Kungani amaKatolika Sithandaze Kosanta?

Saint Jerome in Prayer by Hieronymus Bosch by Stefano di Sant`AgneseAbanye ukugxeka amaKatolika ukuthandazela ukuba Saints, esikhundleni ngqo uNkulunkulu.

Empeleni, Ngokuvamile amaKatolika thandaza ngokuqondile kuNkulunkulu, kodwa futhi kungaba ukucela abangcwele–ubani Ezulwini–ukuthandaza kuNkulunkulu ngenxa yabo.

Ngakho, lapho omunye athandaze a Saint yena ngokuyisisekelo becela Saint naye amkhulumele–ongamthandazela kanye naye kuNkulunkulu. Wonke amaKristu enza ngokuyisisekelo into efanayo lapho bebuza ayekholwa nabo emhlabeni sibathandazele, Kodwa umuntu angalindela ukuthi imithandazo Saints ukuba anamandla kakhudlwana ngoba basuke belunguze ungcwelisiwe ngokugcwele phambi kukaNkulunkulu (bheka The Letter of Saint James, 5:16).1

UJesu, ngemva kwakho konke, wasifundisa ukuthi uNkulunkulu 'akayena uNkulunkulu wabafileyo, kodwa owabaphilayo " (Luka 20:38). At the UJesu uguquka esinye isimo, Exoxa ne-Eliya osashona kudala noMose phambi zabaPhostoli (Mark 9:3). Wabuye wathembisa Thief Good (lowo isiko ubiza Saint Dismas) ukuthi sasiyoba naye ePharadesi ngalo kanye lolo suku (Luka 23:43).

In the iTestamente Elisha, UJesu sinikeza umzekeliso lapho umuntu eHayidese Uncenga lokulabhela umuntu esifubeni Abrahama abafowabo emhlabeni (Luka 16:19).

UJesu ukhuluma lokulabhela izingelosi, wathi, "Qaphelani ukuba nina madoda ningadeleli namunye kulaba abancinyane; ngoba ngithi kini: ezulwini njalo izingelosi zabo bheka ubuso bukaBaba osezulwini " (bheka Mathewu 18:10; the Book of AmaHubo 91:11-12; kanye Incwadi yesAmbulo 8:3-4).

In yakhe Incwadi eya kwabaseKolose, UPawulu ubhala ukuthi amakholwa emhlabeni aye akufanelekela uNkulunkulu 'ukuba nesabelo sefa labangcwele ekukhanyeni " (1:12).

The Incwadi eya kumaHebheru libhekisela amadoda engcwele kanye nabesifazane kwesivumelwano esidala njengoba 'ifu elikhulu lofakazi' elisihaqileyo e 12:1 futhi uyaqhubeka emavesini 12:22 – 23 kanye, "Kodwa nize entabeni yaseSiyoni nasemzini kaNkulunkulu ophilayo, the Jerusalemand wasezulwini ukuba izingelosi ezingenakubalwa in wokubutha zemikhosi, futhi inhlangano yabantwana izibulo ababhalise ezulwini, futhi kumahluleli unguNkulunkulu wabo bonke, futhi imimoya nje amadoda apheleliswa. "

In the Incwadi yesAmbulo, ukholo engcwele ame phambi kukaNkulunkulu, yamncenga yathi ubulungisa egameni ababeshushiswa emhlabeni (6:9-11), futhi sabaphostoli nabaprofethi siguqe phambi kwesihlalo sobukhosi sikaNkulunkulu ezulwini anikele imithandazo ethembekile yasemhlabeni kuye: "Imiganu yegolide egcwele impepho, eyimikhuleko yabangcwele " (5:8, 4:4 futhi 20:4). (Qaphela ukuthi ngokuvamile abathembekile yasemhlabeni okubhekiselwa kubo iTestamente Elisha ngokuthi "abangcwele." Lokhu akusho kakade nangcweliswa ngokugcwele, kodwa bona inqubo ungcwelisiwe. Ngokwesibonelo, UPawulu uyala Efesu, bani yena amakheli ekuqaleni ngokuthi "abangcwele abase futhi abathembekile kuKristu Jesu,"Bafulathele ukuziphatha kwabo okuyisono (bheka Incwadi yakhe eya kwabase-Efesu, 1:1 futhi 4:22-23).)

Emibhalweni zomlando bokuqala WobuKristu sithola ubufakazi efanayo. Pope Saint Clement (d. ca. 97), Ngokwesibonelo, weluleka amaKristu ukuba, "Landela abangcwele, kulabo abazilandelayo liyongcweliswa " (Incwadi eya kwabaseKorinte 46:2; cf. Yiba. 13:7).

Cishe ngonyaka 156, ethembekile aseSmirna wachaza ukuthi bakhulekela uJesu Kristu, kodwa wayemthanda ukholo "njengoba abafundi nabalingisi uJehova, njengoba zifanelwe, ngenxa ukuzinikela kwabo elingenakuqhathaniswa iNkosi yabo siqu kanye Mfundisi. Kwangathi nathi sibe abalingani babo abafundi nabo kanye!" (Martyrdom of Saint Polcycarp 17:3; ).

Ekuqaleni kwekhulu lesithathu, Saint UClement wase-Alexandria zaphawula ukuthi umKristu weqiniso "uyathandaza emphakathini wezingelosi, njengoba kakade zesigaba angelic, futhi akalokothi out of ukuhlala kwabo ezingcwele; futhi nakuba ethandaza yedwa, Uyala choir yabangcwele emi naye " (Stromateis 7:12).

Ngaphambi kokufa kwakhe enkundleni, Saint Perpetua (d. 203) walandisa umbono wezulu lapho wahlangana imiphefumulo ukholo futhi wafakaza izingelosi kanye nabadala ekhulekela sobukhosi sikaNkulunkulu (bheka The Martyrdom of Saints Perpetua kanye Felicitas 4:1-2). Origen wabhala e 233, "Akuyona nje Ophakeme uthandaza nalabo abathandaza ngempela, kodwa futhi izingelosi ..., futhi imiphefumulo yabangcwele abaye zidlulile " (On Prayer 11:1). In 250, Saint Cyprian waseCarthage echazwe kanjani uMthendeleko okwanikelwa yokudumisa ukholo on the ezikhethekile ngokufa kwabo (bheka Incwadi Abefundisi wakhe futhi bonke abantu bakhe 39:3).

Imibono evamile

Still, umkhuba wokuthandaza the Saints ibonakala amaProthestani ukubhodloza indima kaJesu eyingqayizivele njengoba 'ungumlamuleli oyedwa phakathi kukaNkulunkulu nabantu " (bheka kaPawulu Incwadi yokuqala ayibhalela uThimothewu 2:5).

Nokho, e ebiza uJesu uMlamuleli kwethu yedwa noNkulunkulu, Saint Paul ayibhekiseli kubo uthantaze, kodwa Ukuhlawulelwa. Ngoba uJesu uyikho kokubili uNkulunkulu nomuntu, kuphela ukufa kwakhe kwaba namandla sibuyisane kithi noYise (bheka ivesi kuyaphumelela incwadi efanayo: 2:6). The osanta, noma lokulabhela amaKristu emhlabeni for ukuthi udaba, kungangqubuzani nemithwalo kucocisana kaKristu ubunye ngaphambi uBaba, kodwa udonsa phezu kwalo. Ngakho uPawulu, e imizila esandulele ivesi 2:5, likhuthaza amaKristu ukuba bangalibali uthantaze, lapho "kuyinto enhle, futhi ... kuyamukeleka emehlweni kaNkulunkulu uMsindisi wethu " (2:1 – 3).

The Osanta akuzona izithiyo nokukhonza uJesu, kodwa izibonelo uJehova uye wanikeza ophilayo ukuba asifundise indlela bamkhonze ngokuphelele. Njengoba umama Angelica, foundress of the NAPHAKADE iZwi Television Network (EWTN), ngokuchachileyo wakubeka, "I am a Franciscan, okusho I ukulandela uJesu ngokusho isibonelo Francis olukhulu Assisi " (kanye Christine Allison, Izimpendulo, Not Promises, Ignatius Press, 1996, p. 15).

Ngakho sikucela: lokho ubaba akuyona bachichima injabulo ukubona izingane zakhe ahlonishwe? Ingabe hhayi inhlonipho ingane ngokuyisisekelo indlela ebalulekile lokudumisa uyise (bheka Encwadi YezAga 17:6)? The Church awuphakamisi uhla- Saints ngenxa yabo siqu, kodwa ngenxa UNkulunkulu wadala nabo, wakungcwelisa, futhi wabavusela phambi kwethu.

Kuba Prayer, hhayi Worship!

Ngokufanayo, AmaProthestani ngokuvamile iphutha umthandazo ongumKatolika Saints njengoba ekukhulekeleni. Lokhu kuvela i ukuqonda engalungile ukuthi umthandazo nokudumisa zihambisana.

Nakuba umthandazo uyingxenye yokukhulekela, e Ingqikithi ekukhulekeleni siqukethe umnikelo umhlatshelo (bheka Eksodusi 20:24, Malaki 1:11; futhi kaPawulu Incwadi eya kumaHebheru 10:10).

Ngokuqondile, the Church inikeza uMhlatshelo yoMthendeleko kuNkulunkulu-futhi kuze Him wodwa-at IMisa. Ngokuphambene, AmaKatolika asiyenzi umhlatshelo Saints. Empeleni, kungase kusimangaze abagxeki ukwazi ukuthi sabaphathi Church wabasola iqembu lenkolo ngekhulu lesine ukuze ukweqisa mayelana Virgin Mary. St. Epiphanius, the Bishop of eSalami, wayikhuza ihlelo eyaziwa ngokuthi Kollyridians lokunikela isinkwa womhlatshelo wakhe (Panarion 79). Ukufunda lokhu, abanye bangase baphethe ngokungeyikho ngokuthi Epiphanius kumelwe ukuba ngokuvamile wayengajabule ukuzinikela Marian. Kunalokho, Nokho, Epiphanius ukhuthaza ngomdlandla izimfundiso zeSonto uMariya emsebenzini ofanayo lapho yena Ukhuza Kollyridians.

Ukuze ukuhlukanisa phakathi kokukhulekela uNkulunkulu futhi ukuhlonipha Saints, Augustine lathathwa lesiGreki the imigomo Ukukhulekela futhi yebo, yangaphambili ukuchaza ukukhulekela uNkulunkulu futhi okokugcina ukuchaza ukuhlonipha Saints (bheka The City of Nkulunkulu 10:1).

We bakhulekele Abangcwele ngoba seniye nangcweliswa uNkulunkulu.

  1. It is ngokuvamile kuqondwe wonke amaKristu ukuthi thina wajoyina omunye komunye ngomthandazo (bheka Saint kaPawulu Incwadi eya kwabaseRoma 12:5 futhi incwadi yakhe yokuqala eya kwabaseKorinte. 12:12).

    Like umphefumulo womuntu uqobo, lo mthandazo-isixhumanisi uyasinda ekufeni, ngoba ukufa ayinamandla "ukusihlukanisa nothando lukaNkulunkulu kuKristu Jesu iNkosi yethu" (aphinde, bheka kaPawulu Incwadi eya kwabaseRoma 8:38-39). Labo abaye bafa ubungane noNkulunkulu akuzona "silele" ethuneni, kodwa abuse naye ezulwini.[1. The common reference kweBhayibheli ukuze inhlalakahle abafileyo "silele" (bheka Mathewu, 9:24, et al.) kumane indlela yokuveza bemvelo lokufa eziphelayo futhi ihlobene ngokuqondile isidumbu, hhayi umphefumulo (Mathewu 27:52). Isidumbu kuhlala ethuneni lapho efa kanti umphefumulo Ungena iphakade. At the Lokwahlulela Last, umzimba ovusiwe futhi sibuye umphefumulo. Ngoba non-Catholic amaKristu bavame ukubona abafileyo olele njengoba, Ithandaza Saints ebonakala kubo ukuba abe uhlobo ubungoma (bheka Encwadi KaDuteronomi 18:10-11 Nencwadi First of Samuel, 28:6). Kodwa ubungoma baqonda kahle yilona umzamo ukuze akhothoze ulwazi kwabafileyo ngalo ngenye kungokukaNkulunkulu yedwa, ulwazi ngekusasa ezifana. Umthandazo kuya Saints, Ngokolunye uhlangothi, limane nje lifuna intercession wasezulwini.