The ngamasiko abantu

Non-amaKatolika bajwayele ukuthatha ukulahlwa SeNkosi sihlanzekile emikhubeni eyonakele kubabhali nabaFarisi ukuba ukulahlwa zishanela yazo zonke isiko (bheka Mathewu 15:3 noma Mark 7:8).

Nokho, UJesu wabuye wathi:, Wathi: "Ababhali nabaFarisi bahlezi esihlalweni sikaMose; ngakho ukuzijayeza ukugcina noma yini abanitshela, kodwa abakwenzayo; ngoba bashumayela, kodwa angikwenzi " (Mathewu 23:2 – 3).

Ngokufanayo, Saint Paul, owalahla "labantu" zemfihlakalo yobuqaba (ukubona yakhe Incwadi eya kwabaseKolose 2:8), Encwadini yakhe yokuqala eya kwabaseKorinte wabhala (11:2), "Ngiyanibonga ngokuba ningikhumbula ezintweni zonke, silondoloze amasiko ngisho njengoba nginikela yona."

A Theory Self-eziphikisanayo

Ngokusobala, ke, akusiyo isiko umlenze okuyinto imiBhalo liyakulahla, kodwa isiko kuphambene Apostolic nokufundisa. Qaphela ukuthi ubuKatolika Kwehlukanisa Nesiko Engcwele (noma imfundiso), okuyinto enokwethenjelwa futhi njalo, kanye namasiko nenkanyiso encane (noma ujezisa), okuyinto kungashintshwa noma kunqanyulwe nezidingo zangaleso sikhathi. Ngezinye izikhathi lezi zihlukaniswa ngokuthi “Big-T” futhi “kancane-t” amasiko. Labo emasikweni ababhali nabaFarisi okuyinto uJesu wabalahla kwakunezilinganiso ezihlukahlukene yokugcina. Kwakumelwe imikhuba okuye kwadingeka ukuthi inqanyulwe ngoba babebadala esiphoqayo abantu ukuba 'neqe umyalo kaNkulunkulu' (bheka Mathewu 15:3, aphinde).

Abaningi ababesekudingisweni abangebona amaKatolika ukubona iBhayibheli njengoba igunya yedwa kumaKristu. Nokho, uma, ngempela, IBhayibheli babedalelwe ukuba negunya ematheni, ke ukuthi isimemezelo noma igunya kufanele ezibhalwe eBhayibhelini! Ingabe akatholakalanga!

Ngaphezu kwalokho, ngamaKatolika, eyenza lo mqondo kuyiBhayibheli kuphela, ngaphandle isiko kanye ngokuvumelana ngobulukhuni ayo, ngokwalo nje "isiko babantu " (Mark 7:8). Ukuze kube sobala, uma isikhundla abathandekayo ukuba uchithe isiko ngoba uJesu ulahla ezithile amasiko eBhayibhelini bese uncika ibhayibheli, ke omunye ubulindele ukuthi imfundiso kungaba eBhayibhelini. Ngenxa yokuthi lokhu akufundayo, mkhuba isiko, uqobo–esibonelweni esifanayo ukuziphatha muntu lizama ukukugwema. Cabanga inkinga, ukungqubuzana, noma oxymoron uma nithanda.

It Cishe Fails, too

Ngokufanayo, kuwukungacabangeli kusukela Uma sibheka ukuba wusizo ukusho uNkulunkulu wayehlose ukuba imiBhalo enegunya yedwa ngoba iZwi likaNkulunkulu elilotshiwe wahlala ezingafinyeleleki isibalo esikhulu sabakholwayo ngokuba namakhulu ambalwa okuqala eminyaka leNkathi Christian–Empeleni, isikhathi esingaphezu nenkulungwane yokuqala.

Empeleni, Lahlala cishe akunakwenzeka ukuba umKristu ovamile ngaphambi 16th Ekhulwini ukuthola ikhophi omunye umBhalo, ingasaphathwa onazo. Njengoba Kevin Orlin UJohnson, ngenxa alungise umonakalo omkhulu futhi umzamo aya ukukhiqizwa incwadi, amaBhayibheli okuyinto amasonto enikeziwe ukuze isetshenziswe ngumphakathi babe

"Eboshelwe phansi indlela thina uchungechunge eluthile phansi lwemibhalo at izingcingo zomphakathi manje, futhi ngenxa yezizathu ezifanayo: ukuze noma ubani angase ayisebenzisele (kubo) futhi kwakungekho muntu ukweba (kubo). ... Khumbula ukuthi iBhayibheli elisha kungadla umphakathi mayelana kakhulu ngendlela isakhiwo esisha isonto, futhi incwadi eseqedile kwaba kalula kuwufanele Manor. Izincwadi Ephakathi eyayenziwa yesikhumba noma esikhunjeni esithambile (lenziwa ngezikhumba zezimvu abasha noma izinkomo) futhi lettered, eyayibhalwe, futhi esikhanyayo ngesandla. A lonke iBhayibheli bathatha mhlawumbe izilwane angamakhulu amane kanye neminyaka umsebenzi amaphuzu ngababhali nabaculi " (Kungani amaKatolika Ingabe Lokho?, I-New York, 1995, p. 24-25, n.).

Ngaphezu kwalokho, nezinye izincwadi abathi ubuqambi yabaphostoli zalotshelwa emhlabeni nenkathi efanayo futhi kwaba khona ukungavumelani okwandile amakhulu amaningi eminyaka phezu okuyinto izincwadi kwakungekaNkulunkulu ngobuqotho iBhayibheli. Ngempela, ezinye Obaba awavumelani ekuphileni kwabantu ngezinga elingakaze ngalolu daba. Kufanele kukhunjulwe, Nokho, ukuthi kuphela ngazwilinye kwemvume yoBaba ngodaba zokholo nokuziphatha Kunenkolelo ukuba ngahluleki; ngamunye, abangakwenza futhi wadukisa.

Empeleni, uhlu lokuqala eqondile izincwadi zeBhayibheli, noma Canon of the Bible (kusukela esiGrekini, Kanon, okusho "umthetho"), wagcina washayelwa nguMkhandlu baseRoma 382, ngaphansi kwegunya uPapa Saint Damasus. Ngokushesha ngemva kwalokho namanye emikhandlwini yendawo ezimbili, Hippo (393) futhi Okwesithathu iCarthage (397), wasisekela isinqumo, njengoba kufanele yonke imikhandlu okwalandela phakathi namakhulu eminyaka.

Singaphila Kanjani Ngokuzwana Omunye Funda Yini akakabi Ibhalwe?

Akagcinanga kuthathe cishe 400 iminyaka engamakhulu kumaKristu ukuvumelana ukubunjwa iBhayibheli, kodwa izincwadi zokugcina the New Testament abo angalotshwanga ize iphele iminyaka yokugcina yekhulu lokuqala! Lokho kusho ukuthi cishe izingxenye ezimbili izizukulwane egcwele amaKristu bahlala futhi bakhulekela phambi iBhayibheli enscribed!

Lithini IBhayibheli?

Kukhona kungabhekisela ahlukahlukene kulo lonke iTestamente Elisha yokuthi ingxenye yeVangeli awuzange uzibophezele lokubhala. Ngokwesibonelo, UJesu wathi ngeSidlo Sakusihlwa Sokugcina, "Enginakho okuningi ukukutshela, kodwa awukwazi ukubekezelela manje. Lapho uMoya weqiniso iza, uyonihola kulo lonke iqiniso " (John 16:12-13).

Njengoba sikaLuka oNgcwele walibhala Uhlelo lomlawuli 1:3, iNkosi wachitha emalangeni amatjhumi amane ngemva kokuvuka kwakhe ngokufundisa ngasese nabaPhostoli eziphathelene iBandla, noma "ekhuluma ngombuso kaNkulunkulu,"Kodwa lokho Wathi kubo awuzange eqoshiwe.1

Paul Saint Wabhala encwadini yakhe Incwadi yokuqala ayibhalela abaseKorinte (11:34), ukuthi kwakukhona "ezinye izinto" okuyinto wayekhetha uthi umuntu kunokuba ayifake lokubhala, futhi incwadi yakhe yokuqala eyayiya kwabaseThesalonika 4.2, yathi, "Uyazi yini imiyalelo esiyisibonelo kini ngeNkosi uJesu." Kusobala ukuthi, asinayo indlela yokwazi ukuthi ncamashi lezi ziqondiso babe ngoba uPawulu dengwane ukuze ukubhale phansi!

UJohane oNgcwele waphawula njengoba kahle incwadi, "Nakuba kuningi kangakanani ukunibhalela, Ngingamane Ungasebenzisi ngephepha nangoyinki, kodwa ngithemba ukuza ukukubona futhi ngikhulume nani ubuso nobuso, ukuze intokozo yethu igcwale " (Bheka kaJohane Incwadi Second 1:12 futhi wakhe Incwadi Okwesithathu 1:13-14).

Ngaphezu kwalokho, ukuthi iZwi likaNkulunkulu yanikezwa Nesiko amabili ngokulinganayo onegunya izindlela-Apostolic nemiBhalo-is Engcwele kuqinisekiswa uPawulu, okwathi ngemva kwakhe Incwadi yesibili eya kwabaseThesalonika amabhidi ngabazalwane "yimani niqinile, nibambelele kuwo amasiko okuyinto nafundiswa yithi, noma ngomlomo noma ngencwadi " (2:15; omalukeke banezelwe). UPawulu waqhubeka weluleka amakholwa ukuba 'sibagweme kukhona umzalwane ophila angenzi lutho futhi ngokuvumelana isiko owuthole kithi " (3:6).

awazange nje ezinye zezimfundiso nabaPhostoli 'badlula ngaphandle zemiBhalo, kodwa abalobi beTestamente Elisha njalo ubheke amasiko extra-waseBhayibhelini nemibhalo. Isisho, "Uyakubizwa ngokuthi umNazaretha," Ngokwesibonelo, okuyinto Saint Mathewu (2:23) wazikhuluma "abaprofethi,"Alitholakali eTestamenteni Elidala. Paul Saint libhekisela temlomo lesiko lamaJuda ngo yakhe Incwadi yokuqala ayibhalela abaseKorinte 10:24, lapho ukhuluma edwaleni eyalandela ama-Israyeli ehlane, futhi akhe Incwadi yesibili ayibhalela uThimothewu 3:8, nalapho ukhuluma noJambre abamelene noMose.

Ngaphezu kwalokho, Saint kaJude ithi izincwadi ezimbili e-Apocrypha, the Kucatshangwa kaMose futhi Okokuqala Enoch encwadini yakhe (1:9, 14).

Abaphostoli wakhetha abazolandela-ababhishobhi, amagosa, namadiyakoni-ubani Anikeza phezu Idiphozithi Sokholo. UPawulu uyanxusa Saint uThimothewu yakhe Incwadi Second (1:13-14; 2:1-2) kuyena, “Landela isibonelo amazwi umsindo enisizwile kusukela kimi, ku nokukholwa nothando olukuKristu Jesu; aqaphe iqiniso ukuthi siye saphathiswa kuwe ngoMoya oNgcwele ohlala phakathi kwethu. ... Wena ke, umfana wami, kube namandla emseni okuKristu Jesu, futhi lokho owawezwa kimi phambi kofakazi abaningi abasethemba athembekile uzokwazi okufundisa nabanye.”

Ngempela, igcizelelwa iTestamente Elisha ku Ukulandelana Kwabaphostoli (bheka Uhlelo lomlawuli 1:20; 14:23; KaPawulu Incwadi yokuqala ayibhalela uThimothewu 4:14; KaPawulu Incwadi eya kuThithu 1:5; Eksodusi 18:25) kufakazela ubuKristu wayedabuka abuyona inkolo iBhayibheli kuphela; ngoba uma wayekade, ke igunya nabaholi bayo ngabe ekugcineni kwaba asihlobene kusukela lokwahlukanisa iqiniso ngabe ephumule inhliziyo nezandla ngayinye ikholwa ngabanye. okubaluleke kakhulu, sasingeke sibe khona kungekho ophansi amakholwa baziswe iZwi Okuhle!

  1. The IzEnzo incwadi, i isivumokholo ekuseni ukujola kusuka maphakathi nekhulu lesibili, ekungizo isifinyezo yezimfundiso lapho uJesu edalula kubaPhostoli ngemva Ovukweni. Ithi, “Emthandazweni kaBaba, uMbusi Universe, Futhi uJesu Kristu, uMkhululi wethu, NgoMoya oNgcwele, the Paraclete, EBandleni oNgcwele, Futhi ukuthethelelwa kwezono” (John H. Leith, ed., Izivumokholo Wamasonto: A Reader e Christian Doctrine nenkondlo ezivela eBhayibhelini kuya Yethula (Louisville: UJohn Knox Cindezela, 1982), p. 17.