Early Church ngokuqinile sifanekise inqubekela phambili nokufundisa LamaKatolika, eye zigcinwe naphezu yephutha lomuntu nesono, ushushiso, nezingcindezi kwamasiko eyayingabangela esikhungweni ezejwayelekile alahle izimiso ewumgogodla kudala. Yasho phezu phambili Catholic Church (futhi ikakhulukazi of the Church of Rome) ngekhulu lesibili, Saint uIrenaeus waseLyons embize "iSonto omkhulu kunayo yonke futhi eminingi yasendulo kwaziwa yibo bonke" e Against Heresies 3:3:2.

Qaphela ukuthi ezihlukahlukene eyeza nezazi zezinkanyezi ezikhuluma Kuye elenziwa kuyo yonke le minyaka on the ingxenye ababephikisa isonto ukuzama ukuchaza wakhe imvelaphi-noma ukukuchaza away Omunye angase athi. Okuvame kakhulu theory enjalo usola Catholicism ladalwa ngekhulu lesine, emhlabeni isikhathi uMbusi uConstantine Omkhulu ubuKristu okusemthethweni ezazithe chithi saka eMbusweni WamaRoma. Lo mbono uthi ingxenye enkulu of the Christian Church uye wagcina ebe onakaliswa amathonya amaqaba ngenxa kwatheleka omkhulu ezingxenyeni. Kunjalo, isithiyo zingangentaba mbono kuba phambi imfundiso yamaKatolika emibhalweni sabashumayeli ukuthi lakhuluma Constantine, emibhalweni komlando oFata beSonto Okuqala khombisa lokhu ngendlela enamandla.

An image of Life of Saint Stephen: Ukuphuma lashaya by Fra Angelico esizwa Benozzo Gozzoli

Life of Saint Stephen: Ukuphuma lashaya by Fra Angelico esizwa Benozzo Gozzoli

I Catholicity nezisobala abalobi ubuKristu sika wasendulo obungenakuphikiswa.

Cabanga, Ngokwesibonelo, Saint Ignatius wase-Antiyokiya, owafa emhlabeni ngonyaka 107. Ignatius kwaba inhlamvu zabaPhostoli uPetru noJohane futhi wasebenzisa izimfundiso zeSonto eMiseni ukuze silwe bayizihlubuki ophike incarnation.

Anakho umehluko lokuba umbhali bokuqala emlandweni ukusebenzisa igama elithi "catholic" njengoba igama eliyibizoqho kulowo Church. "Nomaphi umbhishobhi livela, ake abantu babe khona,"Ebhala; "Njengoba nje nomaphi UJesu Kristu nguyena, kukhona iSonto LamaKatolika. "

Kwaziqondanela nje, Antiyokiya, Ignatius 'ukugcotshwa, Kwenzekani futhi ukuba kube indawo lapho abalandeli bakaKristu bathoma ukubizwa ngama "amaKristu" (bheka uhlelo lomlawuli 11:26).

An umfanekiso Wokudumisa zintathu Ongcwele by Albrecht Durer

Wokudumisa zintathu Ongcwele by Albrecht Durer

The ukusetshenziswa bokuqala ebhaliwe elithi "Ziqu-zintathu" livela e-Antiyokiya, too. Ukuvela e incwadi yomunye umbhishobhi, Saint Theophilus, cishe 181 (bheka Ukuze Autolycus 2:15), Saint Irenaeus wabhala, "Uma iNkosi were nga nye than kuBaba, kwakungenzeka kanjani ukuba lahamba abathambekele isinkwa, okuyinto sendalo efanayo nelethu, futhi sivuma izono ukuba kube uMzimba, futhi siyasho ukuthi ingxube endebeni sakhe ?" (bheka Esontweni 4:33:2).1

Ngakho, abanye bangaba kanjani buyisana kwenyanya lwabo iSonto lamaRoma ne nakumazi Ignatius 'of ukuvelela kwakhe? Embize "iSonto elibamba iHhovisi likaMengameli endaweni wezwe amaRoma ...;"Futhi waqhubeka wathi, "Niye babenomona akekho, kodwa abanye kini baye bafundisa. Ngifisa nje ukuthi lokho enjoined eziyalezweni zakho zingase ziqhubeke nokusebenza " (Roma, Ikheli; 3:1).

Irenaeus ezisohlwini ababhishobhi eRoma kuze kube isikhathi sakhe, sikhulumela, "Kulesi oda, nangesandla ekufundiseni kwabaphostoli sethulwe Church, ukushunyayelwa kwezindaba iqiniso wehlele kithi " (bheka Esontweni 3:3:3).

Abanye bangase bamangale ngokukhulunyelwa Ignatius 'imfundiso kanye nokuhamba noMarian ukuphefumula efanayo njengoba Crucifixion? "Lo ubuntombi kaMariya,"Ebhala, "Wakhe obeletha, futhi ibuye ukufa kweNkosi, abefihliwe umbusi waleli zwe:izimfihlakalo -three loudly abamemeza kubo, kodwa sasebenza ukuthula kukaNkulunkulu " (bheka Efesu 19:1).

Ngokufanayo, uyabhala, "uMariya, eyingoduso umuntu kodwa nokho awukaze ubenze ubulili, ukulalela, senziwa imbangela wensindiso yena ngoba sonke isintu. ... Ngakho, ifindo yokungalaleli kuka-Eva kwakusekelwe ethukululiwe ngokulalela komuntu uMariya ' (ukubona Esontweni 3:22:4).

Namuhla, lokho okwakuyokwehlela AmaKatolika non-amaKatolika ushayele umuntu ebheka uMthendeleko njengoba Inyama kaKristu, adunyiswe iSonto lamaRoma for bokuphakama yakhe yokufundisa, bahlonipha imfihlakalo ubuntombi kukaMariya?

Kungani umuntu kufanele siphethe yini ehlukile lapho umuntu nabantu bangesikhathi sakhe abanazo owathi futhi benza izinto ezifanayo emakhulwini eminyaka nesishiyagalolunye edlule?

  1. Irenaeus’ Uthisha wahlabeka Saint uPolycarp, futhi owayengumphathi umfundi kaJohane.