Ubhapathizo

The Baptism of Christ by Fra AngelicoKuyini ubhapathizo?

Kuyinto Ukuhlanzwa okungokomoya okutholakala ngamanzi.

Ukuze abhapathizwe iwukuba umuntu engazalwa ngokusha, ukuthola ongcwelisayo umusa, okuyinto isipho sikaNkulunkulu sokuphila okungokomoya. UJesu wembula uxhumano phakathi kokholo Ubhapathizo, lapho efundisa, "Lowo okholwayo futhi abhapathizwe uyosindiswa; kodwa lowo akusho ongakholwayo uyakulahlwa " (ukubona IVangeli LikaMarku, 16:16). "Ngiqinisile, ngempela, Ngithi kini,"Uthi, "Uma umuntu engazalwa ngokusha of ngamanzi nangoMoya, angengene embusweni kaNkulunkulu " (Fundza Johane 3:5; Ukugcizelela wanezela).

uJesu ngokwaKhe, nakuba ayengenasono, wabhapathizwa nguJohane oNgcwele ekuqaleni kwenkonzo yakhe yeningi; ukubona iVangeli likaMathewu, 3:13. Qaphela: UJesu ayengenasono ngoba wayengumuntu ngokuphelele-uNkulunkulu ngokuphelele-indoda. Kuyinto yangaphambili, hhayi yokugcina ukuthi kubalulekile. Ngoba wayeyisidalwa ngokuphelele-Nkulunkulu imicabango nezenzo zakhe kwadingeka ukuba–by ncazelo eyodwa ungase uthi–iyafana kaNkulunkulu. (WayenguNkulunkulu, ngemva kwakho konke.)

Ngakho, futhi kungani kungadingeka ukuba abhapathizwe? Akazange, kodwa njengoba Saint-Ambrose waseMilan wachaza ngekhulu lesine, "INkosi wabhapathizwa, hhayi ozahlanjululwa Ngokwakhe kodwa ukuze ahlanze amanzi, ukuze lawo manzi, ihlanzwe inyama kaKristu ongasazanga isono, ingase ibe namandla Ukubhapathizwa " (Commentary on the Gospel of Luka 2:83).

The Baptism of Saint Augustine by Nicolo di PietroNgaphambi kokuba enyukele ezulwini, UJesu wasiphinda isigijimi sakhe kubaPhostoli, Ngakho-ke "hambani nenze izizwe zonke abafundi, nibabhapathize egameni likaYise neleNdodana nelikaMoya oNgcwele, nibafundise ukugcina konke enginiyale ngakho " (bheka uMathewu 28:19-20).

Ngemva kwezinsuku ezimbalwa, ngePhentekoste, Saint uPetru ekhuluma nesixuku. Ekupheleni entshumayelweni yakhe, uyabuzwa, "Yini okufanele siyenze?

uPetru uyaphendula, "Phendukani, nibhaphathizwe yilowo nalowo kini egameni likaJesu Kristu kukho ukuthethelelwa kwezono zenu; khona niyakwamukeliswa isiphiwo sikaMoya uMoya oNgcwele. Ngoba isithembiso ngesenu kuwe nezingane zakho nakubo bonke abakude, Wonke umuntu uJehova uNkulunkulu wethu ubiza kuye " (Uhlelo lomlawuli, 2:38-39).

Ukuze Apostolic Church, Ukubhabhadiswa kwabo uJohn kwakuwuphawu lalisemzileni oya ekuphileni kobuKristu (ukubona Izenzo 8:12, 38; 9:18; 10:48). Ngaphezu kwalokho, e IzEnzo 8:37, umthenwa ongumTopiya, esamukele kwamaVangeli Saint Philip, siveza isifiso Zobhapathizo. Ngokufanayo, encwadini yezEnzo 16:33, UPawulu noSila ukubhapathiza umgciniziboshwa laseFilipi nendlu yakhe yonke "ngaphandle kokulibala." Elandisa kokuguqukela kwakhe, Paul ukhumbula ukuthi u-Ananiya lase wathi kuye, "Futhi manje kungani wena ulinde? Rise nibhaphathizwe, uhlanjululwe ezonweni zakho, ababiza igama lakhe " (IzEnzo 22:16). UPawulu utshela Efesu ukuthi "noKristu ulithandile ibandla, wazinikela ngenxa yalo, ukuthi angase angcwelise wakhe, kokuba azihlanzile wakhe ngokugeziswa samanzi ngezwi " (Incwadi uPawulu ayibhalela abase-Efesu, 5:25-26; Ukugcizelela wanezela). In yakhe Incwadi eya kuThithu, uPawulu wrotes sisindisiwe "by elihlanza ngokuligeza kabusha."

Image of the Baptism of Christ by Gerard DavidIminyaka yasekuqaleni kwawo-imibhalo zomlando Christian lokugcizelela nokuzalwa kabusha ngokusebenzisa amanzi Ubhapathizo. Cishe ngonyaka 150, Ngokwesibonelo, Saint Justin wathi kulabo ababengabafo abangamaqhawe ukuthini ukubhapathizwa 'zilethwa kithi lapho kukhona amanzi, futhi kabusha ngendlela efanayo esasihlangene ngokwethu kabusha. ... Ngoba loKristu wathi, 'Ngaphandle kokuba umuntu aphinde azalwe, akayikungena embusweni wezulu ' (John 3:3)" (Okokuqala Apology 61).

Around the ngonyaka 200, Saint uClement wase-Alexandria wabhala, "Uma sibhabhathiswa, thina ukukhanyiselwa. Ukuba ukukhanyiselwa, thina abamukelwe njengamadodana. Abamukelwe njengamadodana, senziwe ephelele. Made ephelele, sisuke babe okungenakufa. ... Kuyinto egeza esibonakala ngalo ukuthi singabalandeli ohlanziwe izono ... " (Ofundisayo Izingane 1:6:26:1, 2). Cishe 217, Saint uHippolytus waseRoma wakhuluma obhekwe Kristu emhlabeni "nokubonakaliswa yakhe ngobhapathizo, futhi ukuzalwa okusha lokho kwakufanele kube yibo bonke abantu, kanye ukukhishwa umcengezi " (Inkulumo on the End of the World 1). Cishe 250, Saint Cyprian waseCarthage phendla, "Lapho ibala impilo yami edlule kwase bekhukhuliwe esebenzisa amanzi kabusha, ukukhanya okuvela ngenhla wathela uqobo phezu kwenhliziyo yami emsulwa futhi emsulwa manje; ngemva kwalokho ngoMoya okuyinto waphefumulela esivela ezulwini, ukuzalwa yesibili eyenziwe kimi umuntu omusha " (Incwadi eya kaDonatus 4).

Image of Ark of Noah on Mount Ararat attributed to Hieronymus BoschQaphela ukuthi isakramente ubhapathizo is owawufanekiselwa lonke iTestamente Elidala. kuGenesise 1:2, kulotshiwe ukuthi endalweni, "UMoya kaNkulunkulu ... ihamba phezu kobuso bamanzi,"Futhi uzamcolo lasendulo ukuthi nahlanza emhlabeni kokubili izingathekiso wobhapathizo. Njengoba Saint uPetru wabhala, "Ezinsukwini zikaNowa, ngesikhathi ibhilidi emkhunjini ... ezimbalwa, leyo, abantu abayisishiyagalombili, bathwalwa ngokuphepha emanzini. Ubhapathizo, okuhambelana nalokhu, manje okusindisayo, hhayi njengoba ukususwa nokungcola kusuka umzimba kodwa ukucela kuNkulunkulu unembeza ecacile, ngokuvuka kukaJesu Kristu " (ukubona incwadi yokuqala kaPetru, 3:20-21; Ukugcizelela wanezela).

imfundo Umprofethi u-Elisha ukuba jikelele waseSiriya, uNahamani, ababeze kuye efuna ukuphulukiswa ochokweni, amaphuzu wobhapathizo nokuzalwa kabusha. "Hamba ugeze kasikhombisa eJordani,"Umprofethi umtshela, "Nenyama yakho izabuyela, futhi ahlambuluke " (bheka INcwadi Okwesibili yamaKhosi 5:10 noLevitikusi, 14:7). Njengoba Uyabhala encwadini yakhe yokuqala eya kwabaseKorinte (10:2), Paul Saint ubona izibalo Ukubhapathizwa efwini lomlilo intuthu elalihambisana ama-Israyeli ngokuyisimangaliso ehlane futhi amanzi oLwandle Olubomvu lapho bedlula. (Ukhuluma the Old-Isivumelwano emkhubeni sokusoka, eyandulela Ukubhapathizwa e Incwadi yakhe eya kwabaseKolose (2:11-12).