ແມ່ນ​ໃຜ Rock ໃນ​ມັດ​ທາຍ 16:18?

The Tractate of Mulomedicina by Publio Flavio Vegezio RenatoSome have asserted the word “rock” in Gospel of Matthew (ບົດ 16:18) refers exclusively either to Jesus Christ or to Peter’s profession of faith, but not to Peter himself.

To support their position, they point to the fact that two different forms of the noun appear in the Greek rendering of the verse—petros ແລະ petra. Insisting the former means “small stone” and the latter “large stone,” they contend that Jesus actually said, “You are Small Stone [Petros], and on this large stone [petra] I will build my church.”

ແນ່​ນອນ, this interpretation twists Jesussimple and clever play on words into a disjointed conundrum. Fortunately, there is a better explanation for the discrepancy. To begin with, Saint Matthew’s ພຣະ​ກິດ​ຕິ​ຄຸນ was written either in Hebrew or Aramaic, not in Greek.1 That Greek assigns gender to words posed a certain difficulty for the scribes, who later translated the ພຣະ​ກິດ​ຕິ​ຄຸນ into that language, as petra, a feminine word, was unfit to serve as the Apostle’s name.

A painting of Saint Peter by Giambono MicheleAs a way around this problem, petra was given a masculine ending, making it Petros. The choice of the scribes on this matter is ultimately irrelevant, ຢ່າງ​ໃດ​ກໍ​ຕາມ, since Jesus spoke Aramaic, not Greek. ແລະ, as Gospel of John (1:42) proves, Jesus did not call Peter “Petros,” but Kepha (rendered phonetically in Greek as Cephas), the Aramaic word for “large stone” or “rock.” What Jesus said in ມັດ​ທາຍ 16:18, ຫຼັງ​ຈາກ​ນັ້ນ, is simply, “You are Rock [Kepha], and on this rock [kepha] I will build my church.”

That Peter is the “rock” of the Church does not undermine the truth that Jesus is the Church’s true foundation per St. ຂອງ​ໂປ​ໂລ ຈົດ​ຫມາຍ​ຄັ້ງ​ທໍາ​ອິດ​ກັບ​ຊາວ​ໂກ​ຣິນ​ໂທ (3:11), anymore than calling Abraham the “father of many nations” in ປະ​ຖົມ​ການ, 17:5, undermines the Fatherhood of God (“call no man ‘Father'” ໃນ ພຣະ​ກິດ​ຕິ​ຄຸນ​ຂອງ​ມັດ​ທາຍ, 23:9).

Consider that Peter calls Jesus “that living stone” and in the next breath exhorts the faithful to be “like living stones” (ເບິ່ງ Peter’s First Epistle, 2:4, 5).

Pope Boniface VIII (1294-1303) declared, “Of this one and only Church there is one body and one head—not two heads, like a monster—namely Christ, and Christ’s vicar is Peter, and Peter’s successor” (Unam Sanctam).

Peter and the Apostles are the foundation of the Church (ເບິ່ງ ມັດ​ທາຍ, 16:18; ໄດ້ ປື້ມ​ບັນ​ທຶກ​ຂອງ​ການ​ເປີດ​ເຜີຍ, 21:14; ແລະ ເອ​ຊາ​ຢາ, 51:1-2) only inasmuch as God conferred this quality upon them.

Peter’s rock-likeness is wholly dependent upon Christ’s rock-likeness; Christ’s rock-likeness is inherent to His divinity. As a rock, Peter is subject to Christ; Christ the Rock is subject to no one and nothing.

  1. This is affirmed by Saint Papias (c. 130 A.D.), Explanation of the Sayings of the Lord; Eusebius, ປະຫວັດສາດຂອງສາດສະຫນາຈັກ 3:39:1, 16.