Orders Holy

Orders oyiNgcwele isakramente apho amadoda evunyiweyo okanye “wakumisa” yiCawa ukwenza ezinye ezintandathu isidlo. La madoda kuba nabalungiseleli, Ababingeleli ubuveleli.

kunjalo, isakramente Orders oyiNgcwele lwenziwa kuphela oobhishophu, nokuba kulandela ngqo eBhayibhileni.

Kukho indlela esekwe eZibhalweni apho call kaThixo ubulungiseleli ayinikiweyo ifunyenwe. It avela kuThixo kuYesu, ukusuka uYesu bapostile, kwaye ukusuka abaPostile ukuba ezihlangwini zabo (ukubona YeVangeli kaLuka 10:16 kwaye i YeVangeli kaYohane 13:20; 20:21). ke, isakramente Orders oyiNgcwele inokwenziwa kuphela andimpostile okanye kuphela omnye lowo igunya labapostile ezikhethwe. Umzekelo, UPawulos ubhala yakhe Ileta yokuqala eya kuTimoti (4:14), “Xabisa isipho esingokubabalwa, leyo owasinikwayo kuwe amazwi esiprofeto xa intlanganiso yamadoda babeka izandla zabo phezu kwakho” (ukubona 5:22, yakhe Ileta yesibini kuTimoti, 1:6, bakhe Incwadi uTito 1:5). ke, isakramente kulandela chain engakhange iqhawuke ukusuka uYesu kumbingeleli yamaKatolika entsha yanamhlanje. (Ngaphezulu kule ngezantsi.)

ECaweni ekuqaleni, ziyihayirakhi kuqulunqwa yayiba koobhishophu, amagosa (okanye abadala), nabalungiseleli, leyo kwakuhambisana isakhiwo ezintathu-tiered amaSirayeli ngumbingeleli omkhulu, ababingeleli, kunye nabaLevi (ukubona uPawulos Ileta eya KwabaseFilipi, 1:1; Saint James’ Epistle, 5:14; The Book of Numbers, 32; Yesibini Book of yeziKronike 31:9-10).1 e Israel, kwabonakala umbingeleli njengoko nommeli kaThixo unique (ukubona uMalaki 2:7), lubekwe ngaphandle ibandla ngumntu intambiso kunye nokubekwa izandla (ukubona uphumo 30:30 okanye IDuteronomi 34:9).

Sisazi ukuba abo bapostile babesoloko bewafu- amaYuda, iCawa yamkela la amasiko amaYuda ukuba isiko lakhe yomiselo.

Ingaba Sonke Abefundisi?

Hayi, kodwa ngamanye amaxesha abantu badidekile yi isigidimi seBhayibhile ukuba onke amakholwa babiziweyo ukuba nenxaxheba lobubingeleli kaKristu. Umzekelo, Saint uPetros First Letter (2:9) lithi, “Nina nisisizukulwana esinyuliweyo, bububingeleli basebukhosini, uhlanga olungcwele, abantu bakaThixo.” La mazwi kokudluliselwa umva uphumo 19:6, “Niya kuba bubukumkani kum nababingeleli nohlanga olungcwele.”

Ukubekela igunya lokuba enze ngomthendeleko kwiqela ekhethekileyo abantu (ababingeleli) yaziwa ngokuba sacerdotalism.

In the Old yomnqophiso, encane, ububingeleli yabafundisi ebezikho ngaphambili ezinkulu ngumbingeleli uhlanga lukaSirayeli. Njengoko uchaze, oko kunto-nye kwi yomnqophiso New.

IBhayibhile ityhila ububingeleli yabafundisi ukuba uhlobo ngutata ngokomoya, nto ke leyo ebangele iCawa yamaKatolika ifundisa ukuba neliso ububingeleli kubekelwe abantu bodwa. Umzekelo, kwiTestamente eNdala, i Book of ABagwebi (18:19) lithi: “Hamba nathi, uze ube ngubawo nombingeleli.”

Ngokufanayo, kwiTestamente Entsha, UPawulos ubhala yakhe Ileta yokuqala kwabaseKorinte (4:15) ukuba “Kuba ningafanelana ngabakhokeli ezingenakubalwa kuKristu, akudingeki ukuba ababaninzi bona ooyihlo. Kuba wazala lenu kuKristu Yesu ngazo iindaba ezilungileyo.” UPawulos licacisa ngaphezulu kule ngutata ngokomoya okanye ububingeleli yabafundisi ekuqaleni sahluko, xa uthi, “Oku yindlela umntu ukhangele ukuba, athi singabakhonzi bakaKristu, athi singamagosa eemfihlelo zikaThixo” (4:1).2

Xa wayeqalisa ubulungiseleli bakhe, UYesu wathi kwizihlwele bafana “njengezimvu ezingenamalusi,” bathi, “Ukuvuna okunene kuninzi, kodwa bona abasebenzi bambalwa; khungani ngoko eNkosini yokuvuna, ikhuphe abasebenzi, baye ekuvuneni kwayo” (ukubona Matthew 9:36, 37-38). La mazwi aqale ukhetho kwakhe abalishumi Apostles, awammisayo amandla wathumela njengoko abalusi bakhe ngokuzibona phezu ethembekileyo (ukubona YeVangeli kaYohane 21:15-17; i KwiZenzo zabapostile 20:28; no Peter xa First Letter 5:2). “Asinini enanyula mna,” Kamva Wabakhumbuza, “ndaninyulayo mna ndanimisela ukuba uye baxakathe isiqhamo” (John 15:16). “Njani abantu ukushumayela ngaphandle kokuba kuthunyelwa?” uyabhala uPawulos yakhe Ileta eya KwabaseRoma, 10:15.

Akukho ndawo eZibhalweni ukuba umntu athathe ubulungiseleli yena. “Omnye akakuthabathi imbeko ngokwakhe, kodwa ebizwe nguThixo, kanye njengoko kwakunjalo nangoAron,” bhala uPawulos yakhe Ileta eya kumaHebhere 5:4 (ukubona bakhe Ileta eya kwabaseKolose 1:25, nayo). Xa abhadulayo ethile yamaYuda bazama ninokohlwaya imimoya emdaka “yi uYesu lowo uvakaliswayo nguPawulos,” imimoya uphendule, “UYesu ndiyamazi, noPawulos ndiyamazi; kodwa wena?” (KwiZenzo zabapostile, 19:13, 15).

ke, umnxeba isebenza entsimini oqhele ibandakanya isiqinisekiso weqela legunya labapostile. Umzekelo, kwi Act of the Apostles (1:15), Matthias akemi aze athathe isikhundla solungiselelo bakhe ngokuzithandela kwakhe. Yena ekhethelwe ndenze kabukhali ngokwegunya kaPetros nabathunywa, phantsi kwesikhokelo loMoya oyiNgcwele. Kananjalo wenza Paul, nangona ukuguquka kwakhe okukhulu, yahamba eyedwa bakhe ukuba baye kushumayela iVangeli, abathi Ukuthanjiswa kaThixo ngokwakhe. Njengoko kukhankanyiwe yakhe Ileta eya kwabaseGalati (1:18), uya kuqala eYerusalem ukufumana imvume bapostile baziincamisa, yaye kamva ubuyela ukuqinisekisa ezilungileyo eshumayela ichanekile (2:2).

Nangona onke amaKristu ebizwa ukuba ivangeli, abapostile kunye nabalandeli babo babe ubizo obubodwa ukulondoloza Idiposithi of Faith nokufundisa othembekileyo. Kwi YeVangeli kaMateyu (28:19-20) uthi kubapostile uYesu, “Hambani ngoko niye kuzenza abafundi zonke iintlanga, nibabhaptizela egameni loYise, loNyana, loMoya oyiNgcwele, nibafundisa ukuba bazigcine zonke izinto endiniwisele umthetho ngazo.”

Ngokufanayo, yakhe Ileta yesibini kuTimoti, uyala: “Lulondoloze inyaniso esiwuphathisiweyo kuwe ngoMoya oyiNgcwele ohleliyo ngaphakathi kwethu,… Yintoni owazivayo kum phambi kwamangqina amaninzi zidlulisele kubantu abathembekileyo, bona baya kukulingana ukufundisa nabanye.” (ukubona ivesi 1:14; 2:2; 1:13; kwaye i KwiZenzo zabapostile 2:42).

eneneni, xa Abalungiseleli bakhe bafundisa ukuba uKristu yena ofundisa kubo njengoko wathethayo: “Lowo univayo nina, uva mna, yaye unigibayo nina, ke ugiba mna,, lowo ke ugiba mna, ugiba lowo wandithumayo” (Luke 10:16). Kwenye Uthi, “Ngempela, ngempela, Ndithi kuwe, nalowo wamkela nayiphi na enye endithe ndamthuma wamkela mna; nalowo wamkela mna, wamkela lowo wandithumayo” (John 13:20; ugxininiso added).

Abapostile banikwe igunya eyongamela mbhiyozo UNYAKA. Umzekelo, ngelixa kokumisa uMthendeleko kwi iSidlo, He kufikwe kubo, “Oku kwenzeleni ukundikhumbula” (Luke 22:19 kunye Letter First uPawulos eya kwabaseKorinte, 11:23-24). Abapostile ufumana isabelo eyodwa ububingeleli bakhe kunye nayo luxanduva oyintloko umnikelo B egameni abathembekileyo (cf. Yiba. 5:1).3

Abapostile kwakhona abalufumana uYesu igunya lokuxolela izono ngalo isipho kwezitshixo yanikwa uPetros igunya” ubanxibe namanyala” ephathiswe zona njengeqela (cf. Matt. 16:19; 18:18). “Njengokuba uBawo endithumile mna,” uMsindisi uthi kubo, “Nangona kunjalo Ndiyakuthumelela. … Yamkelani uMoya oyiNgcwele. Ukuba niyabaxolela abantu izono zabo, ukuba zixolelwe; ukuba ugcine izono na, bayagcinwa” (John 20:21-23; ugxininiso added).

  1. Nangona bokuzala ofisi yabapostile kunye onke amalungelo ayo ongenakuwelwa phantsi, oobhishophu, njengoko alandela ngqo abapostile, wahlala kwi intloko weqela legunya.
  2. Ilizwi “imfihlakalo,” in Greek, mysterion, liguqulelwe in Latin njengoko imfihlakalo okanye “umthendeleko.” I-Orthodox yamaGrike ezisekho nanamhlanje ukubhekisela amiswa njengoko engcwele “Iimfihlelo.”
  3. Umbono yeBhayibhile Yukariste njengedini (cf. ixesha. 1:11; 1 Kor. 10:1-5, 15-22; 11:23-30; Yiba. 10:25-26), inyaniso, zikhombe ukuba ubukho wobubingeleli yabafundisi–ngokuba kukho umbingelelo kubeyimfuneko ububingeleli ukuba alinikele. Pope Saint Clement, ngokubhala ukusuka eRoma malunga nonyaka 96, ahlala phakathi iDini B ezinikezelwa ngobubingeleli solungiselelo nemibingelelo yokomoya ezinikezelwa yi bububingeleli amakholwa (cf. Ileta Clement eya kwabaseKorinte 40-41). Ukungaqondi liDini UNYAKA, maxa wambi non-amaKatolika nimmangalele amaKatolika “re-ukuzincama” UYesu Mass. Umbingelelo UNYAKA asiyo kwakhona ekunikelweni, kunjalo, kodwa kwakhona ntetho liDini enye Calvary. UKristu akafi kwakhona; Akhe okusindisa Inyama Blood zenziwe ezikhoyo esibingelelweni phantsi inkangeleko Isonka Wine ukuze kungase ethembekile “niyakwazisa ukufa kweNkosi, ide ifike” njengokuba uPawulos wabhala Ileta yokuqala kwabaseKorinte (11:26).