Esiphakade umsulwa of Mary

Kungani amaKatolika bakholelwa uMariya wahlala eyincasakazi, lapho iBhayibheli lithi uJesu wayenabafowabo nodadewabo?

Futhi, kungani ubuntombi sikaMariya kubaluleke kangaka ukuba amaKatolika?

Image of the Coronation of the Virgin by Fra AngelicoImpendulo elula: AmaKatolika bakholelwa uMariya wahlala eyintombi esaphila ngoba iqiniso. Kuyimfundiso ngikweluleke esasimenyezelwa Isonto kukaKristu, “insika seqiniso” (bheka kaPawulu Incwadi yokuqala ayibhalela uThimothewu 3:15); wembulela isiko elingcwele; futhi ngo agreeance nemiBhalo Engcwele (bheka kaPawulu Incwadi yesibili eya kwabaseThesalonika 2:15).

Ngakho, AmaKatolika bakholelwa ukuthi “Abazalwane nodade leNkosi” okukhulunywa ngalo eBhayibhelini ababeseduze-nobudlelwano kaJesu, kodwa hhayi siblings (njengoba sizobe ukuchaza ngokuningiliziwe ngezansi).

Okokugcina, futhi kakhulu kunazo, SikaMariya Esiphakade umsulwa kubalulekile ebuKristwini ngenxa lokho liyasiqinisekisa ngoJesu. Ekugcineni, le nkolelo likhomba ubungcwele bukaKristu kanye ohlukile incarnation: isenzo kaNkulunkulu ube umuntu.

Umprofethi uHezekeli wamemezela kokwesikhulu “uzaphuma, futhi ngemva kokuba siphumile esangweni bavalelwe” (bheka Hezekeli 46:12), Nesonto uyaqonda lokhu kubhekisela ku lokuzalwa kukaKristu futhi ubuntombi sikaMariya impilo yonke (bheka Saint Ambrose, Umqhele a Virgin 8:52). Ngakho, kwakufanele ukuba uMariya ukugcina ubuntombi bakhe ngemva kokuzalwa kukaJesu ngenxa ungubani: UNkulunkulu esinjengomuntu!

ngokomBhalo, omunye angase acabange phezu indaba kaMose nasemehlweni enhlangano esivuthayo. Njengoba uMose wasondela lakhe lalivela kulesosihlahla, INkosi yasisithi, “Ungasondeli; 'Khumula izicathulo zakho ezinyaweni zakho, ngoba indawo omi kuyo ingumhlabathi ongcwele” (Eksodusi 3:5).

Le ndaba kusisiza ukuba siqonde kaMariya Esiphakade umsulwa ngezindlela ezimbili.

Image of Moses and the Burning Bush by Dirk BoutsOkokuqala, sibona ukuthi phansi wangcweliswa ngoba ukuba khona kweNkosi babezalwa khona. Kufanele singakhohlwa ukuthi lo Nkulunkulu ofanayo, owabonakala kuMose esivuthayo, unina amkhulelwe esibelethweni sikaMariya.

Ngakho, kwakuyomane kufaneleke ukuba sithi yena, like lokho emagcekeni angcwele Eksodusi, kwakudingeka lingcweliswe, walungisa ngokukhethekile, leyo, ukwamukela iNkosi yamakhosi noMbusi wababusi.

Second, oFata beSonto wabona umfanekiso lakhe lalivela kulesosihlahla esasivutha uqobo–a okokhelwe isihlahla, nokho asiqediwe–njengesingathekiso lapho bebhekisela uMariya ukupha sokuzalwa ngaphandle hlawula oseyintombi. Ngokwesibonelo, ngekhulu lesine, Gregory waseNyssa wabhala, “Yini safanekiselwa ngaleso sikhathi elangabini ehlathini owabonakaliswa obala kubonakala imfihlakalo Virgin. … Njengoba phezu kwentaba the bush zishiswe kodwa awuzange idliwe, ngakho Virgin wazala ukukhanya futhi awuzange obonakaliswayo” (On the Ukuzalwa KukaKristu).

Image of The Burning Bush by Nicholas FromentEmpeleni, SikaMariya Esiphakade umsulwa uyayibeka ukuze izwe ukuthi ngoba uKristu kwakungokoqobo engcwele–uNkulunkulu qobo lwaKhe–bekuzoba okungalungile labo abamthemba njengo Abraham aye amiswa esibelethweni owesifazane ojwayelekile; futhi, ngokufanayo, ngezoni bavela ukuthi esibelethweni efanayo ngemva kwaKhe–isibeletho walungisa ngokukhethekile ukuze athwale uMesiya. Again, cabanga Hezekeli, “[isikhulu] uzaphuma, futhi ngemva kokuba siphumile esangweni bavalelwe.”

ubuntombi sikaMariya ngesikhathi sokuzalwa SeNkosi kuboniswa umprofethi u-Isaya, othi, “Bheka, intombi iyakukhulelwa, izale indodana, ibize igama layo ngokuthi u-Imanuweli” (7:14; bheka Mathewu 1:23 futhi Luka 1:27). Isaya, ngemva kwakho konke, liyasiqinisekisa oseyintombi e akhulelwe futhi e eziveza. Ngaphezu kwalokho. SikaMariya impendulo, ukuze isimemezelo Ingelosi Eyinhloko-Eva wayeyoba uzale iNdodana–“Kungenzeka kanjani lokhu njengoba angazi muntu?” (Luka 1:34)–isikisela ngokucacile ukuthi wayeyintombi. neze Ukuphatheka kwakhe kwenza umqondo ngenye.

isimo Her ngokungapheli virginal kumumethwe IsiHlabelelo SeziHlabelelo, othi, “Ingadi ikhiyiwe dadewethu, makoti, umthombo ababekwa uphawu” (4:12).

kanjani thina ukuba akuqonde lokhu unikezwa iqiniso lokuthi yena noJosefa eyingoduso futhi kamuva washada? Kukhona i isiko lasendulo elibamba ukuthi uMariya sanikezelwa eNkosini eyintombi lokuzehlukanisela kusukela ziseyizinsana; nokuthi lapho efika ubudala waphathiswa Joseph, umfelwa omdala kunaye (cf. Protoevangelium kaJakobe).

Umqondo ngobumsulwa emshadweni ngaphansi kwezimo ezithile kuba, ngempela, Umqondo waseBhayibhelini. Ngokwesibonelo, eNcwadini Okokuqala Amakhosi 1:4, INkosi uDavide ithatha intombi, u-Abishagi, ukuze abe umkakhe ukuze anakekele yena esegugile, kodwa ededa ubunqunu bakhe.

Ngaphezu kwalokho, Encwadini yakhe yokuqala eya kwabaseKorinte, UPawulu watusa ukungashadi a state of ngayingcwelisa noma isithembiso esiphakade kulabo ongalizwa (bheka 7:37-38).

Image of The Annunciation by The Master of PanzanoNgokusobala, ekukhanyeni kwalo ngibize athwale iNdodana kaNkulunkulu, umshado kaMariya noJosefa kwakusala kude ezejwayelekile. Lase omiswe uNkulunkulu ngenxa nokunakekelwa kanye nokuvikelwa kwezingane Virgin neNdodana Yakhe–ukugcina incarnation ngicashela izwe okwesikhashana. “I ubuntombi of Mary, wakhe kuzalwe, futhi ibuye ukufa kweNkosi, abefihliwe umbusi waleli zwe,” wabhala Ignatius wase-Antiyokiya, umfundi Umphostoli uJohane, cishe ngonyaka ka 107: “–izimfihlakalo ezintathu loudly abamemeza kubo, kodwa sasebenza ukuthula kukaNkulunkulu” (Incwadi eya kwabase-Efesu 19:1).

In Mathewu 1:19, EmBhalweni Ongcwele lisitshela Jospeh kwaba “umuntu nje.” Ngakho, esezwile uMariya wakhulelwa ingane kwenye, wanquma ukubeka wamyekela wahamba buthule ukulisindisa ukubulawa kungenzeka ngaphansi koMthetho KaMose (njengoba ngamunye Duteronomi 22:23-24).

INkosi wangenela, nakuba, emtshela ngengelosi ngephupho, “Ungesabi ukuthatha uMariya umkakho umyise, Ngoba lokho akukhulelweyo wakhulelwa kulo kuvela uMoya oNgcwele; ayomzala indodana, uyiqambe igama lokuthi uJesu, ngoba yena uzasindisa abantu bakhe ezonweni zabo” (Mathewu 1:20).

KuJosefa, ngabe akayanga kuthathwe la mazwi ngokuthi lisho, nakuba, babonise ukuthi uMariya wayeyintombi ukuba abe umkakhe ngomqondo ojwayelekile izwi. Njengoba Saint Ambrose Milan wabhala,

“Akuveli mehluko ukuthi umBhalo uthini: 'UJosefa wathatha umkakhe waya eGibithe’ (Matt. 1:24; 2:14); ngoba owesifazane esemiselwe indoda unikezwa igama lomka. Kuyinto kusukela kuleso sikhathi umshado uqala ukuthi amagama zomshado odluliswayo. Akuyona deflowering bobuntombi eyenza umshado, kodwa inkontileka zomshado. Kuyinto lapho intombazane nobheka kwejoka ukuthi umshado uqala, hhayi lapho yena wazi umyeni wakhe ngokwenyama” (Yokwahlukaniselwa a Virgin perpetual umsulwa of Mary 6:41).

Wamzalela iNdodana kaNkulunkulu wamenza umlingani wokuqala we uMoya oNgcwele (ngalinye Luka 1:35); futhi uJosefa okwakwenqatshelwe ngaphansi koMthetho ukuba ubuhlobo bomshado nazo umlingani yomunye.

Kuthiwani-ke “Abazalwane nodade leNkosi?”

Okokuqala, ke kufanele waveza ukuthi kukhona ingozi ecaphuna amavesi umBhalo umongo wayo yonke umBhalo. Iqiniso lokuthi uJesu uphathisa uMariya umphostoli uJohane, Ngokwesibonelo, kuyinkomba enamandla Akazange abanezingane zakubo zangempela (bheka John 19:27). Ngoba uma noMariya base benezinye izingane, UJesu wayengeke kuye kwadingeka ukuba ngicele umuntu ngaphandle amalungu omkhaya ukuze amnakekele. (Lokuphikisa lesi sithola traction emibuthanweni labaVangeli kuyinto umqondo wokuthi uJesu waphathisa Mary kuJohane ngoba oJakobe SeNkosi nezinye “bazalwane” sasingakabi amaKristu. Kodwa lokhu kugcine tenuous. Uma lokhu bekunjalo, kulindelwe ukuchazwa amaVangeli ukunika lo mphumela. Iqiniso lokuthi uJesu unikeza Mary kuJohane ngaphandle incazelo ebonisa noMariya kwafanela akazange abazale abanye abantwana.)

Image of Presentation at the Temple by Stefan LochnerKanjani, ke, Senta ahumushe amavesi afana neyabase Mathewu 13:55, lapho abantu indlela esasizizwa ngayo isixuku, “Ingabe indodana Lo akusiye umbazi sika? Aint uMariya eyaziwa unina noJakobe, Joseph, NoSimoni, noJuda nabafowabo? Nawodadewabo abakho yini omakhelwane bethu?”

Isikhundla Catholic ukuthi lezi “bazalwane” futhi “odade” ngamashumi eziseduze, ezifana abazala, kodwa hhayi siblings, kuvumelana lobuJuda lasendulo sokushaya komuntu isihlobo “umfowabo” (ngalinye Genesise 13:8; 14:14; 29:15, et al.). Njengoba uPapa John Paul Elikhulu wabhala, “Kufanele wakhumbula ukuthi akukho term ethize uziphilela isiHebheru nesi-Arabhu ukuveza igama elithi 'umzala', nokuthi umfowabo igama elithi '’ nokuthi 'dadewethu’ Ngakho zazihlanganisa degrees eziningana ubuhlobo.”1

Ngaphezu kwalokho, it is kwenye indawo kwembulwe Mathewu ukuthi “OJakobe noJosefa” kanti empeleni zazingu-madodana Mary ezahlukene, owayemi nalo lonke abesifazane phansi esiphambanweni kuhambisane uMariya Magdalena ukuba ethuneni on Easter ekuseni (27:55-56; 28:1).

Lokhu nomunye uMariya kukholelwa kanjalo ngokuvamile ukuze abe umkaKlophase, okungenzeka ukuthi wayengudadewabo umalume kaJesu (bheka John 19:25; bheka futhi u-Eusebius, Umlando Church 3:11).2 It is betshela, ngaphezu kwalokho, ukuthi weNkosi “bazalwane” basuke ndawo emBhalweni kubhekiselwa kuye ngokuthi emadodaneni kaMariya, njengoba uJesu enza kaningi ubizwa ngokuthi (bheka Mathewu 13:55; Mark 6:3, et al.).

Kunamanye amavesi amabili iVangeli nezitha kaMariya Esiphakade umsulwa abavame ukuwucaphuna: Mathewu 1:25 futhi Luka 2:7.

Mathewu 1:25 lithi uJosefa “ayengadlelani walala naye noma ngasiphi isikhathi ngaphambi wamzalela indodana.” Njengoba Ludwig Ott sachaza enkulumweni Kubaluleka Catholic Dogma, nakuba, lokhu vesi “bagomela(s) ukuthi kuze kuphele esithile lo mshado awuzange consummated, kodwa hhayi nganoma iyiphi indlela ukuthi kwathiwa consummated ngemva kwalokhu” (Tan Amabhuku, 1960, p. 207). Umgomo Mathewu 1:25 kwaba lokugcizelela ukuthi uJesu akazange abe nobaba yasemhlabeni, futhi kwaba ngempela uyiNdodana kaNkulunkulu. It kwakungafanele basikisele lutho mayelana nobuhlobo kaJosefa noMariya ngemva kukaJesu’ lokuzalwa. Cabanga Okwesibili Encwadi KaSamuweli 6:23, othi uMariya “namntwana kwaze kwaba usuku lokufa kwakhe.” Ngokusobala, lokhu akusho ukuthi wayenalo yini ingane ngemuva ukufa kwakhe. In Mathewu 28:20, UJesu uthembisa ukuba abalandeli baKhe “kuze kube sekupheleni kwezwe.” Again, lokhu akusho Uyokwethaba ayeka ukuba khona nabo kwalokho phuzu.

In Luka 2:7, UJesu ubizwa ngokuthi kukaMariya “izibulo.” Nokho, njengoba uPapa John Paul wachaza:

“Igama 'eyizibulo,’ nezwi isho ukuthi 'nengane kwandulelwe ukugunyazwa okwenziwe enye’ futhi, kukodwa, kwenza akukho inkomba ukuba khona ezinye izingane. Ngaphezu kwalokho, the Evangelist ugcizelela lesi sici sesihlahla Child, kusukela izibopho ezithile ezifanele ukuze umthetho wamaJuda kuxhumene ekuzalweni izibulo, ngokuzimela noma unina angase sibelethe ezinye izingane. Ngakho yonke indodana okuwukuphela kwaba yisifundo lezi nemiyalelo ngoba wayengumuntu 'wokuqala owazala’ (cf. Luka 2:23)” (“ISonto Presents uMariya njengongcwele 'Ever Virgin'”)

Jesus, Mary and Joseph and angelsMichael O'Carroll, ngaphezu kwalokho, kubike, “The Jewish ecabangela ukungcwatshwa kwami ​​Kulo mbhalo oqoshiwe eGibhithe, zangekhulu lokuqala, … isiza ukuphendula baphikisane zobuntombi sikaMariya esiphakade esekelwe St. Ukusetshenziswa kukaLuka elithi 'izibulo’ (prototokos) (2:7). Ukuthi izwi akazange awasho ezinye izingane kuboniswa ukusetshenziswa kwayo kuleli cala ukuchaza owesifazane oshone ngemuva kokuzalwa komntwana wakhe wokuqala, ababengakwazi kusobala kuye kwadingeka abanye” (LaseTheotokos: A Theological Encyclopedia of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Michael glazier, 1982, p. 49).

Yini oFata beSonto Ithi?

Njengoba womabili amaqembu impikiswano kukaMariya Esiphakade umsulwa, pro futhi nge, ukwenza agumenti sembhalo ukusekela isikhundla sabo, kanjani sithole ukuthi ubani kwesokudla? Ngubani ehumusha yevesi, ngendlela evumelana yabaphostoli?

Enye yezindlela zokubasiza support ukuba ahlole imibhalo ubuKristu lasendulo zomlando, eyaziwa ngokuthi yoFata beSonto Early.

UClement wase-Alexandria, Ngokwesibonelo, ekuqaleni kwekhulu lesithathu leminyaka wabhala, “Lokhu Umama yedwa ngaphandle ubisi, ngoba yena yedwa akazange abe ngumkakhe. Nanguya kokubili Virgin nomama” (The Instructor we Izingane 1:6:42:1).

Umfundi Clement sika, Source, emashumini eminyaka okuqala aleso ekhulu, ukuqinisekisile ukuthi uMariya “wayengelawo-ke amanye indodana kodwa uJesu” (Commentaries on John 1:6). Elsewhere, wabhala, “Futhi ngicabanga ukuthi ngekuvumelana isizathu sokuthi uJesu wayenguMesiya yini ulibo kubantu ubumsulwa esakhiwa ubumsulwa, futhi uMariya wayephakathi kwabesifazane; ngoba bekungekhona abangcwele ukuba sithele kunoma yimuphi omunye ngaphandle kwakhe ulibo zobuntombi” (Commentaries on Mathewu 2:17).

Bekanye udumo lwakhe ezibizayo wakhe, Athanasius (d. 373) wachaza kuMariya njengoba “Ever-Virgin” (Izinkulumo Against sabalandeli baka-Arius 2:70).

Cishe 375, Epiphanius wagomela, “Kuke kwaba noyedwa yimuphi zizalela ababebe nesibindi sokuba akhulume egameni Mary Holy, futhi ubuzwa, akazange ngokushesha add, 'The Virgin?'” (Panarion 78:6).

“Ngokuqinisekile,” wabhala Pope Siricius e 392, “asikwazi ukusiphika ukuthi Ukumesaba kwakho kwakufaneleka ngokuphelele ukumkhuza on the score izingane kukaMariya, nokuthi wena wayenesizathu esihle lapho becabanga ngesikhathi umcabango wokuthi elinye sokuzalwa angase akhiphe bavela njengamazolo esizalweni sokusa efanayo virginal kusukela lapho Kristu wazalwa ngokwenyama” (Incwadi eya Anysius, Bishop of eThesalonika).

Ambrose ubeke amazwana ku 396, “Lingisa wakhe, omama ongcwele, ngubani kulo iNdodana bathandwa kuphela ezibekwe omkhulu kangaka isibonelo zobuhle impahla; ngoba nami ube wena nezingane imnandi, futhi azizange Virgin afune induduzo lokukwazi athwale enye indodana” (Letters 63:111).

U-Augustine waseHippo (d. 430) zaphawula, “A Virgin ayikhulelwa, ayithintayo Virgin, Ngimsulwa okhulelwe, Ngimsulwa okhipha, a esiphakade Virgin. Kungani uyazibuza ngalesi, O muntu? Kwakufaneleka ngoNkulunkulu ukuba azalwe ngaleyondlela, ngenkathi deigned lokuba indoda” (Sermons 186:1).

UPapa Leo Omkhulu limenyezelwe 449, “Yena wayezelwe kukaNkulunkulu uYise ngokungcwelisa kukaMoya oNgcwele ngaphakathi esibelethweni sikanina Virgin. Yena ngimlethe ngaphandle nokulahlekelwa ubuntombi, njengalokho lona waMkhulelwa ngaphandle ukulahlekelwa kwayo” (Tome 28). Kwenye indawo obuPapa wabhala, “Ukuze uthole Virgin ekhulelwa, Ngimsulwa kwathela, kanye Virgin wahlala” (INtshumayelo umkhosi kukaJesu 22:2).

Ngakho, ingabe sithola lenqubekela zomlando ngale mfundiso kusukela eminyakeni yokuqala ukholo kuze kube namuhla.


  1. Bona “ISonto Presents uMariya 'Ever Virgin;'” I-L'Osservatore Romano, -Edishini Masonto onke ngesiNgisi, September 4, 1996.
  2. “Lokuphikisa lokhu, nakuba,” waphawula Karl Keating, “wukuthi James kuyinto kwenye indawo (Mt 10:3) echazwa ngokuthi indodana ka-Alfewu, okuyinto kungasho ukuthi uMariya, ubani eseneminyaka, kwakunenkosikazi yesazi kokubili Cleophas futhi Alfewu. Omunye Isixazululo ukuthi umfelokazi kanye, ke washada. Okuningi cishe Alfewu, Cleophas (Clopas ngesiGreki) bangumuntu oyedwa, kusukela igama lesiAramu ngoba Alfewu ungahunyushwa ngokuthi ngesiGreki ngezindlela ezahlukene, noma njengoba Alfewu noma Clopas. Okunye okungenzeka ukuthi Alfewu wathatha igama lesiGreki efana igama zakhe ezingamaJuda, indlela ukuthi uSawule wathatha igama elithi Pawulu” (Katolika eziyisisekelo, Ignatius Press, 1988, p. 288).